African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6786

Full Length Research Paper

A preliminary study of the orange (Citrus sinensis) fruit value-chain in Chimanimani Rural District, Zimbabwe

Musasa Stephen Tawanda
  • Musasa Stephen Tawanda
  • Directorate of Research and Resource Mobilisation, Chinhoyi University of Technology, Private Bag 7724, Chinhoyi, Zimbabwe.
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Musundire Robert
  • Musundire Robert
  • School of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Chinhoyi University of Technology, Private Bag 7724, Chinhoyi, Zimbabwe.
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Mashingaidze Arnold Bray
  • Mashingaidze Arnold Bray
  • School of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Chinhoyi University of Technology, Private Bag 7724, Chinhoyi, Zimbabwe.
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Makuza Stanley Marshall
  • Makuza Stanley Marshall
  • School of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Chinhoyi University of Technology, Private Bag 7724, Chinhoyi, Zimbabwe.
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  •  Received: 17 June 2015
  •  Accepted: 12 August 2015
  •  Published: 27 August 2015

Abstract

The study identified the players in the sweet orange value-chain and interviewed them to quantify postharvest losses incurred along the sweet orange value-chain in Rusitu Valley.  A sample of 100 farmers in Rusitu Valley was selected using a snow balling sampling technique. A Value-Chain Priority Test was conducted to determine farmers’ priorities between oranges and bananas using a five point hedonic-scale. Interviewer administered questionnaires were used to gather socio-demographic data, sweet orange trading information, and farmers’ perceptions on the causes and estimation of postharvest losses in the Valley. The study estimated that postharvest losses of 36%, 3% and 42% occurred; in the field, during transportation and at the market, respectively. These amounted to a total of 81% postharvest losses with an estimated monetary value of US$ 11 003 126.40. There was a significant positive association (Pearson r = 0.29, p < 0.05) between the farmers’ score of pest and disease incidence in their sweet orange field and the reported postharvest losses.  The present findings of the study clarified the process by which the physical flow of oranges move within the value-chain, the marketing alternatives to farmers, and constraints faced by primary actors in the chain.

 

Key words: diseases, orange, pests, postharvest loss, production value-chain.