Articles

 

Articles

Page 3 of 1270, showing 50 records out of 63470 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150

April 2024

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Evaluation of yellow common bean (Phaseolus vulgsaris L.) genotypes for resistance to anthracnose

Anthracnose, caused by the fungus Colletotrichum lindemuthianum, is a significant disease affecting common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). The identification of sources of anthracnose resistance within the yellow market class is crucial for developing yellow bean varieties resistant to anthracnose. The objective of this study was to assess a set of yellow common bean genotypes for resistance to eight races of C....

Author(s): Kelvin Kamfwa  

April 2024

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Factors affecting farmers’ participation in contract farming: The case of soybean producers in the eastern corridor of the northern region of Ghana

Contract farming (CF) is gaining traction as a vital solution for improving the fortunes of Ghana's small-scale soybean farmers. Government and non-governmental organizations, such as the Savanna Farmers Marketing Company (SFMC), the Northern Development Authority (NDA), and the Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA), have begun contracting farmers to cultivate soybeans in Ghana, particularly in the Northern...

Author(s): Abdulai Y., Abdulai A. M. and Abdul-Manan K.  

April 2024

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Factors influencing poultry farmer’s behaviour on record keeping in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

The study investigated the factors influencing poultry farmer’s record-keeping behaviour in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. A well-structured questionnaire was employed to solicit information from 150 poultry farmers using a three-stage sampling technique. The research employed descriptive statistics and Probit regression. Research results revealed that the majority (72.7%) of poultry farmers were male, having the age...

Author(s): Otu William Ibok, Kesit K. Nkeme, Ekemini Alfred Okon and Oto-Obong Jeremiah Obot  

April 2024

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Determinants of post-harvest losses of plantain in the Sassandra-Marahoué district, Côte d'Ivoire

This study analysed the determinants of post-harvest losses of plantain in the Sassandra-Marahoué District to contribute to the reduction of post-harvest losses of agricultural products. To this end, a fractional response regression model was implemented on primary data randomly collected from 220 plantain growers. The results indicated that the area of production, the place of plantain in the production system,...

Author(s): Chiapo Adassé Christophe and Akahoua Simon N cho  

April 2024

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research
Seasonal variations in cryptococcosis diagnosis in the CeDReS laboratory of the University Hospital of Treichville in the era of HAART: A retrospective study from 2011 to 2018

Cryptococcal meningitis, the second leading cause of death in people living with advanced-stage HIV infection, was the focus of the current study aimed at assessing the features of patients with this condition at the CeDReS laboratory. Participants were individuals with confirmed diagnoses of cryptococcal meningitis conducted by the CeDReS laboratory of the University Hospital of Treichville, in Abidjan, Ivory Coast....

Author(s): Kondo Fulgence Kassi, Abibatou Konaté, Pulchérie Christiane Marie Kiki-Barro, Assohoun Jean Sebastien Miezan, Estelle Gnanyo Massafoma Koné, Akoua Valerie Bedia-Tanoh, Nouveau Kanzin Alain Gnamian, Kpongbo Etienne Angora, Abo Henriette Vanga-Bosson, Vincent Djohan, William Yavo and Eby Ignace Hervé Menan,

April 2024

Journal of the Nigeria Society of Physiotherapy
Development of a contextualised physical activity programme to improve health outcomes among people living with HIV-related disability in Nigeria: A study protocol

Transitioning from a life-threatening infection resulting in acute illness to a long-term manageable condition implies that HIV management requires collaboration between primary care clinicians and rehabilitation teams. Recognized as an effective, safe, and beneficial health strategy, physical activity has been recommended in HIV management. However, despite its numerous benefits, there remains a low prevalence of...

Author(s): Temitope Oladejo, Hellen Myezwa, Adedayo Ajidahun and Sam Ibeneme

April 2024

Journal of the Nigeria Society of Physiotherapy
Building the future physiotherapist: Transcending boundaries to creative thinking

Disruptive and undetermined events continue to give a new outlook to industries, including that of healthcare. Failure to continuously renew and standardize approaches among organized professions in healthcare, like physiotherapy, will continue to give more power to alternative health marketplaces, widen the knowledge-practice gap, reduce professional prestige and policy protection, slow down innovation, expand inter-...

Author(s): Shuaib Sani Shuaib

April 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of soybean (Glycine max L.) varieties for yield performance and adaptability over different growing seasons at Tselemti District, Northern Ethiopia

A field experiment was carried out in 2015 and 2016 cropping season on ten soybean varieties using randomized complete block design. The aim is to evaluate soybean varieties for yield performance and adaptability considering number of days to 50% flowering, days to 95% maturity, plant height, pods per plant, plant height biomass and grain yield. Those varieties were superior overall the testing varieties such as Afgat...

Author(s): Tesfahun Mekuanint and Abadi Girmay

April 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Physico-chemical properties of irradiated fresh tomatoes

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of various levels of gamma irradiation on the physico-chemical composition of fresh tomatoes. Tomato samples were irradiated in a Co-60 gamma irradiator and maintained at 25 ± 2°C storage conditions. The experiment was designed with five treatments of radiation dose (0, 0.5, 0.75 1.0, 1.5, and 2 kGy). Before irradiation, the initial composition of physico-chemical...

Author(s): Rose Jumbe, and Rashid Suleiman

April 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Challenges faced by small scale sugarcane growers: An exploration of the impact of social unrest on sugarcane farming in Kwazulu-Natal

The South African sugar industry is considered by the South African Sugar Association (SASA) as one of the world’s leading cost competitive producers of high-quality sugar and contributes significantly to the national economy, sustainable development and creates mass employment in rural areas.  However, numerous challenges are faced by small scale sugarcane growers which drastically affect their profit...

Author(s): Simphiwe Promise Buthelezi, Londeka Nxumalo and Xolani Terrance Ngema

April 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Cocoa-agroforestry in Ghana: Practices, determinants and constraints faced by farmers

To address the growing global demand for cocoa, sustainable intensification of its production in Ghana, the second largest producer, is considered crucial. This paper analyzes practices, determinants and constraints of agroforestry among cocoa farmers in Ghana to provide insights into challenges and drivers for agroforestry adoption, which will guide the formulation and prioritization of tailored policies to address...

Author(s): Mills Oliver, Sarfo Akoto and Simon Abugre  

April 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Study on the trapping effects of Brassica allelochemicals on Plutella xylostella adults

The diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae), is a major pest of Brassica crops worldwide. This study explores the application of Brassica spp. allelochemicals in trapping diamondback moth adults. The effectiveness of eight commercially obtained Brassica spp. volatiles has been investigated, including - (Z)-3-hexenyl acetate, cis-3-hexene-1-ol, β-pinene, sabinene, n-heptanal, allyl...

Author(s): Nooney Chidwala, Gabriel Chilumpha, Arnold Makhwira, Balaka Namandwa, Qihuan Zhou, Wuhan Li, Ting Yu, Raghda Nasser and Jianchu Mo  

April 2024

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Use of long-lasting insecticidal nets as malaria preventive measure among children 5 years and below, attending the Tubah District Hospital

The use of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) remains a key factor in preventing malaria among children under five years old. To investigate the effects of LLINs among this demographic, a study was conducted among children below five years of age attending Tubah district hospital. Data was collected over four months from February to May 2021 using a pre-tested structured questionnaire and the Care Start™ Pf...

Author(s): Nfor Omarine Nlinwe, Ebanga Echi Joan Eyong and Ngenwie Vanessa Tanyi

April 2024

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Geohelminths contaminating edible raw vegetables sold in markets and irrigation sites in Katsina Northwest Nigeria

Vegetables are major components of human diet but may act as vehicles for pathogens. The use of dung in producing vegetables is one factor that influences geohelminths contamination of vegetables. The study focused on geohelminths contamination of carrots (Daurus carota), lettuce (Lactuva sativa), spinach (Spina ciaoleracea), cabbage (Brassi caoleracea), and cucumber (Cucumis sativus) sourced from four markets (Central,...

Author(s): Nkiru Charity Eberemu, Timothy Auta and Salihu Shehu

April 2024

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Effects of the use of piper betle l. leaf extract associated with adipose-derived stem cells on ulcers in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice

Diabetic ulcers often present challenges in healing or may heal incompletely without the restoration of proper function. Piper betle L. is recognized as a valuable traditional medicine for treating open wounds due to its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, as well as its ability to stimulate fibroblast proliferation. Additionally, adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) have the capacity to self-renew and...

Author(s): Van Huong Nguyen, Pham Phuoc Hung Lam, Thi Minh Thu Ngo, and Ngoc Hieu Nguyen,

April 2024

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Antioxidant and antibiofilm activity of Ageratum conyzoides L, and Bidens pilosa L against wound pathogens

Biofilm infections represent a significant challenge in the medical field due to escalating antibiotic resistance. Plants offer a promising avenue for addressing this issue, as they harbor a diverse array of phytochemicals with various biological activities, including antioxidant properties crucial for preventing biofilm formation in wounds. This study aimed to explore the antioxidant and antibiofilm capabilities of...

Author(s): Catherine Namuga, Haruna Muwonge, Moses Solomon Agwanya and Johnbaptist Kirabira

April 2024

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Effects of Adansonia digitata L fruit pulp and Lawsonia inermis L leaves extracts on some smooth muscle preparations

Plant materials serve as valuable sources of new medicinal agents, with a considerable number of them being used medicinally. However, it is important to follow systematic research methodology to evaluate the pharmacological properties of these plant materials. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects on some smooth muscle preparations of Adansonia digitata L (Bombacaceae) fruit pulp and Lawsonia inermis L...

Author(s): Musab A. M. Abdelrahim  

April 2024

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Pathophysiology of spinal cord injury and potential health benefits of omega-3 fatty acid

Spinal cord injury (SCI), is a life changing threatening neurological condition that completely changes patients’ life. It has been shown that early treatment soon after the injury may improve neurological recovery. To date, no therapeutic modalities exist that have shown very positive effect on neurological outcomes. However, recent clinical and preclinical studies have shown little hope for the treatment of SCI....

Author(s): Shah Waliullah, Zeenat Ara, Mohammed Lafi Al-Otaibi, Khurshid Alam and Shatakshi Pant  

April 2024

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Plant species composition, abundance, diversity, and threats affecting their survival in Kiang'ombe and Kianjiru hills of Embu County, Kenya

Forest cover loss is one of the major challenges facing Kenya; and there is insufficient data to guide sustainable biodiversity conservation stratagems. We determined the floristic and growth characteristics, plant species diversity, evenness, relative density, frequency, dominance, important value index, and indicators of biodiversity disturbance. From the 52 plots sampled in Kiang'ombe and Kianjiru hills, we...

Author(s): Bibianne Waiganjo, Gervason Moriasi, Elias Nelson and Jared Onyancha  

April 2024

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
An ecophysiological study of cultivated Nephrolepis exaltata (L.) Schott cv. Bostoniensis (Boston Fern)

The Boston Fern, a cultivar of Nephrolepis exaltata native to tropical and sub-tropical environments, is widely cultivated. There is substantial published horticultural research on its cultivation. However, there is less research published on its physiological ecology. This is a report of the physiological ecology of laboratory cultivated N. exaltata cv. Bostoniensis, particularly focusing on the following aspects: Net...

Author(s): O. Roger Anderson

April 2024

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Habitat preference and distribution of Himalayan Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens fulgens) in Ilam, Eastern Nepal

In Nepal, red panda has been sparsely studied, although its range covers a wide geographical area. The current study was conducted in two community forests of Ilam district with the objective of examining the present distributional status and determining the habitat utilization of the species. Extensive field surveys were conducted to estimate species distribution by presence-absence of the species in the study site....

Author(s): Pratik BHATTARAI, Bikesh JOJIJU, Bibek GYAWALI, Bijaya NEUPANE and Rabin BAHADUR K. C.  

April 2024

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Diversity and abundance of butterflies along a land use: Land cover gradient in Eastern Sierra Leone

Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) is native to West Africa and has been cultivated for thousands of years. It is an essential part of the local cuisine and critical for food security. In Southeast Asia, oil palm plantations have been accused of being the main cause of deforestation and biodiversity loss. However, several recent studies assessing the impact of oil palm plantations have suggested that the conversion of primary...

Author(s): James Feika, Aiah Lebbie and Richard Wadsworth

April 2024

Journal of Engineering and Technology Research
On the digital transformation of micro-finance institutions in the context of developing countries: A case from Democratic Republic of the Congo

Blockchain can be used to improve microfinance management in several ways. This can help reduce the costs of microfinance by eliminating the need for intermediaries such as banks and credit bureaus and increase transparency in the microfinance sector by making all transactions visible to everyone. stakeholders. This can help reduce fraud and build trust. Blockchain technology can also be used to improve access to...

Author(s): Patrick Mukala and Jonathan Kabemba Ntumbwa  

April 2024

Journal of Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Prevalence of ESBL genes and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella species isolated from specimen of patients suffering of hospital acquired infections in National Hospital of Niamey, Niger

The nosocomial infections associated with bacterial resistance are a public health problem in hospitals. The aim of the present study was to determine the antibiotic susceptibility patterns and distribution of the blaTEM, blaCTX M, blaSHV and blaOXA ESBL resistance genes in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella species isolated from specimen of patients suffering from nosocomial infections. This was a prospective study that...

Author(s): Boubou Laouali, Soufiane Sanou, Alio Mahamadou Fody, Nikiema Felicite, Allassane Halawen Mohamed, Eric Adehossi Omar, and Lassana Sangare  

April 2024

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Academic mentorship leadership practice and productivity of academics in public universities in Delta and Edo States, Nigeria

The study explores the relationship between academic mentorship and the productivity of academics in universities. Two questions and a hypothesis were raised to guide the study. The research design employed ex-post-facto methodology with a population of 3,492 academic staff. The stratified random sampling technique was used to determine the sample size of 676 academics. The questionnaire served as the main instrument...

Author(s): Patience Okoro, Nelson Ejiro Akpotu and Romina Ifeoma Asiyai

April 2024

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Prevalence and correlates of hypertension, diabetes, and cancer among HIV-infected adults in Guinea: Insights for healthcare policy in Sub-Saharan Africa

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have become the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, accounting for 71% of deaths worldwide in 2019. This trend extends to sub-Saharan Africa, where NCDs are expected to overtake infectious diseases by 2030 amid rapid urbanization, population growth, and changing lifestyles. People living with HIV may be at even greater risk of NCDs due to chronic inflammation caused by...

Author(s): Aly Dramé, Mohamed Cissé and Jeb Jones

March 2024

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Evaluation of the spatio-temporal variation of the physico-chemical parameter and the level of ecological pollution in the waters of the Comoé River and its tributary Iringou

The study was conducted from May 2022 to March 2023 on the Comoe and Iringou rivers in Comoe National Park. Its aim was to assess the physico-chemical parameters and ecological stress levels of these rivers. The results show that both rivers have fewer ecological pollution parameters, with average pH values close to neutral (6.8 to 7.3). The average dissolved oxygen recorded in these streams over the two seasons...

Author(s): Amara Ouattara, Tanoh Marius Kamelan, Dimitri Ekissi, Maboridjon Diabate, François Djah Malan, Florence Bobele Niamke, Essetchi Paul Kouamelan

March 2024

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Evaluation of Benz[A]anthracene-induced pulmonary toxicity in Rattus norvegicus

Benz[a]anthracene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) commonly found in the environment, capable of inducing an inflammatory response that may lead to pulmonary toxicity. Due to a lack of knowledge regarding the signs and pathological damages caused by benz[a]anthracene toxicity, there is a need to investigate its effects in a rat model. The determination of the median lethal dose (LD50) involved nine rats using...

Author(s): Oladipo Miriam Oluchi, Nwankwo Henry Chukwuebuka, Orbunde, David Kparevzua, Achanya Wisdom Daniel, Upev Vincent Aondohemba, Imotor Isaac Ieren, Bosha Joel A, Saganuwan Alhaji Saganuwan and Onyeyili Patrick Azubuike  

March 2024

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Mycoplasma galliscepticum: An overview

The prokaryotic microorganism Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) belongs to the phylum Firmicutes, the order Mycoplasmatales, the family Mycoplasmataceae, and the genus Mycoplasma. MG parasitizes the respiratory tract of various poultry species, causing a range of symptoms from indistinct features to tracheitis and air sacculitis. Common signs include respiratory tract infection indicators such as coughing, asthma, a runny...

Author(s): Ruizhi Yang, Xi Lin, Huiqi Song, Hongmiao Zhou, Shuang Li, Xuejiao Li, Bin Hao and Lianrui Li,,

March 2024

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Characterization of novel potential probiotic strains of lactic acid bacteria from rat faeces

This study aimed to isolate and characterise novel probiotic strains from the faeces of healthy albino Wistar rats. Lactic acid bacteria were isolated on MRS agar, and their probiotic properties were assessed through in vitro tests, including tolerance to simulated gastrointestinal juices, auto-aggregation assays, and antimicrobial activity. The antibiotic susceptibility and haemolysis tests were performed to assess the...

Author(s): Dieudonné Nyamaifofe, Amos Mbugua and Kevin Mbogo

March 2024

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Chlorine dioxide and chlorite as treatments for diabetic foot ulcers

The global prevalence of diabetes mellitus is rising and is predicted to exceed 10% by 2030. Foot ulcers are a frequent complication of diabetes mellitus.  Existing treatments for diabetic foot ulcers are only partially effective and when these ulcers do not heal, amputation of the affected limb may result. It is estimated that an amputation due to diabetic foot infection occurs every 30 seconds somewhere in the...

Author(s): Patricia Calliperis, Yohanny Andrade, Raul Pineda Aquino, Martin Vargas, Susan Raj Kota and Mitchell Liester  

March 2024

Educational Research and Reviews
Synthesizing validity and reliability evidence for the draw a scientist test

The purpose of this synthesis study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Draw-A-Scientist Test (DAST) and its variations across multiple studies, aiming to understand limitations and propose modifications for future application within and beyond the science domain. Given the existence of multiple DAST versions, this study quantified the frequency of validity threats across various DAST variations....

Author(s): Julia Brochey-Taylor and Joseph A. Taylor

March 2024

International Journal of Computer Engineering Research
A practical guideline for implementing an extra security layer on an intra-cloud private MongoDB Database using encryption

Cloud computing offers different deployment and distribution models for the outsourcing of the company’s Information Technology (IT) infrastructure (applications and data). The wide adoption of this concept does not exclude permanent and unforeseen dangers. The company loses its guarantee of the confidentiality of its most sensitive information, and many legal and security questions remain unanswered. A large...

Author(s): Kevin Tshimanga, Patrick Mukala, and Godwill Ilunga  

March 2024

International Journal of Computer Engineering Research
Lessons learned and perspectives on constrained data collection and preparation for a predictive machine learning model applied to transportation industry in a non-digitalised environment

Machine learning algorithms are based on qualitative and quantitative historical data, to create predictive models for shape recognition, autonomous systems, etc., using classifiers like K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN), neural-network, etc. So, treatment of data is the undisputed fuel that powers any machine learning endeavour. A standard data collection methodology would comprise a few steps as data collection, cleaning,...

Author(s): Simon Isaac KABEYA MWEPU and Patrick MUKALA,  

March 2024

African Journal of Business Management
The failure of farmers' organizations to repay microcredits granted by MFIs: Determining factors in the Cameroonian context

The aim of this article is to analyze and identify the factors that explain the failure of farmers' organizations (FOs) to repay microcredits received from microfinance institutions (MFIs) to finance their projects. Default of a FO is observed when the monthly installment of a loan is partially reimbursed, reimbursed late, or not at all. Through the prism of agency theory, informational asymmetry, and contingency...

Author(s): Romuald Koye, Léopold Djoutsa Wamba and Halidou Mamoudou

March 2024

African Journal of Business Management
Financial literacy and regulated financial services uptake in Uganda: The mediating role of digital platform usage

The study investigates the influence of financial literacy on the uptake of Regulated Financial Services (RFS) among members of Village Saving and Lending Associations (VSLAs) in Uganda, which is currently lower than the global and national goal of universal access. A cross-sectional survey design employing both quantitative and qualitative approaches was utilized. The qualitative aspect validates responses obtained...

Author(s): Mary Maurice Nalwoga Mukokoma, Asonitou Sofia, Dorothy Ssendagire and John Baptist Kowa  

March 2024

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Soil fertility enhancement through conservation agriculture with trees (CAWT) in the arid and semi-arid lands of Eastern Kenya

Arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) are prone to relatively high vegetation and general environmental degradation including soils. Conservation agriculture with trees presents an opportunity to reduce such degradation and enhance soil characteristics-therefore redressing dryland challenges of low productivity- despite its low adoption. The study assessed the soil physical and chemical properties differences for...

Author(s): Vincent Rabach, Monicah Mucheru-Muna, James Koske and Jonathan Muriuki  

March 2024

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Effect of extension services delivery on improved potato production in Northern zone of Plateau State, Nigeria

The study examined the effects of extension service delivery on improved potato production in Northern Zone of Plateau State, Nigeria. Four thousand five hundred registered farmers were purposively selected from three local government areas (Barkin Ladi, Jos South, and Riyom) as sample frame. The procedure of sample based on proportion was adopted, and 4% of the total registered farmers were taken as sample size from...

Author(s): GONI Ishaya Chakven and SHEHU Abbas

March 2024

African Journal of Biotechnology
Detection of virulence genes and antibiogram of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 from slaughtered cattle and abattoir effluent in Zaria, Nigeria

Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7 is a formidable human pathogen causing food-borne diseases worldwide. The present study investigates virulence genes and determines the antimicrobial characteristics of STEC O157:H7 isolates from faecal and effluent samples at Zaria abattoir in Zaria. PCR assays were used to detect the virulence genes of STEC O157:H7 isolates. The isolates that produced stx genes...

Author(s): Chukwudi Emelogu, Samuel Mailafia, James Agbo Ameh, Remigius Chinaka Njoku, Bridget Adah Jessica and Martha Echioda-Ogbole

March 2024

African Journal of Biotechnology
Systematic studies on tetra SL hybrid hen technology and rearing for chicken welfare

In Serbia, there are 4 to 6 genotypes of hens used for producing eggs for consumption, including hybrid Tetra SL. The proper rearing of commercial flocks is critical for timely laying, intensity of laying capacity, number of laid eggs, and period of hen usage. The aim of this paper is to analyze the results of rearing the offspring of hybrid Tetra SL, from one-day-old chickens to eighteen-week-olds, with a review of the...

Author(s): Milena Milojevic, Aleksandra Miloševic, Goran Stanišic, Suzana Kneževic and Maja Došenovic Marinkovic  

March 2024

African Journal of Biotechnology
Effects of seed coat pigmentation on germination characteristics and antioxidant properties of Argyrolobium uniflorum ((Decne.) Jaub. & Spach) in southern Tunisia

Seeds of Argyrolobium uniflorum (Fabaceae), a spontaneous plant in arid and semi-arid regions of Tunisia, showed a color variability in their seed coats (green, orange, yellow and brown). The influence of the color of seed coat on germination and phytochemical seed composition was evaluated. Germination tests were carried out and the results obtained show that the applied chemical treatment (sulfuric acid) improved...

Author(s): Jamila ZAMMOURI and Mohamed TARHOUNI

March 2024

African Journal of Biotechnology
Screening of tuberculosis in highly exposed children in the population of Cameroon central region

Although the treatment for tuberculosis (TB) is available nowadays, it remains a real concern, especially since cases in children are often detected late and underreported. Studies have shown that elevated serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) are associated with TB in adults. This study aims to assess the CRP levels among the pediatric cases at Jamot Hospital (Yaoundé) and Meguemessi community in Cameroon....

Author(s): Martine Augusta Flore Tsasse,, Henry Dilonga Meriki, Henri Olivier Tatsilong Pambou, Hugues Clotaire Nana Djeunga, Ambe Marius Ngwa, Cyriaque Axel Ambassa, Jean Paul Assam Assam, Celine Nguefeu NKenfou, Véronique Penlap Beng, Joseph Kamgno, Patrick Nguipdop Djomo, and Jane Françis Tatah Kihla Akoachere

March 2024

African Journal of Biotechnology
Genetic diversity of Fusarium isolates infecting potato (Solanum tuberosum) and tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) crops in Zimbabwe

Potato (Solanum tuberosum) and tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) are important crops that contribute significantly to Zimbabwe’s economic development. However, they are attacked by Fusarium species leading to reduced yields, quality and profitability for farmers. A study was conducted to investigate the diversity of Fusarium spp. causing wilt and rots in both crops in Zimbabwe. Plants displaying symptoms of wilting,...

Author(s): Cleopas C. Chinheya, Tichaona Sagonda, Charles Karavina, Mike Marunda, Josephine Jere, Gerald Zvobgo, Tariro Marwa and Susan Dimbi  

March 2024

Journal of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Research
Computational prediction of small molecules targeting Lassa fever drug target using quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) and random forest algorithm

Lassa fever, an endemic viral hemorrhagic fever in West Africa, is attributed to the Lassa virus as its causative agent, and this disease has led to the untimely death of many people in the affected areas. At present, the available treatment options for Lassa fever are limited and there is need for new drugs. This study aims to use computational tools to predict the efficacy of small molecules that can target the Lassa...

Author(s): Angela Makolo and Pelumi Stephen Gboyega  

March 2024

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Rehabilitating street children: The great paradox

Street children are habitually depicted in a purely negative manner, often described as indigent, penurious, and impecunious individuals who roam the streets in search of a livelihood. Their world is demoralizing, disheartening, disenchanting and their future appears formidable and arduous as they are frequently rejected, scorned and despised by society. However, it's important to recognize that they are normal...

Author(s): Gabriel Julien  

March 2024

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Surviving child labour through forgiveness and self-efficacy: Implications for counselling practice

Self-efficacy and forgiveness are personal resources that individuals utilize to navigate challenging tasks, find meaning in life, and achieve inner peace. This study aimed to deepen our understanding of how self-efficacy and forgiveness serve as coping strategies for survivors of traumatic experiences of child labor. We conducted a qualitative phenomenological study to explore the various dimensions of forgiveness and...

Author(s): Nyuiemedi Agordzo Edoh-Torgah, and Richardson Addai-Mununkum,

March 2024

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Effect of seasonal variations on the secondary metabolites and antioxidant activities of Bridelia ferruginea, Lippia multiflora, and Azadirachta indica leaves

The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of the annual seasonal variations in Ghana on the phytochemical composition and antioxidant properties of the leaves of Bridelia ferruginea (BF), Lippia multiflora (LM), and Azadirachta indica (AI). The medicinal plants were collected at the end of each quarter from September 2021 to June 2022, representing four seasons. The phytochemical constituents of the samples...

Author(s): Maxwell Mamfe Sakyiamah, Prince Kyei Baffour, Peter Atta-Adjei, Peter Bolah, Ebenezer Ehun, Christiana Opare, Henry Brew-Daniels and Alfred Ampomah Appiah  

March 2024

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Topical wound healing activity of an ointment based hydroethanolic leaf extract of Anogeissus leiocarpus

Anogeissus leiocarpus is a plant used in the local West African pharmacopeia. This study aimed to evaluate the healing properties of the hydro-ethanol extract of its leaves in Wistar rats. A 1.5 cm diameter excision wound model was used. Wistar rats were treated post-excision by the topical application of petroleum jelly alone, also known as 'Vaseline', petroleum jelly supplemented with 3% (ALHE-3%) and 10%...

Author(s): Komlan Tchalla, Yendubé T. Kantati, Yao Hoekou, Pascaline Kindji Kpoyizoun, Pierre Kokou Afankoutche, Mamatchi Melila, Povi Lawson-Evi and Tchadjobo Tchacondo  

March 2024

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Determinants of utilization of banana value addition among small-scale agripreneurs in Kenya: A case of Kisii County

There is an increased demand for banana fruit and its processed products among both rural and urban populations. Value addition has the potential to reduce postharvest losses, increase crop productivity, and enhance crop income. Despite the promotion of banana value addition by government and non-governmental organizations, its utilization remains low in Kisii county, Kenya. There is a lack of information on the...

Author(s): Agnes Nyabwari Ntabo, Dickson Otieno Okello and Elijah Nzula Muange  

March 2024

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Pharmaceutical companies’ Twitter communications: Engagement and message frames

This study conducted a content analysis of tweets from the top five pharmaceutical companies to examine the levels of engagement between these companies and their audiences. The research also investigated the relationships between different types of tweets, including topics and message frames, and user interactions. The results revealed that pharmaceutical companies were more inclined to engage with tweets related to...

Author(s): Sun-A Park

Page 3 of 1270, showing 50 records out of 63470 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150