African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6693

Short Communication

Two new wheat varieties for irrigated conditions of Afghanistan

M. Q. Obaidi
  • M. Q. Obaidi
  • Agricultural Research Institute of Afghanistan, Kabul, Afghanistan.
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Elias Mohmand
  • Elias Mohmand
  • International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT)-Afghanistan, Kabul, Afghanistan.
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M. H. Azmatyar
  • M. H. Azmatyar
  • International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT)-Afghanistan, Kabul, Afghanistan.
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Rajiv Sharma
  • Rajiv Sharma
  • International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT)-Afghanistan, Kabul, Afghanistan.
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  •  Received: 12 October 2016
  •  Accepted: 14 February 2017
  •  Published: 27 April 2017

Abstract

New high yielding and disease resistant wheat genotypes were introduced in 2008-09 crop season through 4th Elite Bread Wheat yield Trial (EBYT) as well as 2nd Stem Rust Resistance Screening Nursery (STEMRRSN). One genotype from EBYT performed 15% higher than commercial variety, Mazar 99 during five years of testing at over eight locations in Afghanistan and was therefore recommended for release for commercial cultivation. Another genotype, Wafer-15 from STEMRRSN showed superior performance (11 to 33% higher yield) than commercial varieties during three years of testing at six locations in Afghanistan and was therefore released in 2015 for commercial cultivation. Both varieties were found resistant to prevalent rust diseases as well as to Ug99 race of stem rust.

 

Key words: Wheat, Afghanistan, yield, variety, rust.