African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6688

Full Length Research Paper

The influence of several irrigation water depths in the growth and productivity of coffee shrubs in the Muzambinho Region, Southern Minas Gerais, Brazil

Pedro Alberto da Silva
  • Pedro Alberto da Silva
  • Instituto Federal do Sul de Minas - IFSULDEMINAS - Campus Muzambinho – Estrada de Muzambinho, km 35 - Bairro Morro Preto - Cx. Postal 02 - 37890-000 – Muzambinho - MG, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Adriano Bortolotti da Silva
  • Adriano Bortolotti da Silva
  • Universidade Jose do Rosario Vellano - UNIFENAS – Rod. MG 179, Km 0. Campus Universitário - 37.130-000 – Alfenas - MG, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Antonio Carlos da Silva
  • Antonio Carlos da Silva
  • Universidade Jose do Rosario Vellano - UNIFENAS – Rod. MG 179, Km 0. Campus Universitário - 37.130-000 – Alfenas - MG, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Arionaldo de Sa Junior
  • Arionaldo de Sa Junior
  • Instituto Federal do Sul de Minas - IFSULDEMINAS - Campus Muzambinho – Estrada de Muzambinho, km 35 - Bairro Morro Preto - Cx. Postal 02 - 37890-000 – Muzambinho - MG, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Jose Ricardo Mantovani
  • Jose Ricardo Mantovani
  • Universidade Jose do Rosario Vellano - UNIFENAS – Rod. MG 179, Km 0. Campus Universitário - 37.130-000 – Alfenas - MG, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Fernando Ferrari Putti
  • Fernando Ferrari Putti
  • Universidade Jose do Rosario Vellano - UNIFENAS – Rod. MG 179, Km 0. Campus Universitário - 37.130-000 – Alfenas - MG, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 03 June 2015
  •  Accepted: 02 July 2015
  •  Published: 24 September 2015

Abstract

Coffee crop, highly important worldwide, is one of the main commodities in Brazilian exports. However, due to climate changes, its cultivation is currently demanding irrigation techniques. Current assay evaluates the effect of different irrigation water levels on the development and productivity of coffee shrubs in predominant soil and climate conditions of the town of Muzambinho, in the southern region of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The experiment was performed in July 2013 on a coffee plantation, planted with coffee shrubs, cultivar Red Catuaí IAC/144, by drip irrigation. Experiment design consisted of randomized blocks with four replications and four treatments, or rather, different irrigation water depths: 0 (without irrigation), 50, 100 and 125% of ET0. Productivity, vegetal growth and distribution of the radicular system were evaluated after 12 months. Treatments did not affect vegetal growth. Better quantity and distribution of the radicular system were detected at 100% irrigation level, with a productionof 55 sacks.ha-1 or a 45% gain when compared to that in non-irrigated areas.

 

Key words: Management, coffee, drip system.