African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6671

Table of Content: 18 March 2011; 6(6)

March 2011

Advances in DNA sequencing: Challenges and limitations of personal sequencing

  The advent of second and third generation DNA sequencing techniqnologies have revolutionized the genomics research. The Single Molecule Sequencing technologies are adequate to minimize occurrence of errors in sequencing. The third generation sequencing technologies could overcome limitations of first and second-generation sequencing technologies. The almost complete human...

Author(s):   K. Mehla, S. Chaudhary, A. Kumar, V. Kumar, P. Chauhan, S. Gupta, J. Singh, P. Kumar, V. Kumar, N. Kumar, A. Jindal, S.Kumar, V. Sharma, S. Chand, N. Mahajan, A. Singh, B. Rameshand D. Singh        

March 2011

Catfish culture in Nigeria: Progress, prospects and problems

  A review of the culture of catfish of the family Claridae in Nigeria was carried out using secondary data. The story of aquaculture in Nigeria is essentially the story of catfish culture. The favoured catfish species include: Clarias gariepinus, Heterobranchus bidorsalis,Clarias × Heterobranchus hybrid (‘Heteroclarias’) and Clarias nigrodigitatus. C....

Author(s):   Adewumi A.  A. and Olaleye V. F.         

March 2011

Multi-objective cropping pattern in the Vaalharts irrigation scheme

  This study presents the multi-objective cropping pattern modeling of a farm in the Vaalharts irrigation scheme (VIS) in South Africa. The cropping pattern model presents three objectives and three constraints. The objectives are to maximize the total net benefit (NB) in monetary terms (South African Rand, ZAR) generated by planting four different crops, maximize total agricultural output (tons) and minimize...

Author(s):   Fred Otieno and Josiah Adeyemo          

March 2011

Evolution processes of groundwater quality in an urban area

  Groundwater quality evolution was investigated in an urban area of Beijing with multilayered geological formations. The majority of the samples collected during this investigation were found to contain high concentrations of nitrate, which is a serious water quality issue. In addition, this study attempted to explain the controlling processes responsible for the various facies. Overall, the...

Author(s):   Seyf-Laye Alfa-Sika Mande, Mingzhu Liu, Gbandi Djaneye-Boundjou, Fei Liu and Honghan Chen        

March 2011

Exploring family farm development in dryland agricultural areas: A case study of the Laghouat region of Algeria

  Family farming is the predominant agricultural system of dryland agriculture in Algeria. TheNational Agricultural and Rural Development Program (PNDAR) was implemented in the last decade to enhance the development of family farms in drylands. The objective of the present study was to explore family farm development in Algerian dryland agricultural areas. Specifically, we were interested in the behavior of...

Author(s):   Khaled Laoubi, Melkhir Boudi, Moulay Adel and Masahiro Yamao        

March 2011

An inventory of rainwater harvesting technologies in Swaziland

  Rainwater harvesting involves water collection from surfaces on which rain falls and storing it for later use. Although water supply shortages are a global problem, not much has been done to exploit the rainwater harvesting benefits in Swaziland. A descriptive study using structured questionnaire was conducted to identify rainwater harvesting technologies used in Swaziland. Purposive sampling was...

Author(s):   B. R. T. Vilane and E. J. Mwendera        

March 2011

Failure rate analyses of cereal combined drills

  Machine availability estimations from research performed before the following season are needed to decide on the required machinery size necessary for timely operation. Additionally, estimations on machinery availability will provide useful data for making mathematically proven assumptions regarding the repair maintenance and timeliness costs. Machine reliability or operational availability analyses must be...

Author(s):   Sait M. Say and Sarp K. Sümer        

March 2011

Determining agricultural water demand from natural streams using the entropy concept

  Determining water flow discharge in open channels is a very important task for agricultural water management, but current methods are labor-intensive and difficult. The entropy method suggested by Chiu and Said (1995) promises to simplfy the task of measuring water flow rates. This paper offers a further simplification of ongoing discharge measurements by showing that the umax and Hmax values form a...

Author(s):   Mehmet ArdiçlioÄŸlu and Serkan Özdin        

March 2011

The compressive strength and planting properties of cemented sand and gravel material compacted by the Hilti vibrating method

  This study was performed to evaluate the compressive strength of cemented sand and gravel (CSG) material with the Hilti vibrating compaction method and the effects of variables such as curing age and to investigate the planting properties of these CSG blocks when seeded with herbaceous plants and cool-season grasses. Four types of CSG mix designs and cement contents were evaluated by a compressive strength...

Author(s):   Young-Ik Kim, Kyu-Seok Yeon and Yong-Seong Kim      

March 2011

Genetic analysis of some agronomic characters in chickpea (Cicer aretinum L.)

  A 5×5 half-diallel cross set of chickpea (Arman, Hashem, ILC588, ICCV2 and ILC3279) was studied to estimate the gene effects and genetic parameters of twenty traits including days to 50% flowering, days to podding, days to maturity, plant height, basal pod height, plant ordinate, root length, number of primary branches, number of secondary branches, biomass, pods weight per plant, straw yield per plant,...

Author(s):   Ezzat Karami    

March 2011

Correlation and relationships between seed yield and other characteristics in chickpea (Cicer arietinum l.) cultivars under deterioration

  This study was done in order to evaluate the relationships between grain yield and the other characteristics with two cultivars of chickpea (Hashem and Arman) in deterioration (0 (control), 7 and 14 days). The experiment was a factorial completely randomized design with 2 factors. It was conducted on a research farm at Gonbadekavoos High Education Center- Iran in 2009. At harvest time, height of the...

Author(s):   Abbas Biabani, Mahnaz Katozi, Mehdi Mollashahi Abdolghadir gharavi bahlakeand Ameneh haji gholi khani        

March 2011

The effect of NaCl seed priming on salt tolerance, antioxidant enzyme activity, proline and carbohydrate accumulation of Muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) under saline condition

  Seeds of Muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) cultivars' Garmsar (local cultivar in south of Iran) and Flexuosus were primed with 100 mmol NaCl solution for 36 h at 20°C. In experiment 1, after priming four replicates of 25 seeds were germinated between two rolled sheets of filter paper with 10 ml of respective salinity test solutions. Seeds were allowed to germinate at 22 ± 1°C in the...

Author(s): Rozbeh Farhoudi, Saeed Saeedipour and Delfie Mohammadreza

March 2011

Yield character variability in Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.)

  Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) has considerable economic importance in the western Sahel because of its nutritional and medical properties. In order to obtain information on variability, a study of yield and some related characters (number of branches/plant, number of capsules/plant, number of seeds/fruit, hundred seed weight) using nine ecotypes of Roselle was undertaken during the...

Author(s):   Sanoussi Atta, Hadiara Hassane Seyni, Yacoubou Bakasso, Benoît Sarr, Issaka Lona and Mahamane Saadou        

March 2011

Pomological characterisation of different kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) cultivars in Adana (Turkey)

  Kiwifruit production in Turkey has increased very rapidly in recent years due to the high nutritional content, especially of vitamin. The performance and pomological characteristicsof seven kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) cultivars (‘Hayward’, ‘Bruno’, ‘Monty’, ‘Abbott’, ‘Elmwood’, ‘Fatma’ and ‘Tere’) were...

Author(s):   Bilge Yildirim, Turgut YeÅŸiloÄŸlu, Müge Uysal-KamiloÄŸlu, Meral Ä°ncesu, Önder Tuzcu and Berken Çimen        

March 2011

Investigations on fertilization biology and description of fruit characteristics of some persimmon (Diospyros kaki) cultigens

  Persimmon is a fruit that has increasing importance on export and prefer to be consumed because its taste, nutrient content and appearance. It can be grown at different ecological conditions without discerning climate and soil. In this sense, it is important to encourage persimmon cultivation. Pollinators need to be used for a good fruit set on cultural varieties. In this study that prepared from this point...

Author(s):   Yasemin EvrenosoÄŸlu, Nihal Acarsoy and Adalet Misirli        

March 2011

Effects of the maternal behavior score (MBS) on weaning weight and litter survival in sheep

  This study intends to describe the differences concerning maternal behavior score between the different genotypes and groups of the age of dam in less selected Norduz, KarakaÅŸ, and Ile-de-FrancexAkkaraman (G1)xKarakaÅŸ crosses, and also aims to determine the effects of Maternal Behavior Score (MBS) on weaning weight and survival of lambs in genotypes studied. Experimental subjects were 92 heads of the 2, 3...

Author(s):   Ayhan Yilmaz, Serhat Karaca, Mehmet Bingöl, AÅŸkin Kor and BariÅŸ Kaki        

March 2011

The phytase from antarctic bacterial isolate, Pseudomonas sp. JPK1 as a potential tool for animal agriculture to reduce manure phosphorus excretion

  Intracellular phytase activity was found in the Antarctic bacterial isolate, JPK1. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the strain was related to Pseudomonas sp. The optimal activity of JPK1 phytase occurred at 50°C and pH 5.0 to 5.5. The enzyme was highly specific for phytate with little or no other phosphate conjugates. Enzyme activity was strongly inhibited by Cu2+ and Zn2+, and...

Author(s):   Inkyung Park and Jaiesoon Cho        

March 2011

Evaluation of protein and energy quality of poultry by-product meal using poultry assays

  In the present study, two experiment were conducted to evaluate three poultry by-product meal (PBM; A, B and C), that is produced in commercial rendering plants. In first experiment, true amino acids (AA) digestibility and TMEn of the PBM were determined using the precision-fed cecectomized rooster. In second experiment, 1 week old male chicks were fed from 8 to 21 days of age with a corn-SBM diet or diets...

Author(s):   Masoud Jafari, Yahya Ebrahimnezhad, Hussein Janmohammadi, Kambiz Nazeradland Mahboub Nemati        

March 2011

Mammalian fauna of Artvin

  Artvin has got richest and most varied mammals of Turkey. We provided checklist of the mammalian fauna of Artvin based on direct observations, interviews and available literature.A total of 55 mammals belonging to 20 families (total 6 orders; insectivora (7), chiroptera (14), lagomorpha (1), rodentia (18), carnivora (10) and artiodactyla (5)) were reported in Artvin. Twenty nine mammal species were identified...

Author(s):   Temel Gokturk, Faruk Bucak and Taner Artvinli        

March 2011

Effects of 8-epi-prostaglandin F2α and prostaglandin F2α on serum progesterone concentration and corpus luteum size in ewes

Prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) is luteolytic in sheep. This study assessed luteolytic ability of an isomer, 8-epi-PGF2α. Ten ewes were estrus-synchronized and blood serum was collected for 12 days and analyzed for progesterone concentration. Ewes were laparoscopically administered 200 µg 8-epi-PGF2α or PGF2α, or placebo in each ovary on day 8 and ovariectomized on day 13. Corpora lutea...

Author(s):   D. T. Yates, L. J. Yates, D. M. Hallford and T. T. Ross    

March 2011

Row spacing effect on leaf area development, light interception, crop growth and grain yield of summer soybean crops in Northern China

  We investigated the effect of row spacing on the structure and radiation utilization efficiency of summer soybean crops in Northern China during the 2006 and 2007 growing seasons. The experiment consisted of 5 planting patterns resulting in the same plant population density (3.09 × 105 plant/ha), where row spacing was 18, 27, 36, 45 and 54 cm. We observed a significant negative correlation between...

Author(s):   X. B.  Zhou, Y. H. Chen and Z. Ouyang        

March 2011

Effects of aluminum on nutrient uptake in different parts of four pineapple cultivars

  Pineapple (Ananas comosus (L.) Merrill.) contains many nutrients and enzyme. It is mostly grown on strongly acid soils in Taiwan. In strongly acid soils, aluminum (Al) is biotoxic and may inhibit growth of crops. This study is to evaluate the effects of different Al concentration in hydroponic solutions on the nutrient uptakes in the roots, stems and leaves of four important...

Author(s):   Yong-Hong Lin and Jen-Hshuan Chen        

March 2011

Mutation breeding of sweet potato by gamma-ray radiation

  This gamma irradiation study was conducted to produce sweet potato mutants having high yield and high starch content. Regenerated plants from gamma-irradiated stems were grown in the field. Twenty-nine plant lines were selected by estimating storage root size, shape and yield. Genetic variation and phylogenetic relationship among the lines were investigated assuming the specific traits. Also, the flowering of...

Author(s):   Ji-Min Shin, Bong-Kyu Kim, Sang-Gyu Seo, Seo Bum Jeon, Ji-Seong Kim, Byung-ki Jun, Si-Yong Kang, Joon-Seol Lee, Mi-Nam Chung and Sun-Hyung Kim        

March 2011

Propagation, growth and yield of Boweia volubilis L. bulbs as affected by growth regulators, manure and inorganic fertilization

Boweia volubilis L. is an endangered indigenous bulb that is highly valued for its medicinal properties by local communities. A method has been developed for rapid multiplication of B. volubilis L. from bulbs under nursery conditions. Bulbs of two sizes were cut longitudinally into four quarters, treated with solutions of varying concentrations of NAA, BAP and kinetin, germinated in river sand and...

Author(s): Alpheus Mpilo Zobolo      

March 2011

Effect of mixed cadmium, copper, nickel and zinc on seed germination and seedling growth of safflower

  Elevated levels of heavy metals in contaminated soils are widely spread and concerns have been raised over the potential risks to humans, animals and agricultural crops. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of mixed cadmium, copper, nickel and zinc on seed germination and seedling growth of safflower under controlled light and temperature conditions. Treatments were included 0 (control),...

Author(s):   Alireza Houshmandfar and Farhang Moraghebi        

March 2011

Cu and Pb accumulation in maize (Zea mays L.) and soybean (Glycine max L.) as affected by N, P and K application

Nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) fertilizer application affects soil properties and processes in many ways that remain unclear. The effects of N, P, and K application on plant growth and copper (Cu) and lead (Pb) accumulation, as well as their differences in plant species were thus evaluated in soil-maize and soil-soybean systems. Five treatments were arranged: N, P, and K application (NPK), N and P...

Author(s):   Wenjun Xie, Jianmin Zhou, Huoyan Wang, Qing Liu, Jiangbao Xia and Xuejun Lv        

March 2011

Strain crossing to transfer germination and seedling salt tolerance in alfalfa (Medicago sativa)

This study was conducted to evaluate the potential of strain crossing, transferring seedling salt tolerance into elite cultivars of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) without additional selection. Alfalfa cultivars (Mesilla, Moapa 69 and CUF 101) and two donor populations ('AZ-GERM SALT-II' (AZ-GS-II) and AZ-GS-EM) were used in this study. The experiment was conducted during season 2005 at the College of Food and...

Author(s):   A. A. Al-Doss    

March 2011

Socio-economic determinants of consumer fish purchase in Windhoek, Namibia

  Based on data collected from 120 shoppers, in the City of Windhoek, capital of Namibia, this study used the logit model to analyze the influence household characteristics have on consumers’ decision to purchase horse mackerel, hake, and snoek. Specific factors considered in the model were gender, age, education, household size and income. The results revealed, firstly that education, income and...

Author(s):   E. C. Musaba and M. Namukwambi        

March 2011

Evaluation of essential capacities required for the performance of farming small, micro and medium enterprise (SMMEs) in South Africa

  The capacity of small, micro, and medium enterprises (SMMEs) plays a pivotal role in ensuring the viability and sustainability of the enterprise. Various types of capacities need to be identified and used to guide farming SMMEs’ planning, implementation and support in the after-care phase.  The main objective of the study was to identify and evaluate essential capacities that are instrumental in...

Author(s):   V. M. Mmbengwa, T. Ramukumba, J. A. Groenewald, H. D. van Schalkwyk, M. B. Gundidza and A. N. Maiwashe        

March 2011

Demand analysis for frozen food in Turkey: Case of Izmir

  The aim of this study was to analyse the frozen food demand among consumers in Izmir, one of the three biggest provinces in Turkey. The study used a questionnaire survey of 271 randomly selected consumers; data was collected between December 2006 and February 2007. Heckman models were used for demand estimates. From demand estimates, price elasticity was found to be -0.53 for potatoes, -0.49 for peas, -0.28...

Author(s):   Zerrin KenanoÄŸlu BektaÅŸ, Bülent Miran, Özlem Karahan Uysal, Cihat Günden and Murat Cankurt        

March 2011

Land tenure, investment and adoption of Sawah rice production technology in Nigeria and Ghana: A qualitative approach

  This paper explores the linkages among land tenure, investment and adoption of Sawah rice production technology in Nigeria and Ghana. Focus group discussion was held with farmersadopting Sawah technology; in all the villages where Sawah rice technology had been introduced. The study found that in Nigeria, land tenure system was predominantly through inheritance, while those on hired land had an...

Author(s):   Oladele O. I., Kolawole A. and T. Wakatsuki        

March 2011

Farmers’ ethno-ecological knowledge of vegetable pests and pesticidal plant use in Malawi and Zambia

  While pests are a major constraint in vegetable production in many parts of Southern Africa, little is known about farmers’ knowledge and management practices. A survey was conducted among 168 and 91 vegetable farmers in Northern Malawi and Eastern Zambia, respectively, to evaluate their knowledge, attitudes and traditional management practices in tomato and crucifers (brassica). All respondents in...

Author(s):   Stephen P. Nyirenda, Gudeta W. Sileshi, Steven R. Belmain, John F. Kamanula, Brighton M. Mvumi, Phosiso Sola, Greenwell K. C. Nyirenda and Philip C. Stevenson,        

March 2011

Relationship between grassland protection and sustaining household livelihoods in Tibet, China

  For investigating how grassland protection influence on sustaining household livelihoods in Tibet, this study to elucidate the source of herdsmen’s income and to test the hypothesis that both grassland protection (GP) and sustaining household livelihoods (SHL) can be achieved in Tibet China. Effects of 9 key predictor variables on the income increment of Tibetan herdsman was analyzed based on 20 years...

Author(s):   Wang Quanzhen, Bian Ba Zhuo Ma, Cui Jian, Hu Tianming, Xu Yuefei, Xie Guoping and Miao Yanjun        

March 2011

Quantitative determination of DNA Methylation in tobacco leaves by HPLC

  A relatively straightforward high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for determination of DNA methylation in flue-cured tobacco leaves was developed and validated. DNA methylation was measured as follows: DNA was hydrolyzed to nucleotide units in perchloric acid. The bases of cytosine and 5-methylcytosine were separated on a reversed-phase C18 column at 30°. The mobile phase used methanol: 5...

Author(s):   Feng Jia, YunPeng Fu, WeiQun Liu, Zheng Du College of Tobacco Science, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou , People’s Republic of China. College of Life Sciences, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, , People’s Republic of China.and YiDan Zhao        

March 2011

Expression of recombinant human collagen peptide in Escherichia coli and effects of the recombinant protein on UVA-irradiated HaCaT Cells

  In this study, we reported the cloning and over-expression of a gene encoding human collagen peptide (CP6) in Escherichia coli and the establishment of a purification protocol for obtaining the recombinant protein. The collagen peptide (CP6) had a molecular weight of about 46 kDa, and CP6 expression comprised approximately 10% of the total bacterial protein expression. Sodium dodecyl sulfate...

Author(s):   Ming Wu, Zhen zhen Xu and Guang Chen          

March 2011

Appraisal of the antioxidant, phenolic compounds concentration, xanthine oxidase and tyrosinase inhibitory activities of Pleurotus salmoneostramineus

  The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant activities, tyrosinase inhibitory effects on the fruiting bodies of Pleurotus salmoneostramineus extracted with acetone, methanol and hot water. The antioxidant activities were performed on β-carotene-linoleic acid, reducing power, DPPH, ferrous ions chelating abilities, and xanthine oxidase inhibitory activities. In addition to this,...

Author(s):   Nuhu Alam, Ki Nam Yoon, Youn Jeong Cha, Jeong Hwa Kim, Kyung Rim Lee and Tae Soo Lee        

March 2011

Genetics of yield and related traits in bread wheat over different planting dates using diallel analysis

  An 8x8 diallel experiment was conducted on bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to ascertain the genetic mechanism of yield and its related traits. The observations were recorded on days to heading, productive tillers plant-1, number of grains spike-1, grain yield plant-1 and 1000-grain weight. The experiment was planted in randomized complete block design in three replicates. F-test declared...

Author(s):   Farhad Ahmad, Saleem Khan, Abdul Latif , Hakim Khan , Ayub Khan and Akhtar Nawaz        

March 2011

Delineation of management zones by classification of soil physico-chemical properties in the Northern Savanna of Nigeria

  This study was designed to identify properties that explained variability in soils of farmers’ fields in Kaya, within the northern Guinea savanna benchmark and group the soils on the basis of the identified properties. Ridge and furrow soil samples from farmers’ fields were analyzed for determination of physical and chemical properties. Principal component analysis of soil properties extracted and...

Author(s):   Salami, Biola Titilope, Okogun, Jacob Ade and Sanginga, Ntenranya        

March 2011

Effects of compost made with sludge and organic residues on bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) crop and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi density

  In this study we evaluated five composts prepared with two sludge: from a beverage factory and from a paper industry; they were mixture with organic residues from a pepper canned and corn stubble. Composts were tested over yield of common bean and population of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi. Mixtures of residues and sludge were composted during four months producing a non phytotoxic material with...

Author(s):   Luna Zendejas Héctor Santos, Solís Oba Myrna, López Wong Wenndy, Vera Reyes Andrea and González Prieto Juan Manuel        

March 2011

Pedotransfer functions for point estimation of soil moisture characteristic curve in some Iranian soils

  Soil moisture characteristic (SMC) curve is a basic soil property. Since its direct measurement is costly and time-consuming, an alternative to measurement is to estimate this property indirectly, using the more easily available soil properties. These methods are called pedotransfer functions (PTFs). Point PTFs estimate the water content of the soil at different matric potentials. For this study, twenty soil...

Author(s): Hamid Reza Fooladmand              

March 2011

Evaluation of resistance in wheat germplasm to the aphids (Sitobion avenae) based on Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) and cluster methods

  Sitobion avenae is the dominant and destructive pest in wheat production regions in China. Therefore, breeders developed new and high resistant varieties to ensure stable yields. In this paper, thirteen comprehensive agronomic characteristics of twenty-two wheat germplasm resources were investigated, and the data for the resources collected in the  latest two years were treated with Technique for...

Author(s):   Chun-Ping Wang , , Qian Chen, Kun Luo, Hui-Yan ZHao, Gai-Sheng Zhang and Rebonoang ’Mantaoleng Tlali           

March 2011

Comparative performance of Bt cotton with some elite conventional cotton cultivars under arid to semi-arid conditions

  To identify the superior genotype, we studied the comparative growth and yield performance of four cotton cultivars namely, CIM-496, BH-162, VH-144 and Bt-121, grown on sandy clay loam soil, having pH 8.4, EC 1.0 dS m-1, SAR 7.8 (mmolL-1)1/2 and TSS, 10.0 meL-1. The site was located at latitude 31.65oN, longitude 72.36oE and altitude 157.65 m. The results revealed that plant growth parameters like plant...

Author(s):   Ahsan Aziz, Naeem Akhtar, Muhammad Afzal, Muhammad Ashraf, Asif Tanveer, Rashid Ahmad, Muhammad Ehsan Safdar and Salman Ahmad        

March 2011

The quality characteristics of four subfractions of wheat flour in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

  To investigate the quality characteristics of different size of flour particle in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, coarse flours from twelve spring wheat varieties were sifted with sieves of 150, 75 and 44 µm. Four subfractions and the coarse flour were evaluated for protein content, ash content, protein components, and rheological properties. Mean weight percentages of >150, 75-150, 44 to 75 and <44...

Author(s):   Baolong Liu, Hongqin Li, Bo Zhang and Huaigang Zhang        

March 2011

Small-scale continuous production of a tropical marine copepod, Nitocra affinis californica Lang and its potential as live food for aquaculture

      A study to establish a relatively simple and reliable small scale mass production and the nutritional profile of Nitocra affinis was undertaken. The result confirmed the feasibility of maintaining N. affinis on a small scale for a long period using cheaply available culture vessels. Within six weeks (42 days) a minimum harvest of 43.6 x 103 copepod.L-1 and maximum of...

Author(s):   Hazel Monica Matias-Peralta, Fatimah Md. Yusoff, Mohamed Shariff and Suhaila Mohamed        

March 2011

Evaluation of oxytetracycline in the prevention of American foulbrood in bee colonies

  In this paper we presented the procedure of artificial infection of bee colonies with American Foulbrood by the spores of Panibacillus larvae (P. larvae). Bee colonies were treated with oxytetracycline that was applied in a patty and sugar syrup. The symptoms and the course of the disease within the bee colony were monitored. Our research included 20 bee colonies divided in three experimental and...

Author(s):   Nada Plavša, Dragica Stojanović, Igor Stojanov, Nikola Puvača , Vidica Stanaćevand Bosiljka Äuričić        

March 2011

Visual landscape quality in landscape planning: Examples of Kars and Ardahan cities in Turkey

  Together with European landscape convention, it is required that studies related to landscape planning should be integrated with the sectors such as department of urban and regional planning, industry, agriculture and forestry. Visual landscape analysis has an important position in landscape planning. In this study, it is aimed that a method for visual landscape quality which is one of the researches of...

Author(s):   Osman Uzun and Haldun MüderrisoÄŸlu        

March 2011

Kyoto protocol and social accounting implication on global-warming in Malaysia: An action research approach

  This study examines the relationship between social change demands and tactical decision making processes resulting from apparent global-warming and climate-change by employing an action research methodology. The objective was to uncover the perceptions of Malaysian corporate management concerning the present debate on climate change. These corporate officers occupy the top decision making positions that...

Author(s):   Lee Mei Yee, Susela Devi and Edward Wong Sek Khin