African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6688

Full Length Research Paper

Multivariate analysis for yield and some agronomic traits in F2:3 population of cotton hybrid under three different locations

Lin Wang1, Fang Liu1, Farshid Talat1, Muhammad Kashif Riaz Khan1, Shaohui Li1, Chunying Wang1, Xiangdi Zhang1, Yuhong Wang1, Jinping Hua2 and Kunbo Wang1*        
1Cotton Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Cotton Biology, China, Anyang, Henan 455000, P. R. China. 2College of Agronomy and Biotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, P. R. China.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 30 November 2011
  •  Published: 11 September 2012


The cotton plant has the most complex structure among major field crops, and its yield may be affected by multidirectional interactions of different components. Study of the true relationship between cotton seed yield and related traits will help to reveal their importance in cotton breeding and production. This study was carried out to elucidate the relationships of some agronomic traits on cotton seed yield. The experiments were carried out at three different locations each having two subpopulations in total 558 F2:3 families of a cotton hybrid LMY15. Results revealed that cotton seed yield exhibited positive and significant correlations with boll number, boll weight and number of sympodial branches. Path analysis illustrated that the boll number had the highest positive direct effect on cotton seed yield followed by boll weight, which was also resulted similarly from regression analysis. Therefore, boll number and boll weight can be used as selection criteria to enhance the cotton seed yield in the breeding programs.


Key words: Gossypium hirsutum L., morphological traits, seed yield, path analysis, boll number, boll weight.