African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6688

Full Length Research Paper

Macronutrients requirement of a snap bean genotype with determinate growth habit in Brazil

Renan Ribeiro Barzan
  • Renan Ribeiro Barzan
  • Agronomy Post-graduation Program, Londrina State University, UEL, PR 445 km 380, Zip code 58.057-970, Londrina-PR, Brazil.
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William Gomes Montanucci
  • William Gomes Montanucci
  • União Corretora, Florianópolis-SC, Brazil.
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Gustavo Adolfo de Freitas Fregonezi
  • Gustavo Adolfo de Freitas Fregonezi
  • Filadélfia University Center, UNIFIL. Londrina-PR, Brazil.
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Felipe Favoretto Furlan
  • Felipe Favoretto Furlan
  • Agronomy Post-graduation Program, Londrina State University, UEL, PR 445 km 380, Zip code 58.057-970, Londrina-PR, Brazil.
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Luiz Henrique Campos de Almeida
  • Luiz Henrique Campos de Almeida
  • Agronomy Post-graduation Program, Londrina State University, UEL, PR 445 km 380, Zip code 58.057-970, Londrina-PR, Brazil.
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Gabriela Fernanda Araújo Martini
  • Gabriela Fernanda Araújo Martini
  • State University of Londrina – UEL, Londrina-PR, Brazil.
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Lúcia Sadayo Assari Takahashi
  • Lúcia Sadayo Assari Takahashi
  • Agronomy Department, State University of Londrina, UEL, Londrina-PR, Brazil.
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Hideaki Wilson Takahashi
  • Hideaki Wilson Takahashi
  • Agronomy Department, State University of Londrina, UEL, Londrina-PR, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 05 October 2015
  •  Accepted: 19 January 2016
  •  Published: 25 February 2016

Abstract

Obtaining nutrient accumulation curves is very important in knowing the plant nutritional requirement dynamics and to direct the strategies for its supply. The aim of this work was to study the uptake, compartmentalization and exportation of macronutrients of a snap bean genotype with determinate growth habit. An experiment at field conditions at Londrina State University – UEL, Londrina-PR, Br azil, was performed in a randomized block design with five replications, using UEL-1 genotype. It was observed that dry matter production, as nutrients accumulation, were slow until 20 days after emergence (DAE), V4 stage, and became more pronounced after that period. The macronutrients were more accumulated in the pods, except for Ca, which had the leaves as preferred organ. The maximum amounts of N, P, K, Ca, Mg and S uptaken were 91.0; 35.2; 131.1; 35.2; 9.1 and 4.7 kg ha-1, respectively, while exportation to produce each ton of pod’s fresh matter were 7.01 kg of N; 3.30 kg of P; 7.91 kg of K; 0.6 kg of Ca; 0.48 kg of Mg and 0.31 kg of S. One must pay attention to the proper management of quantity and epoch of N and K supply, because of the high demand and exportation of these nutrients.

 

Key words: Phaseolus vulgaris L., plant nutrition, accumulation, demand.