Articles

 

Articles

Page 7 of 1270, showing 50 records out of 63470 total, starting on record 301, ending on 350

December 2023

African Journal of Food Science
Insights into the journey towards development of dietary guidelines: An exploration of synergy between fruit and vegetable research with food composition tables in Malawi

Publication of the Malawi Food Composition Database (MFCDB) is a milestone towards improving the nutritional status and overall health of citizens. Following the establishment of this database, the next step involves formulating food-based dietary guidelines tailored for Malawi. However, both the database and the planned dietary guidelines are dependent on robust research on food composition. This analytical review...

Author(s): Dickson Mgangathweni Mazibuko, Victoria Ndolo, Satoko Akiyama and Hiromu Okazawa

December 2023

African Journal of Food Science
Effect of 300Gy Gamma (Y) radiation dose on Nigerian onion: A proximate composition

Onion (Allium cepa) samples purchased from one of the most populous markets (Bodija market) in the south-western part of Nigeria were irradiated with a 300Gy dose of Yphotons using YBEAMX200, while some of these onions were also kept as control (non-irradiated). Proximate analyses were carried out on both irradiated and non-irradiated onion. The proximate composition revealed 0.16, 11.63 and 7.90% reduction in moisture,...

Author(s): S. M. Oyeyemi, B. M. Adeniran, L. R. Owoade, O. O. Akerele and S. A. Tijani

December 2023

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Assessment of communication interventions to improve the livelihood of rural community in Ethiopia: The case of Sidama Region

This study aims to assess practical communication interventions used by development agents in the agricultural sector in the Sidama Region. Using the descriptive design, the researchers employed a quantitative data-gathering method. A cluster random sampling technique was used to identify two 'districts' from the region. All development agents found in the two woredas were selected and included in the survey. A...

Author(s): Hailemesekel Zewedie Gebeyehu and Yohannes Shiferaw Jira

December 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of irrigation regimes at different growth stages on seed yield and yield components of two soybeans (Glycine max L. (Merr.)) varieties in semi-arid conditions

Water stress is the most limiting abiotic stress factor for soybean growth, development and production in semi-arid regions. The development of new soybean cultivars with high efficiency and ability to drought resistance is very important. Field experiment was conducted to investigated the impact of irrigation regimes at different growth stages (Full irrigation, irrigation regimes at vegetable growth, flowering, and pod...

Author(s): Adam Yousif Adam Ali, Muhi eldeen Hussien Ibrahim and Samia Osman Yagoub  

December 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of biochar on soil physical properties, growth parameters and yield of soybeans on a five-year fallow

The potential of biochar as a soil amendment in agricultural fields is a recently recognized and yet underutilized technology. The objective of this study was to investigate the mid/long-term effects of a single biochar application on soil physical properties, growth parameters and the yield of soybeans in a sandy clay loam. Biochar was added to a highly weathered tropical soil at rates of 40 tons ha-1 five years prior...

Author(s): Simfukwe Paul, Mwanaute Shiompa, Victor Bulwilo and Chaiwa Chipili  

December 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Agronomic efficiency and grain yield response index of wheat varieties as influenced by nitrogen rates in semi-arid zone of southern Niger

Wheat productivity in southern Niger is hampered by the utilization of local wheat varieties that exhibit a low response to fertilizer. A field experiment was conducted over two dry seasons in Djirataoua to investigate the efficiency and responsiveness of four wheat varieties under four nitrogen doses (0, 100, 150 and 200 kg N ha-1). The experiment followed a split-plot design with three replications. Results revealed...

Author(s): Abdelkader M. S., Auwalu B. M. and Mohammed I. B.  

December 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Screening sorghum local landraces for potential drought tolerance stay-green quantitative trait loci (QTLs) sources in Burkina Faso

Sorghum serves as a staple food for rural populations in Burkina Faso, but its cultivation faces limitations due to post-flowering drought stress. Consequently, there is a need for improvement to enhance resilience to moisture stress. The current investigation aims to identify drought-tolerant germplasm to enhance local susceptible elite varieties. One hundred and ten accessions, comprising improved and exotic...

Author(s): Nofou Ouedraogo, Ibié Gilles Thio, Minimassom Philippe Nikiema and Vernon Gracen    

December 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Growth promotion and yield attribute improvement of five groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties by the application of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria

The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the symbiotic performance of a collection of ten plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) strains on the growth and yield attributes of five groundnut varieties. The screening was conducted in the greenhouse using seeds of the varieties Essamay, Amoul Morom, 55-437, Fleur 11 and Sunu Gaal grown in 1.5 kg pots with Sangalkam soils. Leaf chlorophyll content, plant height,...

Author(s): Godar Sene, Béatrice Dibor Ndiaye, Maimouna Cissoko, Nogaye Niang, Cheikh Ndiaye, Saliou Fall, and Samba Ndao Sylla,

December 2023

African Journal of Microbiology Research
The assessment of contamination level of multidrug resistant bacteria and antibiotic residue in chicken manure

This study aimed to assess the contamination level of chicken litter by antibiotic residues and multidrug resistant (MDR) bacteria. A total of 28 chicken litter samples were aseptically collected in Abidjan poultry farms in December 2021. The bacteria including Salmonella, Escherichia coli and Staphyloccocus aureus were isolated on specific culture media and were identified using biochemical tests. Antibiotics...

Author(s): Romuald Christ Kipré, Bernadette Gblossi Goualie, Monique Aiza Ainyakou-Sanga, Daniel Kouamé Kra and Germain Alfred Karou  

December 2023

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Molecular identification of biofilm-producing Bacillus species and yeasts isolated from food sources and their interaction with Lysinibacillus louembei strain

The microorganisms contained in fermented foods are known to harbor metabolic products, possibly improving human and animal health. However, despite several studies on the functional effects of fermented foods, isolation and identification of the effective Bacillus species strains are still in progress. The objective of this study was to molecularly identify biofilm-producing Bacillus spp. (BPB) and yeasts from...

Author(s): Moise Doria Kaya-Ongoto, Christian Aimé Kayath, Nelly Josiane Awah-Lekaka Niebi and Etienne Nguimbi,

December 2023

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Prevalence, antibiotic resistance of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from layer farms (eggs, droppings/litter) in the outskirts of the city of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Eggs are susceptible to microbiological contamination by various pathogens on farms, particularly those belonging to the genus Staphylococcus, which are zoonotic bacteria capable of contaminating humans, animals, and/or birds, posing a significant public health concern. In Burkina Faso, limited data exists on the prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus, prompting this study to investigate the prevalence and antibiotic...

Author(s): Abdallah Sawadogo, Assèta Kagambèga, Daniel Soro, Henseni Bognini, Michel Dione, Haoua Cissé, Ibonyé Dieni and Nicolas Barro

December 2023

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Acute bacterial meningitis ecosystem in Cote D'ivoire from 2012 to 2020

Bacterial meningitis remains a health concern in meningitis belt countries. The objective of this study was to ascertain the bacterial profiles of meningitis in Côte d'Ivoire from 2012 to 2020. The study, conducted retrospectively at the National Center of Reference of Meningitis of Cote d’ivoire, analyzed 5046 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from January 2012 to December 2020. Epidemiological data...

Author(s): Sophia Chiayé Okpo, Clarisse Kouamé Elogne, Tatiana Asseh Kangah, Jean Claude Blessa Anné, Kouadio N&#;guessan, Solange Kakou-Ngazoa and Mireille Dosso,

December 2023

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antimicrobial activities of the extract of shea tree (Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertn. F.) leaf and bark on some selected clinical pathogens

The use of plants and plant products in the treatment of various ailments has been with humanity since the dawn of time and the potentials of these plants are so enormous that the continuous search for their hidden treasures is more crucial because of the rise in antibiotic resistance. This study was designed to determine the antimicrobial activities of the shea tree (Vitellaria paradoxa) extracts against some selected...

Author(s): Lawrence Adelani Adetunde , Oliver Awo and Abdul-Wahab Mbelayim Imoro

December 2023

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Phytochemical compounds present in COVI-MXG herbal preparation inhibits RNA-Dependent RNA polymerase from SARS-CoV-2: A molecular docking study

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has been identified as the agent responsible for COVID-19 pandemic. Currently, no therapeutic agents have proven effective in combating the virus. Managing the infection is mainly palliative in nature, involving infection prevention strategies and supportive therapy anchored on drugs that practitioners have had previous usage experience. Previously exploited...

Author(s): Olanike Catherine Poyi, Kakjing D. Falang and Jacob A. Kolawole  

December 2023

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Effects of different nitrogen forms and concentration combinations on American ginseng seedling growth

This study investigated the impact of various nitrogen forms on American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) seedling growth. Thirteen treatments of inorganic and organic nitrogen combinations were tested in the first year and growth indicators were measured. In the second year, treatments with significant growth promotion effects were further verified. The results showed improved growth of American ginseng seedlings when the...

Author(s): Nan Zou, Chongwei Li, Guozhong Chen, Wanxin Huang, Ping Zhu, Yuping Hou and Xinfu Bai  

December 2023

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Qualitative, quantitative composition and evaluation of the antioxidant activity of polar extracts of stem bark of Hexalobus crispiflorus A. Rich (Annonaceae family): Central African species

Hexalobus crispiflorus A. Rich., synonym Hexalobus grandiflorus Benth, is a plant in the Central African pharmacopoeia, widely used in the treatment of skin diseases and diabetes. The present study is a contribution to the qualitative and quantitative analysis and evaluation of the antioxidant activity of this plant. Preliminary phytochemical tests carried out on the different crude extracts of H. crispiflorus revealed...

Author(s): Ngaïssona Paul, Worowounga Xavier, Issa-Madongo Mathurin, Komokoïna-Yamadjiyo Arthur Stanislas, Namkona Frédéric Armel, Koane Jean Noël, and Syssa-Magalé Jean-Laurent

December 2023

Journal of the Nigeria Society of Physiotherapy
Cardiopulmonary physiotherapy as a specialty: Students’ experience and factors that influence their career choice

Studies have shown that physiotherapy students have limited knowledge about cardiopulmonary physiotherapy specialty despite the increased need for cardiopulmonary physiotherapy services in Nigeria. The study aims to assess undergraduate physiotherapy clinical students' experiences in the cardiopulmonary physiotherapy specialty and the factors that influence their career choice. A cross-sectional survey was conducted...

Author(s): Ayelawa Samuel Damilola, Overcomer Temiloluwa Binuyo, Omotola Adam Onigbinde and Abiodun Jeremiah Olaniyi  

December 2023

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Groundwater quality assessment and human health risks in Ovitoto, Otjozondjupa Region, Namibia

Namibia, a dry country relies heavily on groundwater resources which is susceptible to anthropogenic contamination. The study assessed the quality and health risks of borehole water supplied to residents of the Ovitoto community in Otjozondjupa region of Namibia. Water samples were collected from nine boreholes across nine communities over a period of six months and subjected to physicochemical and microbial analyses....

Author(s): Priskila Mwatukange, Erold Naomab and Omotayo Rafiu Awofolu  

December 2023

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Possible human health risk of selected heavy metals’ mobility from municipal waste compost amended agricultural soil

Use of organic compost in soil amendment in agricultural practice may tend to transfer heavy metals and can be a health concern. This study aims to investigate the possible mobilization of selected heavy metals from municipal compost amended soil. Experimental plots (250 m2) were divided into four equal portions and alternate portions were amended with municipal compost and left for 5 weeks. Soil physicochemical...

Author(s): Wasiu Bolaji Tomori, Kehinde Oluwasiji Olorunfemi, Vincent Olanrewaju Onibon and Tolulope Oyelekan Oyewunmi,  

December 2023

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Geospatial assessment of land surface temperature in Owo Forest Reserve Area, Ondo State Nigeria

Nigeria forest reserves acts as the last succour for the entire citizenry and also have significant contributions to her economy. This study was intended at assessing the Land Surface Temperature (LST) in Owo Forest Reserve Area (FRA) with a view for sustainable forest management. The objectives set for the research includes: (i.) assessing the vegetation changes in Owo FRA, (ii.) evaluate the LST and (iii.) relate...

Author(s): Victor A. Ijaware

December 2023

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Digital ethics and taxpayers’ attitude in Greece: Evidence and policy recommendations for the future

New technologies transform public policies and the services provided to citizens, contributing significant added value to them individually or collectively. The same applies to the case of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Tax Administration (TA). Contemporary TA integrates in its operation a number of algorithmic applications in high impact areas of taxation. This paper aims to analyze Greek taxpayers’ attitudes...

Author(s): Maria Priniotaki

December 2023

African Journal of Plant Science
Combining ability of aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch) resistance in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.)

General combining ability (GCA) describes the general usefulness of the parental form in terms of the concerned trait, whereas specific combining ability (SCA) indicates importance of the joint action of the genes of parental forms. Such information is useful to identify the best combiners which may be hybridized to build up favourable genes. This present investigation aimed to determine the GCA and SCA effects of...

Author(s): Adelaide Pingdewinde Ouédraogo, Agyemang Danquah, Jean-Baptiste Tignegre, Jeremy Tinga Ouédraogo, Jonathan Narh Ayertey and Kwadwo Ofori

December 2023

African Journal of Biotechnology
Callus induction of Tacca integrifolia Ker Gawl using stem nodal segment

A study was conducted to determine the optimum concentration of plant growth regulators on in vitro callus induction of Tacca integrifolia using stem nodal segment. Fresh, dry weight and morphology of callus were evaluated and the results showed significant effects on callus induction when analyzed at a 5% level of significance. Among the treatments, Murashige and Skoog with only 6-Benzylaminopurine (1.0 mg/L) produced...

Author(s): Nur Azalina Azman, Asmah Awal, and Fatimah Abdol Latif

December 2023

African Journal of Biotechnology
Isolation and molecular identification of tannase producing fungi from soil

The study was conducted to isolate and identify tannase producing fungi from soil. Soil samples were collected aseptically and cultured on tannic acid agar (TAA) to screen for tannic acid hydrolysis. The observed isolates were sub-cultured to obtain pure culture and were later subjected to secondary screening in the Czapek medium. The biomass weight, tannase activity, and gallic acid concentration in the fermentation...

Author(s): Mutiat Adetayo Omotayo, Oluremi Nurudeen Olaleye, Simeon K. Odetunde and Mary Oluwatoyin Avungbeto  

December 2023

African Journal of Biotechnology
Identification of antagonistic bacterium strain and biocontrol effects on ginseng root rot disease

From healthy mountain-cultivated ginseng leaves, 45 endophytic bacteria strains were isolated. Antagonistic bacterium strain FS17 was screened with the confront culture method, and identified as Bacillus subtilis based on morphological characteristic and 16S rRNA sequence analysis. Growth rate method was used to determine that the fermentation broth of FS17 had inhibitory effect on 10 plant pathogenic fungi, and the...

Author(s): Chunyuan Zhou, Chengci Piao and Hao Zhang,

December 2023

African Journal of Biotechnology
Inoculation effectiveness of native and exotic Bradyrhizobium species strains in a Senegalese agricultural soil: A comparison on modern and traditional peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) cultivars

Peanut is a key component of Senegal’s predominantly cereal-based farming systems, but its production is challenged by low soil fertility. Rhizobial inoculation is a promising strategy to improve crop yield and reduce the use of chemical nitrogen fertilizers. The aim of this study was to isolate the most specific and effective bradyrhizobial strain for peanut, and to determine the degree of variability in the...

Author(s): Godar Sene, Nibourou Top, Maimouna Cissoko, Nogaye Niang, Cheikh Ndiaye, Issa Faye, Mansour Thiao, Saliou Fall, and Samba Ndao Sylla,

December 2023

African Journal of Biotechnology
Preferential expression of somatic embryogenesis in five elite genotypes of Theobroma cacao (L.) associated with explant type and protocols used

This study aims to identify the suitable subculturing time, culture media (protocols) and explants type suitable for somatic embryogenesis expression in five elite genotypes of Theobroma cacao L. Thus, petals and staminodes explants extracted from immature flower buds of genotypes (C1, C8, C9, C14, and C16) are first grown in different media (CIM and CDM) to assess the subculturing time. Then, successive transfers in...

Author(s): N’goran Poh Konan Georges, Minyaka Emile, Kouassi Kan Modeste, Kone Siaka, Djeni N’dede Theodore, Kouamé Christophe and N’zi Jean-Claude  

December 2023

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
The impact of self-management education and exercise intervention on pregnant women’s back pain experiences in low- and middle-income countries

Pregnancy-related back pain is a frustrating health problem worldwide because of its high prevalence. Approximately 50% of women experience back pain during pregnancy and 25% may continue to experience pain after delivery. The impact of a self-management education and exercise intervention were determined on pregnant women’s back pain experiences in a low- and middle-income setting. The aim was to establish the...

Author(s): Loveness A Nkhata, Charity Kapenda and Jane Chela  

December 2023

Educational Research and Reviews
The perception of junior secondary school teacher to their level of motivation in Bo District, Southern Region of Sierra Leone

The study assessed the perception of junior secondary school teacher to their level of motivation in Bo district, Southern Region of Sierra Leone. It adopted a descriptive research design to collect data on a sample size of 298 teachers. Self-administered perception questionnaire on teacher motivation (SAPQTM) was developed on the basis of the objectives of the study. Data was collected and analyzed using descriptive...

Author(s): Tony Patrick George

December 2023

Educational Research and Reviews
Meta-cognitive knowledge, locus of control and understanding mathematical jokes: A study in students with and without learning disabilities

This study examined how metacognitive knowledge and locus of control are associated with understanding mathematical jokes in students with and without learning disabilities. This study looked at a sample of 60 ninth-grade students of which 30 had a learning disability diagnosis and 30 had no learning disabilities. Students were tested using three instruments: a metacognitive knowledge questionnaire, a locus of control...

Author(s): Saied Bishara

December 2023

Educational Research and Reviews
The effect of differentiated instruction on gifted students' critical thinking skills and mathematics problem solving attitudes

It is known that a significant portion of the world's child population is gifted. Studies on the applications that can be used in the education of these gifted students have been given importance in recent years. In this study, the effect of differentiated instruction method on mathematics problem solving attitude and critical thinking skills of gifted students at primary school level was examined. The research is a...

Author(s): Aybala Çayir and Emine Balci

December 2023

Educational Research and Reviews
Examining e-learning adoption intention among academic staff in higher education institutions: A developing country context

E-learning presents a significant opportunity for developing countries to rapidly increase the availability of higher education to their population. However, e-learning is not widely adopted in many developing countries such as Nigeria. This study aims to advance our understanding of the determinants of e-learning adoption by examining the factors influencing e-learning adoption intentions among academic staff in higher...

Author(s): Thomas Tega Tonukari and Hod Anyigba

December 2023

Educational Research and Reviews
The perception of junior secondary school teachers on their performance in Bo District, Southern Sierra Leone

The study investigated the effects of motivation on the performance of Junior Secondary School teachers in Bo district, Southern Sierra Leone. It adopted a descriptive research design to collect data on a sample size of 298 teachers. The descriptive statistics analysis revealed that the performance of teachers was high; this implies that teachers rated their performance as of a high standard. They indicated that most...

Author(s): Tony Patrick George

December 2023

Educational Research and Reviews
Teacher professional development in Zimbabwe: Bridging resources to serve young children

This bounded case study illuminates the planning, delivery, and evaluation of early childhood professional development sessions conducted by the educational experts with a Zimbabwean non-profit organization in response to a need for professional development for early childhood teachers. Ethnographic and grounded theory methods were used by participant observers to collect and analyze data, including observational notes...

Author(s): Lea Ann Christenson and Patrick Makokoro

December 2023

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Kenya's evolving recognition and non-recognition policy under moi: A case of China and Taiwan (1990-1998)

This study delves into the transformation of Kenya's foreign policy with regard to recognition and non-recognition, with a particular focus on its handling of China and Taiwan during the period spanning 1990 to 1998. Historically, Kenya's recognition policy adhered to the conventional norm of emphasizing the recognition of sovereign states over specific governments, as exemplified by Dr. Njoroge Mungai's...

Author(s): Ogeto Danvas Mabeya  

December 2023

Scientific Research and Essays
Endogenous knowledge and farming methods for Jatropha curcas L. in southern Chad

To assess the level of knowledge of the farming population and the ecological importance of Jatropha curcas, ethnobotanical surveys were carried out among the local population in three villages in the province of Logone Oriental, namely Bébédjia, Miandoum and Komé. A total of 250 people of different sexes were surveyed. The results of these surveys showed the socio-economic importance of this...

Author(s): OUMAR Dany, DJEKOTA Christophe Ngarmari, SABO Prospère and MBAIDE Yeba

December 2023

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Variability of the electric field of magnetospheric convection in recurrent activity during the solar cycle 24

This paper employs a statistical approach to investigate the diurnal variability of the magnetospheric convective electric field (MCEF) during recurrent activity, considering the phases of solar cycle 24. This study reveals that the magnetosphere exhibits greater dynamism during the maximum and descending phases on recurrent days. The diurnal variability of the MCEF on days of recurrent geomagnetic activity indicates...

Author(s): Dama Alfred Stéphane, Kaboré Salfo, Sandwidi Sibri Alphonse and Ouattara Frédéric  

December 2023

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Prevalence, determinants, and consequences of teenage pregnancy on teenage girls in selected health areas of the Limbe Health District in Cameroon

Teenage pregnancy is a significant public health concern in many low- and middle-income countries, including Cameroon. It leads to adverse health outcomes for both the mother and child, as well as social, economic, and educational challenges. Little is known about teenage pregnancy in the Limbe Health District. This study aimed to address this gap by determining the prevalence of teenage pregnancy, identifying the...

Author(s): Myra M. Mande, Malika Ekeme, Chrisantus E. Ukah, Claudine M. Shei, Syveline Z. Dang, Sylvester N. Atanga    

December 2023

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Factors associated with viral suppression and rebound in adult HIV patients on antiretroviral therapy

Suppression of viral load and its maintenance are necessary for reducing morbidity and mortality linked to HIV infection. The present study aims to investigate the factors associated with viral load rebound in adults receiving antiretroviral treatment. The study was conducted in two outpatient treatment centers (CTAs) in Bangui. This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted from August 1 to 31, 2023. The study...

Author(s): Diemer Saint Calvaire Henri, Longo Jean de Dieu, Woromogo Sylvain Honore, Doyama-Woza Rodrigue Herman, Fandema Emmanuel and Gérard Grésenguet  

December 2023

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Prevalence of sexual dysfunction, factors, and psychological effects on adult males in the Buea Health District, Cameroon

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of sexual dysfunction, associated factors, quality of life and health seeking habit of males in the Buea Health District (BHD). A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out on sexually active males. Sexual dysfunction and quality of life were assessed using the International Index for Erectile Function (IIEF) and the Sexual Quality of Life Scale-Male...

Author(s): Tanze Shella Nkafu, Simo Wambo André Gaetan, Enoru Eyong Eta Divine and Tendongfor Nicholas  

December 2023

International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology
Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance among yield and yield related traits of advanced Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] breeding lines

In Ethiopia, tef is one of the most significant crops that are grown extensively as a staple cereal crop. The evaluation of genetic variability in crop species is one of the key activities in plant breeding, which supports in the creation of breeding strategies to meet a diversify objectives. A field experiment was therefore conducted to determine genetic variability, heritability, and genetic advanced for yield and...

Author(s): Girma Ashe, Solomon Chanyalew and Bulti Tesso  

December 2023

African Journal of History and Culture
Changes in the customary marriage traditions and their implication for the girl child: A gender perspective

In Ghana, customary marriage traditions have witnessed some level of changes. This study examined these changes and their implications for the girl child development, using the Gurishies of Bongo in the Upper East Region as a case. Purposive and quota sampling techniques were employed to select 41 participants in a case study design. Face to face interview was employed in gathering primary data and were analysed...

Author(s): Akosewine Francis Akapini, Flora Chirani and Florence Naah Bamora  

December 2023

African Journal of History and Culture
Equines on the Islands of Malta from the tenth to the twenty-first centuries AD

Donkeys probably first arrived on Malta 3000 years ago. The first written record appears in the late tenth century when wild donkeys were present on an unoccupied Malta and were captured by itinerant traders for export, mainly to Sicily. In 1091 Sicily invaded Malta and confiscated all the inhabitants’ horses and mules. Horse numbers declined from 600 animals in 1565 to 130 by 1638. Donkeys were always most...

Author(s): R Trevor Wilson

December 2023

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Morphometric structuring and diversity of ticks of the subgenus Rhipicephalus (Boophilus), in the Savannah District, Côte d’Ivoire

The existence of a biological barrier between Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) annulatus and Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) decoloratus, which are considered species within the subgenus Rhipicephalus (Boophilus), is increasingly questioned due to observed hypothetical hybridization among them. To investigate this presumed hybridization, we conducted a morphometric characterization study of the...

Author(s): Kouassi Y. J. M. Privat, N’Goran K. Edouard, Kanh K. H. Michael, Gragnon B. Guillaume and M’Bari K. Benjamin  

December 2023

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Investigating the challenges facing effective implementation of free primary education in Bo District, Southern Sierra Leone

This paper aims to examine the obstacles hindering the successful implementation of Free Primary teaching in Kakua chiefdom, Bo district, Southern Sierra Leone, focusing on the adequacy of funding and provision of educational resources to schools. The research employed a survey design with a cross-sectional approach, involving the collection of both qualitative and quantitative data from various respondents...

Author(s): Tony Patrick George

November 2023

African Journal of Business Management
Perceived performance in creative and cultural entrepreneurship: A lecture of music industry entrepreneurs in Cameroon

The aim of this study is to shed light on the performance criteria used by cultural entrepreneurs, specifically those in the music industry in the Cameroonian context. Adopting a qualitative multiple-case study approach, semi-structured interviews were conducted with a sample of 14 music industry entrepreneurs selected using the reasoned choice method. Analysis of these entrepreneurs' discourse using Nvivo 10...

Author(s): Nelson Aubin Diffo Lontsi  

November 2023

Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology
The effect of curing condition and use of additives on compressive strength of lime/pozzolana mortar

Previous studies have shown that the obsidian pozzolana of the Sabaloka area processes a high pozzolana index. Therefore, it was chosen to study the effect of its curing condition and use of additives on the compressive strength of lime pozzolana mortar. The investigation revealed that the strength of pozzolana mortar is affected positively or increases with the curing condition (humidity, time, and temperature); also...

Author(s): Mamoun E. E., El Zamzami M. A. and Abazar M. A. Daoud  

November 2023

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Assessing the determinants of farm households’ choice of livelihood diversification strategies in Sub Zoba Debarwa, Eritrea

Smallholder rural farm households face increasing pressure to diversify their livelihood strategies to supplement their meager and unstable agricultural productivity. The objective of the study was to assess the determinants of smallholder rural farm households’ choice of livelihood diversification strategies in sub-Zoba Debarwa, Zoba Debub, and Eritrea. Data were collected from 201 randomly selected rural...

Author(s): Ghirmai Tesfamariam Teame and Degol Abrham Tekle  

November 2023

African Journal of Health Sciences and Technology
Factors determining adherence to follow-up care for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV among pregnant women in Cross River State, Nigeria

Adherence to the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in developing countries faces several barriers. The aim of the study is to identify factors determining adherence to follow-up care in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission among pregnant women living with HIV in Cross River State, Nigeria. It is a cross-sectional study applying systematic sampling techniques among antenatal attendees living...

Author(s): Iquo E. Okon, Etanguno E. Owowo, Deborah E. Okon and Grace O. Effiong

November 2023

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
Direction of material creep during the deformation phase in shear zones, role in mining prospecting: A case of the Nassara-Torkera gold deposits in the Gaoua region, Burkina Faso, West Africa

Mineralization at the Nassara and Torkera gold deposits is situated at the contact between volcanic rocks (basalt-andesite) and volcanosedimentary rocks (pyroclastite, black shale) within the echelon faults of the large West Batié shear zone (WBZ). Along the mineralized body, shear deformation is intense, accompanied by significant hydrothermal fluid circulation. The objective of this study is to determine the...

Author(s): Pascal Ouiya, Gounwendmanaghre Hubert Zongo, Adama Ouedraogo Yameogo, and Seta Naba  

Page 7 of 1270, showing 50 records out of 63470 total, starting on record 301, ending on 350