African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6691

Full Length Research Paper

Effects of nitrogen forms on the growth, ascorbate-glutathione cycle and lipid peroxidation in developing seeds of vegetable soybean

Lei Chen1,2, Si-Chen Liu2, Jun-Yi Gai1, Yue-Lin Zhu1,2 *, Li-Fei Yang2, and Guo-Ping Wei2        
1National Center for Soybean Improvement, Nanjing Agricultural University, No. 1 Weigang, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province 210095, China. 2College of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, No. 1 Weigang, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province 210095, China.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 22 October 2009
  •  Published: 11 November 2009

Abstract

A pot culture experiment of nitrogen forms (NO3¯:NH4+) with four ratios (100:0, 75:25, 50:50, and 25:75) in nutrient solutions was conducted to examine the effects of nitrogen forms on the growth, ascorbate-glutathione (ASC-GSH) cycleand lipid peroxidation in developing seeds of vegetable soybean. Results showed that the best plant growth vigor was observed in NO3¯ (75%), and then in NH4+(50%). The contents of ASC and dehydro-ascorbate (DHA), and DHA/ASC ratio in NO3¯ (75%) and NH4+ (50%) maintained stable values, but obvious increases were observed in NO3¯ (100%) and NH4+ (75%). The GSH contents exhibited increasing trends, while the increases in oxidized glutathione (GSSG) contents were only observed in NO3¯ (100%) and NH4+ (75%), in which high GSSH/GSH ratios were observed. In NO3¯ (100%) and NH4+ (75%), the enzymes activities in ASC-GSH cycle, including ascorbate peroxidase (APX, EC 1.11.1.11), dehydro-ascorbate reductase (DHAR, EC 1.8.5.1) and glutathione reductase (GR, EC 1.6.4.2), expressed increasing trends. Significant increases in lipid peroxidation and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) generation were also observed in NO3¯ (100%) and NH4+ (75%) as against NO3¯ (75%) and NH4+ (50%). It was shown that the degree of oxidative damage was relatively low when the ratio of nitrogen forms was 75:25, and this could be a good guidance on the nitrogen application in the cultivation of vegetable soybean.

 

Key words: Nitrogen forms, seed development, ascorbate-glutathione cycle, vegetable soybean.