Articles

 

Articles

Page 1 of 1241, showing 50 records out of 62029 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50

July 2022

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
IFRS-9 adoption and income smoothing nexus: A comparison of the post-adoption effects between European and Sub-Saharan African Banks

This paper compares the post-adoption effects of IFRS 9 on the income smoothing behavior of banks in Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa. The researchers extend their analysis to examine the effect of country-level governance on income smoothing. Using a sample of listed commercial banks in Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa, the authors employ varying econometric tests and panel regressions to investigate the hypotheses. The...

Author(s): Taylor Daniel and Aubert François 

July 2022

African Journal of Biotechnology
Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using crude leaf extracts of Acacia nilotica, Azadirachta indica, Carissa spinarum, Melia azedarach, Senna didymobotrya and Warburgia ugandensis, and their antifungal activity against Sporisorium scitamineum

Bio-synthesised silver nanoparticles are effective in controlling several micro-organisms. They are correspondingly environmentally friendly, affordable, and easy to synthesise when compared with chemically synthesised silver nanoparticles. This study investigated the efficacy of biosynthesized silver nanoparticles against the fungus Sporisorium scitamineum, the causal agent of sugarcane smut. The reduction of silver...

Author(s): Nkhabindze Bongani Z., Wanyika Harrison N., Earnshaw Diana M. and Ateka Elijah M.,

July 2022

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Vegetation dynamics in a fragile ecosystem in relation to land use: The case of the dune cordon of Namaro, southwestern Niger

In southeast Niger, the degradation of the environment led to the reactivation of moving dunes that threatens infrastructure, fields, and river with silting. To stabilize the dune cordon of Namaro, which is heavily cultivated and grazed, anti-erosion devices: living hedges and grassland has been developed. The objectives of this work are then to characterize the impact of grassland and hedges on floristic diversity and...

Author(s): IDE Issoufou, TOURE Amadou Abdourhamane, NOMA Halarou, RAJOT Jean Louis, HASSANE Bouba, TIDJANI Adamou Didier and  GARBA Zibo

July 2022

African Journal of Food Science
Waste-to-wealth; nutritional potential of five selected fruit peels and their health benefits: A review

Waste-to-wealth is a notion describing the process of transforming waste, an end product to get rid of, into potential value-added products. The total global food waste is predicted to be approximately one third of the edible parts of food manufactured for human consumption, amounting to about 1 - 3 billion tonnes per year, which is equivalent to the total food production in sub-Saharan Africa; 842 million...

Author(s): Gbenga-Fabusiwa Funmilayo Joy, Jeff-Agboola Yemisi A, Ololade Zacheeus Sunday, Akinrinmade Remilekun and Agbaje David Olusegun

July 2022

Journal of African Studies and Development
Time spent by women and men in households on economic and care activities during productive hours in Morogoro District, Tanzania

Using a cross sectional survey, this study investigated variations in time spent between men and women in economic productive and non-economic reproductive activities in a rural environment in Morogoro District in Tanzania. The study investigated 323 married or cohabiting women between the ages of 15 and 49 who lived in six villages across three wards. To determine the time expenditure disparity between men and women,...

Author(s): Kwigizile Edith T., Mahande Michael J. and Msuya John M.

July 2022

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Satisfaction with childbirth care: Correlations between SERVICEQUAL dimensions

The model known as SERVICEQUAL (SQ) examines the correlation between service satisfaction and the gaps that occur between customers’ expectations prior to service and perceptions after being served. The gaps are tested over five dimensions: tangibles of the service, assurance, empathy, reliability, and responsiveness of the service provider. This paper aims to examine the satisfaction of women with childbirth care...

Author(s): Iris Gertner Moryossef and Keren Or-Chen

June 2022

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antibiotic susceptibility of bacteria isolates from ward environment of a hospital in Tema, Ghana

Community and hospital-acquired antimicrobial resistance is on the increase worldwide and threatens the ability to treat patients effectively. This can result in high levels of morbidity and mortality from microbial infections. Susceptibility patterns help track microbial resistance potentials in order to enhance antibiotic prescription and use. The susceptibility patterns of Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella typhi...

Author(s): Apenteng John Antwi, Yeboah Esther Eyram Asare and Kyere-Davies Gertrude

June 2022

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antibiogram and multidrug resistant pattern of Escherichia coli from environmental sources in Port Harcourt

Antibiotics are the most successful form of therapeutics developed for the treatment of disease caused by bacteria. The study aimed to assess the prevalence of Escherichia coli and multidrug resistant pattern from environmental sources in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. Forty samples were collected from environmental sources including poultry litter, soil, waste water and cloaca. All samples were inoculated onto...

Author(s): Agbagwa O. E., Chinwi C. M. and Horsfall S. J.

June 2022

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Aflatoxins B1 contamination levels in maize and awareness of aflatoxins among main maize stakeholders in Chemba and Kondoa Districts, Tanzania

Maize (Zea mays) is the staple food for the majority of people in Tanzania which plays a key role in subsistence and a cash crop among actors of the maize value chain. Environmental factors such as soil contamination by fungi, water stress, warm and humid conditions are among several factors contributing to fungal growth and aflatoxins contamination in maize, leading to significant economic loss, reduced household...

Author(s): Ndwata Asha Hamad, Rashid Suleiman A., Chaula Davis Noboth

June 2022

African Journal of Biotechnology
The effect of foliar application of zinc oxide nanoparticles and Moringa oleifera leaf extract on growth, biochemical parameters and in promoting salt stress tolerance in faba bean

Salinity is major abiotic stress limiting plant growth worldwide. Plant adaptation to salinity stress involves diverse physiological and metabolic pathways. In this study, we assessed the effects of foliar application of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) and Moringa leaf extract (MLE) on salt tolerance in faba beans (cultivar, Sakha 4). Morphological, chemical, and biochemical parameters of plants grown under saline...

Author(s): Sherif M. Ragab, Losenge Turoop, Steven Runo, and Steven Nyanjom,

June 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Floral activity of Chrysomya putoria Wiedemann, 1830 (Diptera: Calliphoridae) enhances the pollination and fruit set rate of Ricinus communis L., 1753 (Euphorbiaceae)

Experiments were conducted to study the foraging behaviour of blowfly species, Chrysomya putoria (Diptera: Calliphoridae) on Ricinus communis (Euphorbiaceae) in Sudano-Sahelian area of Cameroon in 2017 and 2018. To do so, castor bean plants were flagged and fly foraging parameters were recorded. The effects of blowfly activity on pollination and fruiting rate of R. communis were estimated by comparing unrestricted and...

Author(s): Michelson AZO’O ELA, Bouba AINE BIDIKI, Beaudelaine Stéphanie KENGNI, Sidonie FAMENI TOPE, Arianna THOMAS-CABIANCA, and  Fernand-Nestor TCHUENGUEM FOHOUO  

June 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Spatial and temporal variability of soil micronutrients and their relationships with wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) yield and some major soil variables

Studying the spatial and temporal variability of soil micronutrients and their effects on plant growth is important for implementing precision-farming and/or economizing fertilizer management. The present investigation was done through soil sampling (0–20 cm depth) from three locations in central Ethiopia. The tools employed include, descriptive and/or classical statistics. The concentrations of available copper...

Author(s): Assefa Menna  

June 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Stability of productivity parameters of six cocoa clones [Theobroma cacao (Malvaceae)] during the main production season in Côte d'Ivoire

The strong climatic fluctuation observed during the major cocoa production period with reductions in rainfall and rising temperatures lead to a low graining index. This climatic situation makes cocoa marketing difficult for producers. The stability of quantitative productivity parameters in six cacao clones on farm was analyzed during the main production season. Flowering, average pod weight, number of beans per pod,...

Author(s): M’BO Kacou Antoine Alban, AKOBE Luc Jocelin, GOLI Siagbé, BÉNÉ Yéboi, S. Elain APSHARA and KOUAME Christophe  

June 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Maize intercropped between Eucalyptus urophylla in agroforestry systems in Brazil

The objective of this work was to evaluate the agronomic characteristics of maize intercropping with Eucalyptus urophylla at agroforestry system in two triple row distance (alleys) at different sampling distances and positions in relation to the eucalyptus external row (transect), and three positions in relation to the cardinal points: east side, west side and middle. Eucalyptus (E. urophylla) seedlings were planted...

Author(s): Wander Luis Barbosa Borges, Maria Fernanda Guerreiro, Luiz Fernando Braz da Silva Biga, Maria Luiza Franceschi Nicodemo and Carlos Eduardo Silva Santos  

June 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Pre-harvest Loss Assessment of Maize crop in Semi-arid Areas in Tanzania Due to Rodent pests

Two experiments were conducted, first was to estimate maize seedling damage in farmers’ fields and a simulation experiment. This study aim to investigate the impact of rodent pest species, damage to maize crop in semi-arid areas at pre-harvest, with a view to provide farmers with appropriate information on rodent pest management interventions. In farmers’ fields, damage assessment was done by counting the...

Author(s): Emmanuel C. M. Mlyashimbi, Didas N. Kimaro, Akwilin J. P. Tarimo, Robert S. Machang’u, Moses Isabirye, Rhodes H. Makundi, Herwig Leirs, Apia W. Massawe, Mashaka E. Mdangi, Steven R. Belmain and  Loth S. Mulungu  

June 2022

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
“You’re almost glancing behind a curtain”: HIV care provider perceptions regarding integration and value of pre-visit electronic tablet-based patient-reported outcomes data collection in two North American clinics

This study was conducted to assess provider perceptions regarding value of tablet-based patient-reported outcome (PRO) assessments in routine care. Patients self-administered a brief PRO assessment of several clinical domains on-site prior to HIV clinic visits. Providers were given succinct summary results. 1:1 interviews were conducted with providers regarding PROs utility and their integration into care, and coded...

Author(s): Rob Fredericksen, Duncan Short, Emma Fitzsimmons, Divya Korlipara, Shivali Suri, Brenda Jacobs, Jean Bacon, Abigail Kroch, Alexandra Musten, Vincent Hodge, Moti Ramgopal, Darrell Tan, Jeff Berry, Deborah Yoong, Mark Naccarato, Kevin Gough, Justin Mcreynolds, William Lober and Heidi Crane  

June 2022

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Implementation of multi-month dispensing among people living with HIV in Tanzania

The global efforts to end the HIV pandemic are currently geared towards achieving ideal viral suppression among People Living with HIV (PLHIV) on ART. Tanzania adopted a number of strategies including Multi-Months Dispensing (MMD) allowing stable clients to attend the clinic twice or three times a year. This study examined the implementation of MMD in Tanzania. This was a cross-sectional study that employed quantitative...

Author(s): George Ruhago, Godbless Mariki, Frida Ngalesoni, , Beatrice Christian, Irene Makundi , and Marina Njelekela  

June 2022

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research
Sources, preservation and quality status of some locally cultivated vegetable seeds in Ndop, Northwest region, Cameroon

Vegetable production is an important economic activity in Cameroon. Due to poor health status of the seeds, the yield is decreasing. Sources, preservation, and quality status of some locally cultivated vegetable seeds was investigated. Seeds were obtained from local farmers, agro-shops, and local markets in four villages of Bamessing, Bamali, Bamunka and Bambalang. The seed sources and preservation methods were recorded...

Author(s): Pindeh Titah Charles, Erve Nouck Alphonse, Kain Chia Genevieve and Kinge Tonjock Rosemary

June 2022

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Training needs assessment of smallholder farmers in rice post-harvest value addition technologies in the Southern Region of Sierra Leone

Training needs assessment study was conducted on rice post-harvest value addition technologies. The study was done in the Southern Region of Sierra Leone to assess the competence of smallholder farmers in rice post-harvest value addition. As a quantitative research method, a descriptive research design, which called for a survey by randomly and proportionately selecting 400 smallholder farmers across the four districts...

Author(s): Philip Jimia Kamanda, Ernest Laryea Okorley and Masa Veronica Motaung,

June 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Comparison of the infestation of three rubber tree clones by Phragmantera capitata (Sprengel) S. Balle (Loranthaceae) in the South-west region of Cameroon

Rubber tree clones are used for their high latex production, resistance to the diseases and to the climatic conditions. The aim of this study was to characterize the parasitism of Phragmanthera capitata on three rubber clones. The study was carried out in the rubber plantations of the Cameroon Development Corporation located in 4 villages around Muyuka and Tiko, two locality of the Fako Department, South-West Region of...

Author(s): Jacques Bruno Ngotta Biyon, Patrice Brice Mvogo Ottou, Rosette Christelle Ndjib, Joseph Marie Ondoua and Victor Désiré Taffouo  

June 2022

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Effect of a modified lifetime model on e-waste generation in Nigeria under defined reuse options

Reliable data on e-waste generation is important for environmentally sound management systems. This study models e-waste generation from existing data on electrical electronics imports, consumption and e-waste generation from Nigerian households. Structured questionnaires were used to obtain information on Electrical Electronic Equipment (EEE) use, reuse, and disposal from households in Nigeria households. Data from...

Author(s): Odeyingbo O., Baldé C. P. and Forti V.

June 2022

African Journal of Food Science
Knowledge, practices and intention to consume omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids among pregnant and breastfeeding women in Morogoro Municipality, Tanzania

Omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids are beneficial throughout the human life cycle. With regard to early child development, maternal fatty acid status influence cognitive and psychomotor development of the unborn child. Regardless of their importance in early childhood development they still receive less attention when compared to other nutrients. This paper aimed to assess knowledge, practices and intention to consume...

Author(s): Tesha A. P., Mwanri A. W. and Nyaruhucha C. N.

June 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Research achievements and recommendations in crop management for enhancing the productivity of spices: A review

Spices are invaluable crops in Ethiopia and research. Just like coffee, their production started many years ago. Availability of diverse agro ecology allowed the country to cultivate different spices. Lowland (ginger, turmeric, black pepper, cardamom, and vanilla) and highland seed spices (black cumin and white cumin, fenugreek, and coriander) were some of the target in research. Appropriate crop management practices,...

Author(s): Girma Hailemichael, Abukiya Getu and Behailu Mekonnen  

June 2022

Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
Evaluation of heavy metals on soil microflora diversity in Robertkiri, Idama and Jokka in Niger Delta Area of Nigeria

The increase in the population and industrial growth has led to increased production of industrial and domestic waste, which contains heavy metals in different forms, hence affect the diversity and activities of soil microflora and environmental sustainability. This research was aimed at evaluating the heavy metals on soil microflora diversity in soils of Robertkiri, Idama and Jokka in Akuku-Toru Local Government Area...

Author(s): Duke Okoro and Ikyaahemba Philip Tordue  

June 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Dominant practices, information, and constraints of soil moisture conservation and nutrient management for range pastures in a sedentary grazing system in South-Western Uganda

Range pastures constitute the major source of livestock feeds throughout the year in the grazing areas of Uganda. However, pasture yields have been declining overtime, yet there is limited information on efforts of improving pasture productivity through soil moisture conservation and nutrient management. This study assessed soil moisture conservation and nutrient management practices used by livestock farmers, sources...

Author(s): Dina Nabasumba, Robert Muzira, Geoffrey Beyihayo, Joseph Okello, and Halid Kirunda  

June 2022

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Comparison of contrast radiography and ultrasonography in diagnosing gastrointestinal obstruction in rabbits

Gastrointestinal (GI) obstruction in rabbits is common due to the peculiarities of their gastrointestinal tract.  This condition usually has an acute progression before the rabbit succumbs or recovers. Due to the acute nature of gastrointestinal obstruction in rabbits, early detection is important. Contrast radiography and ultrasonography are two non-invasive imaging procedures that can be used to detect underlying...

Author(s): Olatunji-Akioye A. O., Akinbobola B. and Oni Z. O.  

June 2022

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Formulation and evaluation of gastro-retentive floating tablets of griseofulvin

About 50% of an oral dose of griseofulvin passes through the gastro-intestinal tract unabsorbed and is excreted in faeces. Short residence time of the low soluble griseofulvin, in stomach and small intestine, limits its dissolution.  Griseofulvin is highly soluble in acidic pH, and so a gastro-retentive floating matrix system was developed to control dissolution rate and thereby enhance solubility to develop an...

Author(s): Jonathan Tinotenda Chanyandura, Madan Sai Poka, Patrick Hulisani Demana and Musa Autamashih  

June 2022

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Effects of climate variability on local communities living in and around Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda

This paper explores the effects of climate variability on local communities living within and around Queen Elizabeth National Park (QENP), their coping mechanisms, and challenges encountered. Data was collected from 250 respondents through questionnaires administered to small holder farmers, salt miners, and fisher folks, as well as in-depth interviews and focus group discussions (FGDs) held with selected households in...

Author(s): Nalwanga F. S., Sowman M., Mukwaya Paul, Musali Paul, Nimusiima Alex and Mugume Isaac

June 2022

African Journal of Biotechnology
Modulation of ethoxyresorufin-o-deethylase, benzoxyresorufin-o-dealkylase and pentoxyresorufin-o-dealkylase expression by African walnut seeds lipid extract in 3-methylcholanthrene induced breast cancer in Wistar rats

Breast cancer is prevalent among women worldwide. African walnut (Tetracarpidium conophorum) seeds extract have been shown to have medicinal properties. This study is to determine the effects of feeding T. conophorum seeds lipid extract on 3-methylcholanthrene (MC) induced breast carcinogenesis and the expression of ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (CYP1A1), benzoxyresorufin-O-dealkylase (CYP1B1) and...

Author(s): Uhunmwangho Esosa Samuel, Oyiborhoro Onoriode and Oluwaseun Olafusi Celestina 

June 2022

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
In-vitro antioxidant potential of conventional herbal decoction aiding diabetes metabolomics

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a risk factor of oxidative stress through the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS triggers cell damage which enhances the risk of several diabetes associated disorders such as neuropathy. There are many treatment options but no cure, and the quest for the natural, cost-effective treatment regimen is ongoing. Therefore, the present study was conducted to observe the in-vitro...

Author(s): Saara Ahmad, Hamna Rafiq, Asra Khan and Inara Merani  

June 2022

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education
Challenges and opportunities for the technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in Somalia: A case for Puntland

The purpose of this paper is to examine the context and circumstances surrounding technical and vocational education training (TVET) in Somalia in general, and Puntland State in particular, in order to have a positive impact on reducing chronic youth unemployment, which currently stands at 67% across the country. The existing condition, difficulties, and prospects of the TVET education industry in Puntland were surveyed...

Author(s): Farah Abdiqani Ahmed and Farah Dahir Abshir 

June 2022

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Conservatism and social justice: Why do some teachers strive harder for social justice while others do not?

Teachers are seen as change agents in the world of social justice because they embody the educational ideals of equality and fair treatment. The aim of this study is to examine the more conservative personal and social attitudes of teachers that may affect how their social justice beliefs play out in the classroom. The research findings reveal important results about the relationship between the attitudes of resistance...

Author(s): Gülay Öngel and Erkan Tabancali

June 2022

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education
Study of the most important factors supporting the success of entrepreneurship in vocational education: Self-efficacy

When the desire that grows in a person is balanced with will and ability, self-confidence grows, especially when someone gets motivation and support from seeing that he can develop more than he thinks. In entrepreneurship, it is necessary to have self-confidence; self-confidence will provide the motivation needed for the business to thrive. Without a sense of self-confidence, every effort made will be in vain. This...

Author(s): Setiawan Ariyono and Suryono Wiwid

June 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Experimental study on the effect of light quality on the quality of hydroponic Cichorium endivia L. in plant factory with artificial light

In recent years, plant factories have developed rapidly and played an important role in modern agricultural production. Finding the best lighting formula has become the most basic and important research topic for the industrialization of the plant factory with artificial lighting (PFAL) hydroponic Cichorium endivia L. In this paper, the LED plant growth lamp with adjustable ratio of red, blue and white light intensity...

Author(s): Xinfa Wang, Zubko Vladisla, Onychko Viktor, Mingfu Zhao and Zhenwei Wu  

June 2022

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Assessment of dairy goat production in Korahey Zone, Somali, Ethiopia; Constraints and opportunities

Characterization of dairy goat production, constraints, and opportunities was the aim of this study. The study was conducted in selected districts of Korahay Zone, Somali Regional State. The weredas and populations (owning goat) were selected purposively to assess management practices, performance of dairy goat, and problems of goat production in selected districts of Korahay Zone. Parameters like milk production of...

Author(s): Wondimagegn Tadesse, Mintesnot Tafese and Halimo Abdikadir  

June 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Analysis of the determinants of adoption of bio-herbicide technology for sustainable food production in the North-Eastern Region of Nigeria

There is a growing concern in many developing countries of sub-Saharan Africa on the harmful effects of synthetic herbicide usage on the agro-ecology, as well as food crop production. Therefore, this study focused on analyzing the factors that influence the adoption of bio-herbicide technology as an alternative to the chemical herbicides used by rural farmers in the North-Eastern region of Nigeria. Multi-stage random...

Author(s): Adewuyi K. A. and Offar G.  

June 2022

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Recycling Mwea irrigation water for sustainable agriculture

Declining quantity and quality of irrigation water coupled with increasing water demand are serious challenges facing paddy rice production in the world. Reuse of agricultural waste water is increasingly popular in paddy systems but few studies have been done with regards to its quality and effects on soil productivity and environmental risks. The aim of this study was to assess the suitability of effluents from the...

Author(s): Onderi Josephine N. and Danga Benjamin O.

June 2022

African Journal of Biotechnology
Assessment of genetic diversity of local rice accessions cultivated in Guinea revealed by SNPs markers, and identification of markers associated with tolerance to iron toxicity

Rice is the staple food in the Republic of Guinea. However, its production is seriously hampered by iron toxicity. The fight against this stress necessarily involves the search for tolerant or resistant varieties. The study aims to determine quantitative trait locus (QTL) associated with tolerance to iron toxicity and to identify genotypes tolerant or resistant to iron toxicity. Thus, 90 local rice accessions collected...

Author(s): Barry Mamadou Laho, Sawadogo Nerbéwendé, Ouédraogo Mahamadi Hamed, Sawadogo Tégawende Alphonse, Kaboré Boukaré, Camara Sawa, Barry Mamadou Billo, Bationo-Kando Pauline and Sawadogo Mahamadou

June 2022

African Journal of Biotechnology
The role of N-terminal module of PhyB in modulating root and hypocotyl growth length in Arabidopsis

Phytochrome belongs to red/far-red light family of photoreceptors. It exists in two spectral forms named red light absorbing form (Pr), said to be the inactive form and far-red light absorbing form (Pfr) which is the active form. This photoreceptor is structurally divided into two modules- the amino acid (N-) terminal photosensory module and caboxylic acid (C-) terminal His kinase-like catalytic output module. Five...

Author(s): Njimona Ibrahim, and Baluška František

June 2022

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management
Management practices and academic performance of government-aided secondary schools in Uganda

This paper presents findings from a study carried out to examine how management practices affected academic performance of public secondary schools in Yumbe District in Northern Uganda. The study was premised on the prevailing poor and declining academic performance of public secondary schools despite increased funding and capitation by the government. The primary objective of the study was to examine the effect of...

Author(s): Galukande-Kiganda Michael

June 2022

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Tracking antibacterial components of Pteris multifida Poir and its antibacterial mechanism

Pteris multifida is an effective Chinese herb for treating dysentery caused by Escherichia coli. It might be a good veterinary antibiotic alternative. In this study, we optimized the extraction condition based on the antibacterial activity of crude extracts from P. multifida, tracked its antibacterial components, and investigated their antibacterial activity, as well as its antibacterial mechanism. The results revealed...

Author(s): Zhong Wang#, LiQi Wang#, JingJing Qian, PingYao Nan and XiaoYing Wang  

June 2022

African Journal of Food Science
Optimization of antioxidant activity of aqueous and alcoholic extracts of cashew apple bagasse by mean of experimental design

Cashew apple bagasse (CAB) constitutes waste in cashew apple conversion in juice industries. This study focused on modelling an optimal condition of antioxidant activity of CAB, in view of valuing it. The response surface methodology through a Box-Behnken design was used to evaluate the effects of three factors influencing antioxidant component extraction. The factors are ethanol proportion of solvent (X1),...

Author(s): GNAGNE Adou Akpa Guy Blanchard, SORO Doudjo, GNOUMOU Kablan Jean Ives, YAO N’guessan Jean Claude and KOFFI Kouadio Ernest

June 2022

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Curbing casualisation of labour in the financial institutions: A study of banks in Sokoto, Nigeria

The study assessed measures in curbing casualisation of labour in financial institutions with a specific study of banks in Sokoto metropolis. The exploitative nature of most commercial banks in Sokoto reflects on the working condition of most casual staff in these banks as payment is not commensurable to the work done. While the casual staff is being deprived of certain social benefits, allowances and social security of...

Author(s): Ibrahim Usman Dabai and Lyndon Novel

June 2022

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
In vivo antimalarial activity, safety and phytochemical screening of Canthium multiflorum (Schumach. &Thonn.) Hiern (Rubiaceae)

Canthium multiflorum (Thonn.) Hiern (Rubiaceae) is a popular herb used by traditional healers in western Burkina Faso. C. multiflorum leaves are widely used in decoction to treat malaria. The present study aims to evaluate its in vivo potential against malaria parasites in mice. The antimalarial activity of the organic and aqueous extracts of C. multiflorum leaves was evaluated on Plasmodium berghei Anka in NMRI mice...

Author(s): KOAMA Benjamin Kouliga, YERBANGA Rakiswendé Serge, DA Ollo, YOUGBARE Sibidou, NATAMA Hamtandi Magloire, OUEDRAOGO Georges Anicet, OUEDRAOGO Jean Bosco, and TRAORE/COULIBALY Maminata  

June 2022

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Prevalence and predictors of recreational drug use in a conflict affected area in the Southwest region of Cameroon: A cross-sectional study

Conflicts and displacements have high impact on mental health due to direct exposure to traumatic events and exposure to increased levels of daily stressors. Post-traumatic stress and other common disorders in conflict or post conflict settings have been well identified however recognition of substance use or abuse and what substances are in use, as well as predictors in conflict settings is sparse. This study aimed to...

Author(s): Atabong Emmanuel Njingu, Fombo Enjeh Jabbossung, Nyuydzedze Stanley Sunjo, Ayongi, Nembulefac Derick Kemndah, and Eyong Njang Stephen,  

June 2022

African Journal of Business Management
Transaction costs and competitive tendering in public procurement: Moderating role of integrity

While the current economic crisis clearly puts pressure on governments to cut spending and save money, and whilst the call for a more cohesive interface between the public and private sectors is currently resonating, public procurement has been marred by scandals, mismanagement, and possibly malpractices. According to the literature, corporate integrity drives transactional behaviors by acting as a hidden hand of social...

Author(s): Sama Hamisi, Ndunguru Philibert and Nsimbila Paul

June 2022

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism
Towards deconstructing urban tourism within the framework of commercial sex work in Uganda

There is great anxiety that present day urban authorities are not considering the amount of hetero-sexual activities that are neither among legitimately married couples nor casually relating friends. This anxiety has brought much pressure onto the civil society that aims to promote morality in society in addition to the religious bodies that aim to encourage positive morals among their congregates. Yet, the extent to...

Author(s): Mwesigwa David and Oboi Alex 

June 2022

Educational Research and Reviews
Inclusion of green economy and sustainability programs in higher education institutions: Examining the case of Kenyatta University, Kenya

Higher education institutions play a pivotal role in instilling green economy and sustainable development principles in students. There are complex environmental challenges, and breaking through this complexity necessitates the incorporation of green economy learning to assist students in understanding these complex connections. This study explores the inculcation of interdisciplinary learning at the Master’s...

Author(s): Ngare Innocent Osoro, Otieno Dorcas Beryl, Ogutu Emma Atieno, Omwami Duncan Ondieki, Marang&#;a Amos Atima, Otieno Edwin Odhiambo, Gikonyo Salome Wairimu and Opiyo Lamech Owino

June 2022

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Towards a sustainable electronic waste management in Uganda: A stakeholder perspective

The management of electrical and electronic waste (E-waste) requires a collaborative approach against unsustainable electronic waste management. This paper attempts to assess the role of E-waste actors in regard to E-waste management sustainability by evaluating their course of action. It proposes an E-waste management conceptual framework based on key stakeholders and validates it with 346 top government employees in...

Author(s): Nyeko Sonny Juma, Mlay Samali, Among Judith and Nyero Abdallah Ibrahim

June 2022

African Journal of Biotechnology
The effect of substrates on the growth, yield, nutritional and phytochemical components of Pleurotus ostreatus supplemented with four medicinal plants

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of substrates on the growth, yield, nutritional, and medicinal value of Pleurotus ostreatus supplemented with four medicinal plants. A completely randomized block design was laid out with 4 treatments replicated 4 times with and without medicinal plants. T1 (sawdust), T2 (sawdust + corncobs), T3 (palm cones), and T4 (elephant stalks) were the treatments used. Croton...

Author(s): Nsoh Sirri Vera, Tacham Walter Ndam, Ngwang Mercy Veyeh and Kinge Tonjock Rosemary

Page 1 of 1241, showing 50 records out of 62029 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50