A structured survey was conducted in Aneded district to assess the production performance of indigenous and exotic chicken. A formal structured survey was used to collect all the relevant data, using a multi-stage sampling technique. Six sub- district (three peri urban and three from rural area) a total of 60 village chicken owner households were considered for the study. The result revealed that the dominant (60.9%) chicken production was an extensive type of production system. And average age of cockerels at first mating and pullets at first egg laying were 6.4 and 6.1month for local chickens, 4.7 and 5.5 month for exotic breed respectively. The average number of total clutch periods was 3 (ranged 2 - 6) for indigenous chickens. Annual egg production performance was 64.2 and 137 egg for indigenous and exotic chickens respectively. The result revealed that even though 81 .5% of interviewed chicken owners had access to veterinary service 93.3% experienced chicken disease problems, mainly Newcastle disease. The major constraint of production system were disease, feed shortage, Breed distribution, market access and Predator. Generally ensuring sustainable exotic chicken distribution, veterinary service and giving training in the district is critical to preparing smallholder farmers for better poultry production.
Keywords: Ethiopia, Exotic, Indigenous chickens, Production Performance