Full Length Research Paper
Drought stress is among the most important abiotic factors that contribute to the significant yield reduction of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Due to unreliable and poor distribution of rainfall, drought tolerance has become the important train in common bean in bean growing areas. The objective of this study was to evaluate 16 common bean genotypes for drought tolerance under three moisture regimes and identify genotypes with specific traits that improved tolerance to drought that could be recommended for released and become useful parents in the breeding programs. The experiment was conducted in Maruku, Bukoba under screen- house. Based on the drought stress indices which includes drought tolerance index (DTI), Harvest Index (HI) SMC 162, DAB 602, SSIN 1128, DAB 378, DAB 362 and SMR 101 had performed better than other tested genotypes. Also, the results showed that genotypes DAB 582, SRC 59, DAB 602, SSIN 1240, SMC 24, SMR 101 and DAB 362 were drought tolerant with lower and high value of the DSI and YSI respectively. Therefore, the later genotypes can be used in the future breeding programs as the parent for drought tolerance and also can used as a new varieties by farmers.
Key words: Moisture stress, common bean, seed yield, drought.
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