Journal of
Media and Communication Studies

  • Abbreviation: J. Media Commun. Stud.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2545
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMCS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 216

JMCS Articles

Oil, gas and goodwill: Assessing press coverage of Nigeria’s oil industry CSR activities

July 2021

Oil, being the mainstay of Nigeria’s economy has continuously generated controversies at various levels, particularly between government, exploration companies and host communities. One useful method of dousing such tension is to display a sense of empathy, creating some level of ownership mindset in natives and residents of host communities and the nation at large. This study probes into the volume of coverage of...

Author(s): Aiyesimoju Ayodeji Boluwatife and Olasanmi Kehinde Ayodele

Politeness in media talk shows: The case of media panel discussions in Ghana

July 2021

In human communication, the communicators involved in the interaction have an obligation to show politeness to each other for a successful conversation. Non-observance of politeness in a communicative act such as panel discussions has the potential to infringe upon the public self-image of the addressees. Situated in Brown and Levinson’s Politeness Theory (PT), the paper sought to explore the kinds of politeness...

Author(s): Kwasi Sarfo-Adu and Cynthia Elizabeth Osei

‘Sanitized, made to lie supine and left fanged!’ The final version of the 2010 Protection of State Information Bill / Secrecy Bill, and its threats to the civil liberty of freedom of expression in South Africa

June 2021

Whilst the African National Congress (ANC, 2011) at the helm of the current South African government may have succeeded towards the end of 2013 in using its majority voting clout inside the country’s national parliament to forcibly push through the passing of the controversial and now infamous 2010 Protection of State Information Bill / Secrecy Bill, and thereafter declared it tame enough and ready to be gazetted...

Author(s): Luthuli Siboniso Prosper Welcome

Teaching the holocaust through digital heritage, experiential and project-based learning: Finding Matilda- A documentary by students, about a student, for students

May 2021

Recent research has reported that two-thirds of American Generation Z has vague knowledge of the genocide of World War II.  Twenty-two percent of millennials said that they have never heard of the Holocaust or were just not sure. Armed with this knowledge we set out to create a project, a documentary, to help students better understand this horrifying part of our history on terms that they can identify with. This...

Author(s): Susan Cardillo

‘Clickbait-style’ headlines and journalism credibility in Sub-Saharan Africa: Exploring audience perceptions

May 2021

In the proliferated age of technologies, the field of journalism has been faced with several challenges that have inevitably pushed journalism practice to unpreceded heights. Overtly, journalists have resorted to various strategies to compete with various media platforms such as social media and other citizen journalistic strategies. Journalists have also resorted to the use of advertising/strategic communication...

Author(s): Judith Flora Wanda Baraka Samson Chipanjilo, Gregory Gondwe and Joseph Kerunga

Media usage profile of adolescents in varied economic background

May 2021

Media plays an important role in social development and teenagers are the future of the society. This study made an attempt to elicit responses from teenagers on media content by projecting questions such as; what kind of content are teenagers viewing/reading mostly? What are their favourite programmes; Do they search for any information about nutrition and health related matters? What is the primary source of...

Author(s): Maheshwar Mekam, Sylvia Fernandez Rao, Jagdish Buwade, Narender Karnam and Balakrishna Nagalla  

Cultivating Biafran agenda in Nigeria: Evaluation of the influence of radio Biafra’s rhetoric of ethnic marginalization on rural dwellers in the South-east

January 2021

The systematic exclusion of the Igbos from key national leadership positions in Nigeria made the rise of secession-seeking groups and demand for self-government inevitable in the region. IPOB is one of these secession seeking groups which uses its radio station to communicate its agenda. Following its stirring rhetoric and extremist views, much has been heard of the place of radio Biafra in the ongoing IPOB agitation in...

Author(s): IKEGBUNAM Peter C. and AGUDOSY Fabian I.

News worthiness and Public trust in sub-Sahara African: Examining the impact of tabloid journalism in Zambia

January 2021

This study set out to understand the role of tabloid news content in establishing public news trust in Zambia. The study compared tabloid news stories (usually frowned upon as unprofessional by most African journalists and scholars) to professional news writing styles, which are rooted in Western journalism education. Drawing from studies that critique tabloid journalism as consumed by people lacking critical abilities...

Author(s): Gregory Gondwe

Women, start your engines: US and UK media portrayal of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia women driving ban

January 2021

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) was the only country to ban women from driving until a royal decree changed this in June 2018. The controversy before and after the ban gained media attention and is the foundation for this study, examining how US and UK media covered the women driving ban. Framing theory and thematic analysis were used to examine 80 articles randomly chosen from 10 prominent and most trusted US and UK...

Author(s): Saud A. Alsulaiman, and Terry L. Rentner

Well-received Chinese rhetorical strategies as identified in the public speeches and reports by Chinese leaders

October 2020

Cross-cultural communication is inseparable from both oral and written communication. But effective language communication requires effective rhetorical strategies in terms of selecting the most effective means of persuasion to ensure its success. Aristotle defined rhetoric as “the art of identifying (and applying), in any given situation, the most likely means of persuasion.”  Naturally, to conduct...

Author(s): Pinfan Zhu

Rural women's radio listening behavior and program preferences in SNNPRS, the case of Sidama and Gedeo Zones

October 2020

The objective of the study was to identify rural women's radio program preferences and listening behaviours. Survey was used to gather information from 200 rural women selected through multistage sampling from Sidama and Gedeo Zones. Descriptive statistic such as frequency and percentage were used to present results. Moreover, association among the different variables was tested using correlation and multiple...

Author(s): Yohannes Shiferaw Jira  

Effectiveness of communication on epidemic personal protection with community residents via new media during COVID-19 outbreak: Data from China

August 2020

Personal protection measures are the key to COVID-19 epidemic control and prevention in the community. Newer forms of media present useful options for such information transmission. By presenting primary data from 420 residents in mainland China, this exploratory study aims to explore the communication mechanism which utilizes new media for disseminating epidemic-related information in the community during the COVID-19...

Author(s): Qingze Yu, and Weihui Mao  

Role of social media in Ethiopia's recent political transition

July 2020

This research aims to explore to what extent the popular social media positively and negatively affected Ethiopia's recent political transition. Further, the research focuses on how the social media played a role in leading to the overthrow of the state capture by the authoritarian and how they are playing role in the process since then. Qualitative research and analysis have been applied to depict the impact of...

Author(s): Adamu, Meseret Assefa  

Desensitization of the Lebanese audience to the portrayal of violence on Game of Thrones and Breaking Bad: A case study

March 2020

This research investigated the desensitization signs shown by the Lebanese audience to the violence portrayed on Game of Thrones and Breaking Bad. The research’s study was a qualitative case study of the theory of desensitization applied on two Lebanese participants, each watching respectively the series Breaking Bad and Game of Thrones. The participants were chosen based on the fact that one had never watched...

Author(s): Tamara Noelle Alicia Abi-Khalil

Literature review of sexual reproductive health campaign messages: What are the milestones and potential research topics within the Kenyan context?

October 2019

This paper presents a literature review of the sexual reproductive health campaign messages and highlights the milestones in the existing literature. The review begins with definition of health campaign messages and other key concepts. The subject is then situated within the discipline of communication studies particularly within the branch of health communication. A review of relevant theories follows after which...

Author(s): Bernice Ndegi Gatere and Charles Ongondo  

Facebook use among Nigerians in Houston Texas USA

September 2019

Social Media came into our world in the 21st century and changed the way things are done, knitting itself into the fabric of everyday living. It has opened the world in ways that was unimagined in previous decades, connecting people through time and space. Being one of the largest immigrant groups in Houston Texas, this study investigates how Nigerians have embraced the new medium as Diasporas. Two Hundred Nigerians...

Author(s): Agnes Agbo Monjok, Christian Chinwe Ulasi and Eui Bun Lee

A study on the effect of 13 Reasons Why on young adults with low self-esteem

September 2019

The study was designed to examine the effect of 13 Reasons Why on 216 young adults with low self-esteem. Survey method was used to obtain the responses from the samples, before and after watching 13 Reasons Why. The findings of the study revealed that, 13 Reasons Why improved self-esteem in the female samples alone. No improvement in self-esteem was observed in the male samples.   Key words: Thirteen...

Author(s): P. Samuel Duraivel and R. Lavanya

An exploration into the revival path of Peking Opera in the perspective of "Cooperative Communication": Discussion on the dispute between Leehom Wang and Peiyu Wang in a Chinese Talk Show

June 2019

November 4th, 2018, in the first episode of the third season of the Tucao Conference, a most popular talk show in China, pop singer Leehom Wang and Peking Opera actor Peiyu Wang debated whether pop songs should be incorporated with elements of Peking Opera. Peiyu Wang believes that young people should give themselves the opportunity to listen to Peking Opera. Pop songs should not encroach on Peking Opera. She thinks it...

Author(s): Yan Zhang, Tianyu Li and Yanwen Xu

The voices of culture, conservation and the media event around bullfight ‘Jallikattu’ in Tamil Nadu, India

March 2019

In the Southern Indian ‘State of Tamil Nadu’, the traditional Jallikattu sport involving young men competing against bulls is described as one of the ancient living sports in the modern era. Based on petitions by animal rights groups, the Supreme Court of India banned the ancient sport of Jallikattu in 2014 on the grounds of animal cruelty. The ban of this traditional sport ignited protests culminating in a...

Author(s): Jayashree B, Arul Aram and Yasmin Ibrahim  

Comparison of the effects of cognitive age and advertising credibility of the elderly on reading advertising with different information loads

February 2019

This study aims to find the different effects on the elderly caused by reading advertising with different information loads due to differences of cognitive age and advertising credibility. Young adults and middle-aged adults are compared with the elderly. The results reveal that different ages show differences in cognitive age but not in advertising credibility. Most of the respondents in the three age groups have a low...

Author(s): Yu Shu-Yin  

Delving into the political role of the media: An analysis of South Africa’s mail and guardian and the online reception of its electioneering message

January 2019

Research trends illustrate that media institutions have a role in influencing the citizenry through their political communication objectives.  This research paper grapples with the idea of the press as a political actor in South Africa. This has been done through the analysis of online comments responding to the Mail & Guardian’s editorial message/communiqué on its political position during the...

Author(s): Siyasanga M. Tyali  

Does mobile technology increase the diversity of news? A content analysis of news notifications on mobile phones

December 2018

Through conducting a content analysis of news notifications on the mobile media platform, the current study mainly finds that 1) no agenda correlation exists among legacy media outlets; 2) an agenda correlation is found between non-legacy media outlets and legacy media outlets; 3) in terms of news pushing frequencies, non-legacy media outlets, and legacy media outlets share different news pushing patterns on the mobile...

Author(s): Fei Qiao  

The changing nature of “News Reporting, Story Development and Editing”

December 2018

With advancements in technology in this age of globalization and digital media, the nature of News Reporting, Story Development and Editing across the United States have been constantly evolving. Through a systematic secondary research, the current research would examine various factors which led to the evolutionary journey of News Reporting, when there was simply a man behind a desk delivering news to the age of...

Author(s): Ghadeer Al Najar  

Forecasting, forewarning weather and disasters in the social web: A network study

November 2018

Web 2.0 environments like the social web have redefined communication altogether through the proliferation of user generated content. With escalating global instances of disasters, people more particularly the millennial community tend to consume increased amounts of multitudinous information pertaining to weather and its woes in the social web apart from actively participating in the disaster discourse. The current...

Author(s): Mahalakshmi Selvaraj and Sunitha Kuppuswamy

Perception of medical awareness of media analyzed by multilayer perceptron

November 2018

The study considers the perception of medical errors and media awareness. This study identifies the effectiveness of the television media intervention in creating awareness on medical malpractices and it has find out the impact of maintaining medical records of a family online by the family doctor in reducing medical malpractices. This creates the importance of service quality in medical industry through the multilayer...

Author(s): K. Ravichandran, S. Arulchelvan and K. PeriyaKannan

Media and disaster management: Analysing communication trends in flood ravaged communities in Benue State, North Central Nigeria

October 2018

The need to communicate early and frequently with multiple stakeholders is to ensure effective communication towards enhanced preparedness and response efforts in order to reduce disaster fatality rate. The media are critical stakeholders in disaster management as their contents create awareness and educate people in building resilience, reducing disaster risk and vulnerability in pre, during and after disaster. This...

Author(s): Muritala O. Oke, Afolabi T. Adeyinka and Oshinfowokan Grace Oluseyi  

Public relations in corporate reputation management: A case of Ethiopian Broadcasting Corporation

October 2018

This study aims to explore the practice of public relations management in maintaining relations with the public who interact with a corporate organization. To investigate the role of public relations in maintaining good reputation, a mixed method approach was employed taking Ethiopian Broadcasting Corporate as a case study. Data were collected from different instruments such as questionnaire, document review and...

Author(s): Samson Mekonnen Hailu  

And the Oscar goes to . . . Global Cinema!!! Taking a Close-Up Look at the Business and Legal Challenges and Opportunities of International and U.S. Film Industries

September 2018

For over 120 years, the global cinema industry has been an important segment of the world economy which has had a significant impact on the economy and culture of countries. This article analyzes the world film industry, with a close up focused on the U.S. movie market, utilizing SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) as a strategic tool to consider the internal and external challenges and opportunities...

Author(s): Joyce Boland-DeVito  

Management for sustaining the fishery resources in Pulicat estuary, India

September 2018

The study aims to establish strategies on how to manage coastal fisheries conflicts and livelihood in Pulicat estuary. This estuary, lying in the east of the Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh States in India, is the second largest brackish water body in India, the first being the Chilika estuary in the State of Odisha. The total area of the estuary is 759 km2 with many island as part of it. But only 360 km in the southern...

Author(s): S. Jerard Majella Francis and I. Arul Aram  

Impact of mobile advisory and face-to-face communication in capability building among Indian farmers

August 2018

This paper analyzed the impact of mobile advisory and face-to-face communication in capability building of farmers in Kancheepuram district, Tamil Nadu, India. These farmers accessed agricultural training and information services through Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK). KVKs had been established in different parts of the country to enhance agricultural productivity and to promote rural wellbeing. Gigler’s Alternative...

Author(s): E. Christy Leema, Rose Mary and I. Arul Aram  

Twitter and sports journalism in Germany: Application and networks during the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics

July 2018

Professions in the communication realm are affected by Twitter’s rapidity, agenda setting, and myriad utilization possibilities. This study addresses potentials of Twitter for journalists in the sport context and assessed journalists’ Twitter activity, as well as journalists’ Twitter networks and their change in the course of the 2014 Winter Olympics. The sample was composed of the accounts of 30...

Author(s): Christoph G. Grimmer and Thomas Horky  

Social media as a means to overcome stress and depression among women

July 2018

Depression constitutes a serious challenge in personal and public health. Tens of millions of people each year suffer from depression and only a fraction receives treatment (de Choudhury, 2013). Stress and depression drains one of the feel-good factors essential to sustain the energy that gives the impetuous to hope and move forward. Depression in women is made more complex because of factors such as reproductive...

Author(s): V. R. Revathy, I. A. Aram and V. S. Sharmila  

Global Muslim audiences’ polysemic reading of “My name is Khan”: Toward an emergent multiculturalism

May 2018

In this study, we learn how audiences make sense of a non-dominant text that is conveying a non-Western story about the Global War on Terror (GWOT). The audiences affective narratives affirm Deuze’s argument that media is not separate from our lived experience; we live in media rather than with media. This study was conducted on an urban campus in the Pacific North-West, with film audiences of over fifty Saudi...

Author(s): Priya Kapoor  

An exploration of the limitations of transmedia storytelling: Focusing on the entertainment and education sectors

April 2018

Transmedia storytelling is a concept emerging in the field of communication and media. The concept was first popularized by Jenkins. He defined it as a representation of a process in which integral elements of given fiction are disseminated systematically through multiple media platforms. Even though many researchers have studied the concept, not enough studies have been done with respect to its limitations, especially...

Author(s): Young-Sung Kwon and Daniel H. Byun  

It is not easy being green: A critical discourse and frame analysis of environmental advocacy on American television

March 2018

Environmental advocacy on American television draws upon utterly exhausted stereotypes, which have become part of a popular discourse. This article serves as an installment in an ongoing project at York University. It analyzes the ideological framing and discursive construction of environmental advocacy, suggesting that such portrayals perpetuate cognitive injustice through the perpetuation of stigmatizing discourses....

Author(s): Delon Alain Omrow  

Accurate expert deception detection: Faulty premises in Vrij et al. (2015)

February 2018

This essay is a rejoinder to a commentary by Vrij et al. (2015) that was critical of Levine et al.’s (2014) experiments showing exceptionally high deception detection accuracy by expert interrogators. We contend that highly accurate deception detection is possible under conditions where contextualized communication content is diagnostic and where an interrogator is allowed to actively solicit honest confessions....

Author(s): Timothy R. Levine and  J. Pete Blair

Coverage and content analysis of agricultural transformation agenda news in selected newspapers in Nigeria

January 2018

Importance of accuracy and conciseness of type and content of information being disseminated to the populace in respect of a development intervention to avoid misleading the populace cannot be overemphasised. Given the strategic importance of Agricultural Transformation Agenda (ATA) in policy drive of Nigerian government and useful lesson it has for repositioning Nigerian Agriculture in a bid to salvage Nigeria’s...

Author(s): Ijeoma, Messiah Chijioke and Olajide, Bamidele Rasak

The passing of a champ: Newspaper coverage of Muhammad Ali’s death

October 2017

This study analyzed coverage of Muhammad Ali’s death in three newspapers: Khaleej Times, The Guardian and The New York Times. Guided by framing analysis, the one-week long coverage period between his death and his burial provided insight into how Ali was portrayed both inside and outside the ring. The study suggested four frames to this media coverage: Ali the celebrity, the entertainer, the humanitarian, and the...

Author(s): Mohamed A. Satti

Readability and political discourse: An analysis of press releases of Ghanaian political parties

September 2017

Press releases have enormous influence on public opinion since the media sets agenda for public discussion. Thus, press releases are essential communication tool for political parties. For press releases to be effective, however, they must be readable. Therefore, the main objective of this study  was to evaluate the readability of news releases of the two major political parties (National Democratic Congress (NDC),...

Author(s): William Kodom Gyasi

Assessing the market for motion graphics in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

August 2017

Motion graphics, as a field, has been developed and utilized most in Western broadcast television markets.  As an attention-grabbing device, and as a means to communicate information, it appears in all aspects and modes. The Western markets value these techniques, and how they support the promotion of products and the understanding of complex, multi-layered information in relativity short amounts of time. This...

Author(s): Rae Maerkle and Afsina Abbasi

Kinesthesia and catharsis: An analysis of ‘Bhumika’

May 2017

Kinesthesia is a transformation of mental state into physical catharsis, the embodiment of psychological pain into physical. The layers of mental disturbance are enfolded into physical actions performed through the parts of body. To Eisenstein, physical actions are always motivated by the psychological. Kinesthesia in the form of dance is the transformation of emotions into one’s self. The film ‘Bhumika-The...

Author(s): Anita Chahal

Mediating effect of word-of-mouth in movie theatre industry

March 2017

This study examines the role of word-of-mouth in the movie theatre industry. Word-of-mouth is tested as a mediator between pre-release studio actions (stars, production budget, and number of screens) and box office revenue. The results suggest that word-of-mouth fully mediates the relationship between stars and box office revenue. A partial mediation of word-of-mouth occurs in case of production budget and number of...

Author(s): Monika Rawal and Jose Luis Saavedra

Exploring cyberloafing behavior in South-central Ethiopia: A close look at Madda Walabu University

February 2017

The Internet has made a significant impact on work and the personal lives of people working around the world. While access to the Internet has changed the ways work can be carried out, it has also increased the opportunities for people to cyberloaf, while under the guise of doing work. Cyberloafing is employees’ non-work related use of internet while working hours in any organization. Of late, it is a burning...

Author(s): Shafaat Hussain and Truptimayee Parida

Framing of environment in English and Tamil newspapers in India

January 2017

Media coverage of environmental issues helps the readers to understand the concepts that shape their beliefs and perspectives. Media professionals play a vital role on how the public perceives environmental issues. The media does the diverse framing of reality of environmental issues. The study aims to find how the English and Tamil newspapers in India have covered environmental issues and identify the differences among...

Author(s): Nirmala Thirumalaiah and Arul Aram

Agenda setting via gate-keeping theory in the press coverage of presidential candidates in Kenya

December 2016

The paper uses gate-keeping theory to explain how the press sets agendas. It analyzes how the press covered the presidential candidates in the Kenya’s 2013 General Election. Three newspapers are analyzed: the Nation, the Standard and the Star Newspaper. All have a country wide presence and are considered mainstream newspapers. The major aim is to cement understanding about how the press performs its duties of...

Author(s): Mwangi Michael Kamau

Gossip Girl setting fashion trends: Lebanese young viewers’ identification with media characters

November 2016

This article aims at expanding the knowledge of identification with the fashion of media characters on the series Gossip Girl (Schwartz and Savage, 2007). Since the subject has already been investigated abroad, this article helps gain an understanding of the topic in Lebanon, and its influence on Lebanese female teenagers and young adults. The theory of Identification is adopted throughout the study. The article uses a...

Author(s): Tamara Abi-Khalil and Christy Mady

The tree of life and courageous: Comparative analysis on faith-based filmmaking

October 2016

This thesis analyzes the story structure of two films, The Tree of Life (2011) and Courageous (2011), and their similarities and differences in storytelling and Christian themes. Using screenwriting scholar Robert McKee’s theories on story structure, this comparative analysis highlights the plot elements, conflicts, dialogue, and overall execution of the two films in order to identify their agreement or...

Author(s): Sean O&#;Connor, M. A. 

The communicativeness of incantations in the traditional Igbo society

October 2016

This paper examines the communicativeness of incantations in the traditional Igbo society. Incantations are given force by oral tradition, a practice whereby the social, political, economic and cultural heritage of the people is communicated by word of mouth from one generation to another. It was the most predominant part of communication in many parts of Africa. Prior to colonialism, the African society, including the...

Author(s): Walter Duru

Attribution of government responsibility for H1N1 flu pandemic: The role of TV health news sources, self-efficacy messages, and crisis severity

September 2016

This experimental study (N=146) investigates how sources in television news (government official vs. doctor), perceptions of crisis severity (high vs. low), and perceptions of self-efficacy messages (presence vs. absence) in TV news stories about the H1N1 flu affect the public’s perception of the government responsibility for the public health crisis and their personal control for preventing contraction of the...

Author(s): Sun-A Park  and Hyunmin Lee

Information and communication technology access and use and competency level among second-cycle school teachers in Ghana

August 2016

One hundred second-cycle school teachers in Ghana (average age 38) were surveyed to explore their access to and the use of information and communication technology (ICT) tools, and their level of competence. The Global Citizenship Survey instruments were adapted to collect the data. The study adopted the descriptive research design and data was analysed using descriptive statistics and Chi square test. The findings of...

Author(s): Frederick Kwaku Sarfo, Samuel Kwame Amankwah, Philip Oti-Agyen and Issifu Yidana

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