African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6688

Full Length Research Paper

Animal feeds legislation: Chicken value chain actors practices and predicaments in Uganda

Nanyeenya W. N.
  • Nanyeenya W. N.
  • National Livestock Resources Research Institute, P. O. Box 96, Tororo, Uganda.
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Kabirizi J.
  • Kabirizi J.
  • National Livestock Resources Research Institute, P. O. Box 96, Tororo, Uganda.
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Taabu L.
  • Taabu L.
  • National Livestock Resources Research Institute, P. O. Box 96, Tororo, Uganda.
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Kasadha M.
  • Kasadha M.
  • Jinja District Local Government, Uganda.
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Omaria R.
  • Omaria R.
  • CEO at Soroti Millers, Uganda.
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  •  Received: 15 September 2014
  •  Accepted: 09 December 2015
  •  Published: 11 January 2018

Abstract

This study was conducted to assess the effects of absence of a legal framework regulating the animal feeds industry on poultry value chain actor performance and sustainability. The objectives of the study were to identify the key constraints faced by individual farmers, livestock feed manufacturers, and field veterinary personnel; and assess challenges cutting across the industry actors. Data used in the study were collected using formal survey techniques and key informant surveys. Farmers who mix their own feed and those who buy already mixed reported poor quality and seasonal variation in prices as the main constraints associated with feeds.  Adulteration of feed was mostly linked to scarcity of crop-based raw materials, namely maize, sunflower, cotton seedcake, and soya bean and those obtained from lakes, such as lake shells and haplochromis (silver fish) whose supply is seasonal in nature.  The following findings are unveiled from the study.  Intensive commercial poultry is a major source of income especially to female headed households.  Long-term investment in housing structures confirms that farmers have a strong resolve to sustain poultry farming as a priority income generation enterprise. Performance, gains, and delivery of services by all value chain actors - farmers, feed manufacturers/ mixers, and field veterinary officers are adversely affected by lack of a regulations and standards as a result of absence of the animal feeds act.  It is concluded that innovation platforms that bring together actors would be necessary to lobby government on legislation.  This would enhance improved grain drying and bulk storage and put in place trade barriers restricting exportation of primary farm produce especially maize grain/bran. It is recommended that research expedites efforts to develop and promote energy substitutes to maize.

Key words: Innovation platforms, policy, public-private-participation, supply chains.