Articles

 

Articles

Page 4 of 1239, showing 50 records out of 61935 total, starting on record 151, ending on 200

March 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Prospects and constraints faced by smallholder farmers in the cultivation of GM crops: A case study from Northern Ghana

As Ghana prepares to commence commercialization of Genetically Modified (GM) crops, this paper reports findings of a survey that sought the views of smallholder farmers in northern Ghana on the likely prospects and constraints of GM crops cultivation. Multi-stage sampling techniques were employed to sample 360 smallholder farmers across ten districts in northern Ghana with interviews, guided by semi-structured...

Author(s): Zakaria H., Obeng F. K., Quainoo A. K. and Abujaja A. M.  

March 2022

Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
Trace metal pollution in the environment: A comparison of the bio-indicator concept in three bivalves

Three bivalves from the coast of Ghana: Crassostrea tulipa (n = 275), Anadara (Senilia) senilis (n = 310), from two ‘open’ lagoons (Benya and Ningo) and a ‘closed’ lagoon (Sakumo), and Perna perna (n = 155), from rocky shores adjacent to Benya and Sakumo, were analyzed for their total Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn, Cd and Hg concentrations and total body burden/load. The analyses were based on three-size class...

Author(s): Fred A. Otchere  

March 2022

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Contract farming and farmers’ well-being: The case of yam farmers in the Mion district of the Northern Region of Ghana

This study assesses contract farming effect on the well-being of yam farmers in the Mion district of the Northern region of Ghana. Through descriptive survey design 400 smallholder farmers in the district were surveyed with interviews and focus group discussion used to collect data from the sampled farmers. Descriptive statistics, factors analysis and Propensity Scores Matching were used to analyze the data. The...

Author(s): Ibrahim A. Yakubu, Hudu Zakaria and Samuel S. K. Allotey  

March 2022

Educational Research and Reviews
The situation of French as a second foreign language in secondary education institutions in Turkey

This study aims to quantitatively analyse the situation of French as a second foreign language in secondary education institutions in Turkey. Regarding presenting a comparative analysis, the study is limited to German as a second foreign language, currently included in the curriculum of secondary education institutions in Turkey, and are excluded fewer common languages such as Chinese, Spanish, Italian, etc. The...

Author(s): Nahide Arslan

March 2022

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Assessment of factors contributing to Californians’ perceptions of COVID-19 information dissemination

Research suggests that inappropriate approaches to information dissemination can negatively affect containment of an outbreak, including Ebola, norovirus, SARS, influenza, and now Coronavirus. The objective of this study was to examine how COVID-19 information disseminated to the public was perceived by Californians during the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak. A cross sectional study of 207 California residents was...

Author(s): Ogbochi McKinney, Victoria Joubi, Dominick Sturz and Janet Bonome  

March 2022

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Cardiopulmonary and stress responses of xylazine, acepromazine or midazolam sedated West African dwarf goats to different body positioning

West African Dwarf (WAD) goats are important source of animal protein, ubiquitous in rural Nigerian households and undergo necessary surgical procedures. Induction of general anaesthesia in goats is associated with resultant severe systemic side effects due to position-induced stress. This study investigated cardiopulmonary and stress responses of WAD goats to three sedatives in different body positioning. Six adult WAD...

Author(s): Foluso Bolawaye Bolaji-Alabi and Adeniran Adetunji  

March 2022

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
Neonaticide: A philosophical review of the killing of neonate twins in Things Fall Apart

Neonaticide in Things Fall Apart (TFA) had relative stands, mostly intentional yet mostly unwilful. In the shame of committing neonaticide, blame and responsibility is not easily placed between the earth goddess and the parents of the neonate twins. To uphold the common weal of the community, twins born in Umuofia and the other eight Igbo villages were to be destroyed according to the divine command. The interest of...

Author(s): Ferdinard Fosu-Blankson  

March 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of crops residues management systems on crops yields and chemical characteristics of tropical ferruginous soil in Western Burkina Faso

Crop residues' inappropriate management is the main constraint causing the decline in soil fertility and crop yields in Burkina Faso. This study was conducted at the Farako-Bâ Research Station from 2014 to 2019 to assess the effects of crop residue management to improve the sustainability of the cotton-cereal based production systems. The experimental design was complete randomized blocks of Fischer with four...

Author(s): Adama OUATTARA, Bazoumana KOULIBALY, Dehou DAKUO, Pascal BAZONGO, Kalifa COULIBALY, Jake MOWRER and Hassan Bismarck NACRO  

March 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Role of aromatic plants in the integrated pest management (IPM) of Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)

Onion thrips, Thrips tabaci Lindeman is a cosmopolitan and polyphagous insect pest. Onion thrips cause direct and indirect damage to onion by feeding and ovipositing on leaves of several horticultural crops. Besides causing direct damage to its host plants, T. tabaci has been known as an asymptomatic transmitter of plant pathogens such as tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), iris yellow spot virus (IYSV) and tomato yellow...

Author(s): Wondimagegn Atilaw Woldemelak  

March 2022

Educational Research and Reviews
Case study of the out of school Teenage Mothers’ lived experiences and perceptions on education in Rusororo sector, Rwanda: A back to school framework

This study purposed to investigate the lived experiences of out of school teenage mothers during pregnancy, and post-delivery in Rusororo Sector, Gasabo district, Kigali City. It is a qualitative study that used case study design to investigate the school teenage mothers (participants) on their perceived school experience with fellow students, teachers and school leaders, study courses, and parents; the psychological...

Author(s): Patrick Gatsinzi

March 2022

African Journal of Business Management
Assessment of risk management practices in dangote cement factory, Ethiopia

This study aimed to assess the risk management practices in Dangote Cement Factory, Ethiopia. Descriptive research design was employed in this study along with quantitative and qualitative research approaches. The total population was 353 of which 192 respondents were selected using simple random sampling technique. In addition to this, four managers were chosen for interview using purposive sampling technique. The...

Author(s): Moti Tafa Negero, and Getahun Birhanu Bona

March 2022

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Field testing of Purdue improved crop storage (PICS) bag maize storage in Haiti

Maize is widely grown by Haitian farmers and its sale is the only income for some. The average farmer produces less than 100 kg per year and postharvest losses average 30%. Purdue improved crop storage (PICS) bags use hermetic storage to decrease post-harvest losses in grain stored on smallholder farms. Our objective was to test PICS bags for long-term, on-farm storage of maize in Haiti. Three each of 50 kg PICS bags...

Author(s): Rithana Mompremier, Carl Bern, Erin Bowers, Thomas Brumm and Dirk Maier  

March 2022

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds
Smallholder farmers’ storage practices and awareness on aflatoxin contamination of cereals and oilseeds in Chamwino, Dodoma, Tanzania

Agricultural produces in the tropics are vulnerable to mycotoxins contamination. Hot and humid conditions are favourable conditions for fungal growth and production of mycotoxins. Inadequate drying and storage practices aggravate the susceptibility of produce to mycotoxins contamination. The purpose of this study was to assess the storage practices and awareness of smallholder farmers on mycotoxin contamination of...

Author(s): Matrona E. Kimario, Anselm P. Moshi, Humphrey P. Ndossi, Purificator A. Kiwango, Gasper G. Shirima and Jamal B. Kussaga  

March 2022

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Investigation of transport of glibenclamide drug across micro-pore supported model membrane using electro analytical methods

Glibenclamide is a second generation sulfonyl urea compound used as an oral hypoglycemic or anti diabetic agent, a class of drug used to treat type-2 diabetes mellitus. The bilayer lipid membrane systems have been employed extensively as an experimental model of bio membranes. It is of major importance in medical research, particularly in the study of mechanism of a number of life saving therapeutic agents where a lipid...

Author(s): Geremew Kinati Terfa Naved Iqbal Alvi, and Sagaram Sudhakar  

March 2022

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Evaluating the potentials of complexing agents in multi-metal extractions using 4,4´-(1e,1e´)-1,1´-(Ethane-1,2-Diylbis(Azan-1-Yl-1ylidene))Bis(5-Methyl-2-Phenyl-2,3-Dihydro-1h-Pyrazol-3-Ol) (H2BuEtP)

Heavy metals toxicity has led to the continuous study of new and efficient methods for their removal from the environment. Solvent extraction method was used to study the potentials of the auxiliary complexing agents Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), Oxalate (C2O42-), Thiocyanate (SCN-) and Tartrate (C4H4O62-) ions in the simultaneous extraction of Cadmium, Iron, Nickel and Lead from aqueous solutions buffered to...

Author(s): Jackson Godwin, Cyprian Yameso Abasi and Augustus Newton Ebelegi  

March 2022

African Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
The sum of its parts: The importance of methodology on presented data

Author(s): Rohit S. Loomba  

March 2022

Scientific Research and Essays
Geoeffectiveness of the inner magnetosphere under the impact of fast solar wind currents: Case of solar cycles 20 to 23

Earth's magnetosphere is a magnetic shield that protects the Earth from the energetic emissions of the high-speed Solar Wind (HSSW). We perform a statistical analysis of the response of Earth's magnetosphere inner part under the impact of HSSW over 40 years of data encompassing solar cycles 20-23. With misidentified events or events interacting with interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) removed, only...

Author(s): Gnanou Inza, Zoundi Christian, Sawadogo W. Emmanuel and Ouattara Frédéric  

March 2022

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Acute toxicity, analgesic, and smooth muscle relaxant effects of the aqueous root extract of Asparagus racemosus from Kenya

The plant Asparagus racemosus is used traditionally in Kenya for a variety of medicinal purposes including in the management of pain, asthma, and premature labour. However, a dearth of empirical studies means that there is limited information on the acute toxicity and pharmacological effects to support these uses by the local variety of the plant. The aim of this study was, therefore, to evaluate the acute toxicity,...

Author(s): Godfrey Mayoka, Peggoty Mutai, Faith Okalebo and Daniel Juma  

March 2022

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Suitability of sand amended with carbonized rice husks and goat manure as a growing medium

A laboratory experiment was conducted at Rwanda Agriculture and Animal Resources Development Board (RAB). The study determined a suitable and alternative growing medium to peat moss as an unaffordable medium to Rwandan farmers and soil-based growing media which produce low quality transplants. Growing media were formulated from sand (S) amended with carbonized rice husks (CRH) and goat manure (GM) and peat moss (PM)....

Author(s): Nkurunziza Ephrem, Samuel Nyalala and Umuhoza Karemera Noëlla Josiane  

March 2022

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
The impact of institutional quality on living standards: Evidence from 20 sub-Sahara African (SSA) countries

After it has been hypothesized and empirically validated that institutional quality (InQ) is an essential ingredient for development, examining whether InQ impacts living standards (LStds) is a worthwhile exercise. Using data from 2000 to 2019 on 20 SSA countries, this study modelled the impact of InQ on LStds in a VAR framework, upon satisfactory data suitability tests. The impulse response functions and forecast error...

Author(s): Iddrisu Suhaibu, Alhassan Andani and Solomon Abugre Anafo  

March 2022

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Prevalence of vulvo-vaginal candidiasis among women attending clinics in selected Hospitals in Oyo State, Southwest, Nigeria

Vulvo-vaginal candidiasis (VVC) is a pathogenic fungal infection with a high burden among women of reproductive age (WRA). Healthcare delivery system related constraints in developing countries have made its diagnosis and management unnecessarily complicated leading to poor management of the infection. The study was conducted to determine the prevalence of VVC among women attending clinics in selected hospitals in Oyo...

Author(s): Michael Oladimeji Idowu, Gabriel Ifeoluwa Makinde, Olayinka Oluyemi Oluranti, Matthew Ayodeji Adebayo and Olajide Ayodele Adekunle  

March 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Estimation of genotype x environment interaction and stability analysis for protein content on durum wheat (Triticum turgidium Var Durum)

Genotype x environment interaction (GEI) and stability of protein content across locations could be helpful in identifying wheat lines with premium quality. The protein contents of 25 selected durum wheat genotypes tested over six environments in 2017 to evaluate genotype by environment interactions and identify stable genotypes for protein content. Protein content was determined based on Mini-infra Smart T Grain...

Author(s): Alemayehu Zemede Lemma, Firew Mekbib, Kebebew Assefa and Zewdie Bishaw

March 2022

Medical Practice and Reviews
Serum iron status of pregnant women in Central Hospital Sapele, South-South Nigeria

Low iron status and Iron deficiency anemia are major prenatal complications predisposing pregnant women to preventable causes of premature delivery, intrauterine growth retardation and neonatal and prenatal death in Nigeria. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate and compare serum iron status in pregnant and non-pregnant women in Sapele, South-South Nigeria. A total of three hundred and sixty subjects were enrolled for...

Author(s): Kingsley Chukwuka Amaihunwa, Emmanuel Asuquo Etim and Anthony Chijioke Ezimah  

March 2022

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Brucellosis infection dynamics in cattle and the impacts on production and reproduction in pastoral settings of Tanzania

Brucellosis is endemic in pastoral settings of Tanzania with significant socio-economic implications. However, comprehensive studies to establish its impacts had not been elucidated. A longitudinal study was conducted in order to elucidate the dynamics and its impact on production and reproduction. Initially, 464 animals were enrolled with baseline seroprevalence in each herd. Animals were bled every three months to...

Author(s): Gabriel M. Shirima  

March 2022

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management
Insights on the process of athletes’ development in Nigeria

The process of talent development in sports requires an environment that encourages early identification of inherent sporting potentials in youngsters and provides the necessary support to grow such potentials into refined talents. Across cultures, athletic development is achieved through a synergy between athletes, their coaches, family, school, the community as well as other significant persons and social...

Author(s): Elumaro Adeboye Israel 

March 2022

African Journal of Business Management
Factors affecting revenue collection at Tanzania official seed certification institute (TOSCI)

Revenue in the form of taxation, fees, service levy, licenses, customs, and excise duties is very important in ensuring efficient running of government operations. Taxation is a major source of revenue to governments all over the world. The study examined the factors affecting revenue collection at Tanzania Official Seed Certification Institute (TOSCI). The study adopted a descriptive research design based on mixed...

Author(s): Avodi Kyoma, Lazaro Athanas Mwonge and Emmanuel J. Matiku

March 2022

African Journal of Plant Science
Physical and mechanical properties of Holarrhena floribunda and Nesogordonia papaverifera branch wood in Ghana

The current study examines the physical and mechanical properties of branch wood from Holarrhena floribunda and Nesogordonia papaverifera, two of Ghana's least researched deciduous species. At an equilibrium moisture content of 12±2%, H. floribunda and N. papaverifera specimens had average density values of 467.53 and 720.80 kgm-3, respectively. The overall tangential and radial shrinkage was 3.8 and 3.2%,...

Author(s): Kwaku Antwi, Tobias Cremer and Kwasi Frimpong-Mensah,

March 2022

International Journal of English and Literature
No country for old men: Finding a place to be in New South Africa

This paper examines the interconnectedness of masculinity and setting in African fiction by a close reading of Coetzee’s Disgrace. The negative effects of subscribing to a single masculinity have been discussed in scholarly works since masculinity studies were given mainstream attention over two decades ago. However, the importance of setting to the formation of and subscription to masculine archetypes has not...

Author(s): Duncan Emmanuel Godfred Kobina Essel 

February 2022

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Profiling of meropenem-resistant bacteria in a river receiving wastewater effluent from a pharmaceutical industrial unit

The aim of the present study was to understand the seasonal occurrence and diversity of species of meropenem-resistant bacteria in the Gumuncheon river receiving effluents from a pharmaceutical industry in Seoul, Korea.Water samples were collected from the Gumuncheon river in Kyoung-gi province during winter (January), spring (April), summer (August), and fall (November) of 2018. Water samples were plated in triplicate...

Author(s): Sung Ho Hwang and Young Jin Kim

February 2022

African Journal of Microbiology Research
First report of Fusarium oxysporum causing root rot of garlic in China

In the springs of 2020 and 2021, with a temperature of 15°C, root rot on garlic were widespread in Enshi, Hubei Province, China. Based on micro-morphological and cultural characteristics, the pathogen was identified as a Fusarium sp. Further, based on multilocus (ITS, EF-1α) phylogenic data, the strains were identified as Fusarium oxysporum. Koch’s postulates were thus fulfilled by pathogenicity tests on...

Author(s): Guo Fengling, Zhou Jie, Qi Chuandong, Fu Jiaping, and Wu Jinping,

February 2022

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Isolation and in-vitro assessment of antagonistic activity of Trichoderma spp. against Magnaporthe oryzae Longorola strain causing rice blast disease in Mali

Pyricularia oryzea (Magnaporthe oryzae) causes blast diseases in rice (Oryza sativa) in Mali. The losses could reach 90% of production during rainy weather conditions. Isolation and characterization of M. oryzae and Trichoderma species were carried out to assess the importance and distribution of the pathogen and antagonist Trichoderma species in rice fields in Sikasso (Mali), and select, in vitro, Trichoderma species...

Author(s): Mahamadou Diarra, Adounigna Kassogué, Amadou Hamadoun Babana, Oumarou Hamadoun, Fousseyni Cissé and Abdoulaye Hamadoun

February 2022

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Flavonoid content and antioxidant potential of leaf extracts of Passiflora setacea cv BRS Pérola do Cerrado, a new wild passion fruit cultivar

Passiflora setacea D.C. is a wild species native to the Brazilian Cerrado, with agronomic and medicinal potentials. The cultivar BRS Pérola do Cerrado is the first registered and protected cultivar of a wild Passiflora and has become an alternative to the passion fruit market due to its desirable characteristics for food, ornamental and pharmaceutic industries. Since plant tissue culture techniques are considered...

Author(s): Raphaela Santos-Tierno, Renata Garcia, Eduardo Fonseca, Fábio Faleiro, Davyson Moreira, Georgia Pacheco and Elisabeth Mansur  

February 2022

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Growth performance and rumen fermentation characteristics of West African Dwarf bucks fed dietary Cochlospermum planchonii rhizome

A study was conducted to investigate the optimum inclusion level of Cochlospermum planchonii in diets of West African Dwarf (WAD) goats. Twenty five (25) WAD bucks aged 6 to 8 months and assigned to five treatments (T1- T5) of five goats each were used. Goats in T1 were given normal diet and served as the control, while those in T2, T3, T4 and T5 were respectively given diets with inclusion levels of 5, 10, 20 and 40%...

Author(s): Lins Iorundu Mhomga, Chukwunyere Okwudiri Nwosu and Benjamin Nwabueze Marire  

February 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
In vitro efficiency of crude extract of Ricinus communis, Abroma augusta, and Bombax ceiba seed on brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee

Brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee is a major pest. The frequent use of toxic chemical insecticides ultimately poses a problem due to pollution of the environment, health hazards, and adverse effects on beneficial organisms. Hence, the current researches looked into the efficacy of various botanicals against brinjal pests. This experiment was carried out to see how ethyl acetate and methanol...

Author(s): Rina Khatun,#, Khasrul Alam,#, Shahin Rana, Abdullah Al Mashud, Abdullah Al Masud, Sabbir Ahmed, Rezuanul Islam and Mohammad Abu Hena Mostofa Jamal  

February 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Analysis of climate change vulnerability and adaptation towards increase resilience among farmers in Borno State, Nigeria

This study analyzed climate change vulnerability and adaptation among smallholder farmers in Borno State, Nigeria. The study was conducted in Sudan and Guinea savannah Agro-Ecological Zones (AEZ) of the state. Survey research design was employed for the study. Multi-stage sampling procedure was used in selecting 360 farmers for the study. Descriptive statistics such as percentages, frequencies, means and livelihood...

Author(s): Mohammed D., Timothy E., Abaka S. S and Arubi A. A  

February 2022

Journal of Physiology and Pathophysiology
Pathophysiological mechanisms of maternal pro-inflammatory mediators in preterm labour

Available therapeutic interventions for managing preterm labour have not been consistently successful due to controversies related to its etiology. Multiple mechanisms, including inflammation play a significant role in the pathogenesis of preterm labour. The connective tissue extracellular matrix of the amniochorion contains collagen fibres that maintain the tensile strength of the amniochorion, resisting mechanical...

Author(s): Kwame Adu-Bonsaffoh, and Fidelis Bayor  

February 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on the growth and development of maize (Zea mays L.) Grown in Bangui (Central African Republic) under controlled conditions

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) on the growth and development of maize (Zea mays) in a greenhouse at the University of Bangui  for three months under controlled conditions. Data collection was done at 30, 60 and 90 days after sowing (DAS) for growth parameters (plant height, crown diameter, number of leaves) and above-ground, root and total biomass were...

Author(s): Elian Hubert Dieu-Béni, Touckia Gorgon Igor, Djamndo Djasbé Mathurin, Ngalambo Emmanuel, Ngonda Cesar, Gueret Egisthe and Goudidenango Eric Borgio  

February 2022

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Genetic diversity assessment among 18 elite cashew tree genotypes (Anacardium occidentale L) selected in Western Burkina Faso

The development of cashew orchards increased in recent years in Burkina Faso, due to high nut demand on international markets. However, little activities have been oriented toward cashew cultivar development, and farmers often use seed plants with little or no information about genetic characteristics of the material at hand. Therefore, a description of cashew diversity is needed to provide guidance to farmers and...

Author(s): Konate Moumouni, Tarpaga Windpouiré Vianney,  Bourgou Larbouga and Wonni Issa  

February 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Response of common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to seed treatment in Central Kenya

Seed treatment presents an opportunity to boost bean productivity; however, the technology has not been widely tested in Kenya and the sub Saharan Africa region. An experiment was carried out at Kandara, Central Kenya to compare the effects of seed treatment applications on bean performance. The split-plot design experiment with three replicates included four seed treatment products: Apron Star, Seed Plus, Gro Plus and...

Author(s): Boaz S. Waswa, Eliezah Kamau, David Karanja and Franklin Mairura  

February 2022

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antiplasmodial activity and phenolic composition of Brazilian Salix humboldtiana Willd. extract and fractions

Salix humboldtiana Willd. (Salicaceae) colonizes Brazilian riverine forests and, besides other congeneric species, is traditionally used to treat fever. In folk medicine, it is even used as a Quinine substitute to treat malaria fever. Although its occurrence worldwide was largely reduced between 2000-2015, in Brazil, the case numbers induced by Plasmodium falciparum have increased. Thus, new tools and strategies are...

Author(s): Ianna Dias Ribeiro Silva, Uêbem Fernandes Ramos, Luciana Esquerdo Cerqueira, Andressa Santa Brígida da Silva, Geraldo Alves Damasceno Junior, Carlos Alexandre Carollo, Ivanildes dos Santos Bastos, Patrícia Puccinelli Orlandi, Heike Markus-Michalczyk and Wagner Luiz Ramos Barbosa  

February 2022

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Hydro-environmental impact of Khor Arbaat Dam, Eastern Sudan

To improve water supply services in Port Sudan City (Sudan), a dam with storage capacity of 16 Mm3 was established at the upper gorge of the Khor Arbaat catchment area, which generates runoff that contributes to the sedimentation of the dam at an average rate of about 6% annually. At present (2021), the storage capacity of the dam is reduced by 69% of its original design capacity. Without interventions, the dam is...

Author(s): Hamid Omer Ali  

February 2022

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Adoption of climate change friendly New Rice for Africa (NERICA) varieties among farmers in Mwea West Sub-county, Kenya

Climate change and inefficient water utilization have led to marked fluctuations of the mean rice crop production in sub-Sahara Africa. In order to improve food security and households’ income, adaptation strategies to climate change such as the adoption of new rice varieties are inevitable. This study examined the farmers’ perception and adoption of climate change friendly New Rice for Africa in Mwea West...

Author(s): Benson Kamau Mburu and Christine Wanjiku Ngucia

February 2022

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Non-conforming tax aggressiveness and earnings management: Evidence from Greek public companies

The present paper examines the tax and financial reporting behaviour of Greek public companies after the adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards. Corporate tax aggressiveness is measured on the basis of tax audit data whereas the extent of financial earnings manipulation is captured by total and discretionary accruals. The findings suggest that earnings quality has deteriorated as firms engage in...

Author(s): Stavroula Kourdoumpalou and George Drogalas

February 2022

African Journal of Business Management
Investigation of the factors that influence Non-Muslims on the purchasing intention of Halal food in Korea

The study  aims to investigate the factors that influence South Korean non-Muslim customers' intention of purchasing Halal restaurants "cooked foods". There are three factors. This study indicated the intention of the non-Muslim customers to purchase Halal restaurant cooked foods is influenced by the healthiness, safety, and cleanness of foods and the Suwon area of South Korea. The attitude and...

Author(s): Md Osman Goni

February 2022

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Isolation of potentially pathogenic bacteria from Musca domestica captured in hospitals and slaughterhouses, Khartoum state, Sudan

This study aimed to isolate and identify bacterial and parasitic pathogens from houseflies captured in hospitals and slaughterhouses. The present study involved 300 houseflies, of which 150 houseflies were collected from hospitals and 150 from slaughterhouses. Two samples were obtained from each housefly; one sample was obtained from the surface of the housefly, and the second was extracted from the intestine of the...

Author(s): Isam-Eldeen Itaype Ibrahim Bashir, AlaaEldin Yousri Muatsim Hamid, Mohamed Ahmed Ibrahim Holi and Eltayib H. Ahmed-Abakur,

February 2022

African Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Use of a composite survival curve to optimise the surgical strategy for repair of transposition of the great arteries

The arterial switch operation (ASO) is considered the gold standard for repair of D-transposition of the great arteries. However, when patients present after the third week of life, the early operative outcomes may be less predictable. Current guidelines recommend extra corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) availability when the arterial switch is performed on patients between 3 to 6 weeks of age. Controversy remains...

Author(s): Mark N. Awori, Jonathan A Awori, Nadia Makkoukdji and Stephen Takow  

February 2022

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Comparison of nicotine contents in local and imported cigarettes sold in Abidjan markets in Côte d’Ivoire: Lessons for regulation

Tobacco use is one of the main leading causes of disease and death worldwide and according to the World Health Organization (WHO), constitutes a major issue to public health. Given the importance of nicotine as the major constituent of tobacco and its addictive potency on consumers, determining its content in cigarettes sold on Ivorian markets shows to be important. The aim of this study was to determine and compare...

Author(s): Veda Fandio Nanfa and Aïssata Diakité,  

February 2022

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Cellulolytic activity of bacteria from the gut of termites (Macrotermes michaelseni) from Eldoret and Kakamega

Cellulose degrading bacteria in termites are important plant degraders as they play an essential role in digesting cellulose for termites. This study aimed to identify cellulose degrading bacteria in termites (Macrotermites michaelseni) collected from Kakamega and Kapsabet region. Six termites were aseptically crushed in an Eppendorf tube containing distilled water. To distinguish cellulose degrading bacteria from...

Author(s): Raheli Neema Miyayo, Lexa Gomezgani Matasyoh and George Obiero

February 2022

Educational Research and Reviews
Parent attitudes and submissive behaviors in adolescents as social anxiety predictors

The aim of this study was to present the power of high school students' parents’ attitudes and submissive behaviors' in predicting social anxiety. The study group consisted of 298 students (159 female, 139 male) from two different high schools who were studying in the 2018-2019 academic year and voluntarily participated in the study. The study was carried out in accordance with the relational screening...

Author(s): Abdullah Mert

February 2022

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Panel VAR analysis of liberalization and financial development dynamics: Evidence from Sub-Sahara Africa (SSA)

After decades of failed developmental efforts, many economies around the world employed the McKinnon-Shaw liberalization thesis to propel the development of their financial systems. Whiles some of these economies had success stories, others had frustrating outcomes. This study examines the financial liberalisation and financial development dynamics considering inflationary effects, in SSA spanning 2000 to 2019. We...

Author(s): Iddrisu Suhaibu, Abdulai Abdul-Malik and Charles Kwaku Adzagbre

Page 4 of 1239, showing 50 records out of 61935 total, starting on record 151, ending on 200