The aim of this study was to assess the effect of using Multi-Nutritional Blocks and roughage processing as alternatives for the resilience of beneficiary households in the study area. The study was carried in the rural communes of Sakoira and Kourtheye (department of Tillaberi) through a survey of 32 producers of multi-nutritional blocks and treated straw. The structure by age class reveals, among the Peulh ethnic group, that 50% of the people surveyed are between 30 and 49 years old while half of remaining at an age between 50 and 69 years old. It appeared that more than half (55%) of the sample of people surveyed were uneducated. Multi-nutritional blocks are appreciated by 90% of the respondents against 10% who did not give their point of view. The treatment of the straw aroused the admiration of the majority (80%) of the respondents. For the strategies adopted by the peasants, one can retain the destocking, which is practiced by 86.6% of the respondents against 6.6% who prefer the sale of animals. A profit of 42,500 FCFA was obtained for a production of 100 kg of mixture of multi-nutritional blocks and an average of 121,000 FCFA by giving the treated straw to an ox for two months. This made it was possible to meet certain needs, thus leading to household resilience.
Keywords: Household resilience, Multi nutritional block, Roughage, Animal, Nutrition