Articles

 

Articles

Page 9 of 1269, showing 50 records out of 63430 total, starting on record 401, ending on 450

October 2023

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
In-vitro efficacy of solanum incanum on Rhipicephalus appendiculatus

Herbal remedies have a long history of use for tick control. Solanum incanum ripe fruits are locally used to manage ticks. In this study, the effect of S. incanum fruit extracts on egg hatchability, inhibition of oviposition and larval mortality of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus ticks was investigated. The reproductive efficiency of eggs laid by the ticks was determined. The highest number of eggs laid was recorded in the...

Author(s): Mugumya Obed  

October 2023

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Determination of tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol contents in Cannabis sativa L. samples in Togo using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

Cannabis sativa L. is a widely used recreational drug in Togo, especially among young people. However, little is known about its chemical composition in Sub-Saharan Africa, and specifically in Togo. This study aimed to determine the levels of phytocannabinoids, specifically Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), in cannabis samples collected from various towns in Togo using gas chromatography coupled...

Author(s): Kodjo Eloh, Komi Alfa, Oudjaniyobi Simalou, Sabrina Chris Janiba SANVEE , Marie-France Bakaï, Hèzouwè Kagnou and Pierluigi Caboni  

October 2023

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
In vitro anthelmintic activity against Haemonchus contortus of methanolic extracts of selected medicinal plants from Meru County, Kenya

Helminthiasis causes losses in livestock production, and anthelminthics are used to treat helmintic infections. Resistance has necessitated the need for development of more effective alternatives. Plants offer a promising alternative and, in Meru County, traditional plant-based treatments for helminthiasis have been used, although there is a lack of scientific proof of their efficacy. The aim of this study was to...

Author(s): Kelvin Mawira Joseph J.N Ngeranwa, John Mwonjoria and Joseph Nginyi  

October 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of soil fertility status in the Kyoga Basin of Uganda: A physio-chemical study in Buyende and Serere districts

Nutrients present in the soil are important elements required for the healthy growth of plants. This study, therefore, sought to examine the physio-chemical properties of soils in Buyende and Serere districts, in the Kyoga basin, Uganda. Using soil auger, soil samples were purposively picked from Serere (23) and Buyende (17) districts at depth of (0-25 cm).  Routine soil analysis was done for the macro soil...

Author(s): Ronald Inguula Odongo, Mulungi Trust Nakanwagi, Isaac Mugume, Mary Nsabagwa, Alex Nimusiima, Bob Alex Ogwang, Annet Margaret, Sylvia Nahayo, Faridah S Nalwanga, Julianne Sansa-Otim, Irene Musiime, Robert Kakuru, Anthony Mwije and Peter Wasswa

October 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of salinity tolerance of lowland rice genotypes (Oryza sativa L.) at the reproductive stage

Developing salt tolerant varieties is the best solution to the increasing soil salinity problem of rice growing areas all over the world. This study evaluated salinity tolerance of 72 lowland rice genotypes at the reproductive stage in field experiments conducted in coastal Marovoay, Madagascar. Field salinity levels were controlled at 2 and 4 dS m-1 through irrigation. Tolerance of selected genotypes was validated in...

Author(s): Safidimanjato Rafaliarivony, Hery Lisy Tiana Ranarijaona, Mbolarinosy Rasoafalimanana, Tendro Radanielina and Matthias Wissuwa  

October 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Allelopathic potential of green manure, cover crops, mulching plants, and weeds found in tea plantations

The allelopathic activity of cover crops, green manure, mulching plants, and weeds commonly found in tea plantations was evaluated employing laboratory bioassays, greenhouse experiments and field trials. The results of laboratory and greenhouse experiments concluded that the green manure plants, Gliricidia sepium, Erythrina lithosperma, Eupatorium inulifolium, Tithonia diversifolia, Artemisia vulgaris and mulching...

Author(s): K. G. Nelum, P. Piyasena, M. G. S. Liyanage, N. C. Weerakoon and M. S. D. L. De Silva  

October 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Assessment of input-output relationship of crop enterprises in the different climate change adaptation options among farmers in Borno State, Nigeria

The study analyzed the input-output relationship of crop enterprises in response to different climate change adaptation options among farmers in Borno State, Nigeria. The research was conducted in two agroecological zones (AEZ) within the state, employing a multi-stage sampling procedure to select 360 farmers for the study. Data analysis involved the use of means, frequencies, and multiple regression techniques. The...

Author(s): Mohammed D., Abaka S. S., Timothy E. and Arubi A. A.  

October 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Use of information communication technologies by cricket farmers

Cricket farming is an upcoming enterprise to most households in rural communities. Apparently, there is no documented evidence on how farmers access agricultural information on cricket value chain. This study was carried out to assess the use of information communication technologies (ICTs) by farmers to access value chain information. ICTs application in cricket farming means ease to access cricket value chain...

Author(s): Abel M. Peter, Solomon O. Ogara and Grace Mugumbate  

October 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Fruit morphological characteristics at different maturity stages of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) improved hybrids (PB113+, PB121+) and their parent males (RIT+, WAT+)

Cocos nucifera L. is an important coastal crop in Côte d'Ivoire, with 53 coconut cultivars. The present study was carried out to compare the morphophysical characteristics of C. nucifera L. fruit of the improved parents Rennell Island Tall (RIT+) and West Africa Tall (WAT+) and their hybrids PB113+ and PB121+, harvested at different maturity. The ANOVA results showed that cultivar and maturity had a...

Author(s): Kouadio Marcellin Konan, Konan Konan Jean Louis, Doubi Bi Tra Serges, Soro Pégnonsienre Lacina, Djaha Konan Engueran and Kone Fankroma Martial Thierry  

October 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Irrigation management of sugarcane in the Brazilian Cerrado

The State of Goiás is the second-largest producer of sugarcane in Brazil. However, it still faces low productivity, primarily due to the lack of sugarcane varieties adapted to this region and its typical water deficit. Therefore, the objective of this work is to evaluate the performance of two sugarcane varieties subjected to different irrigation management practices in the Cerrado of Goiás. The study was...

Author(s): Adao Wagner Pego Evangelista, Jose Alves Junior, Derblai Casaroli, Tallyta Ramalho Rodrigues, Fernando Rezende da Costa, Valeria Lima da Silva and Rafael Battisiti  

October 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Less water treatment: Fusion of drip irrigation and hydroponics method in agriculture

Agriculture is a major area in the production of food crops and a way to increase productivity with minimal water usage. Traditional agriculture can take a certain amount of time and yield good and healthy crops. However, this research focuses on an innovative fusion of agriculture to improve yield in a shorter period of time, providing a more efficient and effective result when compared to the hydroponics and Cocopeat...

Author(s): P. R. Sheebha Rani, R. Jemila Rose, S. R Sylaja Vallee Narayan, M C Sheeba, F. S. Fathima Nazreen and Ebil Metilda    

October 2023

African Journal of Agricultural Research
A study on the susceptibility of maize genotypes against the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

Several maize varieties with high-yield potential have recently been created; however, their resistance to storage pests is unknown. This study compares the resistance ability to Sitophilus zeamais of four open-pollinated varieties (OPVs) and thirteen hybrid maize varieties using Dobie's susceptibility index (SI). The genotypes were tested in a completely randomized design with three replications at a temperature of...

Author(s): Temesgen Tsegab and Emana Getu  

October 2023

Medical Case Studies
Reactivation of tuberculosis in Covid-19 infected patient: Case report

Tuberculous meningitis is a severe manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis, often associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. This case report discusses a unique presentation of tuberculous meningitis in a 39-year-old male who was concurrently positive for COVID-19. The patient initially presented with symptoms of COVID-19, including fatigue, fever, and respiratory distress. However, subsequent...

Author(s): Tamar Megrelishvili, Levan Ratiani, Tinatin Gaprindashvili, Nana Saralidze, Grigol Nemsadze, Irakli Chikovani, Tornike Jashi, Vera Nemsadze and Mariam Silagava  

October 2023

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Targeting and mapping resistance to Cercospora sojina in two elite soybean (Glycine max L.) populations

Frogeye Leaf Spot (FLS) is a soybean disease caused by the fungus Cercospora sojina. It is distinctly signified by red-brown circular lesions on the leaves that can move to the stems, pods, and seeds in severe infections. QoI inhibitor fungicides had been priorly used to control C. sojina, but resistance was quickly developed. Without adequate control, yield can be reduced to 40% when environmental conditions are...

Author(s): Stella K. Kantartzi, Kelsey McAllister and Yi-Chen Lee

October 2023

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Controlled pollination and representativeness of the parental genotypes used during the regeneration of old Tall coconut accessions (Cocos nucifera L.) from the International Collection for Africa and the Indian Ocean

After 20 years of conservation of accessions of Tall coconut palms in the International Coconut Collection for Africa and the Indian Ocean (ICC-AIO), they become unusable because of the hight of the coconut palms which makes variety creation operations difficult. The regeneration of old accessions was therefore undertaken. However, the representativeness of the parental palms used as male or female genitors during the...

Author(s): Yao Saraka Didier Martial, Koffi Eric-Blanchard Zadjéhi., DARAMCOUM Marie Pierre Wentoin Alimata, Konan Konan Jean Louis, Bourdeix Roland, Diarrassouba Nafan, Konan Kouamé Jean Noel and SIE Raoul Sylvère  

October 2023

Philosophical Papers and Review
Sri Aurobindo’s Yogic Vision of ‘Electron’ as a Form of Consciousness and the ‘Probability Wave’ of the Quantum Theory

On a very high plane of yogic consciousness, Sri Aurobindo has discovered consciousness to be the ‘fundamental thing in existence’. It is the consciousness which arranges itself to come into the forms of ‘electron, atom, and material existence’. Such yogic discovery comes into the vision of the scientific mind when the scientists working on the Quantum Theory discover a wave which is not...

Author(s): Nikhil Kumar

October 2023

African Journal of Biotechnology
Effects of sound waves on conidiospores of Aspergillus oryzae strain RIB40 and characterization of the enzyme activity of rice–koji

It was reported that the glucoamylase activity of rice-koji prepared with sound-irradiated conidiospores of yellow-koji, Aspergillus oryzae, at 16 kHz was decreased as compared with that of conidiospores that had not been sound irradiated. To reveal why the glucoamylase activity was changed, we observed the changes of the expression level of glaB encoding glucoamylase. We also determined to observe how the germination...

Author(s): Taku Matsumoto, Kouji Kojima, Noriaki Saigusa and Yuji Teramoto

October 2023

African Journal of Biotechnology
An optimized protocol for in vitro regeneration of tropical maize inbred lines through cell suspension and semi-protoplast cultures

Maize being an important staple food crop is widely consumed in Kenya but its production remains low due to biotic and abiotic challenges that have not been addressed sufficiently through conventional breeding. This study sought to optimize the establishment of cell suspension and protoplast cultures for 10 tropical inbred maize genotypes in order to identify genotypes that can readily establish in liquid cultures and...

Author(s): Billiah Moemi, Joel Masanga and Steven Runo

October 2023

African Journal of Biotechnology
Screening extracts of fungal endophytes isolated from Allophylus abyssinicus (Hochst. Radlk.) for control of bean anthracnose

Common bean is consumed in large quantities globally but it is highly susceptible to Colletotrichum lindemuthianum, leading to 90 to 100% yield losses. This study investigated the bioactivity of secondary metabolites from Allophylus abyssinicus fungal endophytes against C. lindemuthianum, causing bean anthracnose. A total of 37 fungal endophytes were isolated from the leaves, bark and roots of A. abyssinicus and 20%...

Author(s): Hellen Gathiru Kariuki, Isabel Nyokabi Wagara, Beatrice Were, Waudo Walyambillah and Josphat Clement Matasyoh

October 2023

African Journal of Biotechnology
Quality evaluation of low free fatty acid and high free fatty acid crude palm oil and variation of total fatty matter and fatty acid composition in Nigerian palm oil

Quality of palm oil determines its consumer and market acceptability and price. This correlates directly to its moisture (%), free fatty acid (% FFA) and total fatty matter (%TFM) content. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the quality of low free fatty acid (LFFA) and high free fatty acid (HFFA) crude palm oil (CPO) samples aged 5 to 10 days, purchased from four locations in Southern Nigeria. HFFA CPO is...

Author(s): Igile G. O., Iwara A. I., Ekpe O. O., Essien N. M. and Egbung G. E.

October 2023

African Journal of Biotechnology
Introducing cotton farming by the use of transgenic cotton for phytoremediation of industrial wastes polluted soils in Southern Nigeria

Industrialization in the Niger Delta region of southern Nigeria has resulted in excessive discharge of industrial wastes, especially oil spillage. Farming in this region has declined and cotton farming has not survived there due to this menace. Phytoremediation, which is an emerging green technology has been adopted for the revitalization of farming in polluted sites and has been integrated towards solving this...

Author(s): Nnaemeka E. Vitalis and Yuqiang Sun

October 2023

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Molecular detection of pathogenic Leptospira from cattle in peri-urban areas of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Leptospirosis is a bacterial, zoonotic disease caused by pathogenic Leptospira. Rodents are known to carry pathogenic Leptospira, but livestock are also important hosts. The disease is economically important in cattle, causing abortion, decreased fertility and decline in milk yield. Pathogenic Leptospira are shed in cattle urine and can survive in the environment. Only a few studies have been performed in Ethiopia to...

Author(s): Marrigje J. Kreuger, Woldaregay Erku, Antoine Stuitje, Zewdu Terefework, Gemechu Chala and Siobhan M. Mor,  

October 2023

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Effect of sanitizers combined with ultrasound on adhesion of microorganisms isolated from fish from the Amazon region

Attachment of undesirable microorganisms to surfaces that contact food is a source of concern, since it can result in product contamination leading to serious economic and health problems. Bacteria aggregated to form biofilms are more resistant to environmental stress than planktonic cells. The objective of this paper was to evaluate the bactericidal effect of sodium hypochlorite and peracetic acid associated with...

Author(s): Evelyn Ivana Trindade Damasceno, Hamilton Mendes Figueiredo and Antonio Manoel Da Cruz Rodrigues

October 2023

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Growth, root colonization and yield attribute responses of five groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties toward arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal inoculation in a Senegalese agricultural soil

The aim of this study was to isolate the most specific and effective arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) for groundnut and to determine the degree of variability in the response of groundnut varieties to inoculation. The seeds of five varieties: 55-437, Fleur 11, Sunu Gaal, Amoul Morom, and Essamaay were inoculated individually with five AMF (Funneliformis mosseae, Rhizophagus aggregatus and Rhizophagus fasciculatus, the...

Author(s): Godar Sene, Nibourou Top, Nogaye Niang, Maimouna Cissoko, Cheikh Ndiaye, Issa Faye, Mansour Thiao, Saliou Fall, and Samba Ndao Sylla,  

October 2023

African Journal of Food Science
Production, proximate and sensory analysis of canned fish in tucupi and jambu (Acmella oleracea) sauce

The objective of the study was to develop canned fish with tucupi and jambu sauce from king weakfish, sardines and white mullet species. The elaborated products were submitted to sensorial, microbiological and centesimal analyses. The experimental design consisted of three treatments and five replications; 15 containers were processed at 121°C for 15 min. For sensory analysis, the 9-point hedonic scale was used....

Author(s): Keber Costa Junior, Francisco Lima Barros, Natalino Souza, Milena Cavalcante, Jhulie Ferreira, Bruno Baltazar, Kevin Pinheiro do Nascimento, Valéria do Carmo, Jhonatan Pimentel Costa and Marileide Alves  

October 2023

African Journal of Food Science
Interference of cultivar and ways of cultivation in lettuce (Lactuca sativa) yield and conservation

This study aimed to measure the yield and postharvest conservation of three lettuce varieties (Crisp, Mimosa, and Iceberg) grown in two different cultivation systems (Conventional and Hydroponic) and stored under two conditions (Ambient temperature and Refrigerated). The experiment used a randomized design with tree factors (cultivars, cultivation systems and storage types) and 4 repetitions. The samples were collected...

Author(s): Ediorgenes Sousa Paes, Camila Sartori Pavan, Gabrielly Mylena Benedetti Tonial, Natalia Gatto, Carlos Guilherme Theodoro dos Santos, Marcio Roggia Zanuzo, Ivane Benedetti Tonial and Luciano Lucchetta

October 2023

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Impacts of climate variables and seasonal water depth on emergent macrophyte biomass production in King’wal riverine wetland, Kenya

The production of macrophyte biomass holds a crucial role in supporting diverse life forms within wetland ecosystems. However, this biomass production is intricately tied to hydrology of the inland wetland system, which in turn is driven by the local climate's seasonal patterns. The response of macrophyte biomass production to seasonal changes in water depth, influenced by rainfall patterns and air temperatures in...

Author(s): Priscah J. K. Rongoei, Shem Mwasi and Vincent K. Sudoi

October 2023

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Energy flow management to enhance cost-effective crop production in Hilly Tribal Villages - Southern Odisha, India

The objective of this study is to assess the energy budget of crop production in the Niyamgiri hill agro-ecosystems, exploring the interdependency between agricultural systems and natural forest ecosystems. The cultivated area is categorized based on different cropping patterns, with four prevalent agriculture practices in the villages: (i) shifting cultivation (Podu) in high hill areas, (ii) mid-hill orchards below the...

Author(s): B. K. Nayak, M. K. Mishra and V. P. Upadhyay  

October 2023

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
Ethics interrogating the physical sciences in an insecure society

There is no doubt that the world we live in is a world of contradictions. To a layperson, both sides appear parallel without a meeting point. However, for the critical thinker and philosopher, opposites are like two sides of a coin. Each side is necessary for the coin to have value and be used as a valuable material. Efforts are made to identify the perennial conflicts of interest between ethicists and physical...

Author(s): Terfa Kahaga Anjov  

October 2023

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
Religion, environment, and climate change in Kolo Creek Clan

This study examines the impact of religion, specifically African traditional religious practices, on the environment and climate change in Africa. It employs empirical, expository, and analytical methods. The objectives of this work are to critically analyze and evaluate the role of African traditional religious practices in comparison to Christianity concerning their impact on the environment and climate change in Kolo...

Author(s): Azibalua Onyagholo  

October 2023

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
The security-development nexus in Ethiopia since 1991: The case of eastern Wallagga zone

In Ethiopia, security and development are often in conflict with each other, as certain development policies may harm human security and vice versa. This article aims to examine the security and development nexus in Eastern Wallagga Zone, an area that has faced various challenges related to conflict, displacement, and lack of basic infrastructures. Qualitative research design is used. Key person interviews, focus group...

Author(s): Megersa Tolera, Gutema Imana, Dejene Gemechu and Chala Dechassa  

October 2023

Educational Research and Reviews
The influence of physical education teachers' perceived organization support on innovation behavior: The mediating role of learning goal orientation

Physical education teachers are the practitioners of physical education curriculum reform who work at the front line of teaching, and their innovation behavior play a crucial role in promoting the smooth implementation of physical education curriculum reform. This study uses goal orientation theory as a theoretical basis to explore the mediation effect of learning goal orientation in the influence of...

Author(s): Jia Liu,  and Yuan-Cheng Chang

October 2023

Educational Research and Reviews
Perceived school support and online learning outcomes among Chinese college students: The serial mediating role of academic self-efficacy and online learning engagement

The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors that influence the online learning outcomes of Chinese college students. The study was guided by Bandura's social cognitive theory. This study collected 959 valid questionnaires from college students in Hainan Province of China and used 4 scales to evaluate perceived school support, ASE online learning engagement, and online learning outcomes. The results of...

Author(s): Lili Chen, and Jian-Hao Huang

October 2023

Educational Research and Reviews
Influence of perceived organizational support on work engagement of university physical education teachers in Hubei Province, China

Physical education teachers in colleges and universities have the crucial responsibility of acting as mentors and guides for the healthy growth of students. The work engagement of these teachers affects the quality of higher education personnel training and health education. Based on the job demand-resource model, this study conducted a questionnaire survey on 500 physical education teachers in 20 colleges and...

Author(s): Ying Zhang, and Yuan-Cheng Chang

October 2023

Educational Research and Reviews
Chemistry of petroleum products: Assessment of fuel attendants’ knowledge around Sapele metropolis

Petroleum products are very flammable and can ignite at extremely low temperatures if exposed to an open flame source or not handled appropriately. Individuals who handle petroleum products in the petroleum industry and fuelling stations are known as "petrol station attendants". The study was a descriptive cross-sectional study carried out among petrol station attendants working in a filling station owned by...

Author(s): Odor Kingsley NDUBUISI and Jocelyn Okeroghene EMERHO

October 2023

Educational Research and Reviews
Philosophy of education: Aims, theory, common sense and research (Richard Pring, 2004. London: Continuum, 289 pages; $20.85)

This paper evaluated a Richard Pring’s book titiled “Philosophy of Education: Aims, Theory, Common Sense and Research”, specifically part three of the book. In this review, we found that the book is valuable for anybody interested in education, especially professionals, practitioners, and researchers. Throught out the book, the author advocates his ideas consistently regarding educational theory,...

Author(s): Kindu Ayechew Ayenalem and Samuel Zinabu Desta

October 2023

International NGO Journal
Impact of productive safety net program on household food security in Southern Ethiopia: Propensity score matching results

The study analyzed the impact of productive safety net program (PSNP) on household food security in drought-prone areas of Southern Ethiopia. A cross-sectional survey data were collected from 180 randomly sampled households. The study analyzed descriptive and logit econometric model data results. A propensity score matching (PSM) technique was used to estimate the inferential data results. The study findings show that...

Author(s): Filmon Hadaro Hando,

October 2023

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Proximate composition, mineral content, peroxides and rancidity in open sun and solar-tent dried small sardine fish in Malawi

This study examined protein and fat content, mineral composition and peroxides of fresh and dried small sardines (Engraulicypris sardella), locally known as usipa in Malawi. This species of fish is endemic to Africa, neglected and consumed largely by low-income families. Samples were collected immediately after harvesting, drying, transportation and marketing for three days. Association of Official Analytical Chemists...

Author(s): Dorothy Banda, William Kasapila, Victoria Ndolo, James Banda, Martin Likongwe and Kingsley Kamtambe

October 2023

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Solving singular integral equations of the second kind using Chebyshev polynomials

A numerical developed technique to solve Fredholm integral equation of the second kind with separable singular kernel is proposed. This technique relies on the truncated expansion functions of the kernels in the finite series of the weighted Chebyshev polynomials of first, second, third, and fourth kinds. Three numerical examples are presented for verification and validation of the developed technique. The results...

Author(s): Vivian Ndfutu Nfor and Pascaline Liakem Ndukum  

October 2023

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
Challenges and opportunities in advancing microbiology research in Africa: A review

The need for efficient microbiology technologies in Africa has been a significant challenge to advancing microbiology research and study. This review examines the impact of this challenge and identifies the opportunities that exist to address them. These include the slow pace of research and development, the limited ability to identify and manage infectious diseases, and the challenge of monitoring and controlling food...

Author(s): Eric Amenyogbe, Christian Larbi Ayisi, Eric Kwabena Droepenu, Grace Afumwaa Boamah, Rahmat Quaigrane Duker, Noel Ayivor and Isaac Kwame Akortia  

September 2023

African Journal of Plant Science
Effect of soil provenances on seed germination and seedling growth of Aframomum citratum (Pereira) K. Schum

Soil that is rich in organic matter means soil that is rich in physical and chemical properties and enhances plant growth and development. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of soil provenance on seed germination and seedling growth of Aframomum citratum. Soil provenances were Buea, Dschang and Bamenda. These respective soil types were filled into 25 cm diameter polyethylene bags and pretreated...

Author(s): Christiana Ngyeti Nyikob Mbogue, Anjah Mendi Grace, Nkemnkeng Francoline Jong and Jane Iyinji Anyi

September 2023

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Determinants of urban poverty: The case of Goba Town, Bale Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia

This study aims to assess the primary causes of urban poverty in Goba City, located in the Bale Zone of the Oromia Region in Ethiopia. Data were collected from a representative sample of 384 households selected from specific kebeles in the study area using a combination of multistage and systematic sampling methods. The analysis of the data employed both descriptive statistics and a logit regression model. The binary...

Author(s): Gemechu Mulatu Kerorsa and Wondesen Mekonnen Woldeyes

September 2023

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Gender dynamics awareness in seed yam production, implications on food security: The case of community action for improving farmer saved seeds (CAY-seed) project

Yam production in West Africa is male-dominated, despite the different roles various genders play in its production. This male dominance creates gender inequalities in access to and control over yam production resources, especially where agricultural interventions are not gender-responsive. However, gender is dynamic and gender roles change for sustained yam productivity. A mixed method approach with the use of gender...

Author(s): Joyce Afua Sarpong Haleegoah, Benedicta Nsiah Frimpong, Bright Owusu Asante, Eric Henry Yeboah, Lydia Brobbey, Monica Opoku, Stella Ennin and Kingsley Osei

September 2023

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Physicochemical, phytochemical and pharmacognostical parameters of a herbal plant Dracaena steudneri Engl.

Dracaena steudneri Engl. (family Dracaenaceae) has been used in managing various health conditions. This study evaluated its pharmacognostic, physicochemical and phytochemical parameters. The physicochemical analysis was done using WHO recommended parameters such as moisture content, ash values (total ash, water soluble ash, acid insoluble ash) and extractive values. Phytochemical screening was done by methods described...

Author(s): Mercy Gladys Tenywa, Amon Ganafa Agaba, Casim Umba Tolo, Clement Olusoji Ajayi and Esther Katuura  

September 2023

African Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Current status of the pediatric congenital heart disease management pathway in low and low-middle income countries: A review

There is evidence that children with congenital heart disease (CHD) in low and low-middle income countries (LMICs) do not have access to timely intervention. The concept of the ‘Management Pathway’ (MP) for CHD has been developed to facilitate a pragmatic assessment of the quality of care. The MP is comprised three phases: diagnosis, treatment (intervention) and follow-up. Best practice recommendations...

Author(s): Mark Nelson Awori, Daniel Ojuka, Diana Marangu and Paul Bannon  

September 2023

International Journal of Computer Engineering Research
Security threats affecting user-data on transit in mobile banking applications: A review

Mobile banking technology is beneficial to customers because it is convenient for conducting bank services remotely. Newer channels used for mobile banking such as mobile banking applications have been developed as an innovation that is utilized to offer traditional banking services remotely such as money withdrawals, deposits, cheque book requests among others. This saves time and costs of going to physical banking...

Author(s): Daniel Okari Orucho, Fredrick Mzee Awuor, Cyprian Ratemo and Collins Oduor  

September 2023

Botswana Journal of Economics
Export diversification and economic growth: Evidence from Zimbabwe

This paper employed the Auto-Regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) model to examine the effects of export diversification on economic growth using Zimbabwe’s annual time series data for the period 1995 to 2020. The Herfindahl index (HI) was used as a measure of export diversification. The control variables included are; capital, labour, direct investment, GDP per capita, the number of export products and secondary...

Author(s): Honest Zhou and Japhet M. Nyandoro  

September 2023

International Journal of Livestock Production
Entomological inventory of bovine trypanosome vectors in the locality of Logone Birni, Far North Cameroon

In order to identify the vectors of bovine trypanosomiasis in the locality of Logone Birni, inventories were carried out from March to June 2020 in six sites.  The purpose of this work is to contribute to the evaluation of the seroprevalence of bovine trypanosomiasis, to identify trypanosome vectors and to inventory the vector control methods already implemented in this area.  Forty cattle were sampled for...

Author(s): TOMPALOUMLA Justin, ZIEBE Roland, AZO’O ELA Michelson, BLAMA Yakouba, NASAAR Lazare and ACHIRI FRU Martin  

September 2023

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Analysing rainfall and runoff patterns over the Niger River in Mali, West Africa

The Niger River plays an important role for all riparian countries, especially Mali because many irrigated areas use this resource for their daily activities. Climate change, leading to a reduction in rainfall, may have a negative impact on the Niger River. Therefore, it is useful for researchers to study this natural resource to address climate risks. The main goal of this current study is to characterize the river...

Author(s): Toure A. , Diancoumba O., Kante M. K., Konare S., Keita S. and Mounir Z. M.  

September 2023

Scientific Research and Essays
Comparative study of water quality between upstream and downstream of Thamirabarani River using multivariate statistical tools

The present investigations were focused on the systematic analysis of surface water quality of the Thamirabarani River from upstream (Pechiparai dam to Gnaramvilai) to downstream (Vettuvenni to Thengaipattinam estuary) during the period from September 2020 to January 2021. The different hydrochemical parameters such as temperature, pH, EC, TDS, fluoride, turbidity, nitrate, phosphate, sulphate, chloride, calcium,...

Author(s): S. A. Anuja, P. Kavitha, P. M. Hency, C. H. Jothi and R. J. Rose  

Page 9 of 1269, showing 50 records out of 63430 total, starting on record 401, ending on 450