African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6688

Full Length Research Paper

Can early peroxidase quantification detect graft-compatible in anonaceous rootstocks?

Daniel Baron
  • Daniel Baron
  • Center for Natural Sciences (CCN), Plant Physiology and Biochemistry Laboratory,Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar), Lagoa do Sino campus, CP-094, 18290-000, Buri-SP, Brazil.
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Amanda Cristina Esteves Amaro
  • Amanda Cristina Esteves Amaro
  • Institute of Biosciences (IB), Department of Botany, State University Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" (UNESP), Campus Botucatu, CP-510, CEP: 18618-970, Botucatu-SP, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Ana Claudia Macedo
  • Ana Claudia Macedo
  • Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences (FCA), Paulista State University (UNESP), Campus Botucatu, José Barbosa de Barros Street, 1780, CP-237, CEP: 18603-970, Botucatu-SP, Brazil.
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Carmen Sílvia Fernandes Boaro
  • Carmen Sílvia Fernandes Boaro
  • Institute of Biosciences (IB), Department of Botany, State University Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" (UNESP), Campus Botucatu, CP-510, CEP: 18618-970, Botucatu-SP, Brazil.
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Gisela Ferreira
  • Gisela Ferreira
  • Institute of Biosciences (IB), Department of Botany, State University Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" (UNESP), Campus Botucatu, CP-510, CEP: 18618-970, Botucatu-SP, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 22 March 2018
  •  Accepted: 26 April 2018
  •  Published: 31 May 2018

Abstract

This study aimed to quantify the class III peroxidase activity in young plants of different species belonging to Annonaceae botany family, with high potential as a rootstock, for early detection of graft-compatible atemoya (Annona x atemoya Mabb.). The experimental design was randomized block, that evaluated the species araticum-de-terra-fria (Annona emarginata (Schltdl.) H. Rainer ‘variety terra-fria’), araticum-mirim (Annona emarginata (Schltdl.) H. Rainer ‘variety mirim) and biribá (Annona mucosa (Schltdl.) H. Rainer), with rootstock potential, and atemoya (scion), which were divided into four blocks, each with four plants. The peroxidase was quantified on the stem before grafting. Statistical analysis showed that only the biribá presented different peroxidase activity compared to atemoya plants; and araticum-mirim and araticum-de-terra-fria were similar to atemoya plants. Thus, the peroxidase activity could not be possible or be used as a tool in the early diagnosis of the graft-compatible in atemoya combinations.
 
Key words: Annona emarginata, Annona mucosa, Annona x atemoya, compatibility, grafting.