African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6691

Full Length Research Paper

Interaction effects of deficit irrigation and row spacing on sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) growth, seed yield and oil yield

Seyed Abdolreza Kazemeini*, Mohsen Edalat and Avat Shekoofa      
Crop Production and Plant Breeding Department, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.  
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 29 September 2009
  •  Published: 11 November 2009

Abstract

Productivity of sunflower is strongly regulated by the availability of water. In order to study the influence of deficit irrigation (I1:100% FC, Iand I3: 75 and 50% FC during stem elongation period, respectively; Iand I5: 75 and 50% FC at flowering stages) and two row spacings (45 - 50 and 75 cm) on growth, yield and oil yield of sunflower, an experiment was conducted using a split plot design with three replications in the 2007 - 2008. Results indicated that Maximum (374.67 gm-2) and minimum (198.5 gm-2) grain yield was obtained from I1 and Itreatments. Compared to I1, grain yield was reduced significantly under deficit irrigation treatments (I2, I3 and I5). Interaction effects of row spacing and deficit irrigation indicated that the highest seed yield (458.0 gm-2) and oil percentage (31.66%) was obtained from I1 and 75 cm row spacing. Reduction of grain yield due to deficit irrigation (I4) was not significant (374.6 vs. 340.1 gm-2), compared to full irrigation. Therefore, we confirm that irrigation levels significantly affected seed yield and oil percentage. Our results indicated that deficit irrigation, during the critical growth period should be avoided.

 

Key words: Sunflower, deficit irrigation, seed yield, oil yield, row spacing.