African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6638

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of storage and heat treatments on the germination of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) seed

Beugré  Manéhonon Martine1, Kouakou Kouakou Laurent1, Bognonkpé Jean Pierre1, Konan kouakou Eugène2, Kouakou Tanoh Hilaire1and Kouadio Yatty Justin1
1Laboratoire de Biologie et Amélioration des Productions Végétales, UFR des Sciences de la Nature, Université d’Abobo-Adjamé, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire. 2Programme Palmier, Laboratoire de culture in vitro, CNRA Station La Mé, 13 BP 989 Abidjan 13, Côte d’Ivoire.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 31 August 2009
  •  Published: 31 October 2009

Abstract

Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) is a perennial tropical tree which reproduces only by seeds. In the nature, the seeds have a relative dormancy leading to very long germination process (1 to 3 years). In order to improve oil palm production, research aiming at the reduction of the dormancy period was initiated. The germination tests carried on seeds stored for different periods after harvest, showed a germination percentage of fresh seeds (not stored) significantly higher (55.39 %) than that of seeds stored for 3 months (45.78%) and 6 months (38.68%). This germination ability also varies significantly with the two palm genotypes (C70XX from LM 19954 and C24XX from linear LM 19617) developed by the Centre National de Recherche Agronomique (CNRA) in Côte d’Ivoire and used in the present study. Seeds of category C70XX from LM 19954 linear present a significant superior percentage of germination than those of the category C24XX from linear LM 19617. In order to break seeds dormancy, heat incubation at 40°C was applied for different durations (40, 60 and 80 days). Seeds incubated for 60 days at 40°C induced higher germination percentage (56.3%) compared to the current applied delay of 80 days heating. 40 days heating period appeared to reduce the germination capability. According to these results, the usual germination techniques for oil palm seedlings production can be improved by shortening germination delay of seeds.

 

Key words: Oil palm, Elaeis guineensis Jacq., seed, storage, heating, germination