African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6693

Full Length Research Paper

Competition between cultivated rice (Oryza sativa) and wild rice (Oryza punctata) in Kenya

Jane T. Munene1*, Jenesio I. Kinyamario1, Niels Holst2 and John K. Mworia1
1School of Biological Sciences, University of Nairobi, P. O. Box 30197-00100 Nairobi, Kenya. 2University of Aarhus, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Flakkebjerg Research Centre, Slagelse, Denmark.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 26 August 2008
  •  Published: 30 September 2008

Abstract

This shade house study examined the effect of competition on the growth performance of cultivated (Oryza sativa) and wild (Oryza punctata) rice species in Kenya. Growth was assessed for the two species, grown together and separately, by measuring plant height and tiller number through the growing season, and flag leaf area and above and below-ground biomass at the end of the growing season.O. punctata grew to a higher final height (116.00 ± 13.63 cm) attained higher tiller number (9 tillers /plant) and accumulated more biomass (16.68 ± 0.50 g ) than O. sativa while O. sativa attained a higher flag leaf area (35.00 ± 0.67 cm) than O. punctata (P<0.05). For both species, interspecific competition was detected as a reduction in flag leaf area, (1.4 and 2.5 cm2) for O. punctata and O. sativarespectively. Flag leaf area is known to relate directly to grain yield. It was concluded that O. punctata is a better competitor than O. sativa (P<0.05) as it had more aggressive vegetative growth, less reduction in flag leaf area, attained higher final plant height and  phytomass and matured faster than O. sativa.

 

Key words: Competition, growth, Oryza sativaOryza punctata, cultivated rice, wild rice.