African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6693

Full Length Research Paper

Effects of mineral salts on forage seeds germination

Suzana Cristina Quintanilha
  • Suzana Cristina Quintanilha
  • Animal Science Center, United Metropolitan Universities, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.
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Erico da Silva Lima
  • Erico da Silva Lima
  • Animal Science Center, United Metropolitan Universities, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.
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Vanessa Aparecida Feijó de Souza
  • Vanessa Aparecida Feijó de Souza
  • Animal Science Center, United Metropolitan Universities, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.
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Tiago Neves Pereira Valente
  • Tiago Neves Pereira Valente
  • Animal Science Center, Instituto Federal Goiano, Posse-GO, Brazil.
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Bruno Borges Deminicis
  • Bruno Borges Deminicis
  • Animal Science Center, University of Southern Bahia, Teixeira de Freitas-BA, Brazil.
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Andrea Roberto Bueno Ribeiro
  • Andrea Roberto Bueno Ribeiro
  • Animal Science Center, United Metropolitan Universities, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.
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Vitória Gallo Borges de Lima
  • Vitória Gallo Borges de Lima
  • Animal Science Center, United Metropolitan Universities, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.
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Agatha Nara Pirondi
  • Agatha Nara Pirondi
  • Animal Science Center, United Metropolitan Universities, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 03 November 2017
  •  Accepted: 15 January 2018
  •  Published: 05 April 2018

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate seed germination of three different forage species subjected to saline stress. The seeds remained in salt for 0 to 24 h and were then deposited in field beds. After 15 days, the germination was evaluated from its emergence. The effect of NaCl on germination was evaluated for the following treatments: a) 0 h (control); b) permanence in NaCl for 6 h; c) permanence in NaCl for 12 h; d) permanence in NaCl for 18 h; e) permanence in NaCl for 24 h. Five treatments with five replicates were applied to each forage species. The experimental design was completely randomized where the treatment was represented by the moment of observation, being 0, 6, 12, 18 and 24 h. For this experiment, differences (P < 0.05) were observed among treatments for the three forage species. For black oat and calopogonium, the different moments of salt stress in which their seeds were treated did not affect their germination. Perennial soybean suffered a decrease in germination as its seeds were exposed to salt for 6 h resulting in only 1.6% of germinated seeds. Saline stress did not affect the germination of black oat and calopogonium, both had higher values as compared to perennial soybean, in exposure time of 24 h. It is concluded that in the experimental conditions, black oat and calopogonium can be mixed with the mineral salt, without negative effect on its viability.

Key words: Seed dormancy, saline stress, mineral salt, environmental sustainability.