African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6638

Full Length Research Paper

Multivariate analysis in the evaluation of sustrate quality and containers in the production of Arabica coffee seedlings

Mario Euclides Pechara da Costa Jaeggi
  • Mario Euclides Pechara da Costa Jaeggi
  • Postgraduate Program in Plant Production, State University of North Fluminense, Av. Alberto Lamego, 2000, Parque California, 28035-200, Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ, Brazil.
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Richardson Sales Rocha
  • Richardson Sales Rocha
  • Postgraduate Program in Plant Production, State University of North Fluminense, Av. Alberto Lamego, 2000, Parque California, 28035-200, Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ, Brazil.
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Israel Martins Pereira
  • Israel Martins Pereira
  • Postgraduate Program in Plant Production, State University of North Fluminense, Av. Alberto Lamego, 2000, Parque California, 28035-200, Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ, Brazil.
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Derivaldo Pureza da Cruz
  • Derivaldo Pureza da Cruz
  • Postgraduate Program in Plant Production, State University of North Fluminense, Av. Alberto Lamego, 2000, Parque California, 28035-200, Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ, Brazil.
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Josimar Nogueira Batista
  • Josimar Nogueira Batista
  • Postgraduate Program in Plant Production, State University of North Fluminense, Av. Alberto Lamego, 2000, Parque California, 28035-200, Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ, Brazil.
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Rita de Kássia Guarnier da Silva
  • Rita de Kássia Guarnier da Silva
  • Postgraduate Program in Plant Production, State University of North Fluminense, Av. Alberto Lamego, 2000, Parque California, 28035-200, Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ, Brazil.
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Magno do Carmo Parajara
  • Magno do Carmo Parajara
  • Teaching, Research and Extension Council, Federal University of Viçosa, Av. Peter Henry Rolfs, s/n - University Campus, 36570-900, Viçosa - MG, Brazil.
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Samuel Ferreira da Silva
  • Samuel Ferreira da Silva
  • Federal University of Espírito Santo, Alto Universitário, S/N Guararema, Alegre - ES, 29500-000, ES, Brazil.
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André Oliveira Souza
  • André Oliveira Souza
  • Postgraduate Program in Agroecology. Federal Institute of Espírito Santo, Rod. Br 482, Km 47, s/n. Rive, 29520-000, Alegre, ES, Brazil.
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Rogério Rangel Rodrigues
  • Rogério Rangel Rodrigues
  • Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Pará, IFPA, Av. Mal. Castelo Branco - Interventória, Santarém - PA, 68020-570, Brasil.
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Wagner Bastos dos Santos Oliveira
  • Wagner Bastos dos Santos Oliveira
  • Federal University of Espírito Santo, Alto Universitário, S/N Guararema, Alegre - ES, 29500-000, ES, Brazil.
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Abel Souza da Fonseca
  • Abel Souza da Fonseca
  • Federal University of Espírito Santo, Alto Universitário, S/N Guararema, Alegre - ES, 29500-000, ES, Brazil.
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Tâmara Rebecca Albuquerque de Oliveira
  • Tâmara Rebecca Albuquerque de Oliveira
  • Postgraduate Program in Plant Production, State University of North Fluminense, Av. Alberto Lamego, 2000, Parque California, 28035-200, Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ, Brazil.
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Geraldo de Amaral Gravina
  • Geraldo de Amaral Gravina
  • Postgraduate Program in Plant Production, State University of North Fluminense, Av. Alberto Lamego, 2000, Parque California, 28035-200, Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ, Brazil.
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Wallace Luís de Lima
  • Wallace Luís de Lima
  • Postgraduate Program in Agroecology. Federal Institute of Espírito Santo, Rod. Br 482, Km 47, s/n. Rive, 29520-000, Alegre, ES, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 03 December 2019
  •  Accepted: 27 February 2020
  •  Published: 31 March 2020

Abstract

Coffee growing is recognized as an activity of great economic and social importance for Brazil. Obtaining good quality coffee seedlings is a major factor in the implantation of a productive and lasting crop. In view of the aforementioned, the objective of this study was to evaluate the quality of Arabica coffee seedlings produced with different substrates in different containers with multivariate analysis techniques. The experimental design used was in randomized blocks, in a 3 x 4 subdivided plot scheme, with 3 replications. The plot levels were: Tube of 120 cm³, Tube of 280 cm³ and Polyethylene bag with volume of 615 cm³. In the subplots the different levels of substrate were randomized: Conventional (S1), leguminous compound (S2), composed of grass + cured bovine manure (S3) and Vermicompost (S4). Treatments 10; 1; 4; 7 evaluated presented potential for diffusion of technology in the process of seedling formation.

Key words: Coffea arabica, composting, agroecology.