Articles

 

Articles

Page 3 of 1239, showing 50 records out of 61935 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150

April 2022

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Communication strategies employed by the Barangay health workers in promoting reproductive health in Magsaysay, occidental Mindoro

The descriptive research aims to identify the communication strategies employed in promoting topics on Reproductive Health and the communication problems encountered in promoting Reproductive Health information. The study was conducted in selected Barangays in Magsaysay, Occidental Mindoro. This study employed descriptive research method. The sample size was determined by the epinfoTM software with 80% confidence level....

Author(s): Mary Yole Apple Declaro-Ruedas  

April 2022

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Knowledge and understanding about genetically modified (GM) crops among smallholder farmers in Northern Ghana

Ghana had made steady progress towards the commercialization of Genetically Modified (GM) crops amidst mounting opposition. This paper presents findings of an empirical study on smallholder farmers’ knowledge and understanding of GM crops. Data used in this study was sourced from a survey conducted among members of Farmer Based Organizations (FBOs) in Northern Ghana in which 120 FBOs across 10 districts in the...

Author(s): Zakaria H., Abujaja A. M, Quainoo A. K. and Obeng F. K.    

April 2022

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Salivary cortisol, postpartum psychological status and bonding attachment

While several studies have investigated how stress-related situations affect cortisol levels, few studies have examined the relationship between cortisol levels and psychological measures related to postpartum psychological status. This study investigated the relationship between salivary cortisol and postpartum psychological status and bonding attachment. This study is a cross-sectional study. Participants were...

Author(s): Atsuko Kawano and Chihoko Sankai  

April 2022

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
In vitro antiproliferative potential of crude extracts from Carica papaya L. (Caricaceae) black seeds against prostate cancer cell lines'

Black seeds from papaya plants are utilized as traditional medicine in African and Asian cultures to improve the functioning of the male reproductive system and management of prostate cancer. This study analyzed the phytochemical composition, antiproliferative activity and cytotoxicity of Carica papaya black seeds against the prostate cancer cells and Vero cells. Phytochemical screening was performed by standard...

Author(s): Benson Mcheza Kateihwa, Hulda Swai, Jeremiah Waweru Gathirwa and Elingarami Sauli  

April 2022

African Journal of Business Management
Disruptive thinking in social entrepreneurship: Challenges and effectiveness

With the emerging field of social entrepreneurship, academicians have raised several research agendas to give a unitary direction to the theoretical groundings and foundations of this concept. The current review is one such attempt to explore the definition of social entrepreneurship and its linkage to social innovation and disruptive thinking. This review aims to understand students’ perspectives and familiarity...

Author(s): MK Agarwal, and Selma Ndiwakalunga Mulunga

April 2022

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Analgesic, anti-inflammatory and oxytocic activities of Dracaena steudneri Engl. stem bark aqueous extract in Wistar rats

Dracaena steudneri Engl. (Dracaenaceae) is a medicinal plant that is used in labour by traditional birth attendants to induce labour, relieve pain and treat various diseases; albeit no documentation. This study determined the analgesic, anti-inflammatory and oxytocic effects of the D. steudneri stem bark aqueous extract. D. steudneri stem bark was collected, authenticated, oven-dried at 45ºC for 48 h, pulverized...

Author(s): Mercy Gladys Tenywa, Amon Ganafa Agaba, Clement Olusoji Ajayi, Casim Umba Tolo and Esther Katuura  

April 2022

Journal of African Studies and Development
Conditions that work: Reconnecting fiscal decentralization to responsiveness in Uganda and Thai Municipal Governments

Globalization puts extra pressure on local governments to be more responsive and accountable. The belief from theory is that with high levels of fiscal autonomy, the elected public officials would be more responsive to allocate resources to the local priority areas determined by citizen interests and preferences. On the face of it, responsiveness reads like the normative outcome of fiscal autonomy in the developing and...

Author(s): Kiwanuka Michael, Pratt Richard Dick and Kamnuanslipa Peersit

April 2022

African Journal of Food Science
Nutrient composition of selected seasonal food delicacies in Malawi

Five locally available seasonal delicacies in Malawi were analysed for their nutrient content. The five delicacies included three insect types, one bird and a plant tuber. The proximate analysis using standard methods of analysis showed that Nomadacris septemdasciata (insect) has the highest protein content (69.78±2.0%) followed very closely by Passer difusus (bird) (67.59±1.2%). The protein content of the...

Author(s): Mac Donald F. Jose, Lesten Eliez C. Chatepa, Felix D. Kumwenda and Peter P. Mumba

April 2022

Journal of African Studies and Development
Improving the quality of Uganda’s decentralization: The unfinished business

This paper focuses on stakeholders’ participation, capacity of players, and fiscal decentralization in Uganda. The authors explore and describe the extent to which the three could be transposed to improve the quality of decentralization in a number of local governments in Uganda. Notable findings revealed high levels and opportunities for participation of stakeholders in local governance, participation still...

Author(s): Kiwanuka Michael, Karyeija Gerald, Namara Rose, Kyohairwe Stella, Kiganda Michael Galukande and Alinda Fred

April 2022

International Journal of English and Literature
Playing cat and dreaming butterfly – Skepticism of Montaigne and Zhuangzi

Many scholars refer to Montaigne and Zhuangzi as “skeptics” because of their opinions on ethics, religion and language. Therefore, a detailed study on their philosophical thinking is conducted in terms of the four branches of modern skepticism: ethical skepticism, linguistic skepticism, epistemological skepticism and sensory skepticism. Then, in order to determine whether Montaigne and Zhuangzi treat...

Author(s): YANG Chen 

April 2022

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
The value relevance of the quality of IFRS-based published financial information of non-financial companies in Nigeria

The study examines whether the quality of international Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) based published financial information in Nigeria increased in the post-IFRS era. The study examines the quality of IFRS-based financial reports in improving the information required from financial statements. In other words, it evaluates the quality of published financial reports after IFRS adoption in Nigeria using annual...

Author(s): Liafisu Sina Yekini, Sunny Oteteya Temile and Dubem Victor Enaruna

April 2022

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Welfare effect of aid

Developing economies have often relied on developmental finance (aid) in improving the welfare and social being of their citizenry. However, the developmental effect of aid on developing economies has sparked a lot of interest among scholars and policymakers. The objective of the study is to examine the welfare effect of aid in Nigeria for the period of 1981 to 2017. The study employed the autoregressive distributed lag...

Author(s): Fredrick Ikpesu

April 2022

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Economic and accounting performance of Greek innovative firms through knowledge-based entrepreneurship

In modern industrial sectors, the margins for companies’ development constantly shrink, urging a rise in R and D and various sections’ expenditures. Throughout this phase, the role of innovative firms has submerged, especially via the knowledge-based entrepreneurship. Knowledge-based entrepreneurship can potentially benefit companies performing in the high-tech sectors, in terms of economic performance and...

Author(s): Toudas Kanellos and Kanellos Nikos

March 2022

Educational Research and Reviews
The level of social acceptance of children with autism spectrum disorder integrated in regular schools from the point of view of parents and teachers in Jordan

The present study aimed to determine the level of social acceptance of children with autism spectrum who are integrated into regular schools from the parents’ and teachers' perspectives in Jordan. The researcher built a scale of social acceptance of children with an autism spectrum disorder. It consists of (34) items distributed in three dimensions; it was applied to an exploratory sample from outside the...

Author(s): Feryal Abdel-Hadi Al-Shenikat

March 2022

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Novel Alleles 8 and 9 Strains of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides circulating in South East Nigeria and Comparison with Vaccine Reference Strain T1/44

Control of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is difficult in Nigeria due to lack of sufficient data. Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides is the causative organism of CBPP. This disease is endemic in Nigeria with serious economic impact. This study was undertaken to characterize M. mycoides subsp. mycoides (Mmm) in cattle in south-east Nigeria using single-locus sequence analysis based on polymorphism analysis of...

Author(s): Kingsley C. Anyika, Livinus T. Ikpa, Elayoni Igomu, Paul I. Ankeli, Pam D. Luka, Kenneth I. Ogbu,  Ishaku S. Bata, Olabode P. Mayowa and Usman A. Rayyanu

March 2022

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Influence of phosphorus-solubilizing microorganisms and phosphate amendments on pearl millet growth and nutrient use efficiency in different soils types

Two greenhouse growth trials were performed to assess inoculation with phosphorus (P)-solubilizing microorganisms (PSM) in combination with alternative sources of phosphate in pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) cultivation: One using sandy soil and the other using clayey soil. The treatments comprised five P sources, with or without inoculation with PSM B119 (Bacillus megaterium) and B2084 (Bacillus subtilis) strains....

Author(s): Flávia Cristina dos Santos, Denise Pacheco dos Reis, Eliane Aparecida Gomes, Daniela de Azevedo Ladeira, Antônio Carlos de Oliveira, Izabelle Gonçalves Melo, Fabiane Ferreira de Souza, Bianca Braz Mattos, Cleide Nascimento Campos and Christiane Abreu de Oliveira-Paiva

March 2022

Educational Research and Reviews
Influence of marital communication on family stability of married teachers in Nsukka education zone

This study examined the influence of marital communication on the family stability of married teachers in the Nsukka Education Zone of Enugu State. It was guided by two research questions and two hypotheses. The population comprised 1688 married teachers in Nsukka Education Zone secondary schools. A correlation design was adopted for the study. The sample was 455 respondents. Proportionate stratified sampling techniques...

Author(s): Joachim Chinweike Omeje, Benedeth Lebechi Ugwu and Chinenye Ifeoma Ogidi

March 2022

African Journal of Food Science
Effects of charcoal kiln and microwave oven drying techniques on the chemical and thermal characteristics of tomato and yam slices

Most drying equipment required constant electricity, which is rarely available in Sub-Saharan African countries for local farmers. In order to reduce postharvest loss, it is important to develop and use alternative equipment that is cheap and does not require electricity. The aim of this study was to compare the charcoal kiln oven and microwave oven on the drying characteristics of tomato and yam slices, as well as the...

Author(s): Chibuzo S. Nwankwo, James T. Mbachiantim, Victor O. Olanegan, Okpomor O. Endurance, Carew E. Irene, Chigozie F. Okoyeuzu, Belay Dereje and Abebe Teshome

March 2022

African Journal of Food Science
Effect of chitosan coatings on quality and shelf-life of chicken and quail eggs

In this study, chitosan-coatings were prepared with acetic, lactic, propionic, gallic and caffeic acids and used for coating chicken and quail eggs to understand their effect on the quality and shelf-life of chicken and quail eggs. Shelf-life study of (weight loss, Haugh unit, yolk index, albumen pH, mineral levels and shell breaking strength) the coating formulations were investigated for 4 weeks. All chitosan coated...

Author(s): Esin Derelioglu and Özlem Turgay

March 2022

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Diversity and distribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated to Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdcourt) in Benin

Bambara groundnut, despite its attributes in providing protein to human, is facing soil fertility and degradation problems, always leading to little performances. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) constitute a microorganism group used by many researchers to improve productivity of crops in poor soils. This study aimed to evaluate the distribution and diversity of AMF associated to Bambara groundnut in different...

Author(s): Leslie-Dolorès Raïssa BOSSOU, Fatioulaye MAMA, Appolinaire ADANDONON, Mahougnon Charlotte Carmelle ZOUNDJI, Moriaque Tobi AKPLO and Pascal HOUNGNANDAN,

March 2022

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Effects of stakeholder interaction in REDD+ implementation: The case of two forest districts in Ghana

The study adopted a qualitative approach and relied enormously on primary data obtained through interviews and focus group discussions to assess the type of interaction and its effects in the implementation of the REDD+ initiative in two forest districts in Ghana. The country’s involvement in REDD+ began in 2008 and received approval in 2010. Many partners from civil society, private sector, government,...

Author(s): Gladys Nkrumah and Kwame Ameyaw Domfeh

March 2022

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Calculation of a class of Gaussian integrals: Derivation of payoff at expiry for European option

This work deals with the calculation of a class of Gaussian integral of the form  where  Completing the squares of the exponential and changing variables led to the solution  where  denotes the cumulative standard normal distribution function. An equation which corresponds to pay-off at expiry for European option was derived. Key words: Gaussian integral, Euler-Poisson integral, multivariable...

Author(s): Joy Ijeoma Adindu-Dick  

March 2022

African Journal of Biotechnology
Assessment of proximal, mineral composition and content of vitamin A and C of leaves and flowers from Lippia multiflora vegetable in Benin

Lippia multiflora is a plant whose leaves and flowers are used as a food in Benin, so it is important to determine the nutritional properties of leaves and flowers of L. multiflora. Biochemical analyses for the determination of macronutrients, mineral salts and vitamins A and C on leaves and flowers of this leaf vegetable were done. The result indicates that the contents in leaves and flowers are, respectively:...

Author(s): Hihoto Wilfrid Djengue, Arlette Adjatin, Rock Djehoue, Zaki Bonou-gbo, Codjo Tiburce Odjo, Zinsou Com Koukpo, Arsène Jacques Fassinou, Gérard Tiko, Hyacinthe Ahissou and Alexandre Dansi

March 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Shading effects on the yield, quality, and sucrose-metabolizing enzyme activity of sweet corn during filling stage

Two low-light sensitive varieties of sweet corn (Zea mays L.), cultivars Xiantian 5, and Huazhen, were subjected to different shading-intensity treatments during the grain-filling stage in a field experiment in order to clarify physiological mechanisms of lowlight effects on the yield, quality, and sucrose-metabolizing enzyme activity of sweet corn. The results showed that under weak light stress (50% light...

Author(s): Fu-cheng Zhao, He-ping Tan, Li-quan Jing, Hai-liang Han, Fei Bao, Wei-ping Lu and Gui-yue Wang  

March 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Assessment of water yam (Dioscorea alata L.) landrace varieties for resistance to anthracnose disease

Yam anthracnose disease (YAD), caused by the fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz, is the most damaging fungal disease of Dioscorea alata yam worldwide. Local yam varieties, which sustain Côte d'Ivoire’s farmers and other end-users livelihoods, are highly susceptible to this pathogen. Thus, there is a need for developing new yam cultivars to sustain yam production in Côte d'Ivoire. To...

Author(s): Lassana BAKAYOKO, Désiré N’Da POKOU, Brice Sidoine ESSIS, Amani Michel KOUAKOU, Konan Evrard Brice DIBI, Abou Bakari KOUASSI, Boni N’ZUE, Tchimon Timothée KOUTOUAN, Goli Pierre ZOHOURI, Assanvo Simon Pierre N’GUETTA, Paterne AGRE, Jean Mubalama MONDO, and Patrick ADEBOLA  

March 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
An assessment of tomato production practices among rural farmers in major tomato growing districts in Malawi

Tomato is one of the most commonly grown vegetables in Malawi. However, considerable attention has not been given for its production and marketing aspects among smallholder farmers. Therefore, this study was conducted in six major tomato growing districts in Malawi with the objective of identifying production and marketing practices and constraints affecting tomato productivity. Semi structured questionnaires were...

Author(s): Eviness Pemphero Nyalugwe, Charles Malidadi and Hilda Kabuli  

March 2022

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Complexity of costing systems, integrated information technology and retail industry performance

The evolution of technology, mandated the innovation numerous and different functions within the economic unit. Cost systems are also included to these system upgrades, since detailed planning regarding expenses greatly impacts the economic stability and sustainability of an organization. Therefore, the combined utility derived from use of cost data and information systems; after taking into consideration each unique...

Author(s): Alkiviadis Karagiorgos, Grigoris Lazos, Dimitrios Katsifas and Christina Tsoka

March 2022

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Supplying drinking water to rural households through trickle fill and decentralized cisterns

Many rural households do not have access to treated drinking water. However, some households may be in regions where a water treatment plant has excess capacity to supply some additional households. In such circumstances, small diameter low-pressure supply systems can be connected to major transmission lines to give these households access to water. These typically occur in locations that do not belong to recognized...

Author(s): Aaron Janzen, Gopal Achari, Samantha Irwin and Mohammed Dore  

March 2022

International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology
Evaluation of growth and survival performances of Pure Borana goat and their crosses with Boer goats

Evaluation on growth and survival performances of Borana goats and their crosses with Boer was performed at Yabello Pastoral and Dryland Agriculture Research Center. General Linear Model (GLM) and Chi-square procedure of Statistical Analysis System (SAS) were used to analyze the effect of breed group, sex, parity, birth type and kidding season on traits such as BWT, PADG, WWT, 6MWT, 9MWT, YWT, PoWADG and mortality rate....

Author(s): Tamirat Tessema, Dereje Teshome and  Sisay Kumsa

March 2022

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antibody responses after Oxford AstraZeneca (Covishield) vaccine among healthcare workers in Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Oxford AstraZeneca (Covishield) vaccine is the 1st vaccine administered in Bangladesh to prevent the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The antibody response after 1st and 2nd doses of this vaccine was assessed in health care workers of Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Bangladesh. Blood sample was collected from healthcare workers (teachers, clinicians and medical staff) after 28 days...

Author(s): N. N. Tanni, M. Nesa, R. B. Kabir, F. B. Habib, R. Zaman, N. E. J. Tania, A. Haque, A. Chowdhury, N. Sharmin, K. Halder, M. Chowdhury, M. Rahman, S. B. Shahid, S. S. Nahar and S. M. Shamsuzzaman

March 2022

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
The epidemiological characteristics of positive COVID-19 patients in Trinidad and Tobago

This study sought to determine the epidemiology of COVID-19 in Trinidad and Tobago by the socio-demographic and clinical characterization and comparison of local and imported cases. There have been limited prior studies on COVID-19 in the Caribbean. As such, this paper attempts to discuss the patterns associated with COVID-19 patients in this Caribbean territory. A retrospective study of 113 patients with confirmed...

Author(s): Chavin D. Gopaul, Dale Ventour, Michelle Trotman and Davlin Thomas  

March 2022

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Trace metal contamination of groundwater and human health risk in Katuba and Kenya municipalities of Lubumbashi city, Southeastern Democratic Republic of Congo

Trace metal contamination of groundwater was assessed in Katuba and Kenya municipalities of Lubumbashi city in 2016 and 2017 to determine whether water was suitable or unsuitable for human consumption. Two hundred and four groundwater samples collected from twenty spade-sunk and four drilled wells in both municipalities were analyzed for their trace metal contents using a sector field inductively coupled plasma mass...

Author(s): Bamba Bukengu Muhaya and Benjamin Busomoke Badarhi

March 2022

African Journal of Marketing Management
Artificial Intelligence (AI) applications in on-line shopping in India

Retailing in India has attracted many global players and has reached nearly 350 Billion USD according to KPMG in 2010. While the retail environment is experiencing a significant growth, Indian consumer tastes and preferences are also changing rapidly forcing retailers to grow in numbers and formats. Technological advances and expansion of internet have also paved the way for electronic retail channels. India, as an...

Author(s): Ayse Begum Ersoy

March 2022

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Assessment of recurrently diagnosed diseases dynamism at Korhogo General Hospital in Northern Côte d’Ivoire from 2014 to 2018.

Because of, well established relationship between seasonal variability and diseases dynamism we embarked here in evaluating recurrently diagnosed diseases dynamism at Korhogo General Hospital in Northern Côte d’Ivoire from 2014 to 2018. For this purpose, clinical data with regard 1707 patients were collected and clusterized in 25 diseases cases. Data have been submitted to multivariate and computational...

Author(s): Dago Dougba Noel, Dagnogo Olefongo, Tehoua Lazare, Sekongo Wagniman, Koffi N’Guessan Bénédicte Sonia, Kouadio Kouassi Joel, Kimou Adjiman Florent, Eboulé Ago Eliane Rebecca, Guehi Zagocky Euloge and Yangni-Angaté Koffi Hervé  

March 2022

African Journal of Food Science
Physicochemical and consumer acceptability of different particle-sized cassava strips

This study was carried out to study the physicochemical and sensory characteristics of Abacha with different particle sizes. Dried cassava strips (Abacha) were produced in variable length, 2, 2.5 and 5 mm with the average length of 5 cm market size used as control. The proximate, physicochemical, functional and sensory properties were analyzed for various Abacha strips. The proximate composition of the Abacha chips...

Author(s): Chioma Illoh, Helen Obioma Agu, Chioke Amaefuna Okolo and Victoria Adaora Jideani

March 2022

African Journal of Biotechnology
Liver enzyme evaluation and NAT2 polymorphism in patients on anti-tuberculosis and antiretroviral drugs at Jamot Hospital in Yaoundé-Cameroon

Hepatotoxicity is reported frequently as an adverse reaction during tuberculosis (TB) and HIV treatment. This study aimed to investigate the incidence of antiretroviral and anti-tuberculosis drug-induced liver enzymes activities variation in TB and TB-HIV co-infected patients at Jamot Hospital in Yaoundé-Cameroon. From April 2018 to May 2019, 336 treatment-naïve TB patients were enrolled. Liver enzymes (AST,...

Author(s): Ambassa Axel Cyriaque, Tiani Lionel Ulrich, Djuidje Ngounoue Marceline, Assam Assam Jean Paul, Andoseh Généviève, Kamdem Thiomo Diane, Tchinda Fossi Cédric, Nkah Numfor Leonard, Gonsu Kamga Hortense, kouanfack Charles, Pefura Yone Eric Walter, Ntoumi Francine, and Penlap Beng Véronique,

March 2022

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Assessing the role of community members in waste disposal in Lilongwe - Capital City of Malawi

The study assessed the roles of community members on community level waste disposal in the city of Lilongwe in Malawi. The communities are basically low income and densely populated where a lot of people depend on small scale businesses. The study used a mixed methods approach. The target population was the community members of eighteen years of age and above. The sample size was 40 and the participants were selected...

Author(s): Giovanni Ndala and Nelson Nanteleza Ndala

March 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Multiple solutions for rice farmers’ production constraints in Ethiopia: Cost efficient methods of sheath rot disease management

Rice sheath rot disease is one of the obstacles in Fogera plain of rain-fed rice production system. A cultivar called X-Jigna has been used by small scale farmers based on mono-cropping system for over two decades. This production system contributed to the disease occurrence and adversely impacted the production and productivity. So far, there were no any effective measures taken as research remedies in the rain-fed...

Author(s): Misganaw Anteneh Tegegne, Endayen Melaku Baye, Ayele Tesfahun Gashu, Adane Melak, Desalegn Yalew and Derese Teshome Mekonen  

March 2022

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Seed germination, storability and moisture sorption isotherms of the endangered African rosewood (Pterocarpus erinaceus)

African rosewood (Pterocarpus erinaceus) is an endemic, highly exploited and endangered tree species in arid and semi-arid zones of West Africa. Identifying optimum conditions for seed propagation and storage is critical for its conservation. This study assessed the effects of four pretreatments on seed germination and seedling vigour. Varying temperature, duration and packaging on storage deterioration were also...

Author(s):  Amponsah J.O., Asomaning J.M., Gakpetor P.M. and Gaveh E.A.  

March 2022

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Midwives' experiences in the practice of maternal death audits in Burkina Faso: A qualitative study

Maternal death audits (MDAs) are the key to reducing maternal mortality.  However, there are some barriers to the involvement of midwives in carrying out maternal death audits. This article aimed to explore midwives' perceptions and experiences of maternal death audits in Burkina Faso. This was a qualitative study conducted in December 2018. Data were collected from individual semi-structured interviews....

Author(s): Idrissa DIALLO, Nestor BATIONO, Dieudonné SOUBEIGA, Gustave NANA, Patrice Alain NGANGUE Ahmed KABORE⊃, Clovis Albéric TOE⊃, and Maxime DRABO  

March 2022

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Effect of acidic rainfalls on soil erosion in gypsum formation

One of the most important effects of acidic rainfall is on the soil. It can affect other environments such as surface water and groundwater, plants and animals. In this study, to investigate the sensitivity of the runoff and sediment production of Gachsaran Gypsum Formation to acidic rainfalls and its density change, parts of Gypsum Mountain watershed the area in Izeh Township in Khuzestan province was selected with the...

Author(s): Hamzeh Saeediyan, Hamid Reza Moradi, Sadat Feiznia and Nader Bahramifar  

March 2022

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Geographical/environmental effects on lipid profiles and its association with glycemic control in Saudi Arabia

Chronic disease is one of the most prevalent health issues that affects a person's quality of life and is a serious problem that may affect the peoples around the world. In Saudi Arabia, the disease pattern has shifted from communicable to chronic disease in recent times. This study investigates the effect of geographical/environmental factors on the lipid profiles and their associations with blood pressure (BP) and...

Author(s): Saif Aboud M Alqahtani, Zuhier A Awan, Saeed M Al Amoudi, and Mohammed Yahia Alasmary  

March 2022

African Journal of Biotechnology
Leaf microscopy, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analyses of Croton zambesicus Müll.-Arg. leaf (Family: Euphorbiaceae) in Nigeria

This study was done to get information on the chemical composition and the internal structure of the plant which could aid in its further characterization. The study is aimed at determining the epidermal leaf anatomy, HPLC of the hot water extract, chemical constituents of the oil from the leaves by GC-MS and chemo-microscopic properties of Croton zambesicus for proper identification of the plant. The leaf epidermal...

Author(s): Ugbabe G. E. and Dalyop J. D.

March 2022

African Journal of Biotechnology
Agronomic performances of temporary immersion bioreactor-derived potato microtubers in a Peruvian low input cropping agriculture system

In Peru, potato cultivation represents 25% of the agricultural gross domestic product yet only 0.2% of the agamic seed used is from certified sources. The use of temporary immersion bioreactors (TIB) has improved the quality of microtubers micropropagated along with savings in costs of production. The current study investigated the agronomic performances of Peruvian Canchan potato microtubers derived from TIB (basic...

Author(s): María de Lourdes Tapia y Figueroa, José Faustino Beraún Tapia, Elliosha Hajari, Maritza Escalona, Hervé Etienne, and José Carlos Lorenzo

March 2022

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Herbal medicine for psoriasis and their molecular targets: A systematic review

Psoriasis is an incurable, chronic, recurrent immune-mediated in?ammatory dermatosis characterized by epidermal hyperplasia and excessive in?ltration of in?ammatory cells into the dermis and neovascularization. The study aimed to provide a systematic review on the in vitro, in vivo, and clinical studies to support traditional uses of herbal medicine for psoriasis treatment.  The systematic review was performed by...

Author(s): Yosita Kasemnitichok, Wanna Chaijaroenkul and Kesara Na-Bangchang,  

March 2022

African Journal of Biotechnology
A study of the antimicrobial activity of Psidium guajava L. and Lawsonia inermis leaf extracts against some foodborne pathogens

The study aims to determine the antibacterial activity of Psidium guajava and Lawsonia inermis leaf extracts against some foodborne pathogens. The leaf samples were collected, rinsed, dried, ground, and then stored. The leaf powder was soaked in ethanol and boiled in distilled water. Then, it was filtered. The antibacterial activity of P. guajava and L. inermis leaf extracts against Salmonella enteritidis,...

Author(s): Nagwa T. Elsharawy, and Afra Mohammed Baghdadi

March 2022

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Brown macroalgae: Promising sources of bioactive products against human herpesviruses

Marine brown macroalgae have stood out as important sources of new bioactive products, such as antimicrobial, anticoagulant, anti-inflammatory and antiviral drugs. This study aimed to review the literature on the applications of products derived from brown macroalgae as antiviral agents against human herpesviruses. To date, species of seven distinct orders of brown algae have been studied for this purpose, such as...

Author(s): Maria Leonisa Sanchez Nuñez, Vitor Won-Held Rabelo, Izabel Christina Nunes de Palmer Paixão and Valéria Laneuville Teixeira,  

March 2022

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antibiotic potential of a crude ethanol extract from Asplenium serratum L. fern leaves

Asplenium serratum L. (Aspleniaceae) is a terrestrial, epiphytic or humicole fern used as traditional medicine in different countries to treat infection. As such, this study aimed to assess the antibacterial potential of a crude ethanol extract from A. serratum leaves against multidrug-resistant bacteria from a hospital setting. Fern leaves were dried and ground using 96° Gay Lussac ethanol, with the extract...

Author(s): Marcelo Guerra Santos, Sâmella Schuindt Leal, Fábio Aguiar-Alves and Leandro Rocha  

March 2022

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Assessment of antiplasmodial and immunomodulatory activities of endophytic fungal metabolites from Azadirachta indica A. Juss

This study reported the antiplasmodial and immunomodulatory activities of extracts of endophytic fungi isolated from Azadirachta indica. The extracts were evaluated for potential in-vivo and in-vitro antiplasmodial activity using murine malaria models and microtechnique methods respectively. Immunomodulatory potentials of the extracts were assessed using cyclophosphamide-immunomyelosuppression in mice and...

Author(s): Nonye T. Ujam, Cyril C. Adonu, Thaddeus H. Gugu,Restus Onwusoba, Chibueze Ike, Raymond O. Offiah, Malachy C. Chigbo, Festus B. C. Okoye, Charles O. Esimone

March 2022

African Journal of Food Science
Nutritional and sensory quality of a sorghum snack supplemented with sesame and baobab fruit powder

Sorghum, sesame seeds and baobab fruit are commercially viable, underutilized crops in sub-Saharan Africa with potential for use in development of high-quality value-added products for food and nutritional security. This study evaluated effects of processing methods on the nutritional and sensory attributes of a ready to eat snack bar developed from sorghum supplemented with sesame and baobab fruit pulp powder. The...

Author(s): David Edgar Kimani, Catherine Nkirote Kunyanga and Eliud Kahiu Ngugi

Page 3 of 1239, showing 50 records out of 61935 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150