The purpose of this study was to assess Pastoralists Perceptions towards Rangeland Degradation and Management practices in Pastoralist Dry Land Area among the Borana pastoral communities. Mainly the data for this particular study was collected from both primary and secondary sources. The primary data obtained through household questionnaires, key informant interview, focus group discussions and field observation while secondary data gathered from published and unpublished materials. Cross-sectional research design along with mixed method was employed to conduct the study. Sampling procedure was used by multi-stage sampling. Questionnaires were used to collect data from 345 sample households by using simple random sampling. The study covered four kebeles based on force of rangeland degradation (high, medium and less). The major findings indicate that, the majority (97.0%) respondents agreed that rangeland conditions were bad. rangeland degradation have most significant impacts on the water resources, soil fertility, and biodiversity. The main causes of this degradation are; overgrazing, bush encroachment, soil erosion and limited care and attention paid to rangelands. Researcher concluded that, Rangeland degradation can be exhibited as a decline in the primary productive capacity of Rangeland resources. Weakness in productive capacity and degradation of Rangeland condition has considerable impacts on the productivity of Rangeland and livelihood of community. In recommendations, all stakeholders: government, private sectors, any local and international NGOs, pastoralists, public should stand beside pastoralist in supporting and incorporating indigenous and technical knowledge for sustainable management of Rangeland resources.
Keywords: Degradation, Pastoralism, Rangeland, Management