This study aims to evaluate the effects of supplemental irrigation in bell pepper crop under shade mesh and in open-field to improve management of water resources. The experimental design was a randomized complete block with four replications and ten treatments in factorial arrangement (five irrigation levels combined with two shade levels). Irrigation treatments were 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 and 1.0 rate of crop evapotranspiration and the control (no supplemental irrigation). Shading treatments were 0 and 50% reduction of photosynthetically active radiation, compared to open field conditions. Crop coefficient was influenced by rainfall, especially during initial growth stage period when it was high and Kc values were 0.71, 1.17, and 0.92. Treatments under shade and open-field had no significant interaction effect, alike between the years of study. The yield in open-field and under shade mesh showed better performance in 0.75 and 0.50 of ETc, respectively. Maximum water productivity and irrigation water productivity was obtained in open-field and deficit irrigation plots. Under shade, highest fruit quality was obtained; heavier fruits, less dry matter, no sunscald and increasing value added to production. Comparing water consumption in open-field and shading, it can be obtained up to 14 to 25% water saving, significantly improving yield and fruit quality.
Key words: Capsicum annuum, dual crop coefficient, drip irrigation, strategies for efficient irrigation.
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