African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6863

Full Length Research Paper

Valorization of Jatropha curcas seed cake into different kinds of compost and effect of these composts on cabbage yield in Togo

Komi Sogbedji
  • Komi Sogbedji
  • College of Resources and Environment, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, China.
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Gbénonchi Mawussi
  • Gbénonchi Mawussi
  • Unité de Recherche sur les Agroressources et la Santé Environnementale (URASE), Ecole Supérieure d’Agronoomie, Université de Lomé, B.P. 1515 Lomé, Togo.
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Amen Yawo Nenonene
  • Amen Yawo Nenonene
  • Unité de Recherche sur les Agroressources et la Santé Environnementale (URASE), Ecole Supérieure d’Agronoomie, Université de Lomé, B.P. 1515 Lomé, Togo.
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Koffi Tozo
  • Koffi Tozo
  • Laboratoire de Gestion, Traitement et Valorisation des Déchets (GTVD), Faculté des Sciences Université de lomé, B.P. 1515 Lome, Togo.
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Geng Mingjian
  • Geng Mingjian
  • College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, China.
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Wu Lishu
  • Wu Lishu
  • College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, China.
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  •  Received: 12 September 2015
  •  Accepted: 20 October 2015
  •  Published: 17 December 2015

Abstract

Jatropha curcas L. is a plant species from the family of Euphorbiaceae. The extraction of oil from its seeds produces a cake for which its accumulation causes different environmental problems related to solid waste management. The valorization of this cake into compost could be a contribution to solving this problem. Therefore different types of compost were made with J. curcas seed cake associated with animal feces incorporated at 0, 10 and 20% rate. To achieve their combination, 5 composting test and 2 replicates each have been set up. These composts were tested on cabbage yield in a completely randomized design with 6 treatments and 3 replicates. The different composts have improved significantly the chemical characteristics of the soil and the cabbage biomass yield. Mixing J. curcas seed cake with 10% sheep’s droppings (C10) gave chemical characteristics compost with a high N and K content (Total-N 18.32 g.kg-1; Total-K 17.60 g.kg-1). The compost made with J. curcas seed cake and 20% sheep’s droppings (C20) had the best cabbage total biomass and shoots of cabbage biomass yields respectively 43.11±3.15×103 and 21.56±1.58×103kg.ha-1. That compost C20 could be recommended to farmers for the improvement of crop yield field after trials followed by validation.

 

Key words: Jatropha curcas, seed cake, compost, cabbage shoot yield.