Target of the study was to examine the socioeconomic factors and natural causes influencing the sustainable rangeland management practices of Borana. It used a quantitative approach based on a questionnaire administered to a representative sample. The researcher purposively draw three study sites grounded on the potential livestock population and access to communal rangeland holding. The research contacted 251 representative respondents. The result indicated that 62.549% of the respondents greatly exercising rangeland management that was enhancing mobility while 37.451% were poorly engaged. The logistic regression model was used to analyse the data using SPSS version 24. The empirical estimation of the econometric model, multi-collinearity test for both continuous and dummy variables were conducted to check possible associations among explanatory variables. Different variables were entered for analysis; six of them were found statistically affected. The subject issues of the study are age of household heads (p<0.01), cultivated farm size (p<0.01), irregularity of rainfall amounts (p<0.01), collective resource management (p<0.01), access to communal water point (p<0.1) and expansion of bushes (p<0.1) have created influence upon the HHs pastureland management practices while the three variable were not significant (education level, livestock holding, extension services and farm land size). Results of the binary logit analysis show that the indigenous knowledge for sustainable grazing land control is useful. This study asserts that the promotion of the indigenous management of rangeland resources has gained increasing recognitions as an essential means to achieve sustainable uses of rangeland resources.
Keywords: Communal rangeland, Indigenous knowledge, Pastoral communities, Rangeland Management