Articles

 

Articles

Page 1 of 1250, showing 50 records out of 62492 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50

January 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Pasting properties of high-quality cassava flour of some selected improved cassava varieties in Tanzania for baking

Partial substituting wheat with high-quality cassava flour (HQCF) in bread making would be economically beneficial in Tanzania. However, cassava varieties with the best pasting quality for this use are unknown. In addition, the appropriate time of harvesting the varieties to attain the best pasting quality is also unknown. This study, therefore, aimed at identifying the most appropriate cassava varieties and their...

Author(s): Mikidadi Abubakar, Peter Wasswa, Esther Masumba, Heneriko Kulembeka, Geoffrey Mkamilo, Edward Kanju, Emanuel Mrema, Wilfred Abincha Richard Edema, Phinehas Tulkamuhabwa, Siraj Kayondo and Patrick Ongom  

January 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Agricultural livelihood systems typology for coping with diversity in smallholder farming system research: A demonstrative case in South-western Burkina Faso

Smallholder farms’ populations are characterized by their heterogeneity giving the diversity of farms’ livelihood settings. Integrated farming system modelling therefore requires a preliminary clear identification of the farm types in a location and for a given population. This study aims to formulate empirically agricultural livelihood system (ALS) typology for the purpose of integrated modeling of...

Author(s): Boundia Alexandre Thiombiano and Quang Bao Le  

January 2023

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Bioprospecting of the antifungal activity of Patchouli essential oil (Pogostemon cablin Benth) against strains of the genus Candida

The incidence of infections caused by Candida has increased worldwide and these strains are becoming resistant to their respective drugs, requiring the search for new drugs with greater efficacy and safety. Natural products are an alternative means of treatment. The essential oil (EO) stands out among these products, due to some biological activities relevant to human health, including antibiotic and antifungal...

Author(s): Da Cunha S. M. D., Alves C. A., Ribeiro L. S. M., Macedo M. A., Da Silva A. L. S., Cunha F. N., De Lima B. V. S. L., Silva D. F., Lima E. O. and De Oliveira Filho  

January 2023

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Evaluation of elite soybean (Glycine max L.) genotypes for nitrogen nutrition, water use efficiency and grain yield in the Guinea Savanna Agro Ecological Zone of Northern Ghana

Nitrogen is essential due to its function in plant growth and development. It is a component of DNA and proteins which are the building blocks of life. Nitrogen is one of the most limiting factors for crop production. The need to meet the huge nitrogen requirement has necessitated the use of synthetic fertilizer. However, its continued application affects soil health, environment, and agricultural sustainability....

Author(s): Duut Matey and Sanatu Mustapaha Alidu  

January 2023

African Journal of Biotechnology
Adsorption of lead, cadmium, and mercury ions in aqueous solution using groundnut and sheanut shells biochars

The adsorption performance of toxic ions and effect of initial pH using groundnut shells and sheanut shells biochars were studied to ascertain the practical and theoretical basis of the use of biochars to remediate water pollution. Biochars were prepared using groundnut and sheanut shells as the feed stocks. The removal efficiencies of lead (Pb) were 100%, > 65.90% for cadmium (Cd) and 96.70% for mercury (Hg) in mono...

Author(s): Duwiejuah Abudu Ballu, Abubakari Abdul-Halim, Quainoo Albert Kojo, Amadu Yakubu and Bawa Abdul-Aziz

January 2023

African Journal of Food Science
Use of cooking salt in school meal preparation and quality control practices among food vendors engaged in the national home-grown school feeding programme in Southwest Nigeria

The study was aimed at investigating practice relating to use of cooking salt in school meal preparation and quality control practices among Food Vendors (FVs) engaged in National Home-Grown School Feeding Programme (NHGSFP) in public primary schools located in Oyo and Ogun States, Southwest Nigeria. An exploratory qualitative study was conducted among 40 selected FVs engaged in NHGSFP in the two States. Data were...

Author(s): Ajayi Ikeoluwapo Oyeneye, Oyewole Oyediran Emmanuel, Onabanjo Oluseye Olusegun, Olawuwo Morenikeji and Ogunwale Akintayo Olamide,

January 2023

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Economics and welfare of broiler chicken from selected farms in Kenya

Broiler farming creates wealth for farmers, but the system faces myriad constraints. The objectives of this study were to determine farmer’s willingness to adopt welfare practices, farm biosecurity risks and cost of production from selected farms in Kenya. Primary data were collected using questionnaires from 60 medium-scale and 60 large-scale farms, and secondary data collected on product condemnation and...

Author(s): Joshua Orungo Onono

January 2023

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
The effect of tax cuts and jobs act on corporate debt ratios

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA), effective on December 22, 2017, is the most comprehensive overhaul of the U.S. tax code in the last 30 years. Historically, when corporate tax rates are high, the interest deduction on debt is greater, thereby reducing firms’ taxable income. However, with the new reforms significantly reducing corporate tax rates, the deductibility of the interest is no longer as favorable. In...

Author(s): Yu Zhang, Andrea Chiasson, Xun Li and Shari Lawrence

January 2023

African Journal of Food Science
Dietary habit, nutritional status and related factors among adolescents in Tamale Metropolis, Ghana

Healthy eating during adolescence is a fundamental prerequisite for optimal physical growth, psychosocial and cognitive development and prevention of diet-related chronic diseases. This study assessed the dietary habit, nutritional status and associated factors among adolescents in Tamale metropolis, Ghana. An analytical cross-sectional survey of 402 adolescents was used in this study. Semi structured questionnaire was...

Author(s): ABUBAKAR Abdulai, ISSAH Abdul-Nasir, YUSSIF Bashiratu and AGBOZO Faith

January 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Rice ratooning as a sustainable climate smart adaptation for agriculture in Liberia

Rice (Oryza glaberrima) is a staple food for many people in Africa. In West Africa, especially Liberia, it is the main dish and plays a major role in the political stability of the country despite its insufficient production. The objective of the study was to evaluate how varied cutting heights affected rice yields. The experiment was set up in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three treatments and three...

Author(s): Zipporah Page, Inoussab Akintayo, Ahouansou Roger, Bolorunduro Paul and Robert Z. Ziama  

January 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Physico-chemical parameters, macronutrients and micronutrients evaluation in the soil of Trenabougou, rural commune of Siby, Mali

The insufficiency of nutrients in the soils has been identified as one of the factors that have affected the productivity of crops. An investigation was carried out to assess the trophic level of soil in the region. Using a non-probability sampling technique, a total of 70 representative surface soil samples were collected between February and April, 2021. The sampling depth ranged from 0 to 30 cm, according to the root...

Author(s): Djibril Sekou Keita, Modibo Keita, Traore Moctar and Harshad Patel

January 2023

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Knowledge, attitude and perception of mothers of under-five towards vaccination during supplementary immunization activities in Ibadan North-West Local Government Area, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

Supplementary immunization activities campaigns provide children with an additional dose of vaccine and deliver other interventions. However, there is dearth of information on knowledge, attitude and perception of mothers of under-five towards vaccination during supplementary immunization activities. A descriptive cross-sectional study which employed multistage sampling technique was designed to fill this gap. Four...

Author(s): Abimbola Jamiu Solagbade and Musibau Ayoade Titiloye  

January 2023

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Design of a low-cost electronic board for monitoring photovoltaic systems

The development of renewable energies is essential to meet the energy demand which is growing year after year. Africa has a strong solar potential which is, however, little exploited. The development of solar photovoltaic (PV) energy will be more favored with the democratization of performance monitoring and characterization tools for PV systems. Monitoring systems are very important because they allow the monitoring of...

Author(s): Pape Alioune Dia and Ababacar Ndiaye

January 2023

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Genotype x Environment Interaction Evaluation for Mungbean (Vigna radiata) in Tanzania

Mungbean is one of the major pulses in Tanzania alongside soybeans, chickpeas, cowpeas, pigeon peas, and beans. Factors causes’ low productivity includes lack of improved varieties, disease severity, and drought. This study was objected on evaluating and identifying mungbean genotypes (G) with the most desirable traits. The study consists of five breeding lines and two checks laid in Randomized Complete Block...

Author(s): Papias H. Binagwa, Meshack W. Makenge, Joseph S. Joachim, Godfrey A. Kessy Samwel M. Paul and Jacob G. Kiyyo

January 2023

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
Multidrug resistant bacteria isolated from nosocomial infections at University Teaching Hospital of Point-G, Bamako, Mali

An infection is said to be nosocomial or hospital if it is absent when the patient enters the hospital and it appears and develops at least 48 h late. The objective of this study was to determine the resistance phenotypes of bacteria isolated from nosocomial infections at the University Teaching Hospital of Point G. Urine, blood, pus, skin and bronchoalveolar fluid samples were taken in different units, and bacteria...

Author(s): Maiga Aminata, Beye Seydina Alioune, Cissoko Yacouba, Dicko Oumar Agaly, Diarra Bassirou, Traoré Abdoulaye, Coulibaly Djibril Mamadou, Koné Drissa, Diarra Lobogal, Coulibaly Djaminatou, Coulibaly Youssouf, Maiga Ibrahim Izetiégouma, and Fofana Djeneba Bocar,

January 2023

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Folk music, tradition and gender stereotypes: A feminist analysis of the work of a Nigerian folk icon

This research adopts a feminist content analytic framework to examine the portrayal of Nigerian women in the work of  Uko Akpan Cultural Group, iconic champions of folk music in south-eastern Nigeria.  The purpose of this research is to understand if folk music reinforces gender stereotypes or empowers women by providing them with a legitimate platform to utilize their talents as a source of income and...

Author(s): Akpan-Obong Patience 

January 2023

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Screening for yield-related agronomic traits in a panel of locally conserved common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) accessions

Characterization and conservation of germplasm is a critical step toward the genetic improvement of the crop. This study assessed variation in 257 common bean genotypes which included 207 accessions obtained the National Gene Bank of Kenya, 33 accessions from Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO), 13 landraces collected from farmers’ fields and four commercial varieties for various...

Author(s): Wanjohi Wahome, Mwangi Githiri, Peter Kahenya Kinyanjui, Mary Esther Muyoka Toili, and  Geert Angenon

January 2023

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Health implications of patronage of open markets: A survey of Shasha market, Oba-ile, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria

Most often, patronage of open markets attracts huge populations of buyers in Nigeria. These markets are numerous in each state of the country but largely share similar characteristics in poor hygiene and sanitation. Health Impact Assessment (HIA) was conducted at Shasha market, Oba-Ile, Akure to assess the health implication of patronage of open markets, an emerging public health concern. Air, water and selected food...

Author(s): M. O. Oniya, Kareem O. I. and O. J. Afolabi  

January 2023

International Journal of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry
Salt resistance strategies of amaranth salt-resistant mutant lines

Improving plant salt tolerance is thus a veritable challenge for breeders as salt stress is one of the most important factors that negatively affect plant growth and productivity worldwide. In this study, we evaluated the physiological strategies involved in the salt resistance of three salt resistant mutant lines. Three weeks old plants of the three mutant lines and that of the control cultivar Locale were submitted in...

Author(s): Atou Richard, Tonouewa Gauthier, Agapit Wouyou, Kpochemè Adjaho Olatondji Eustache Kévin, Missihoun Antoine Abel, Ahoton Leonard, Agbangla Clément, Lutts Stanley and Gandonou Christophe Bernard

January 2023

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Pachyrhizus toxicity: Genetic variability of mature and immature seeds and its effects on Sclerotium rolfsii and Ralstonia solanacearum

Pachyrhizus seeds-induced toxicity is very well-known to have developed in humans, fishes, insects, and some micro-organisms. Yet, there is a paucity of studies addressing it in their germplasm, as well as its effects on some phytopathogens. This work aimed to assess the Pachyrhizus genetic variability on toxicity and to determine Pachyrhizus extract toxicity on Sclerotium rolfsii and Ralstonia solanacearum in vitro. In...

Author(s): Thiago MP e Silva, Rândrea GV Guimarães, Anne KB Martins, Danilo F Silva Filho and César A. Ticona-Benavente  

January 2023

Journal of African Studies and Development
Influence of strategy formulation on the performance of catholic parishes in Kenya

Measuring organizational performance has been a major preoccupation of many organizations in the modern times. Traditional indicators of performance have been largely financial based. However, with the help of Balanced Scorecard model, all organizations are adopting performance measuring techniques that incorporate non-financial indicators of performance. This study set out to establish the influence of strategy...

Author(s): Kariuki David Ngigi, Kitonga Daniel M. and Arasa Robert

January 2023

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Nutritional and phytochemical characterization of taro [Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott] germplasm from Burkina Faso

Taro (Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott) is a food crop mainly produced for its nutrient-rich corms. This study aims to characterize the nutritional and antioxidant potential of fifty-nine genotypes of taro to identify the most interesting chemotypes. The traits evaluated were: starch, proteins, soluble sugars, total phenolics, flavonoids, and antioxidant capacity, assessed by Ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and...

Author(s): Nicolas Ouédraogo, Pierre Alexandre Eric Djifaby Sombié, Renan Ernest Traoré, Hemayoro Sama, Pauline Bationo/Kando, Mahamadou Sawadogo and Vincent Lebot  

January 2023

Journal of African Studies and Development
Breaking the glass ceiling: A study of single academic women in one Zimbabwean university

The purpose of this study was to explore the factors that contributed to the success of single women lecturers who had hit the glass ceiling to become some of the respected PhD holders and professors at one university in Zimbabwe. The study employs the Africana Womanism theory, whereby the effects of the core independent dimensions of the theory are analyzed, namely; self-naming, self-defining, strength and ambition....

Author(s): Machibaya Etwin and Ndamba Gamuchirai Tsitsi

January 2023

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
A targeted resource, the giant freshwater prawns "Macrobrachium species" in the Mangrove Marine Park in D.R. Congo

This study provides information on the environment, modes of access and exploitation of Macrobrachium species, the level of capture, the operators and their organization. The data collected through interviews and direct observations revealed that Macrobrachium spp. are caught on the banks of the Congo River near the islands of Kimuabi, Malela and Mateba in Zones A and B of the Mangrove Marine Park (PMM). This fishery is...

Author(s): LUHUSU KUTSHUKINA Francine, MBADU ZEBE Victorine, MICHEL Baudouin, and MICHA Jean-Claude,

January 2023

Educational Research and Reviews
Synthesis of critical thinking research of basic education level students using Meta-analysis in Thailand during 2010 to 2021

An analysis of critical thinking research during 2010 to 2021 was conducted using effect size criteria; subsequently, a model was proposed for teaching and learning management that promoted critical thinking by students at the basic education level using the Thai digital collection data base. Based on a search of past research quality examination criteria were identified using a research quality check form. Out of 200...

Author(s): Boonsathirakul Jittinun and Kerdsomboon Chakree 

January 2023

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Cross-border trade and economic growth: An application to Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Morocco, and Nigeria

The objective of this paper is two-fold. On one hand, it seeks to measure the direct effect of cross-border trade on the dynamism of the economies of countries such as Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Morocco and Nigeria from 1971 to 2020. On the other hand, it aims to verify the possibility of establishing a link between the volume of cross-border trade, the dynamics of certain variables (currency, population, income)...

Author(s): Gnoleba Zahoré Martin 

January 2023

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Perception of native arid nature in urban surroundings by young urban educated dwellers in Jordan

More than 33% of the Earth’s land surface is considered arid or semi-arid regions, whereas drylands occupy up to 41.3% of the land surface. Increasing urbanization and technological advances cause a disconnection between the built environment and native nature. Also, although species of arid regions are characterized by a high degree of adaptation, they are rapidly moving toward extinction. Since one’s...

Author(s): ABUAYYASH Halimeh, BREUSTE Jürgen and SABOURI Ramin

January 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Xanthomonas wilt of enset in Ethiopia: Geographical spread, impact on production systems and the effect of training on disease management practices

Xanthomonas wilt of enset is a major bacterial disease affecting the entire enset-growing belt in the southern Ethiopian highlands, impacting food security and livelihoods of small-holder subsistence farmers. Through extensive interviews and field validation visits with 354 households covering 19 communities (kebeles), we show 70% of the farms to present current and past enset Xanthomonas wilt infections, with a median...

Author(s): Guy Blomme, Elizabeth Kearsley, Sisay Buta, Alemayehu Chala, Ruhama Kebede, Temesgen Addis and Zerihun Yemataw

January 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Farm diversification benefits and technology choice: A case of the coffee-banana farming system in Central Uganda

Diversification has been argued to be the future of small farms and more so in developing countries given its benefits to mitigating against risk, increase economic and social benefits. This study was built on an earlier study by Mpiira et al. (2021). 247 respondents were interviewed using pre-tested and semi-structured questionnaires in three districts of Central Uganda: Kiboga, Nakaseke and Sembabule. Using a...

Author(s): Samuel Mpiira, Mary Kipsat, Phoebe Mose, Francis Kalyango, Wilberforce Tushemereirwe and Charles Staver  

January 2023

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Changes in marijuana use and associated attitudes and health behaviors among patients in HIV care in the U.S. in the post-legalization era: a qualitative study

We sought to understand the impact that state-level marijuana policy changes had on marijuana use behaviors among people with HIV (PWH), including patterns of use (e.g., frequency, modality), access, goals for use, use of other substances, and perceived health effects. We conducted 1:1 interviews at 3 U.S. HIV clinics with PWH aged ≥18 reporting weekly or more marijuana use; 2 clinics were in states that legalized...

Author(s): Rob Fredericksen, Emma Fitzsimmons, Maksim Sigal, Sarah Dougherty, John Pearce, Minh Powell, John Nguyen, Stephanie Ruderman, Bridget Whitney, Lydia Drumright, Jimmy Ma, Robin Nance, Sarah Mixson, Joseph Delaney, Kenneth Mayer, Amanda Willig, Heidi Crane and Andrew Hahn  

January 2023

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Bacterial communities associated with the surfaces of the fresh fruits sold around Dhaka Medical College and Hospital and their anti-microbial profiles

Fresh fruits are popular sources of healthy diets with low energy density. Since they are consumed raw, it may act as a source of foodborne disease and a reservoir for antibiotic-resistant organisms. This study aimed to determine microbial prevalence among the fruits sold around hospital along with antimicrobial profiles. Thirty-five different types of fruits were bought from around Dhaka Medical College and Hospital...

Author(s): Kabir R. B., Zaman R., Tania N. E. J., Md. Asaduzzaman, Haque A., Habib F. B., Tanni N. N., Nesa M., Chowdhury A., Md. Rahman F., Sarker A., Halder K., Sharmin N., Chowdhury M., Nahar S. S., Rahman M., Shahid S. B. and Shamsuzzaman S. M.

January 2023

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Evaluation of diagnostic tests for plague in Madagascar

Madagascar is the country that reports the most cases of plague in the world. This is an evaluation study of plague diagnosis over a 2-year period from January 2017 to December 2018. For all suspected plague cases, peripheral RDT (performed locally), central RDT (performed in the laboratory) and PCR were performed. Parameters of the diagnostic tests used, year of study, performance and study of concordance between tests...

Author(s): Rafaramalala S. S., Andrianarivelo A. M., Ratsimbazafy A. B. A., Randriamampionona L. B., Randriamboavonjy R., Randriamanantany Z. A. and Rasamindrakotroka A.

January 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Protective equipments use by veterinarians in Nigeria

The transmissible nature of certain diseases makes anthropozoonosis an important hazard associated with veterinarians. For this reason, the attitude and compliance of veterinarians in Nigeria to personal protective equipment (PPE) use was studied using a structured interviewer-administered questionnaire. Questionnaires were administered at the 2017 Veterinary continuing education seminar held at Akure (Ondo state),...

Author(s): Jones S. Akinbobola, Jerome Nyhalah Dinga,, Jude N. Omeje, Ruth I. A. Akinbobola, Emmanuel E. Oguntade, James O. Babalola, Olabode R. Ifarajimi and Kazeem A. Tijani

January 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Fertilization options for improved cassava productivity and economic profitability in the Pissa and Damara areas, Central African Republic: Comparative Approach

This study aimed to identify fertilization options for improving cassava productivity and profitability in two contrasting regions of the Central African Republic. The Pissa (guinea forest) and Damara (savannah). The study adopted a randomized complete block design with four treatments replicated four times in a plot size of 7 m by 7 m. The treatments were; T1 (Control), T2 (Peasant practice), T3 (sole NPK), and T4 (Cow...

Author(s): Gougodo De Mon-Zoni L. J., Kosh-Komba E., , Omenda J. A., Zaman M., Mingabaye-Bendima B. , Batawila K. and Akpagana K.

January 2023

African Journal of Biotechnology
Assessment of anticoccidial efficacy of chitosan nanoencapsulated bromelain against coccidia in naturally infected goats in Kenya

The current study assessed the anticoccidial efficacy of chitosan nanoencapsulated bromelain (CNB) against coccidiosis in goats. Bromelain was extracted from the pineapple peels using standard methods while oral solution of CNB was prepared using standard manufacturing methods. The in vivo study was done on fifteen healthy male goats naturally infected with coccidia. The goats were divided into three groups consisting...

Author(s): Daiba Ahmota Romain, Ngotho Maina, Kagira John Maina, Kimotho James, Adoum Issa Youssouf and Maina Naomi,

January 2023

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Performance comparison of diversity techniques with Addictive White Gaussian Channel (AWGC) in free space optical communication (FSO) under atmospheric turbulence scenario

The spatial diversity techniques are broken down and explained systematically along with its combination which includes Maximum Ratio Combining (MRC), Equal Gain Combining (EGC) and Simple Selection Combining (SC) under the influence of atmospheric-induced turbulence fading in Free Space Optical (FSO) communication. Diversity is a technique used to prevent or reduce multipath. Multipath is a phenomenon describing...

Author(s): Ayeni O. O., Ojo J. S., Owolawi P. A. and Ajewole M. O.

January 2023

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
The national peace building policy of Somaliland: Undoing what has worked?

Part of the foundation of Somaliland’s stability over the last three decades has been its localized customary, clan-based peacebuilding mechanism. This may now be at risk. The ongoing institutionalization of Somaliland's peacebuilding structures through the National Peacebuilding Policy (NPP) reflects many features of a liberal peacebuilding milieu and legitimizes state-building models shaped by international...

Author(s): Abdulahi Hamdi I. and Mydlak Robin

January 2023

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Anti-viral compounds from Jatropha curcas seed extract with anti-HIV-1 and anti-SARS-CoV-2 action

Many studies have dealt with the medicinal properties of Jatropha curcas; however, there are limited studies on the scope of its antiviral potential. This is a fact associated with the current challenges posed by HIV-AIDS and COVID-19, which has reinforced the need to expand the knowledge about its antiviral resource. Based on the search for natural products with anti-HIV-1 and anti-SARS-CoV-2 activities, this work...

Author(s): Elvino José de Sousa Ferrão and Edilson Armando De Germano Janeque

January 2023

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Acute toxicity and laxative effect of the aqueous extract of the leaves Crossopteryx febrifuga (Benth) in rats

The leaves of Crossepteryx febrifuga (Euphorbiaceae) are commonly used in the Republic of Congo in traditional medicine as a laxative. The present study aims to justify the traditional use of C. febrifuga in the treatment of constipation. The acute toxicity of the aqueous extract was evaluated at the doses of 2000 and 5000 mg/kg in mice in accordance with the OECD (2001) guideline no. 423. The laxative activity of the...

Author(s): Elion Itou RDG,, Etou Ossibi AW, Boukongo R. P., Mambeke H. M., ,Morabandza C. J. and Abena AA

January 2023

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
The quest of democratic governance for sustainable peace in Ethiopia: the case of Oromo Protest of 2014-2018

This article examines the inexorableness of democratic governance in multinational states for sustainable peace by considering the essential questions of the Oromo Protests in Ethiopia from 2014 to 2018. Ethiopia adopted the policy of a 'democratic developmental state' in post-2000, which aimed to realize development initially and then democracy. However, the serious mass struggle was prompted in Ethiopia by the...

Author(s): Afeta Galata Gamachu,

January 2023

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Molecular characterization of multiple antibiotic-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from selected hospital fomites and hands of health care workers in Ondo, Nigeria

The study reported the molecular characterization, antibiotic susceptibility profile and the nature of resistance genes in the multiple antibiotic resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from selected hospital fomites and hands of health care workers in Ondo, Nigeria. Various fomites and hands of health care workers were swabbed for the detection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Each sample was cultured separately on...

Author(s): Olasehinde Deborah Oluwasola, Wilkie Eunice Damilola, Oluduro Anthonia Olufunke and Ezeani Chidinma Vivian

January 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Influence of seed co-inoculation with Bradyrhizobium species and Azospirillum brasilense on soybean development in Southern and Southeastern Brazil

Bioinoculants are widely used in Brazil, based on efficient and low-cost. This study aimed to evaluate the agronomic efficiency of co-inoculation with Bradyrhizobium species and Azospirillum brasilense in soybean seeds. Field trials were established in four regions of Brazil using a randomized block design  with 8 treatments and 4 replications as follows: T1 - Control, T2 - 200 kg ha-1 N, T3 - Bradyrhizobium spp....

Author(s): Alessandro Lucca Braccini, Marcos Vinícius Ribas Milléo, Bernardo Alleoni, Artur Berbel Lirio Rondina, Fabiane Paulitsch, Luciane Muller Martins, Fernanda Gravina, Tárik Hanai Yoshida, Fernanda Gravina, Vinícius Tavares Ávila, Fernanda M. Rampazzo Schena de Figueiredo and Raul Almeida  

January 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Chemical and textural properties of floodplain forest soils in the Eastern Amazon, Brazil

Soils in floodplain ecosystems are sedimentary and subject to removal, transport, and deposition processes caused mainly by the water cycle, contributing to frequent variations in landscape patterns and continuous transformation of the floodplain environment. Given the constant disturbance caused by flood pulse variability, it is difficult to assess soil properties in floodplain ecosystems. Soil samples were collected...

Author(s): Avner Brasileiro dos Santos Gaspar, Diego Pereira Bezerra, Iolanda Maria Soares Reis andRodrigo da Silva,

January 2023

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Potentials of botanicals, solar radiation, and muslin cloth for the management of cowpea bruchid (Callosobruchus maculatus F.) on stored cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.)

Callosobruchus maculatus is the major field-to-store insect pest of stored cowpea in the tropics and sub-tropics. Despite the serious hazards to humans, livestock, and the environment, fumigants and residual insecticides are the main control methods used by farmers for cowpea protection. This study aims at evaluating the efficacy of crude extracts of botanicals (neem, water hyacinth, and soursop) in combination with...

Author(s): Anderlin Ozioma Akuba, Sylvester Richard Atijegbe, Musa Buba and Usman Zakka

January 2023

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
China-Cameroon: A win-lose relationship in the Mining sector?

As one of the key drivers of the African international political economy of the last two decades, China growing economic involvement on the continent has sparked mixed responses. Is Beijing South-South Cooperation model just a rebranded version of the old North-South relationship or China is actually contributing to helping Africa securing and playing a more important new position on the global scene? This paper...

Author(s): Nola Nouck Lucien

January 2023

International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology
Contribution of cytogenetic and molecular biology in disorders of sex development diagnosis: About 55 cases

Disorders of sex development (DSD) when diagnosed early is important as it pose a real public health problem in Senegal. Among the supporting tools, molecular ones, which are not available everywhere are very useful. In this context, cytogenetic and molecular analyses were implemented in cytology laboratory at the Aristide Le Dantec hospital to enhance the DSDs diagnosis as well as evaluate the impact of the...

Author(s): Fatou Diop GUEYE, Fatimatou DIA, Arame NDIAYE, Adji Dieynaba DIALLO, , Mame Venus GUEYE,  Ndiaga  Diop, Mama SY DIALLO, and Oumar FAYE,

January 2023

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Multifaceted analytical flood risk assessment in major tributaries-river benue basin-Taraba State, Nigeria

Tracking the changes in the river basin system and identifying areas susceptible to flood disasters is an inclusive step in flood hazard control and management. This research analyzed the spatial variability of rainfall and physiographical attributes of the main tributaries of River Benue in Taraba with the aim of identifying areas susceptible to flooding on the basins. The spatial data subjected to WLC approach...

Author(s): Adelalu Temitope Gabriel and Bwadi Benjamin Ezekiel 

January 2023

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Diversity and microbiological quality of fruit juices produced in southern Benin

The fruit juice production sector is growing rapidly in Benin's major urban centers and appears to have enormous hygienic insufficiencies. This study aimed to identify and evaluate the microbiological quality of the different fruit juices produced in southern Benin. The methodological approach to the first objective consisted of a semi-structured survey coupled with direct observations of fifty enterprises produced...

Author(s): NOUMAVO Agossou D. P., GLODJINON Nicéphore M., OHIN Messan A. B., DOGNON d’Avila Y., SALAKO Valère, HOSSOU Epiphane, BABA-MOUSSA Lamine and BABA-MOUSSA Farid

January 2023

African Journal of Business Management
Analysis of agency banking and customer satisfaction in Rwanda: A case of Bank of Kigali

This paper used quantitative and qualitative methods to analyze agency banking and customer satisfaction in Rwanda and it considered the Bank of Kigali as a case study. The research adopted a descriptive research design in nature. Data were collected from a sample size of 208 respondents who were selected from the customers that consume the Bank agency services of Bank of Kigali agents. Research data from questionnaires...

Author(s): Rwanyarare Godfrey and Kalimba Peter

January 2023

African Journal of Business Management
The influence of the college environment on the development of entrepreneurial intentions

This study aimed to assess the factors that influence the formation of entrepreneurial intentions (EIs) among college students in Zambia. The research was built on the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) by Ajzne, to identify how the constructs of the same theory are manipulated by the factors that influence entrepreneurship intention formation among college students at Northern Technical College and Kabwe Institute of...

Author(s): Chilangwa Isabel Elitas, Mwaanga Clement and Siame Moulen

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