African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6693

Full Length Research Paper

Smallholder farming in Brazil: An overview for 2014

Gabriel Paes Herrera
  • Gabriel Paes Herrera
  • Environmental Sciences and Agricultural Sustainability Department, Dom Bosco Catholic University (UCDB), Av. Tamandaré 6000, CEP 79117-900, Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil
  • Google Scholar
Reginaldo Brito da Costa
  • Reginaldo Brito da Costa
  • Environmental Sciences and Agricultural Sustainability Department, Dom Bosco Catholic University (UCDB), Av. Tamandaré 6000, CEP 79117-900, Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil
  • Google Scholar
Paula Martin de Moraes
  • Paula Martin de Moraes
  • Environmental Sciences and Agricultural Sustainability Department, Dom Bosco Catholic University (UCDB), Av. Tamandaré 6000, CEP 79117-900, Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil
  • Google Scholar
Dany Rafael Fonseca Mendes
  • Dany Rafael Fonseca Mendes
  • Environmental Sciences and Agricultural Sustainability Department, Dom Bosco Catholic University (UCDB), Av. Tamandaré 6000, CEP 79117-900, Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil
  • Google Scholar
Michel Constantino
  • Michel Constantino
  • Environmental Sciences and Agricultural Sustainability Department, Dom Bosco Catholic University (UCDB), Av. Tamandaré 6000, CEP 79117-900, Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 09 January 2017
  •  Accepted: 04 April 2017
  •  Published: 27 April 2017

Abstract

The goal of this paper is to provide an update on smallholder farming in Brazil. Instead of using data from the last available Agricultural Census (2006), a database from the Ministry of Agrarian Development for 2014 was used. These data are extracted from a tax form called “Declaração de Aptidão ao Pronaf-DAP” (Declaration of Aptitude to Pronaf) that is mandatory for all farmers in Brazil and is used as a source of information to screen smallholders, also called “family farmers” in Brazil, applying for special subsidized public funds available to those in this category. Therefore, the DAP is a valuable source of information regarding this sector. The results show that family farming in Brazil continues to grow and is concentrated in the Northeastern region. The South and Southeast have the highest yields per hectare, up to seven times more than the Northeast. Most of the land is in the hands of a small group concentrated in the Northeast, while most of the income is in the hands of a small group concentrated in the South.

 

Key words: Family farm, economy, Brazil, agriculture.