Articles

 

Articles

Page 8 of 1239, showing 50 records out of 61934 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400

December 2021

African Journal of Plant Science
Occurrence of maize yellow mosaic virus and evidence of co-infection with maize lethal necrosis viruses in Bomet County, Kenya

Maize Lethal Necrosis (MLN) disease is caused by synergistic interaction between maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV) and sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV). However, some East African countries have detected maize infecting polerovirus named maize yellow mosaic virus (MaYMV) also known as maize yellow dwarf virus (MYDV-RMV) co-infecting maize with MLN viruses. Maize yellow dwarf virus occurrence and distribution in different...

Author(s): Chepkorir Tanui, Sylvester Anami, Jane Wamaitha and Bramwel Waswa Wanjala

December 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of green manures and mining waste composts on the growth and yield of Abelmoschus esculentus L., Corchorius olitorius L. and Glycine max from Togo

In West Africa, agriculture faces many problems including soil degradation. In this study, the effects of four composts on okra and soybean have been evaluated. The plants were sown using a Fisher block design with 5 treatments and 4 replicates/treatments. The green manure of three selected fertilizer species was also evaluated on the growth and yield of okra and of jute mallow in order to identify the best organic...

Author(s): Outende Toundou, Videdji Naesse Adjahossou, Gbenonchi Mawussi, Oudjaniyobi Simalou and Koffi Tozo  

December 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Knowledge of vegetable insect pests, diseases and control measures in Morogoro and Iringa regions in Tanzania: A call for integrated pest management

This study investigates vegetable growers’ knowledge about insect pests, diseases and control methods. The study adopted cross-sectional research design, employing survey method and involving 400 randomly selected vegetable growers. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) was used to summarize raw data. Colored cards of important pests coupled with field visits were used for pest identification. The...

Author(s): Kabote S. J., Mamiro D. P., Maerere A. P., Sibuga K. P., Mtui H. D., Mgembe E. R., Erbaugh M. and Cardina J.  

December 2021

African Journal of Plant Science
Bioconversion of bananiculture waste for Amazon edible mushroom production

The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of banana stalk and pseudostem residues from two banana cultivars as cultivation substrate for the Amazonian Pleurotus ostreatus NATB. The residues of the two cultivars (silver-dwarf and thap-maeo) were used to cultivate P. ostreatus NATB from the Mushroom Cultivation Laboratory Micoteca, CTI, INPA, Brazil, reactivated in medium Potato Dextrose...

Author(s): Adriana da Silva Nunes⊃, Márcio Laranjeira Anselmo⊃, Gabriellen Yasmine de Oliveira Pedreno, Vanessa Costa Alves Galúcio and Ceci Sales-Campos

December 2021

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
Use of computer softwares and geomatic techniques for reclamation study of environmentally degraded mined lands in Benin City, Nigeria

Land degradation in the form of creation of massive pits, and deforestation of land are some adverse impacts associated with open pit mining activities. Benin City and its environs have witnessed a high proliferation of open pit sand and/ laterite mining activities popularly called borrow pits in recent times, with its associated environmental risk. This research is carried on five selected sand mines in Benin City to...

Author(s): Kalu Iroakazi Kalu, Opeyemi Emmanuel Abiodun and Clement Olanrewaju Alaba  

December 2021

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Effect of adoption of improved cassava variety tme 419 on farmers’ livelihood in Ekiti State, Nigeria

The study examined the effect of adoption of improved cassava variety TME 419 on farmers’ livelihood in Ekiti State. Specifically it examined the effect of adoption of TME 419 variety on farmers’ cassava output, income and livelihood activities. A multistage random sampling technique was used to select 192 respondents for the study from Agriculture Development Project Extension Zones in Ondo State....

Author(s): K. P. Owoseni, O. Okunlola and B. Akinwalere  

December 2021

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Evaluation of the adverse effects of Dracaena steudneri Engl. stem bark aqueous extract in Wistar rats

Safety of medicinal plants/products is one of the major areas that require more attention because of the high rate at which consumers use medicinal plants/products due to their availability and accessibility. Dracaena steudneri Engl. is among the plants being used and recommended for the treatment of several diseases for decades among the traditional health practitioners. Despite its frequent use, there is little...

Author(s): Mercy Gladys Tenywa, Esther Katuura, Casim Umba Tolo, Clement Olusoji Ajayi and Amon Ganafa Agaba  

December 2021

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds
Characterization of finger millet germplasm for mineral contents: Prospects for breeding

Knowledge of existing genetic variability is essential for initiating a successful breeding program. A set of 628 finger millet accessions comprising accessions from the core collection, farmer preferred and improved varieties released in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda were profiled for nutrient content. Accessions showed very high variability for the different nutrient contents. Local cultivars and varieties released in...

Author(s): Ojulong Henry Fred, Patrick Sheunda, Joseph Kibuka, Anil Kumar, Abhishek Rathore, Eric Manyasa and Daniel Ajaku  

December 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Optimized flow cytometric protocol and genome size estimation of Sabah snake grass (Clinacanthus nutans)

Clinacanthus nutans is an economically important medicinal plant that can be found grown in many countries in the Asian region. Useful medicine properties such as anti-cancer, anti-bacteria, and anti-viral, backed by its high content of phytochemical compounds such vitexin, isovitexin, stigmasterol and lupeol has increased the demand for C. nutans in the market. Extensive work had been carried out on its content and...

Author(s): Vidhyaini Kandaiah, Nallammai Singaram and Kodi Isparan Kandasamy  

December 2021

Journal of Law and Conflict Resolution
Management of ethnic conflict in Ethiopia: The case of Amhara and Oromo ethnic groups

This paper seeks to examine the causes and management of ethnic conflicts in Ethiopia, with a particular reference to the two major ethnic groups, the Amhara and Oromo. Ethiopia is a multi-ethnic country where various ethnic groups have lived together for millennia, in relative peace. Over the last few years, intra-ethnic conflicts have intensified. Even though the two major ethnic groups, the Amhara, and the Oromo,...

Author(s): Moges Zewiddu Teshome

December 2021

African Journal of Business Management
The “custen model”: How experiential it is from the Ghanaian higher education spectrum

The research aims to propagate the “custen model” that suggests how the management of Ghanaian universities could retain qualified and knowledgeable students through its relationship officers. A survey design was engaged. A total of 500 respondents from selected universities in Ghana were used. Data were explored using smartPLS 3. The results revealed that the “Custen Model” that is customer...

Author(s): Affran S., Gyamfi E. N, and Odonkor S.,

December 2021

Journal of Land Management and Appraisal
Land tenure and its implications on Local Land Governance in Sierra Leone: A case study of Bombali District

There exists a dual land tenure system in Sierra Leone. A freehold tenure regime operated in Western Area, co-exists with a customary land tenure that covers the provinces. The freehold system facilitates development of a cash economy; the customary system has been identified to inhibit the modernization of the large rural agrarian economic landscape. International development organizations strongly advocate land policy...

Author(s): Bankolay Theodore Turay and Romanus Dogkubong Dinye

December 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Robustness of food security and policy trust on smallholder participation in Ghana’s planting for food and jobs programme

The Planting for Food and Jobs programme was initiated in 2017 as a strategy to create jobs, promote food production and enhance food security in Ghana, especially among smallholder farmers. This research applies mixed research approach to explore the robustness of policy trust and food security risk on smallholder participation in the programme. Using multistage sampling, a total of 164 respondents were selected for...

Author(s): Nakuja Tekuni, Godwin H. Kyere, Samuel A. Anang and Nicholas O. Mensah

December 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Traditional processing and quality attributes of Dambou, a steamed coarse semolina

Dambou is a traditional cereal-based food consumed in northern Benin. The traditional production method, marketing and consumption of Dambou were evaluated through a field investigation. A semi-structured questionnaire composed of socio-cultural profile of the stakeholders, nature of raw materials and processing methods used in Dambou production, quality attributes and consumption forms of Dambou was administrated to...

Author(s): Janvier M. Kindossi, Carole N. A. Vihotogbe-Sossa, Ogouyôm H. Iko Afé, Véronique B. Codé and Paulin Azokpota  

December 2021

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
An analytical assessment of climate change trends and their impacts on hydropower in Sondu Miriu River Basin, Kenya

Hydropower is cost effective environment friendly and worldwide proven sustainable energy source. Driven by streamflow stream flows, it is vulnerable to climate change and land use change. The hydropower production from the two-existing run-of-river hydropower projects on the Sondu Miriu River are vulnerable to rainfall variability and requires proper understanding of the climate change trends and policies to support...

Author(s): Ochieng Willis Owino, Oludhe Christopher, Dulo Simeon and Olaka Lydia

December 2021

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Effect of silybon 140® on pentobarbitone anaesthesia in dogs exposed to acetaminophen

Onset and duration of anaesthesia as well as the changes in vital parameters associated with pentobarbitone-induced anaesthesia in normal dogs administered acetaminophen with and without Silybon 140® were studied. The rectal temperature, heart rates and respiratory rates of dogs before anaesthesia were higher than those after pentobarbitone (35 mg/kg) treatment alone or its combination with acetaminophen or...

Author(s): Nwagbo A. N., Onyeyili P. A., Abenga J. N. and Nwankwo H.C.

December 2021

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Determinants of anaemia in 3-59 months old children after a seasonal malaria chemoprevention campaign in rural area in Burkina Faso

Anaemia remains a major public health problem worldwide and malaria represents one of its main causes in malaria endemic areas. To determine the prevalence of anaemia and its associated factors after a campaign of seasonal malaria chemoprevention combined or not with azithromycin a secondary analysis was conducted on data from a cross-sectional survey at the end of the 2014 seasonal malaria chemoprevention campaign in...

Author(s): Yves Daniel Compaoré, Issaka Zongo, Bintou Soaré, Alassane Haro, Abdoul Aziz Siénou, R. Serge Yerbanga, Matthew Cairn, Daniel Chandramohan, Brian Greenwood and Jean Bosco Ouédraogo  

December 2021

Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
Histological and cytotoxic evaluation of Carica papaya seed oil and its potential biodiesel feedstock

Carica papaya is a fruit known for its great economic values in tropical Africa due to its diverse industrial, medicinal and nutritional benefits. In this study, oil was extracted from dried powdered C. papaya seeds using n-hexane as extraction solvent. The physiochemical characterization of C. papaya seed oil extract was investigated using AOAC standard procedures. Acute toxicity test was carried out to determine the...

Author(s): Taiwo Toyin Oshin, Rasaq Adekunle Kareem, Oluwafemi Fadayini and Johnson Oshiobugie Momoh

December 2021

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Agripreneurship development among small scale farmers In Anambra State, Nigeria

The continuing decline in the price of the crude oil in the international market is a pointer to the fact that oil sector can no longer guarantee economic viability and sustainability in any nation. In Nigeria, this realization has led to increased urgency of the need to revitalize the agricultural sector, possibly return to its glorious days in the immediate post- independence. To drive the process, scholars argue for...

Author(s): Nwankwo Eucharia Chijindu, Chiekezie Njideka Rita and Offiah, Ebere Obianuju  

December 2021

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Anticancer activity of terpenoid saponin extract of Psidium guajava on MCF-7 cancer cell line using DAPI and MTT assays

Psidium guajava (Guava) could be an ancient remedy used for a variety of health conditions. Research suggests that guava fruits and leaves might have a variety of advantages. Guava is the tropical tree with yellowish-green skin fruits, and widely grown in Central America and Asia. Individuals use guava leaf tea as a treatment for gastric symptoms in many countries, together with India and China. In different countries,...

Author(s): Hemanth K. Manikyam, Sunil K. Joshi, Spandana Vakadi and Sandeep Balavant Patil  

December 2021

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Antiplasmodial activities of leaves and trunk bark of Sclerocaria Birea (A. Ric H.) Hochst (Anacardiaceae), a plant used in traditional medicine of Niger

In the crude extracts of the bark and leaves of Sclerocarya birrea, have been characterized sterols, triterpenes, saponosides, tannins, anthocyanosides, coumarins, reducing compounds, alkaloids and carotenoids. Tests were carried out in vitro with extracts from each part of the plant to assess their efficacy against strains of Plasmodium falciparum sensitive to chloroquine K1 and that resistant to chloroquine 3D7. The...

Author(s): LAOULA Aissata Bintou F., SOMA Aboubakar, OUATTARA Lamousa Paul, SANON Souleymane, NIKIEMA Jean Baptiste, IKIRI Khalid and SIRIMA Sodiomon Bienvenu  

December 2021

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering
Water invasion evaluation of Kela 2 Gas Field

Kela 2 Gas Field is a large blocked structural reservoir with bottom water in Kuqa Depression, Tarim Basin. Reservoir is mainly deposited as delta front underwater distributary channel in Bashijiqiuke Formation during Early Cretaceous. Reservoir thickness is over 460 m and average net-to-gross ratio is 78%. There developed faults in the reservoir which has strong anisotropy, porosity of the reservoir is 10 to 18% while...

Author(s): Zhaolong Liu, Yongzhong Zhang, Hualin Liu, Jianqiao Liu, Weigang Huang and Peng Zhou  

December 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Yield variations of six common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) varieties under salt-affected soils in the Lower Shire Valley, Southern Malawi

Performance of six released bean varieties was assessed under salt-affected soils at Nkhate and Masenjere irrigation schemes in Chikwawa and Nsanje districts, respectively in Malawi. The six varieties, Chimbamba, Napilira, Kalima, BCMV-B1, BCMV-B3 and Maluwa, were grown during the 2014/2015 growing season, employing a randomized complete block design. There were five replicates at each site, arranged in the upper,...

Author(s): C. J. L. Tembo, H. R. Mloza-Banda, C. N. Makwiza and M. Lowole  

December 2021

Scientific Research and Essays
Assessment of the antifertility effects of some plants in male albino mice

Some medicinal plants contain natural compounds such as isoflavonoids and polyphenols that produce sterility in male animals. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effects of the chloroform extract of the seeds of Sea Island cotton, Gossypium barbadense; the ethanolic extract of seeds of soybean, Glycine max; and the ethanolic extract of the leaves of rosemary, Rosmarinus officinalis, on the fertility of...

Author(s): Maha Mostafa, Sohail Soliman, R. I. Mohamed and Wael M. El-Sayed      

December 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Taeniasis-cysticercosis complex and tuberculosis in food

Although in 2020 the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) declined 4.1% compared to the previous year, the participation of livestock in the same period increased its representation from 8.4 to 10%. It is estimated that Brazil's contribution to the world food market has grown from 20.6 billion to 100 billion and the prospects are for greater increases for the coming years. In terms of people fed, the numbers...

Author(s): Maira Milton Coutinho Salomão and Ludmilla Santana Soares e Barros

December 2021

African Journal of Food Science
Evaluation of aflatoxin B1 contamination of peanut butter in The Gambia

Aflatoxins are poisonous, mutagenic, and carcinogenic compounds produced by Aspergillus fungi that contaminate various agricultural produce and products including peanut butter. Peanut butter is among the most consumed recipe in The Gambia. Thus, a cross-sectional assessment was conducted to evaluate the levels of aflatoxin contamination in processed peanut butter, sold and consumed locally in the country. In...

Author(s): Ebrima A. A. Jallow, Ousman M. Jarju, Oladele Oyelakin, Demba B. Jallow and Badou Mendy,

December 2021

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
High prevalence of multidrug resistant enterobacteriaceae isolated from wastewater and soil in Jos Metropolis, Plateau State, Nigeria

The widespread emergence of antibiotic resistance, particularly multiple antibiotic resistance (MAR) among bacterial species has become one of the most serious challenges in environmental protection. Environmental bacteria are a reservoir of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and a potential source of novel resistance genes in environmental organisms. In the current study, we investigated the high prevalence of...

Author(s): Anayochukwu C. Ngene,, Chinedu G. Ohaegbu, Iroamachi E. Awom, John O. Egbere, Isaac A. Onyimba, Oluwatoyin D. Coulthard, Uzal Umar, Uchechukwu C. Ohaeri, Nnaemeka N. Nnadi and John C. Aguiyi

December 2021

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Sorghum landrace germplasm: Genetic resources for demand lead product development and profiling in modern crop improvement

Understanding genetic variation underlying adaptive traits responsible for sorghum’s ability to tolerate challenging growing environments is of great importance. The present investigation was conducted to identify sources of genetic traits  for utilization in product and hybrid parent development. Result showed that there exists variability for local names with Farafara and Kaura as most common types...

Author(s): Angarawai I. Ignatius, Hamidou Falalou, Sunday Aladele, Yeye Mary, Daniel A. Aba, Hakeem Ajeigbe, Maryam Ati, Gloria Afolayan, Rekiya AbdulMalik, Jonah Jerome, Chibiya Shinggu, Maryam A. Dawud, Jaafar Umar Gumel, Simon Mutah and Maina Ibn Mohammed  

December 2021

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Inter-regional differential in access to, and satisfaction from basic infrastructure between oil-producing and non-oil producing areas of Ondo State, Nigeria

This study aims at measuring and appraise the differential access of people in the oil bearing and non-oil bearing sub-regions of Ondo State, Nigeria; to living facilities. Housing, transportation, healthcare, power and potable water are the basic infrastructural facilities selected for the study. Four local government areas (LGAs) constitute the sample frame, while the sample size was taken from fifteen communities in...

Author(s): M. A. Asani, N. B. Tanimowo and T. M. Yisau

December 2021

International Journal of Livestock Production
Assessment of the effects of Newcastle disease vaccination on chicken mortality and egg production rates in Machakos town sub-county, Kenya

A study was done to evaluate the effects of the Newcastle disease vaccine on chicken mortality and egg production in Machakos Town Sub-County. Kola and Kalama wards were chosen, and the data was collected from rural poultry farmers using a semi-structured questionnaire and Women Empowerment Livestock Index (WELI). The sample size was determined using N= Z2 (1-P) P/L2 statistical formula. A total of 261 chicken household...

Author(s): Faduma Abdullahi Abdirahman, and Raphael Githaiga Wahome  

December 2021

International Journal of Livestock Production
Pastoral livestock farming in the Eastern Malian Sahel (Hombori): Survey on flows in two livestock markets

Pastoral livestock farming is a major activity in the Sahel. In the eastern Malian Sahel, in addition to its contribution to the household economy, this type of livestock farming plays an important role in enhancing the value of an environment that is not very conducive to rain-fed crops because of its low rainfall. This study was conducted in the district of Hombori to assess marketed livestock production through the...

Author(s): Mamadou Oumar Diawara, Alassane Ba, Sory Sissoko, Pierre Hiernaux, Hawa Salif Diakité, Nogmana Soumaguel and Doubangolo Coulibaly  

December 2021

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Evaluation of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) breeding lines and genotype-by-environment interaction across production environments in Southern Africa

Yield is a quantitative trait known to be influenced by changes in the environment in which the crop is grown, suggesting the need to evaluate soybean lines in different growing regions to assess their adaptability and stability. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance, yield stability, and genotype × environment interaction (G×E) in soybean cultivars, and the informativeness of six...

Author(s): Christabell Nachilima, Henry Cordoba-Novoa, Valerio Hoyos-Villegas, Godfree Chigeza, Noah Manda, David Lungu and Kelvin Kamfwa  

December 2021

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Phenology and mechanisms of the early upwelling formation in the southern coast of Senegal

Mechanisms of the interannual variability of upwelling onset dates on the Petite-Cote of Senegal are investigated using daily NEMO model data outputs and NOAA ocean surface temperature observations (OISST). We first determined the phenology (onset dates, end dates, duration and occupied area of the upwelling) over the Petite-Côte located in south of the Senegalese coast. Our results show that upwelling in the...

Author(s): Malick Wade, Mamadou Thiam, Ibrahima Diba and Bouya Diop

December 2021

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Characterizing groundwater vulnerability in developing urban settings using DRASTIC-LuPa approach: A case study of Aba City, Nigeria

The impact of certain unregulated land-use activities harms the quality of water resources and reduces the sufficiency of drinking water in many developing countries. This study aimed to capture the impact of such activities and evaluate the specific groundwater vulnerability using a modified DRASTIC approach. The DRASTIC-LuPa was proposed and implemented for Aba City, Nigeria by incorporating land-use and the...

Author(s): Uche Dickson Ijioma, Frank Wendland, and Rainer Herd

December 2021

African Journal of Food Science
Technological advancements in the drying of fruits and vegetables: A review

The aim of the review was to look into technological advances and methods for dehydrating fruits and vegetables, as well as the shortcomings of these methods and potential ways to improve them. All fruits and vegetables can be dried in various forms, including cuts, juice, paste, slurry, and even whole, using various dryers. Recent research on drying has focused on improving energy consumption/ efficiency, product...

Author(s): Nwankwo S. Chibuzo, Ulu F. Osinachi, Mbachiantim T. James, Okoyeuzu F. Chigozie, Belay Dereje and Carew E. Irene

December 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of fertilizer application on yield and yield related parameters of low yielding potato varieties in Uganda

The study was carried out in the first and second seasons of 2015 and the first season of 2016 at Kachwekano and Kalengyere stations of Kachwekano Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute in Rubanda county, Kabale district. A Completely Randomised Block Design was adopted with three replications and 4 treatments. The treatments composed of T1: Control, T2: 100 kg/ha N:P:K, T: 150 kg/ha N:P:K, and T4: 200...

Author(s): Uzatunga Innocent, Alex Balekye, Namugga Prossy, Rose Mwesige, Kimoone George and Mateeka Benon   

December 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Utilisation of Zai pits and soil fertility management options for improved crop production in the dry ecosystem of Kitui, Eastern Kenya

This study sought to address challenges faced by smallholder farmers in the drylands of Eastern Kenya including soil fertility decline and low profitability resulting from poor soil and water conservation measures. An experiment was set up at Kabati, Kitui County, Kenya in the year 2018/2019 seasons to evaluate the effects of the interaction of zai pits, cattle manure and fertilizer inputs on soil nutrients, sorghum...

Author(s): Ednah Kerubo Getare, Monicah Mucheru-Muna, Felista Muriu-Ng’ang’a and Charles Kimani Ndung’u  

December 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Molecular characterization of high-risk infection vaginal bacteria isolated from pregnant women in CHU-MEL of Cotonou (Benin)

The aim of this study is to determine the distribution of the genotypic pathogenicity traits of vaginal high-risk infectious bacteria (HRIB) collected in the CHU-MEL of Cotonou (Benin). To achieve this, a recto-vaginal swab of 42 pregnant women in the third trimester of pregnancy was collected. Species identification was carried out by specific biochemical tests. Antimicrobial susceptibility was tested according to the...

Author(s): Haziz Sina, Christine N’tcha, Durand Dah-Nouvlessounon, Gnimdou Gnama-Tchao, Bawa Boya, Akim Socohou, Abdou Ramanou Alao Sanni, Farid Baba-Moussa, Adolphe Adjanohoun and Lamine Baba-Moussa

December 2021

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Evaluation of durum wheat (Triticum turgdium var durum) genotypes for drought tolerance using morpho-agronomic traits

Identification of durum wheat variety adapted to drought environment is required to expand durum wheat cultivation to lowland areas in order to meet the growing demand of the crop for industrialization. The objective of the study was to evaluate and identify durum wheat genotypes tolerant to terminal drought, using morpho-agronomic traits. One hundred and forty four durum wheat (Triticum turgidium var durum) genotypes...

Author(s): Alemayehu Zemede Lemma, Firew Mekbib Hailemariam,  Kebebew Assefa Abebe and Zewdie Bishaw  

December 2021

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
Sexual violence against women during the Rwandan genocide: A narrative review

The Rwandan genocide was characterized, in addition to brutal killings, by equally brutal acts of sexual torture, mutilation, and enslavement as weapons against Tutsi women and girls on a mass scale. Existing scholarship on sexual violence has enhanced a general increased understanding of the contexts and challenges confronting survivors. Though the raping of women in combat and occupation zones is very common, it is...

Author(s): Nharaunda-Makawa Rejoice and Kurebwa Jeffrey

December 2021

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
A novel 2-character randomized response technique model applicable to real life situations

In this paper, we propose a model for estimating population proportion of a personality possessing two related sensitive attributes in survey sampling by extending Warner’s Randomized Response Technique (RRT). The proposed estimators are more efficient than Lee’s simple model estimators as the population proportion escalates. Our proposed model performs better than Lee’s crossed model estimators when...

Author(s): Olumide Charles Ayeni, Femi Barnabas Adebola and Johnson Oladele Fatokun  

December 2021

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Journalism versus national security: An analysis of reportage by journalists in Kenya defense forces activities during “operation Linda Nchi” (2011-2012)

This study sought to investigate the complex relationship between journalistic activities and national security. The study answered the following questions: At what point should reporters put aside their professional and career interests for the sake of national security? Should press limits be self-imposed? What obligations do journalists have when it obtains information with national security implication?  The...

Author(s): Anne Maureen Syallow

December 2021

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes in donkeys and Mule's species in Anseba Region, Eritrea

Gastrointestinal helminths (GIH) are the commonly diagnosed infections since ponies, donkeys, and horses are hosts to a wide range of helminths. It is the first qualitative and quantitative cross-sectional study conducted from February 2 to May 20, 2018, to estimate the prevalence of the major gastrointestinal nematodes in donkeys and mules in the Anseba region. For this purpose, 300 donkeys and 30 mules were examined....

Author(s): Bereket H. Imam,  Ayodele O. Oladejo, Simon Measho, Weldu Tesfagaber, Eden Tesfamariam and Ghebremedhin Tsegay  

December 2021

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
The semiotic guerrilla: Internet subcultures as political resistance in China

This paper adopts a critical discourse analysis in combination with in-depth interviews of 55 people to examine three representative cases of Internet subcultures created and practiced by Chinese netizens from 2009, in order to define the formats, strategies and tactics of these subcultures in relation to the broader mainstream political culture. The paper finds that the Chinese subculturists employ tactics of homophony...

Author(s): Jiang Chang, Renyi He and Hailong Ren

December 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Bioactive small-molecule constituents of Lao plants

Laos has a rich plant diversity, and medicinal plants are used extensively in Lao traditional medicine for the treatment of a variety of human diseases. However, only a relatively small number of these plants have been investigated for their major components with potential antitumor, anti-infective, and other types of bioactivities. These species include Asparagus cochinchinensis, Diospyros quaesita, Gongronema...

Author(s): Yulin Ren, Bethany G. Elkington, Joshua M. Henkin, Kongmany Sydara, A. Douglas Kinghorn and Djaja D. Soejarto,  

December 2021

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Analysis of HIV Knowledge, attitude and health behavior among business establishment Worker in Bangkok, Thailand

Despite advancements in treatment and prevention, HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI) remain global public health issues. Nearly 40 years on, Thai business establishments are still facing adverse effects of the HIV epidemic. This study assessed HIV knowledge, transmission risk, stigma, and health behavior among a sample of 1,000 workers from the 2019 round of the Bangkok Behavioral Surveillance Survey...

Author(s): Bang-on Thepthien, Prapapun Chucharoen and Nay Zar Win  

December 2021

International Journal of Livestock Production
Economic loss associated with bovine campylobacteriosis in selected districts of Bangladesh

Bovine campylobacteriosis is considered to be common disease in farmed female cattle of Bangladesh with various effects on animal productivity. However, no economic impact assessment labeling the burden of this disease has been conducted. Secondary data combined with the primary data on different financial parameters of livestock goods and associated parameters collected through stakeholder interviews were utilized in...

Author(s): Nazmul Hoque, Sk Shaheenur Islam, A. K. M. Ziaul Haque, Md. Mehedi Hossain and S. M. Lutful Kabir  

December 2021

Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
Structural properties of high density polyethylene matrix composites reinforced with open air and furnace rice husks ash

In this work, rice husks ash (RHA) was introduced to pure and recycled high density polyethylene (HDPE) matrix, at varying ration (0-50%) to formulate rice husks ash High density polyethylene (RHA-HDPE) composite. RHA was obtained by burning fresh rice husks either by open-air burning (oRHA) or furnace calcination at 700°C  (fRHA). The composite samples were made by melt-mixing the HDPE in an oven at a...

Author(s): Jonathan M. K., Osamong G. A., Butembu S., Kamweru P. K., Gichumbi J. M. and Ndiritu F. G.,  

December 2021

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Uroclhoa mosambincensis: A potential native phytoremediator for soils contaminated with arsenic

Industrial development has caused the contamination of the environment, leading to biodiversity loss and human health concerns. The use of native plants and/or their associated microbiota is a sustainable solution for reducing or transforming contaminants into less harmful forms. This study was conducted to evaluate the remedial potential of Uroclhoa mosambincensis in soils contaminated with arsenic. In a greenhouse...

Author(s): Sónia Isabel Ventura Guilundo, Marta Alberto Aduge, Edmilson Enes Manuel Simango, Domingos Maguengue, Esnaider Rodríguez Suárez, Célia Marília Martins and Orlando António Quilambo

December 2021

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
The environmental impact of landfill fires and their contaminant plumes at the Chunga landfill site, Lusaka, Zambia

The management of solid waste is recognised as a challenging activity with respect to the environment, particularly within rapidly growing urban centres in Lower Income Countries. This paper examines the issue of landfill-waste-generated fires and resultant pollution plumes sourced within the Chunga Landfill Site, Lusaka, Zambia. The authors present the results of a geospatial analysis research programme to map and...

Author(s): Muleya Milimo, Hinchliffe Graham and Petterson Michael

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