Articles

 

Articles

Page 8 of 1268, showing 50 records out of 63364 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400

October 2023

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Scatter radiation dose assessment in selected areas at a radiology department in a teaching hospital in South Western, Nigeria.

This study assessed the scattered radiation exposure level in a few selected locations, in the Radiology Department of the Ondo State University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. The radiation leakages from the x-ray device and interaction of the patient’s body with the beam of radiation formed the radiation exposure level which has tendency to produce stochastic and deterministic effect on patients...

Author(s): Akande I. O., Vincent U. E., Olowookere C. J., Akomolafe I. R. and Martins G.  

October 2023

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Pharmacological cerebrovascular accidents management in intensive care unit at Cocody University Hospital

Stroke is an increasingly prevalent and serious condition in Côte d'Ivoire. Typically, this condition is managed in a continuous care unit and necessitates polypharmacy. The objective of this study was to investigate the pharmacotherapeutic approach and assess the availability of pharmaceutical drugs used in stroke management. We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study by reviewing patient...

Author(s): Te Bonle Leynouin Franck-Olivier, Kouakou Sylvain Landry, Brou N&#;guessan Aimé, Kouakoussui Larissa Morel Akissi, Adoune Emmanuel Démétrius, Effo Kouakou Etienne, Irie-N’guessan Geneviève, and Kouakou-Siransy Gisèle  

October 2023

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Unintended pregnancy and sexually transmissible infections amongst adolescents and young adults in Douala IV municipality, Cameroon: Prevalence, knowledge, and associated factors

Adolescent pregnancy remains a significant public health challenge especially in sub-Saharan Africa, with a resultant significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and knowledge of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) amongst adolescents and young adults in the Douala IV municipality. A school-based cross-sectional study was carried out in the...

Author(s): Mohnchimbare Christina Mbongueh, Tendongfor Nicholas, Asu Carine Ndum, Etame Loe Gisèle, Assob Nguedia and Jules Clement  

October 2023

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Solving singular integral equations of the second kind using Chebyshev polynomials

A numerical developed technique to solve Fredholm integral equation of the second kind with separable singular kernel is proposed. This technique relies on the truncated expansion functions of the kernels in the finite series of the weighted Chebyshev polynomials of first, second, third, and fourth kinds. Three numerical examples are presented for verification and validation of the developed technique. The results...

Author(s): Vivian Ndfutu Nfor and Pascaline Liakem Ndukum  

October 2023

International Journal of Livestock Production
Characterization of goat production systems in two agro-ecological zones of Burkina Faso, West Africa

Improving the management of goat in rural areas and enhancing its ability to alleviate smallholder poverty requires a better understanding of the existing production systems. This study has been undertaken to characterize the diversity of goat farming systems and identify major constraints and opportunities for their sustainability in two agro-ecological zones of Burkina Faso, namely Sudano-Sahelian and Sudanian, as...

Author(s): Badjibassa Akounda, Dominique Ouédraogo, Pamela Anna Burger, Benjamin D. Rosen, Curtis P. Van Tassell, Johann Sölkner and Albert Soudré  

October 2023

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Polyphenol content, antioxidant and antiproliferative effects of a plant mixture composed of four medicinal plants with hepatoprotective potential

Reactive oxygen species (ROS), known as normal by-products of various cellular processes, are involved in several human diseases, including cancer and liver diseases. The present study aimed to (i) determine the polyphenol contents, (ii) assess the antioxidant, and (iii) antiproliferative effects of a mixture composed of Balanites aegyptiaca, Calotropis procera, Cochlospermum tinctorium, and Acanthospermum hispidum....

Author(s): Boly Rainatou, Kindo Abdourahim, Traore Tata Kadiatou, Belem-Kabre Wendkouni Leila M. Esther, Barro Lassina, Compaore Souleymane, Compaore Moussa, Carraz Maelle and Ouedraogo Noufou  

October 2023

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
International policy coups d'état in Francophone African countries causes, consequences and international responses

This article examines recent coups d'état in Francophone African countries, including Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger, and explores their causes, implications and international responses. To fully understand these events, the article begins by contextualizing the independence of these nations and their complex relationships with France. In the 1950s, France granted independence to its African colonies but...

Author(s): Gregoire Anani

October 2023

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
Ethics interrogating the physical sciences in an insecure society

There is no doubt that the world we live in is a world of contradictions. To a layperson, both sides appear parallel without a meeting point. However, for the critical thinker and philosopher, opposites are like two sides of a coin. Each side is necessary for the coin to have value and be used as a valuable material. Efforts are made to identify the perennial conflicts of interest between ethicists and physical...

Author(s): Terfa Kahaga Anjov  

October 2023

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
Religion, environment, and climate change in Kolo Creek Clan

This study examines the impact of religion, specifically African traditional religious practices, on the environment and climate change in Africa. It employs empirical, expository, and analytical methods. The objectives of this work are to critically analyze and evaluate the role of African traditional religious practices in comparison to Christianity concerning their impact on the environment and climate change in Kolo...

Author(s): Azibalua Onyagholo  

October 2023

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
The security-development nexus in Ethiopia since 1991: The case of eastern Wallagga zone

In Ethiopia, security and development are often in conflict with each other, as certain development policies may harm human security and vice versa. This article aims to examine the security and development nexus in Eastern Wallagga Zone, an area that has faced various challenges related to conflict, displacement, and lack of basic infrastructures. Qualitative research design is used. Key person interviews, focus group...

Author(s): Megersa Tolera, Gutema Imana, Dejene Gemechu and Chala Dechassa  

October 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
A study on the susceptibility of maize genotypes against the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

Several maize varieties with high-yield potential have recently been created; however, their resistance to storage pests is unknown. This study compares the resistance ability to Sitophilus zeamais of four open-pollinated varieties (OPVs) and thirteen hybrid maize varieties using Dobie's susceptibility index (SI). The genotypes were tested in a completely randomized design with three replications at a temperature of...

Author(s): Temesgen Tsegab and Emana Getu  

October 2023

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Influence of duration and temperature of infusion on the heavy metal contents of some groups of tea in Nigeria

Consumption of tea has been recommended not only for its taste and aroma but also for its medicinal importance, and these factors may contribute to public health concerns. The physicochemical characteristics of tea groups (green, black, and medicinal tea) were investigated using standard procedures. 2 g of each tea group and type were infused for 10 min at 60 and 80°C, and the extract was digested with a 2:1 mixture...

Author(s): Tomori, Wasiu Bolaji, Oyewumi, Tolulope Oyelekan, and Omale Peter Enefola  

October 2023

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Supporting new academic staff Quality Improvement (QI) project in the School of Nursing and Health Care Leadership

Recruiting and retaining appropriately qualified academic staff is vital for the delivery of high-quality teaching in any academic setting, including health care and nursing. Evidence suggests that transition from an expert clinician to becoming a novice academic in the field of adult nursing could be challenging. A Quality Improvement project was undertaken to develop a structured induction and orientation programme in...

Author(s): Khan N. and Cooper E.  

October 2023

International Journal of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry
Agro-physiological response of millet (Pennisetum glaucum (l.) r. br.) to water deficit when augmented with organic fertilization

The aim of the present study was to assess the impact of water deficit on millet growth and yield parameters under fertilization conditions using laying hen droppings. To achieve this, a split-plot experiment with three replications was carried out, studying two main factors: Water regime (H0: normal watering, H1: 10-day suspension of watering at the vegetative stage, H2: 10-day suspension of watering at 50% flowering...

Author(s): Aboubacar Sory, Rasmata Nana, Abdoulazize Banhoro and Wendpang-Yidé Idrissa Caleb Ouedraogo

October 2023

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
Challenges and opportunities in advancing microbiology research in Africa: A review

The need for efficient microbiology technologies in Africa has been a significant challenge to advancing microbiology research and study. This review examines the impact of this challenge and identifies the opportunities that exist to address them. These include the slow pace of research and development, the limited ability to identify and manage infectious diseases, and the challenge of monitoring and controlling food...

Author(s): Eric Amenyogbe, Christian Larbi Ayisi, Eric Kwabena Droepenu, Grace Afumwaa Boamah, Rahmat Quaigrane Duker, Noel Ayivor and Isaac Kwame Akortia  

October 2023

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
In-vitro efficacy of solanum incanum on Rhipicephalus appendiculatus

Herbal remedies have a long history of use for tick control. Solanum incanum ripe fruits are locally used to manage ticks. In this study, the effect of S. incanum fruit extracts on egg hatchability, inhibition of oviposition and larval mortality of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus ticks was investigated. The reproductive efficiency of eggs laid by the ticks was determined. The highest number of eggs laid was recorded in the...

Author(s): Mugumya Obed  

October 2023

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Association of Bacillus subtilis 34 and soil conditioner for promoting growth in okra plants

Spatial and temporal distribution of water resources is uneven in arid and semiarid regions, consequently affecting the growth and production of vegetables, mainly when combined with high temperatures. Therefore, improving water use efficiency is an urgent issue for growing crops in regions with such characteristics. The use of cellulose-based water retainer polymers combined with growth-promoting rhizobacteria can...

Author(s): Maria Josiane Martins, Regina Cassia Ferreira Ribeiro, Renato Martins Alves, Carlos Augusto Rodrigues Matrangolo, Lorena Gracielly de Almeida Souza, Adelica Aparecida Xavier, Silvanio Rodrigues dos Santos, Isabelle Carolyne Cardoso Batista, Isabela Oliveira Santos, Dayane Isabelle Chaves Neves, Edson Hiydu Mizobutsi and Helena Souza Nascimento Santos  

October 2023

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research
Epidemiological aspects of tinea capitis among children attending to Koranic schools in Senegal (Thiés)

Scalp ringworms or tinea capitis are the most common superficial fungal infections of the scalp and hair in the world with high prevalence in pediatric population. This study was to assess the prevalence of tinea capitis and its risk factors among residents of Koranic schools located in the Thiès region of Senegal. A cross-sectional survey was performed from February 2019 to March 2020. Socio-demographic,...

Author(s): Khadime Sylla, Souleye Lelo, Ibrahima Diop, Cheikh Binetou Fall, Issac Akhenaton Manga, Magatte Ndiaye, Doudou Sow, Roger Clement Tine and Babacar Faye

October 2023

International Journal of Livestock Production
Phenotypic and production characteristics of locally adapted pig ecotypes in South-Western Agro-ecological Zone, Uganda

The study to document phenotypic characteristics of locally adapted pigs was carried out in South-Western Agro-ecological Zone (SWAEZ) Uganda. 784 households were included; keeping a total of 3032 pigs including piglets. Only one adult pig in each household was used for recording of phenotypic characteristics. These included 252 males and 1032 females totalling 1284 pigs. Piglets (0-3 months old) constituted a slightly...

Author(s): Jackline Kampire, Gertrude N. Kiwanuka and Grace Kagoro-Rugunda  

October 2023

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
An evaluation of the performance of imputation methods for missing meteorological data in Burkina Faso and Senegal

Addressing data incompleteness issues is crucial for reliable climate studies, especially in regions like Africa that commonly experience data gaps. This study aims to evaluate the performance of five imputation methods (knn, ppca, mice, imputeTS, and missForest) on meteorological data from stations in Burkina Faso and Senegal. The imputed data is compared with ERA5 reanalysis data to validate its accuracy. Temperature,...

Author(s): Semou Diouf, Abdoulaye Deme, El Hadji Deme, Papa Fall and Ibrahima Diouf

October 2023

African Journal of Plant Science
Prospecting, survey and plant material collection for Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Malvaceae) genebank establishment in Côte d'Ivoire

Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Malvaceae) is a plant whose leaves and calyxes are integral to the local diet. The leaves are commonly used in sauce preparations, while the calyxes are utilized in making the local drink known as "bissap," which is highly appreciated by the local population. Despite its socio-economic significance, the production of this species remains relatively low in Côte d'Ivoire. This...

Author(s): Gnigouan Kadio Guy Roland Anzara, Chia Michelle Valérie Angui, Saraka Didier Martial Yao, Nafan Diarrassouba, Doffou Selastique Akaffou, Raoul Sylvère Sie and Bi Irié Arsène Zoro

October 2023

African Journal of Plant Science
Effects of four plants and solarization on bacterial wilt of tomato caused by Ralstonia solanacearum E. F. Smith in Burkina Faso

Bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum is a major constraint in tomato production. Experiments were carried out using four sanitised plants and solarization in a semi- controlled environment and in the field to reduce the infectious potential of the soil in R. solanacearum. The experimental design used is a randomized Fisher block with eight (8) treatments composed of Ocimum basilicom, Ocimum gratissimum,...

Author(s): Oumarou Traoré, Yacouba Sawadogo, Fousseni Boro and Issa Wonni

October 2023

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Energy flow management to enhance cost-effective crop production in Hilly Tribal Villages - Southern Odisha, India

The objective of this study is to assess the energy budget of crop production in the Niyamgiri hill agro-ecosystems, exploring the interdependency between agricultural systems and natural forest ecosystems. The cultivated area is categorized based on different cropping patterns, with four prevalent agriculture practices in the villages: (i) shifting cultivation (Podu) in high hill areas, (ii) mid-hill orchards below the...

Author(s): B. K. Nayak, M. K. Mishra and V. P. Upadhyay  

October 2023

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Association between adiposity indices and hypertension in an urban population of adults in the north west region of Cameroon

The rising prevalence of obesity globally is becoming worrisome as excess weight is associated with hypertension and other adverse cardiovascular outcomes. This study therefore set out to determine the prevalence of hypertension in relation to some measures of adiposity (BMI, WC and WHtR) and to examine the association between blood pressure (BP) and the adiposity indices amongst adults in the North West Region of...

Author(s): Loveline Lum Niba, Njiawah Austin Chi and Lifoter Kenneth Navti,

September 2023

Educational Research and Reviews
The relationship between work-family conflict and job satisfaction of female university teachers in China: A moderated mediating model

Work and family are two of the most important parts in one's life. Individuals cannot fulfill their work requirements and family responsibilities at the same time, so they are faced with the dilemma of timing and role conflict. Based on the conservation theory, this study explored the relationship between work-family conflict and job satisfaction in 422 female university teachers in China, and proposed a moderating...

Author(s): Qiaolan Su, and Man Jiang

September 2023

Educational Research and Reviews
Comparison of career adapt-abilities of students from faculty of education with emotional intelligence levels

This study aims to examine whether the career adaptation score averages of 1st and 4th-year students studying in different departments of the Faculty of Education differ significantly from the average scores of interest, control, curiosity, and confidence sub-scales aimed at measuring the sources of adaptation compared to the emotional intelligence score averages. Research is a descriptive study in the relational...

Author(s): Meshude Sentürk, Oguzhan Kirdök and Oguzhan Çolakkadioglu

September 2023

Educational Research and Reviews
Research on metacognition and innovation behavior of vocational college students in Hainan

Strengthening the cultivation of students’ innovation ability is an urgent requirement for the construction of China’s innovation system, and vocational colleges are a crucial driving force for cultivating technical innovation talents. Therefore, this study aims to explore the influence of metacognition on innovative behavior among vocational college students in Hainan, China and the differences between the...

Author(s): Ling Pan, and Yuan-Cheng Chang

September 2023

Educational Research and Reviews
Becoming a dreamcatcher: Pre-service EFL teachers’ experience of culturally relevant pedagogy as agents of flexibility

The dynamics of the 21st century human life calls for adaptability to diversity, change and the ability to remove borders. Teacher education, in the midst of changes in social life, also calls for raising questions about pedagogical practices that can serve as a tool to make a difference. In this study, culturally relevant pedagogy is demonstrated as a promising strategy in promoting a positive environment in EFL...

Author(s): Esin Kumlu

September 2023

African Journal of Biotechnology
Study of the effectiveness of essential oils of Mentha aquatica L. and Pimpinella anisum L. in the microbiological stabilization of pasteurized plant extract of Cyperus esculentus L. in Mali

This study evaluates the antimicrobial properties of essential oils of Mentha aquatica and Pimpinella anisum in the stabilization of pasteurized plant extract of Cyperus esculentus in Mali. The extraction of essential oils was carried out by steam distillation of the aerial organs of M. aquatica harvested in Bamako and the seeds of P. anisum harvested at Diré in Timbuktu Region. Aging tests were carried out by...

Author(s): Issa COULIBALY, Sékou BOUARE, Drissa SAMAKE, Oumar Diandjo TRAORE and Amadou H. DICKO

September 2023

African Journal of Biotechnology
Optimization of regeneration protocol and prospecting spectinomycin resistance in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) cv Haider-93

Immature zygotic embryos from spring barley cv. Haider-93 were used to induce somatic embryogenesis. The type of the explant, the level of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and handling of calli during subculture are critical factors to obtain maximum number of regenerants. Different concentrations of 2,4-D (0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0 mg/L) and Kinetin (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 mg/L) were used for callus induction...

Author(s): Manzar Abbas, Syed Sarfaraz Hussain, Saqi Kosar Abbas, Sammar Abbas, Muhammad Tahir, Yongying Su, Jia Li, Nisar Ahmed, Muhammad Sarwar Khan, and Caiming Gou

September 2023

African Journal of Food Science
Impacts of covid-19 measures on supply and distribution of milk on small-scale processors in Nakuru, Uasin Gishu, and Nyandarua Counties, Kenya

COVID-19 poses serious threats to humanity and the world’s economy, leading to disruptions of the food supply chain. The dairy processing industry was highly affected because of the perishability of its products and time-sensitivity of both the supply and distribution chain. The study therefore, aimed to assess the effects of COVID-19 containment measures on the supply and distribution of small-scale dairy...

Author(s): Beth Chepngeno Mutai and Jamal B. Kussaga

September 2023

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Effect of methylprednisolone on the morphology of acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell line in vitro model by Atomic Force Microscopy

Despite the recent knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of corticosteroid drugs in lymphoid leukemia, information about the nanostructured surface morphology of the process of cell death is limited. Therefore, the main objective of this work is to analyze the effect of methylprednisolone on the morphology of B lymphoblast CCRF-SB cell line by Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). Morphological parameters such as height, cell...

Author(s): Amairani Moreno-Caro, Edgar Sandoval-Petris, Josue Juarez, Miguel A. Valdez, Leonardo Ibor Ruiz-Ortega, Homero Rendón-García and María G. Burboa-Zazueta

September 2023

African Journal of Food Science
Compliance with food safety standards by beef vendors at butcheries in Kamuli district, Uganda

Butcheries are the leading retailers of beef in Uganda and their level of compliance with food safety standards is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the compliance by beef vendors in Kamuli district with the US 736:2019 standard for hygienic requirements for butcheries. A survey questionnaire and observation checklist on sanitation, hygiene, and beef handling were used to collect data from 60 butcheries....

Author(s): Lillian Nabwiire, Angela Shaw, Gail Nonnecke, Joey Talbert, Charles Muyanja, Terri Boylston, Rodrigo Tarté, and Kenneth Prusa

September 2023

African Journal of Food Science
Evaluation of thermosonication in the inactivation of lipoxygenase in hydrosoluble soy extract

Hydrosoluble soy extract (HSE) is nutritious and highly perishable, requiring it to be submitted to an adequate conservation method. Ultrasound combined with heat (thermosonication) can be an alternative capable of reducing the undesirable effects caused by the conventional thermal treatment in this product. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of thermosonication on the inactivation of the enzyme...

Author(s): Bruna Vieira Nunes, Cristiane Nunes da Silva, Isabelle Cristina Oliveira Neves, Sérgio Henrique Silva, Lizzy Ayra Alcântara Veríssimo and Vanessa Rios de Souza

September 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Response of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to nutrient amendments across variable agro-climatic conditions in Ghana

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an important crop with the potential to curb malnutrition in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, poor soil fertility is considered to be the major constraint for bean production in SSA. This study determines canopy spread, chlorophyll content, stomatal conductance, and seed yield of common beans in a field experiment conducted at Fumesua (rain-forest) and Akumadan...

Author(s): Stephen Yeboah, , Patricia Amankwaa-Yeboah, James Yaw Asibuo, Joseph Adomako, Lamptey Maxwell, Cynthia Darko, Kennedy Agyeman, Patricia Pinamang Acheampong and Louis Butare  

September 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Porter’s diamond model and Zimbabwe’s national competitiveness in the cut flower industry

Zimbabwe’s cut flower industry has declined over the past years. We determined the national competitiveness of Zimbabwe’s cut flower industry using Porter’s diamond model of competitive advantage in 2018 using a descriptive and exploratory design that made use of qualitative and quantitative research methods. Low numbers of key players in the industry forced researchers to administer questionnaires to...

Author(s): Fortune Tapererwa, Sothini N. Ngwenya and Handsen Tibugari  

September 2023

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
The Quest for Self-reflective Knowledge and Practice: Is an Epistemological Blindness Relative to Time and Situation?

This article serves as both an expository and critical reflection on the fifth chapter of Boaventura De Sousa Santos's book (2014), titled “Epistemologies of the South: Justice against Epistemicide”. The fifth chapter, entitled “Toward an Epistemology of Blindness: Why the New Forms of ‘Ceremonial Adequacy’ Neither Regulate nor Emancipate” (pages 136-163), is the focus of this...

Author(s): Taye Birhanu Taressa  

September 2023

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Effect of Canarium schweinfurthii leaf and pulp extracts on blood glucose levels in oral glucose load - induced hyperglycemia in Wistar albino rats

Canarium schweinfurthii is a common medicinal plant used as food and medicine in communities of central Uganda. Local communities and herbalists commonly used it in the management of diabetes mellitus type 2 with limited information on its effectiveness.  Study assessed the hypoglycemic effect of C. schweinfurthii aqueous and total crude leaf and pulp extracts on blood glucose levels in Wistar albino rats. An...

Author(s): Kyewalabye J. C., Kasolo J. N., Lugaajju A., Kirenga B., Batte C., Lubega A. and G. S. Bbosa  

September 2023

African Journal of Biotechnology
Nutritional and physicochemical characteristics of natural fruit juice formulated from papaya (Carica papaya), pineapple (Ananas comosus) and beetroot (Beta vulgaris)

Maintaining optimal nutrition and healthy population continues to be a global priority. The group of liquids and beverages plays an important role in human nutrition. Most beverages consumed are artificial and contain an array of chemical molecules that can be harmful to the health of consumers. Papaya, pineapple and beetroot are the most popular fruits and legumes in Cameroon with several therapeutical effects. This...

Author(s): Marlyne-Joséphine Mananga, Nolla Nicolas Policarpe, Hamadou Moustapha, Edoun Ebouel Ferdinand Lanvin, Eyili Noah Joseph Karrington, Michelle Carole Djouhou Fowe and Fokou Elie

September 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Soil moisture content and maize grain yield under conventional and conservation agriculture practices - results of short term field tests in Liselo, Namibia

This article focuses on the results from trials developed to monitor the short-term effects of conventionally tilled systems versus CA on soil quality and crop productivity under conditions of the major cropping systems in central, north-central and north-eastern regions of Namibia. Conventional tillage (CT), Minimum tillage (MT), Minimum tillage, mulch (MT-M), Minimum tillage, rotation (MT-R) and Minimum tillage, mulch...

Author(s): L. P. Kudumo, F. Itanna, C. Thierfelder and J. Kambatuku    

September 2023

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Degradation of chlorantraniliprole by photocatalysis of supported titanium dioxide: Effect of operating parameters

The rinsing of sprayers after the phytosanitary treatment of agricultural plots generates waste water, which is discharged without prior treatment into aquatic environments. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of a supported photocatalytic process for the degradation of chlorantraniliprole in an aqueous medium. Clay balls were made in the laboratory from 40 mL of ultrapure water added to 100 g of clay...

Author(s): N’GUETTIA Kossonou Roland, DIARRA Moussa, SORO Baba Donafologo, ABOUA Kouassi Narcisse, GOMBERT Bertrand and TRAORE Karim Sory

September 2023

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Water exploitation-induced climate change

Downstream countries can experience a range of direct, indirect, and feedback effects from upstream water piracy. These consequences can range from economic decline due to decreased availability of water for agriculture and fisheries, to the disruption of ecosystems from alterations to water flows and ecosystems, to the potential for political tensions that arise due to unequal access to water resources. The upstream...

Author(s): Miah Muhammad Adel

September 2023

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Investigating the periodic physical disturbance method in Ghana to control adult Sitophilus zeamais in maize storage

The maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais) is an important cosmopolitan pest and the most detrimental insect of stored maize. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of the periodic physical disturbance method on S. zeamais mortality. The potential adoption of the technology in Ghana was also considered. Farmers loaded 20 L buckets with maize grain and S. zeamais, non-hermetically. The physical disturbance was applied...

Author(s): Bernard Darfour and Kurt A. Rosentrater  

September 2023

African Journal of Biotechnology
Phytochemical composition, GC-MS analysis and toxicological profiling of Gouania longipetala leaf extract in rats

This study investigated the phytochemical composition and toxicity potentials of Gouania longipetala leaf extract in rats. Crude extract was prepared from freshly collected leaves of the plant and was subjected to phytochemical analyses including gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and acute toxicity. 15 rats were used for the sub-acute toxicity evaluation, 5 rats in each group of 3, each were treated such...

Author(s): Kenneth C. Nwachukwu, Godwin S. Aloh, Simeon I. Egbachukwu, Solomon N. Ijioma, Lukman A. Alli, Kingsley C. Ugwuanyi, Blessing U. Onwuchekwa and Michael P. Okoh

September 2023

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Comprehensive liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry-based metabolomic analysis of Moringa oleifera seeds

Moringa oleifera seeds which are less explored and nutriment-rich have attracted scientific interest as the seed kernels contain numerous bioactive components with a variety of traditional uses. Besides its medicinal uses, Moringa oleifera biodiesel has shown remarkable potentiality in conducing to the decrease of greenhouse gases and guaranteeing sustainable supply of energy. In this study, the comprehensive analysis...

Author(s): Famurewa Oluwayemisi Juliannah, Istifanus Yarkasuwa Chindo and Auwal Adamu Mahmoud  

September 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Intricacies of utilizing Turnitin tool in agricultural extension content writing in Nigeria

The study analyzed how Turnitin misjudges semantics used in agricultural extension writing in Nigeria. The paper applied thematic content analysis on 30 selected extension contents from Nigerian sources. Codes, percentage count and line graph were used in analysing data. The results show the inability of Turnitin to recognize agricultural extension semantics, such as, “The study was designed to…”, and...

Author(s): Emmanuel Odinaka Okoroma, Ogbonnaya Aja Okoro, Christiana Ihuoma Agomuo, Comfort Chigozie Godson-Ibeji and Nsongurua Dianabasi Inyang  

September 2023

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity
Prevalence and socio-demographic determinants of malaria among febrile under- five children in Abobo district, Southwest Ethiopia: Cross-sectional study

Malaria ranks among Ethiopia's top ten causes of illness and mortality among children under five. The disease continues to pose a severe public health risk in malaria-endemic regions like the Abobo district. Information on malaria prevalence and its determinants among under-five year’s children in the Abobo district is missing. A facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted at Abobo Catholic Health...

Author(s): Mitiku Dubale and Obang Obang  

September 2023

Journal of Engineering and Technology Research
Heat and mass transfer investigation of unsteady magnetohydro dynamic nanofluid flow in a porous pipe in the presence of chemical reactions

This article presents a numerical investigation of mass and heat transfer effects on an unsteady Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) nanofluid flow in a permeable pipe. The influences of the chemical reaction and magnetic flux are considered. With the central finite-difference technique, the fundamental equations are discretized. The resulting equations are solved numerically using methods of lines, bvp4, and shooting methods....

Author(s): Feda Abdalla Zahor, Ahmada Omar Ali, Reema Jain and Verdiana Grace Masanja

September 2023

African Journal of Biotechnology
Molecular characterization of probiotic Enterococcus hirae from fermenting acalypha wilkesiana (Irish Petticoat) and Talinum triangulare (Water Leaf) medicinal plants

Research on lactic acid bacteria (LAB) continues to be relevant in the development of nutraceuticals. In this study, edible medicinal Talinum triangulare and Acalypha wilkesiana were collected and subjected to spontaneous fermentation for 24 h. Samples were collected at 6 h intervals for determination of pH and microbial analysis. Determination of LAB percentage frequency occurrence, probiotic properties, and safety...

Author(s): Siyanbola M. F., Ajao O., Olateru C. T., Fatoki O. A. and Ekanola Y. A.  

September 2023

Journal of Metabolomics and Systems Biology
Metabolite profiling of different solvent extracts of Moringa oleifera seeds and correlation with DPPH radical scavenging activity via 1H NMR-based metabolomics

In the present study, profiling of the Moringa oleifera seeds metabolome was carried out by employing proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy combined with multivariate data analysis (MVDA) of 3 different solvent extracts. The principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least square-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) score plot reveal that methanol extract was discriminated from ethyl acetate and hexane...

Author(s): Famurewa Oluwayemisi Juliannah, Istifanus Yarkasuwa Chindo and Auwal Adamu Mahmoud

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