African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6691

Full Length Research Paper

Initial growth of Moringa oleifera Lam. under different planting densities in autumn/winter in south Brazil

Poliana Ferreira da Costa
  • Poliana Ferreira da Costa
  • Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná/Centro de Ciências Agrárias/ Programa de Pós Graduação em Agronomia. Rua Pernambuco, 1777, CEP: 85960-000. Marechal Cândido Rondon, Paraná, Brazil.
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Paulo Sérgio Rabello de Oliveira
  • Paulo Sérgio Rabello de Oliveira
  • Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná/Centro de Ciências Agrárias/ Programa de Pós Graduação em Agronomia. Rua Pernambuco, 1777, CEP: 85960-000. Marechal Cândido Rondon, Paraná, Brazil.
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Augustinho Borsoi
  • Augustinho Borsoi
  • Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná/Centro de Ciências Agrárias/ Programa de Pós Graduação em Agronomia. Rua Pernambuco, 1777, CEP: 85960-000. Marechal Cândido Rondon, Paraná, Brazil.
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Edmar Soares de Vasconcelos,
  • Edmar Soares de Vasconcelos,
  • Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná/Centro de Ciências Agrárias/ Programa de Pós Graduação em Agronomia. Rua Pernambuco, 1777, CEP: 85960-000. Marechal Cândido Rondon, Paraná, Brazil.
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Loreno Egídio Taffarel
  • Loreno Egídio Taffarel
  • Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná/Centro de Ciências Agrárias/ Programa de Pós Graduação em Agronomia. Rua Pernambuco, 1777, CEP: 85960-000. Marechal Cândido Rondon, Paraná, Brazil.
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Jeferson Tiago Piano
  • Jeferson Tiago Piano
  • Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná/Centro de Ciências Agrárias/ Programa de Pós Graduação em Agronomia. Rua Pernambuco, 1777, CEP: 85960-000. Marechal Cândido Rondon, Paraná, Brazil.
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Marcos Vinícius Mansano Sarto
  • Marcos Vinícius Mansano Sarto
  • Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná/Centro de Ciências Agrárias/ Programa de Pós Graduação em Agronomia. Rua Pernambuco, 1777, CEP: 85960-000. Marechal Cândido Rondon, Paraná, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 25 June 2013
  •  Accepted: 22 January 2015
  •  Published: 29 January 2015

Abstract

Plant densities that decrease interplant competition can improve Moringa oleifera growth and yield by better use of resources and information about its cultivation in the autumn/winter season is necessary. An experiment was conducted to investigate the viability for the cultivation under the edafoclimatic conditions of the southern Brazil, region of subtropical climate. In addition, it was determined effect of planting densities on the initial growth of moringa (M. oleifera Lam.) plants. The experiment was carried out from April to July 2012, autumn/winter season, on a clayey Rhodic Hapludox in Marechal Cândido Rondon, Paraná State, Brazil. Treatments were arranged in a randomized block design in a 2 × 3 factorial: two evaluation periods (30 and 60 days after plant emergence) and three plant densities (14,815; 22,222 and 44,444 plant ha–1), with four replications. When grown at lower population densities, the initial growth of moringa plants is not affected. The initial growth of moringa plants in the southern region of Brazil, on autumn/winter season was unsatisfactory due the occurrence of low temperatures. The moringa showed a high mortality rate under low temperature and does not seem to be recommended, in principle, to compose an agroforest system with edafoclimatic conditions similar to those of the studied region.

 

Key words: Plant population, vegetative growth, adaptation.