African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6638

Full Length Research Paper

Conilon plant growth response to sources of organic matter

Waylson Zancanella Quartezani
  • Waylson Zancanella Quartezani
  • Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Espírito Santo / Mountain Campus, Highway ES 130, km 01, Palhinha Neighborhood, CEP: 29890-000, Mountain, ES, Brazil.
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Ramon Amaro de Sales
  • Ramon Amaro de Sales
  • Federal University of Espírito Santo/ Alegre Campus. Brazil. Alto Universitário, s / n - Guararema, 29500-000, Alegre, ES, Brazil.
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Talita Aparecida Pletsch
  • Talita Aparecida Pletsch
  • Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Espírito Santo / Mountain Campus, Highway ES 130, km 01, Palhinha Neighborhood, CEP: 29890-000, Mountain, ES, Brazil.
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Sávio da Silva Berilli
  • Sávio da Silva Berilli
  • Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Espírito Santo / Itapina Campus, Highway BR 259, km 70, Área rural, CEP: 29700-970, Colatina, ES, Brazil.
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Adriel Lima Nascimento
  • Adriel Lima Nascimento
  • Federal University of Espírito Santo/ Alegre Campus. Brazil. Alto Universitário, s / n - Guararema, 29500-000, Alegre, ES, Brazil.
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Leonardo Raasch Hell
  • Leonardo Raasch Hell
  • Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Espírito Santo / Mountain Campus, Highway ES 130, km 01, Palhinha Neighborhood, CEP: 29890-000, Mountain, ES, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Euzileni Mantoanelli
  • Euzileni Mantoanelli
  • Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Espírito Santo / Mountain Campus, Highway ES 130, km 01, Palhinha Neighborhood, CEP: 29890-000, Mountain, ES, Brazil.
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Ana Paula Candido Gabriel Berilli
  • Ana Paula Candido Gabriel Berilli
  • Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Espírito Santo / Itapina Campus, Highway BR 259, km 70, Área rural, CEP: 29700-970, Colatina, ES, Brazil.
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Ricardo Tobias Plotegher da Silva
  • Ricardo Tobias Plotegher da Silva
  • Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Espírito Santo / Itapina Campus, Highway BR 259, km 70, Área rural, CEP: 29700-970, Colatina, ES, Brazil.
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Raniele Toso
  • Raniele Toso
  • Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Espírito Santo / Itapina Campus, Highway BR 259, km 70, Área rural, CEP: 29700-970, Colatina, ES, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 17 October 2017
  •  Accepted: 21 December 2017
  •  Published: 25 January 2018

Abstract

In the production of quality plant, it is important to consider the growing substrate since it provides plants with very important physical and chemical characteristics of the soil. Many organic materials of vegetal or animal origin have been used in mixtures of substrates for plant production. This study evaluated the development, quality and physiological components of Conilon coffee plants as a function of substrates containing organic materials of different origins. The experiment was carried out in a greenhouse, in a randomized block design with five treatments: T-Control treatment with 100% of soil and the other treatments with 85% of soil and 15% of organic matter derived from urban waste compost, mature cattle manure, dairy residue, and tannery sludge. Development, quality and physiological characteristics of plants were evaluated. All sources of organic matter favored the development of the Conilon coffee plants in relation to the plant receiving no organic matter in the substrate. Dehydrated tanning sludge in the proportion of 15% provided inferior plant performance compared with treatments with the other organic sources and a greater production of flavonoids. The treatments T-Compound, T-Dairy, and T-Manure provided better results than the other treatments for most of the evaluated characteristics, and can be recommended as components of substrates in the production of Conilon coffee plants.

Key words: Coffea canephora, alternate substrate, sustainability, Dickson quality index, multiplex.