This study aimed to assess the impact of urban agriculture for improving food security in four town administrations found in Gurage zone. Primary data was collected from 340 sampled adopters using interview, focus group discussion and observation. Propensity score matching (PSM) model was used to assess the impact of urban agriculture on food security. The statistical analysis revealed that there was a statistically significant mean difference between adopters and non-adopters in terms of Job status, Perception toward UA and family size. Logit model result revealed that family size, Ownership of Living home, Job status of HH head, Perception toward urban agriculture, Market demand and Training and support significantly affect the adoption of urban agriculture. The PSM result indicated that the adoption of urban agriculture had an impact on the food security provided that if the farmers adopt urban agriculture, the likelihood of being food secure would increase by a factor of 0.60, citrus paribus. The study suggested the town’s education offices, office of urban agriculture and cooperative offices to teach urban dwellers via an integrated functional adult education program and support them more in a cooperative organization since, the adoption of urban agriculture helps to win battle against food insecurity.
Keywords: food security; Gurage zone; Propensity score matching (PSM) model; urban agriculture.