African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6688

Full Length Research Paper

The study of the quantity and quality of progressive canola varieties under saline conditions in Dalgan Region

Mehdi Shahraki1*, Rasulov Salimbek2, Mohammad Galavi3 and Hamid Reza Fanaei4      
  1Department of Physiology of Agricultural Plants, Agriculture University of Tajikistan, Republic of Tajikistan. 2Agriculture University of Tajikistan, Republic of Tajikistan. 3Agriculture School, University of Zabol, Iran. 4Research Center of Agriculture and Natural Resources of Sistan, Iran.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 22 May 2012
  •  Published: 11 September 2012

Abstract

An experiment was performed by using 16 varieties and progressive line of canola during 2009 to 2010 on a farm near the city of Dalgan in Sistan and Balouchestan Provinces of Iran. The experiment was laid out in random complete block design (RCBD) in 4-replication and irrigated with saline water (EC=7.5 ds/m). The spring varieties used in this study includes Hyola60, Hyola308, Hyola330, Hyola401, Hyola420, Option500, Sarigol, PP-308.3, PP-308.8, PP-401.15E, PR-401.16, Kimberley, Amica, R.G.S.003, R.G.S.3006, and Syn-3. The parameters studied includes grain yield, oil yield, oil percent, 1000 seeds weight, number of pods per plant, number of seeds per pod, the length of flowering period, the length of ripening and number of days to harvest period. The comparison of the average grain yield indicated that among the treatments under study, variety Hyola420 produced the highest grain yield with the average of 3600 kg/h respectively and the variety PR-401/16 with the average of 2325 kg/h produced the lowest grain yield. As far as the 1000 seeds weight is concerned, Hyola401 with the average of 3.85 g has the highest and variety Option 500 with the average of 2.80 g has the lowest 1000 seeds weight. The oil percent Hyola308 with 45.36% was the highest and Amica with 40.49% was the lowest oil percent. Also, the study showed that Hyola420 with 1567 kg/h was the highest and Amica with 990 kg/h was the lowest rate of oil yield.

 

Key words: Canola, variety, saline, quantity yield, quality yield.