African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6693

Full Length Research Paper

Genotypic variability in some sun flower (Helianthus annuus L.) hybrids evaluated in Khordunia under rainfed conditions

Mohamed E. K. Fadlalla
  • Mohamed E. K. Fadlalla
  • Higher Council of Environment and Natural Resources, Damazine, Blue Nile State, Sudan.
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Hashim A. Fadlalla
  • Hashim A. Fadlalla
  • Higher Council of Environment and Natural Resources, Damazine, Blue Nile State, Sudan.
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Abdelwahab H. Adbdalla
  • Abdelwahab H. Adbdalla
  • Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khartoum, Sudan.
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Murwan K. Sabahelkhair
  • Murwan K. Sabahelkhair
  • Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Elnailain, Sudan.
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  •  Received: 18 January 2018
  •  Accepted: 07 February 2018
  •  Published: 19 April 2018

Abstract

Twenty locally generated hybrids of Sun flower (Helianthus annuus L.) hybrids were evaluated in two seasons (2012 and 2013) for yield and yield components at Khordunia area, Blue Nile State under rain fed conditions. A randomized complete block design with six replications was used for laying out the field experiments. The seeds were sown in the second and third week of July in the first and second seasons, respectively in plots 6 × 3 m2. Each plot was divided into four ridges 70 cm apart and 6-m long. Three seeds were sown in holes of 20 cm distance along the ridge then thinned into one plant per hole three weeks after sowing. Weeding was practiced three times to control weeds. Rains were recorded during autumn at Khourdunia area. Fertilizers were not applied. The heads of the sample were bagged during the seed filling period using paper bags to avoid birds attack. Data were collected on the following characters: Days to 50% flowering, days to maturity, plant height, stem diameter, head diameter (cm), number of seeds/head, percentage of empty seed, 1000-seed weight (g), seed yield/plant (g) and seed yield (t/ha). Phenotypic, genotypic, and environmental variances were determined. The results in season 2012 revealed highly significant differences among the undertaken hybrids for plant height, stem diameter, head diameter, empty seed %, 1000-seed weight, seed yield/pant and seed yield (t/ha), whereas only two characters were significant in 2013. These were empty seed% and 1000-seed weight.
 
Key words: Sunflower, seed yield, genetic variability, genetic advance, heritability.