African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6691

Full Length Research Paper

Impact assessment of front line demonstrations on Brown Sarson: Experience from temperate north-western Himalayan region of India

F. A. Sheikh1, Shabir Ahmad Mir1*, T. Mubarak1, Hameed-Ullah Itoo1, Z. A. Bhat1, J. A. Bhat1, Itfaq A. Mir2, P. Angchuk3, Sumaira Shafi4 and Y. Arafat5
1Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kulgam, P. O. Gopalpora, Kulgam, Kashmir (J&K), India-192 233, India. 2Agricultural Research Information System, SKUAST(K), Shalimar, Kashmir, India-191121, India. 3KVK Leh, Ladakh, SKUAST Kashmir, Leh, India. 4KVK Pulwama, SKUAST(K), Malangpora, Pulwama, Kashmir, India. 5KVK Srinagar, SKUAST(K), Narkara, Srinagar, Kashmir, India.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 06 June 2013
  •  Published: 20 June 2013


This study investigates an impact of Frontline Demonstrations (FLDs) conducted by Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR) on Brown Sarson through Krishi Vigyan Kendra’s (Farm Science Centre’s) from Rabi 2005 to 2011 in the Anantnag and Kulgam districts of north-western temperate Himalayan region of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) India, in which 120 participant farmers and 120 non-participant farmers were selected through stratified random sampling method. Results reveal yield advantage up to 34.22% with incremental benefit: Cost ratio (ICBR) of 4.76 with increased knowledge level to the extent of 41.02% in case of participant farmers together with high (40.00%) to medium (39.17%) extent of adoption against low grain yield, low returns, low knowledge level and medium (54.17%) to low (36.67%) extent of adoption in case of non-participating farmers. Correlation suggests that education, farm size, farm power, adoption of improved practices. The results of regression analysis revealed that level of knowledge with some socio-personal, psychological and communication variables among respondent farmers have indeed helped in contributing to extent of adoption of improved technology amongst farming community. This can be seen as a positive indicator for formulating and disseminating, more extensive, technology specific and farmer centric FLD programme to improve overall knowledge and adoption amongst farmers in the region to boost oilseed production.


Key words: Brown Sarson, front line demonstration (FLD), yield gap analysis, economics, adoption.