African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6693

Full Length Research Paper

Characterısatıon of volatıle compounds by spme and gc-fıd/ms of capers (Capparis spinosa L.)

Rezzan Aliyazicioglu
  • Rezzan Aliyazicioglu
  • Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080 Trabzon, Turkey.
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Gonca Tosun
  • Gonca Tosun
  • Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080 Trabzon, Turkey.
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Nurettin Yayl?
  • Nurettin Yayl?
  • Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080 Trabzon, Turkey.
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Emre Eyupoglu
  • Emre Eyupoglu
  • Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080 Trabzon, Turkey.
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  •  Received: 19 December 2013
  •  Accepted: 26 April 2015
  •  Published: 21 May 2015

Abstract

Capparis spinosa L. has highly biologically active natural substances. C. spinosa L. is rich in volatile components, and is becoming increasingly popular because of its components’ potential role in contributing to human health. In this study, solid phase microextraction (SPME) was used to analyze the volatile compounds identified in C. spinosa L. Seventeen compounds, constituting 93.5% of the oil composition of C. spinosa L. were isolated and characterized using GC-FID/MS. The most abundant chemical classes identified were aldehydes (18.2%) and monoterpene hydrocarbons (4.4%). Common components of C. spinosa L. identified were benzyl alcohol, octanoic acid, benzoic acid, α-terpinolene, carvacrol, zingerone and 4-fluoro benzaldehyde.

 

Key words: Capparis spinosa L., essential oil, solid-phase microextraction/gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (SPME-GC-MS).