Articles

 

Articles

Page 12 of 1270, showing 50 records out of 63473 total, starting on record 551, ending on 600

August 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Heterosis, combining ability and reaction of tomato parental lines and their F1 hybrids to bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum in Kenya

Strategies to manage bacterial wilt disease causing 64-100% yield loss have limited effectiveness. A 10×10 diallel mating design excluding reciprocals and self was employed in this study to evaluate combing ability effects, heterosis, and reaction to bacterial wilt in 10 tomato parents. Genotypes AVTO1424 (11.87%), AVTO1429 (12.29%) and AVTO1314 (13.53%) were found to have significantly lower disease incidence,...

Author(s): Kathimba Francis Kamau, Kimani Paul Macharia, Narla Rama Devi and Kiirika Leonard Muriithi

August 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Role of income from rice cultivation on livelihoods of rice farmers: Evidence from Ahero Region, Kenya

In Africa, the demand for rice has increased rapidly as urbanization progresses and assistance is being provided to improve productivity and rice farming management. In the rice-cultivation area near Lake Victoria in western Kenya, where farmers are called “outgrowers”, wage labor costs put pressure on rice farming and reduce profits. However, wage laborers were rice farmers living in the same area. The...

Author(s): Yuko Yamane, Mayumi Kikuta and Kasumi Ito  

August 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Environmental effects on sugarcane growth from on-farm data in the Brazilian Midwest

Climate and soil water availability are factors that influence the growth and yield of sugarcane. These factors can also serve as valuable indicators for predicting maturity and biometric changes in sugarcane, and also enhanced productivity. The aim of this study was to determine the biometric and sucrose accumulation responses of surgarcane as a function of agrometeorological data and soil water storage. The study was...

Author(s): Jordana Moura Caetano, Derblai Casaroli, José Alves Júnior, Dayanna Teodoro Quirino, Adão Wagner Pêgo Evangelista and Frank Freire Capuchinho  

August 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Genetic diversity of Cleome gynandra germplasm in Burkina Faso using SSRs molecular markers

Cleome gynandra L. is an important traditional leafy vegetable in Burkina Faso diets. Because of its high nutritional value, it makes a good dietary supplement, providing an important nutritional and medicinal requirement. The aim of the present study was to assess the genetic diversity and intra- and interpopulation relationships of the C. gynandra collection using SSR molecular markers specific to C. gynandra. Nine...

Author(s): SAKANDE Boureima, KIEBRE Zakaria, BATIENO Teyiouê Benoît Joseph, SAWADOGO Pingawindé and BATIONO/KANDO Pauline

August 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Opportunities, perceptions and challenges in production and use of traditional grains in Semi-Arid Masvingo District, Zimbabwe

This paper aims to understand farmers’ perceptions and challenges in production and use of traditional grains as well as feed manufacturers perceptions on inclusion of traditional grains in feed formulations. The study also seeks to ascertain the opportunities for increased adoption of traditional grains as an adaptive strategy to climate change. Climate change has contributed to a shift in seasons and...

Author(s): Nyasha Rugwete, Tonderai Mutibvu and Tinyiko E Halimani

August 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Genotype and Environment Interaction for yield performance of 12 Advanced Tongil rice genotypes with Doubled Haploid Background under Salts tress conditions in Tanzania

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is an important global food commodity crop. Its yield was affected by genotype, environment, and the interaction between genotype and environment that demands the development of diverse tolerant rice to increase yields and adaptation. Genotype and Environment interaction for yields of rice Tongil types with doubled haploid (DH) were evaluated in three locations. A randomized complete block design...

Author(s): Benjamin Peter Mfupe, Susan Nchimbi Msolla and Luseko Amos Chilagane

August 2023

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Community health financing and healthcare demand solvability of workers in the informal sector in Cameroon

One of the big challenges facing the Government of Cameroon is how to finance and provide healthcare access to more than 79% workers in agriculture and the informal sector. This study intends to analyze the contribution of community health financing to the demand solvability of the worker’s healthcare in the informal sector in Cameroon. Using the logistic regression model of use of health care services, which is...

Author(s): Abba Ibrahim  

August 2023

African Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Takayasu disease revealed by aortic insufficiency associated with an aneurysm of the ascending aorta

Takayasu's disease is a rare inflammatory disease of unknown etiology that affects the large vessels, particularly the aorta and its major branches. A case of 29-year-old patient received for surgical management of severe aortic insufficiency was reported. Preoperative clinical and paraclinical investigations revealed a dilatation of the ascending aorta associated with a stenosis of the left subclavian artery and an...

Author(s): Kouassi Antonin Souaga, Koutoua Eric Katche, Yoboua Aimé Kirioua-Kamenan, Kwadjau Andersn Amani, Jean Calaire Degré, Gnamien Randolph Niava, Joseph Kouame, Landry Kohou-Kone and Kouassi Flavien Kendja  

August 2023

African Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Surgical repair of a giant right coronary artery aneurysm with intra-cardiac fistulas: A case report

Coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) are rare and life-threatening cardiovascular abnormalities. Multiple aneurysms and giant aneurysms are even rarer. The authors report a case of a giant CAA (7 cm) in a 62-year-old male patient with multiple cardiovascular risks. In fact, there were three adjacent aneurysms of the right coronary artery (RCA) that were connected to the cardiac chambers through two fistulas. Additionally,...

Author(s): Adama Sawadogo, Nibépuo Hippolyte Somé, Farid Pingwinde Belem, Moussa Bazongo, Gilbert Bonkoungou, Adama Sanou and Lionel Camilleri  

August 2023

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Phytochemical screening and antifungal activity of Cassia alata (Linn.) crude leaf extracts

The antimycotic effect of Casia alata (Linn.) commonly used for the treatment of skin diseases by local people in Nigeria was evaluated against dermatophytes (Trichophyton tonsurans, Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Microsporum audouinii, Microsporum canis, Microsporum gypseum, Epidermophyton floccosum). Ten-fold serially diluted extract concentrations were subjected to phytochemical screening and the...

Author(s): Emmanuel Edegbo, Martin-Luther Oseni Okolo, Adetunji Sunday Adegoke, Cornelius Arome Omatola, Benjamin Mudi Idache, Joseph Oyiguh Abraham, Monday Eneojo Akor, David Adeiza Zakari, Adebayo Zainab Alaba, Sunday Omale, Abdulrazaq Yahaya, Qasim Musa and Danjuma Muhammed

August 2023

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Beneficial microorganisms as affecting root development of upland rice

Multifunctional microorganisms can significantly affect root and shoot development of upland rice seedling that could provide an increase in the crop grain yield. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of single and combined microorganism on the root and shoot development of upland rice seedlings. The experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design with treatments consisting of the upland rice...

Author(s): Adriano Stephan Nascente, Ishola Zainab Temitope, Marta Cristina Corsi de Filippi and Dennis Ricardo Cabral Cruz

August 2023

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Morphological, pathogenic and molecular characterization of fungal species associated with mango fruits in Mexico

The characterisation of the causal agents of postharvest diseases, as well as their pathogenicity in different mango cultivars of economic importance in Mexico was evaluated. In total, 37 fungi were isolated from diseased mango (Mangifera indica L.) of the cvs Ataulfo, Hayden, Manila, Peach, Haden and creole. For the morphological characterization, the isolates were seeded in potato dextrose agar media and described by...

Author(s): María Alejandra Istúriz-Zapata, Silvia Bautista-Baños, José Luis Acosta-Rodríguez, Mónica Hernández-López and Laura Leticia Barrera-Necha

August 2023

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Tree diversity and carbon stock in urban area of Senegal and their implications to human health and well-being

Urban green spaces (UGSs) have become essential to meet environmental requirements and improve the quality of life of inhabitants thanks to their role on air pollution, heat islands and climate change. The aim of this study was to characterize the biological diversity of UGSs in the commune of Fann Point E Amitié and their importance for human health. A floristic inventory was carried out to assess tree diversity...

Author(s): Fatimata Niang, Khadidiatou Ba, Fatoumata Diop, Fatou Anta Fall, Hadji Abou Diallo, Mamadou Thioye, Simon Sambou and Sara Danièle Dieng

August 2023

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
An exploratory study of the impact of commingled biochar on removal of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) from crude oil polluted soil

An experimental scrutinization of bioremediation of crude oil polluted soil using furnace pyrolyzed comingled-biochar containing poultry litter, pine wood and rice straw char made at different proportions was carried out in the present study. The experiment was performed in five stages which include soil investigation, biochar production, characterization, and total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) remediation via green...

Author(s): Daniel Hogan Itam, Ako Hogan Itam, Udeh Ngozi Uzor and Ejikeme Ugwoha

August 2023

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Effect of acid pre-treatment and two-stage oxygen-assisted fermentation on the production of vinegar from lignocellulose biomass peel of pineapple

The valorization of lignocellulosic waste stands as a promising avenue to bolster sustainable food production and consumption within a circular economy framework. This study centered on the production of vinegar from pineapple peels through a two-stage fermentation process aided by oxygen. The pineapple peels underwent sorting, washing, drying, and subsequent grinding into a powder. This powder was subjected to...

Author(s): Meldrade Nyuykongi, Wilson Agwanande Ambindei, Ngwasiri Pride Ndasi, Ngwa Martin Ngwabie, Martin Benoit Ngassoum and Nso Emmanuel Jong

August 2023

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Microbial and physical evaluation of selected cough syrups sold at peripheral drug outlets in Bushenyi District, South Western Uganda

Syrups, being non-sterile liquid pharmaceutical formulations, are prone to microbial contamination. The most common microbial contaminants are bacteria and fungi. Contamination of oral liquid pharmaceuticals makes them hazardous due to potential to cause infections, and may also change their physical, chemical, and organoleptic properties. This study assessed the microbial quality and physical characteristic parameters...

Author(s): Johnmary Matovu, Mark Gonahasa, Edson Ireeta Munanura, Ibrahim Ntulume and Jonans Tusiimire,  

August 2023

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Attitudes towards vaccines and intentions to vaccinate against COVID-19 among undergraduate students at the University of Zambia

Negative attitudes regarding vaccines and unwillingness to accept vaccinations are major barriers to managing the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, this study assessed the attitudes towards vaccines and intentions to vaccinate against COVID-19 among undergraduate students at the University of Zambia. This cross-sectional study was conducted among undergraduate students from August to September 2021. Data were collected...

Author(s): Martin Kampamba, Moonga Kalima, Christabel Nang’andu Hikaambo, Moses Mukosha,, Steward Mudenda and Ozawa Sachiko,  

August 2023

African Journal of Biotechnology
Current status of molecular tools development for cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] improvement

Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] is a popular tropical grain legume which is widely produced and consumed in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The grains are rich in dietary protein for human while the haulm is high quality fodder for livestock particularly ruminants. Compared with many other crops cowpea is a laggard in development, evaluation and deployment of different molecular markers for use in genetics and breeding....

Author(s): Abdoul Moumouni Iro Sodo, Christian Fatokun, Bunmi Olasanmi and Ousmane Boukar

August 2023

African Journal of Biotechnology
Antioxidant activities and GC-MS profiling of fractions of methanol extract of Andrographis paniculata

This study was intended to investigate the antioxidant activities of different solvent fractions (hexane (HEX), chloroform (CHL), ethylacetate (ETHYL) and methanol (MET) fractions) of methanol extract of Andrographis paniculata and GC-MS profiling of the most active fraction (MET). The crude methanol extract was fractionated using vacuum liquid chromatography method. Antioxidant activity was evaluated using total...

Author(s): Benjamin Olusola Omiyale and Kayode Olayele Karigidi

August 2023

African Journal of Biotechnology
Genome-wide association analysis identifies resistance loci for bacterial blight in diverse East African rice germplasm

Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), the causal agent of rice bacterial blight disease has been extensively characterized, and loci against different races identified. Many rice cultivars have been developed and utilized to combat the disease, however, due to the rapid evolution of Xoo, several resistances have broken down. The continuous challenge of ever-evolving Xoo and the breakdown of resistance in cultivated rice...

Author(s): Moses Okello, Ochwo S. Mildred, Jimmy Lamo, Geoffrey Onaga, Thomas L. Odong, Geoffrey Tusiime, Phinehas Tukamuhabwa, Settumba B. Mukasa, Peter Wasswa, Jonathan Ogwal and Ricardo Oliva

August 2023

African Journal of Biotechnology
Expression of bioactive compounds in different pepper cultivars (Capsicum annuum L.) in response to different fertilizer treatments

This research aimed at evaluating four cultivars of Capsicum annuum L. with different nutrient sources to ascertain the nutrient source that would improve the soil characteristic and promote the accumulation of carotenoids and flavonoids in peppers. Four nutrient sources: poultry manure, pig manure, goat manure, and nitrogen: phosphorus: potassium (NPK) were used for the study. The experiment was conducted as a 4...

Author(s): Odo V. C., Abu N. E., Igu T. C., Asogwa L. N., Eze C. O., James O.V., Oyediran O.T., Okanwu J. O. and Ojua E. O.

August 2023

African Journal of Biotechnology
Contact activities of Piper guineense (Schum and Thonn) and Eugenia aromaticum (L). (Merril and Perryl) extracts against larvae of hide beetles, Dermestes maculatus (Degger) (Coleoptera: Dermestidae)

Contact activities of Piper guineense (Schum and Thonn) and Eugenia aromaticum (L). (Merril and Perryl) extracts in the control of Dermestes maculatus larvae infesting stored fish (Clarias gariepinus) were investigated under laboratory condition (28±3°C and 65±5% RH). The extracts were tested by application of 2.0 µL each to ten third instars larvae using micro pipette at a concentration of 6.00,...

Author(s): Jatau A., Badamasi M. Z. and Yahaya M. A.

August 2023

Journal of Engineering and Computer Innovations
LoRa flood messaging applied to remote soil-moisture monitoring

Soil-Moisture sensing has proven to be an important factor in decreasing the need for irrigation while maintaining crop yield and quality. Farmers’ finding ways to minimize water use is necessary given the world’s obvious climate change and, in some areas, the resulting onslaught of drought. As the world’s population grows and the demand for higher-quality food increases, precision irrigation becomes...

Author(s): Peter Raeth and Philip Branch  

August 2023

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity
Molecular mechanism of Clofazimine resistance in tuberculosis

Drug resistance which is at present the main impendence to global tuberculosis (TB) control and drug- resistant (DR) activity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in various strains have become the major challenge worldwide. Nowadays, many researchers use different antibiotics for treatment of DR-TB which are often not well tolerated and not adequately efficient. A large group study from various research published in different...

Author(s): Sumaia Khatun, Sadia Afrin and Shah Alam,

August 2023

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Comparative study of growth rates, condition factors and natural mortality of Oreochromis niloticus fish from culture fisheries and capture fisheries at Lake Kariba, Zambia

Oreochromis niloticus were sampled from culture fisheries (Yalelo, Fwanyanga and Choombwe) (n = 211) in April and May, 2020. Capture fisheries (Siavonga and Sinazongwe) (n = 198) were sampled between April and November, 2020. The research was aimed to study the population parameters (growth rates, condition factors and natural mortality) of O. niloticus at Lake Kariba. The results showed that fish at culture fisheries...

Author(s): Mauris Chinyama Makeche, Tamuka Nhiwatiwa, Lufeyo Chitondo, Malvern Kanyati, Cyprian Katongo, Chipasha Kaminsa, Mirriam Kaona, Joseph Ndebe, Malala Mulavu, Cynthia Sipho Khumalo, Edgar Simulundu, Katendi Changula, Simba Chitanga, Benjamin Mubemba, Walter Muleya and Geofrey Makwelele  

August 2023

African Journal of Food Science
Consumption of discretionary salt and bouillon in Senegalese households and related knowledge, attitudes and practices

Excessive salt intake is associated with high blood pressure, a major risk factor of cardiovascular diseases. The World Health Organization has set a target of 30% reduction in population salt intake by 2020 to contain the prevalence of high blood pressure (HBP). The aim of the study was to measure the consumption of discretionary salt and bouillon in rural and urban Senegalese households. A cross-sectional descriptive...

Author(s): Saliou Diombo KEBE, Adama DIOUF, Papa Mamadou Dit Doudou SYLLA, Mbeugué THIAM, Ousseynou Baba COLY, Mane Hélène FAYE, Abdou BADIANE and Nicole IDOHOU-DOSSOU

August 2023

African Journal of Food Science
Physicochemical and nutritional characteristics of bee pollen from Burkina Faso

This prospective study consisted in determining the physico-chemical and nutritional composition of the pollen produced in different localities of Burkina Faso. The main constituents were determined by standard methods. The results show a mass proportion (g/100 g) of dry matter between 17.15 ± 3.69 to 34.65 ± 5.05 for proteins, 43.93 ± 2.05 to 59.11 ± 5, 05 for carbohydrates, 5.29 ±...

Author(s): Jean Axel T. KABORE, Ella W. R. COMPAORE, KY INOUSSA, Ousmane OUEDRAOGO, Fulbert NIKIEMA, Elie KABRE and Mamoudou H. DICKO

August 2023

African Journal of Food Science
Feeding practices and nutrition status of children aged 0-59 months from Njombe and Geita, Tanzania

This study aimed to assess infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices, child nutrition status, and their variations within ethnic groups in regions with high prevalence rates of stunting. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 150 mother-child pairs that were randomly selected within regions of high stunting rates (Njombe and Geita) in Tanzania. Socio-demographic, IYCF practices, and anthropometric...

Author(s): Hassan T. Berenge and Happiness S. Muhimbula

August 2023

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Perceived quality of healthcare provided by patent medicine vendors in rural and remote communities of low- and medium-Income countries (LMICs): A perspective from Nigeria

Perceived quality of healthcare is a strong predictor of continuous utilization of healthcare. There is dearth of current evidence on the perception of the quality of the healthcare received from patent medicine vendors (PMVs) in low- and medium-income countries (LMICs). This study, therefore, through the lens of hard-to-reach communities in Nigeria seeks to assess the perception of the quality of healthcare provided by...

Author(s): Oluwasegun John Ibitoye, Onoja Mathew Akpa, Olugbenga Asaolu, Gbadegesin O. Alawode, Adeniyi Adeniran, Mustapha Bello, Nannim Nalda, Olubunmi Ojelade, Adebusola Oyeyemi, Oluwagbemiga Obembe,  Adaeze Ugwu and Chisom Emeka, Abdulmalik Abubakar, Christopher Obanubi, Adebayo O. Amao and Ishaq K. Salako  

August 2023

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Knowledge and practice of road safety regulation by commercial motorbike riders in Douala-Cameroon

To assess the knowledge and practice of commercial motorbike riders on road safety regulation and capture their challenges towards its implementation. This was a qualitative study with a narrative design and focus group discussion (FGD) and in-depth interview (IDI) as data collection methods. Two focus group discussions (n=22) were held constituting of commercial motorbike riders who had been purposefully recruited and...

Author(s): Ginyu Innocentia Kwalar, Verla Vincent Siysi, Tanue Elvis Asangbeng, Assob Nguedia Jules-Clement and Nsagha Dickson Shey  

August 2023

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Investigation of cluster cases of urinary bilharziasis in the health area of Klemeklo, Northwest Bouake, 2017

Bilharzia is one of the major neglected tropical diseases with high morbidity in poor countries in tropical regions. In Côte d'Ivoire, the prevalence of bilharziasis varies from less than 1% to over 90%, depending on the region. It is the highest among school-age children. In March 2017, an epidemiological investigation of clustered cases of urinary bilharziasis was conducted in the village of Gbangaoukpli, a...

Author(s): S. I. Soumahoro, D. P. Kouassi, K. D. Zika, M. Coulibaly, A. D. Kouame, , S. Yéo , A. M. Sokodogo , E. A. E. Amani , M. S. M. L. Tanoh , A. Moumouni ,G. H. A. Yao, , M. -E. Ebouat, K.D Adoubryn, N. S. Dagnan  

August 2023

Educational Research and Reviews
Development in technical and vocational education and training: Synopsis and implications of education policies for right skills in Kenya

This article presents implications of education and training policies on Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) from the pre-colonial Kenya to date based on systematic review of education policies and related literature. In the pre-colonial period the non-formal and informal vocational training was demand driven, relevant and flexible. Throughout the colonial period, the Kenyan natives developed negative...

Author(s): Beatrice Amondi Osumbah and Peter Wekesa

August 2023

Educational Research and Reviews
Gender Parity Approaches in Uganda’s Education System: A Case of Public Secondary Schools in Bugiri District

The study examined the available approaches to improving gender parity in public secondary schools in Bugiri District. It specifically focused on the approaches put in place to improve gender parities in Public secondary schools, their effectiveness and challenges faced by stakeholder. The study was rooted in the interpretive paradigm and employed a qualitative methodology. Data were obtained from head teachers,...

Author(s): Muweesi Charles, Mugenyi Disan Kuteesa, Kaweesi Muhamadi, Kintu George, Tomusange Robert, Isabirye Christopher, Namagero Tendo Shira, Kaahwa Yuda Taddeo, Sserwadda Lawrence, Wanyana Mercy, Nakonde Justine, and Nakasaawe Victoria

August 2023

Educational Research and Reviews
A study on the relationship between teacher competency and job performance under human resource management in higher education

This study aimed to investigate the effects of Jiangsu University teachers’ competency and engagement on their job performance and determine whether teacher competency affects job performance through the mediating role of engagement. We constructed a theoretical model based on self-determination theory (SDT) and the job demand–resource model and validated it using structural equation modeling (SEM). The...

Author(s): Yan Yang, and Yuan-Cheng Chang

August 2023

Educational Research and Reviews
A study on the competency of physical education teachers at the basic education level in China

The aim of this study was to investigate the competency of physical education teachers at the basic education level in China. The study was conducted using a qualitative approach, using purposive sampling to conduct in-depth interviews with 12 physical education teachers from schools at the basic education level in China using the behavioral event interview method and extracting themes using coding techniques with the...

Author(s): Lei Peng, and Man Jiang

July 2023

Philosophical Papers and Review
Purism: Desire as the Ultimate Value, Part Two – An Appeal to Intuition

In this two-part article series, I aim to demonstrate that a special category of desire – a state which is sought unconditionally, as an end (sought in and of itself) – is the only ultimate value that logical observers can conceive upon consideration of sufficient conceptual depth. In the first part, I attempt to demonstrate this through appealing to logical reason. In this second part, I subsequently...

Author(s): Primus

July 2023

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism
Review on ecotourism potentials, challenges and opportunities in Ethiopia

Ecotourism is defined as intentional activity to natural and cultural areas to appreciate nature. The main objective of this review was to examine ecotourism potentials, challenges and opportunities in Ethiopia. To achieve the objective, relevant published scientific literatures were used as data sources. These data were obtained from freely accessible search engines. The review paper was done using common and freely...

Author(s): Degefa Alemu Kenasa and Alemayehu Mammo Haile

July 2023

International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology
Sequencing of S5 gene in autotetraploid rice japonica and indica to overcome F1 hybrids embryo sac sterility

Autotetraploid rice is a new germplasm developed through diploid chromosome doubling. Hybrids developed by indica autotetraploid rice crossed by japonica autotetraploid rice has clear biological advantage on F1, causing widespread concerns for special research evolution to evaluate and utilize F1 hybrid vigor. However, the widespread fertility of F1 indica and japonica autotetraploid rice is low, which makes it...

Author(s): Fimanekeni Ndaitavela Shivute,,, Nabieu Kamara,, and Xiang-Dong Liu,,

July 2023

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
The substantial potentials for establishment of biosphere reserve in the Afar Region, Ethiopia

The Afar region is endowed with rich and diverse natural and cultural resources that have outstanding universal values from the perspective of culture and biodiversity conservation and it plays significant role in maintaining the arid and semi-arid part of the country. Moreover, there are considerable ecological and socio-economic opportunities in the region to enhance sustainable development as well as long-term...

Author(s): Kahsay Gebretensae and Hailu Zerfu

July 2023

African Journal of Business Management
Internal controls and financial accountability in a public health sector: An empirical investigation of a local government in Uganda

This study aimed at examining the influence of internal controls on financial accountability in GILGHS, Uganda. The study’s research design was cross-sectional. The study findings were derived from a sample of 127 health centers (unit of analysis), whose heads of department formed unit of inquiry. Data were amassed from respondents through questionnaires and their responses were aggregated to their corresponding...

Author(s): Gordon Otieno Ong’unya, Kalenzi Abbey and Peter Gatkuoth Ruazel Chan

July 2023

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Do the HoNOS and the HiTOP converge? Factor structure and normative data in a diverse Norwegian patient sample

A large factor analysis of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scale (HoNOS) indicates similarities between HoNOS factors and Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP) spectra. A diverse sample of 866 Norwegian patients gathered in several studies was factor analyzed to try to replicate Speak et al.’s four factors and to do a conceptual analysis to connect the factors to HiTOP spectra. A primary severity...

Author(s): Cato Grønnerød

July 2023

International Journal of Library and Information Science
The shortcomings of artificial intelligence: A comprehensive study

Artificial intelligence is considered one of the highly disruptive innovations of the 21st century that has garnered the enormous attention of the global community. Artificial Intelligence (AI) provides unprecedented widespread opportunities for revolutionizing and upgrading the infrastructure of various industries. It is one of the faster-growing go-to technologies for global industries allowing personalized...

Author(s): Stevie A. Burke and Ammara Akhtar

July 2023

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Debunking “The New Dawn” Myth: A comparative analysis of South Africa and Zimbabwe

This paper is a comparative analysis of the politics of South Africa and Zimbabwe. It aims to demystify “The New Dawn” phenomenon espoused by the presidents of the two countries. On 24 November 2017, Emmerson Mnangagwa was sworn in as Zimbabwe’s President. This followed the forced resignation of President Robert Mugabe by the country’s military after spending over three decades in office. In...

Author(s): Bheki R. Mngomzulu

July 2023

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
An initial exploration of the adaptation status of African new residents in Taiwan

While the presence of African new residents in Taiwan may not be as pronounced as that of Southeast Asian counterparts, a noteworthy number have settled in diverse regions of the island in recent years. The adaptation experiences of these African residents remain under-explored in academic literature, rendering this study a pioneering effort in examining this pertinent subject. Through meticulous in-depth interviews...

Author(s): Yu-Kang Lee and Dramane Thiombiano

July 2023

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Geo-spatial distribution of radio refractivity and the influence of fade depth on microwave propagation signals over Nigeria

The need for more bandwidth for a broad range of purposes necessitates research into how radio refractivity, multipath fading, and geoclimatic variables affect terrestrial and satellite propagation links. In this study, a geographical distribution approach to radio refractivity and fade depth over five locations in Nigeria—Akure, Enugu, Jos, Minna, and Sokoto based on five-year (2017–2021) measured data of...

Author(s): Olalekan Lawrence Ojo

July 2023

Journal of African Studies and Development
Tragedy of urban green spaces depletion in selected sub-Sahara African major cities

Urban green spaces (UGS) play important role in enhancing the socioeconomic and environmental health of cities around the world. For instance, UGS such as playgrounds, parks and residential greenery provide relief from mental and physical stress in densely populated areas. In spite of the significance of UGS in urban life and city development, their depletion rate in sub-Saharan countries seems alarming. Based on mixed...

Author(s): Seth Appiah-Opoku, Kwaku Karikari Manu, Michael Osei Asibey and Owusu Amponsah

July 2023

Journal of African Studies and Development
Leadership characteristics in a volatility, uncertainty, complexity and ambiguity (VUCA) environment, a case study of Zimbabwe hospitality industry during Covid 19 era

Organisations are experiencing high level of uncertainty due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The study sought to evaluate the leadership characteristics in a Volatility, Uncertainty, Complexity and Ambiguity (VUCA) environment in the hospitality industry during Covid 19 era. There is lack of research that explains challenges faced in the presence of a Covid 19 pandemic in the hospitality sector in Zimbabwe. This generates a...

Author(s): Judith Mwenje and Francis Manyanga

July 2023

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education
TVET, economy and sustainable development

Technical and vocational education and training (TVET) has long been recognized as a key driver of economic growth and sustainable development. TVET programs provide individuals with the skills and knowledge needed to succeed in the modern economy, while also helping to bridge the gap between education and employment. In this paper, the literature was reviewed on the role of TVET in promoting sustainable development and...

Author(s): Ogur Eric Okoth

July 2023

International Journal of English and Literature
Research on MTI talent cultivation under language education planning-- A case study of MTI granting program at a private University in Shanghai

In order to tell China’s stories well, promote the Chinese voice, and show a true and comprehensive China, to enhance our capacities of international communication, our country has elevated its understanding of the regularities of international communication work to a new level. The authors recognize the close connection between the industries and propose that graduate students majoring in translation in the new...

Author(s): Xin Liu and Qian Chen

July 2023

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Physicochemical properties and fatty acid composition of freshly prepared palm oil

Elaeis guineensis commonly known as the African palm oil, a monocotyledon widely used due to its nutritional and economic importance. The effect of deterioration of the harvested palm fruit on the physicochemical properties and fatty acid composition of palm oil was investigated. The palm fruit was processed after each period of deterioration (fresh, 7, 14 and 21 days after harvest) for oil production. AOAC Standard...

Author(s): Ndidi NWACHOKO, Udiomine B. AKURU, Inyingi A. GREEN, Reward M. KPAANADEE, Tamuno-Boma ODINGA and Chukwudi O. EGBUNEFU

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