African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6671

Table of Content: 6 June, 2013; 8(21)

June 2013

A review on postharvest handling of avocado fruit

This paper reviews the literature on the effect of pre- and postharvest treatment effects on the postharvest quality of avocado fruit. It is evident from literature that pre-harvest factors such as ambient field temperature and water stress affects the postharvest physiology of avocado fruit. The postharvest handling treatments and environmental conditions identified were pre-packaging treatments, different density...

Author(s): A. Kassim, T. S. Workneh and C. N. Bezuidenhout

June 2013

Biochar an alternate option for crop residues and solid waste disposal and climate change mitigation

Atmospheric rise of CO2, N2O and CH4 over years, accelerated increase in global temperature, has led to uncertainty in monsoon rainfall and also leading to recurrence of drought, which in turn is severely affecting crop productivity and livelihood security of the farmers in Semi Arid Tropics. Agriculture contributes considerable amount of CO2, N2O and CH4 emission into the atmosphere through different soil and...

Author(s): P. Kannan, P. Arunachalam, G. Prabukumar and M. Govindaraj,

June 2013

Mineral nutrition in the control of nematodes

Although plant tolerance and resistance to pathogens are genetically controlled, they are significantly influenced by environmental nutrition factors. Mineral nutrients can increase or decrease resistance or tolerance to pathogens and pests. Plants receiving ample nutrition have higher resistance to diseases and higher tolerance. This is based on the fact that more vigorous plants have greater capacity to offset a loss...

Author(s): Simone de Melo Santana-Gomes, Claudia Regina Dias-Arieira, Miria Roldi, Tais Santo Dadazio, Patricia Meiriele Marini and Davi Antonio de Oliveira Barizão

June 2013

Phytotherapy in the control of helminthiasis in animal production

Parasitic diseases constitute one of the main problems affecting livestock; however the use of chemical medicaments provides drug resistance residues in animal and environmental contamination. Changes in production concepts require that food must be produced in hygienic conditions, per healthy animals and that are not eliminating antibiotic residues, pesticides or other drugs. This scenario has favored organic...

Author(s): Erika Cosendey Toledo de Mello Peixoto, Andressa de Andrade, Fillipi Valadares, Luciana Pereira da Silva and Regildo Márcio Gonçalves da Silva

June 2013

Biomass yields, soil cover, content and accumulation of nutrients of some green manure legumes grown under conditions of north of Minas Gerais, Brazil

The potential of green manure crops as conservation practice play an important role in soil quality and sustainability of agricultural systems. This field experiment was conducted in 2009 season to evaluate the performance of different green manures cultivated under Minas Gerais conditions, southeast Brazil. The treatments, in randomized blocks with three replications, were: Spontaneous vegetation (control), Sunhemp...

Author(s): Rômulo F. Duarte, Luiz A. Fernandes, Regynaldo A. Sampaio, Leonardo D. Tuffi Santos, Paulo H. Grazziotti and Humberto P. Silva

June 2013

Effects of soil moisture conditions on vegetative reconstruction with alfalfa on the northern Shaanxi Loess Plateau

Vegetative reconstruction using alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has been effective in many areas to combat desertification. In arid regions of the China Loess Plateau water availability limits alfalfa productivity. Precipitation, runoff, soil moisture, and alfalfa biomass data from 2008 to 2010 on four distinct slopes representative of the Northern Shaanxi Loess Region, were collected. Relationships between precipitation,...

Author(s): Wang Yanping, Shao Mingan and Qi Yanbin

June 2013

Shelf life of Karonda jams (Carissa carandas L.) under ambient temperature

The studies were based on variations of sugar and to find out the best treatment for maximum storage period. The experiment comprised of 5 levels of addition of sugar and data obtained was analyzed by completely randomized design. Results obtained from study showed that Treatment 4 (1000 g pulp + 1150 g sugar) possessed an ideal value of total soluble solids (TSS), pH, acidity, moisture, ascorbic acid, iron, and overall...

Author(s): R. A. Wani, V. M. Prasad, S. A. Hakeem, S. Sheema, S. Angchuk and A. Dixit

June 2013

Methods for early evaluation for resistance to bacterial blight of coffee

Bacterial Blight of Coffee (BBC) caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv garcae has become of major concern in Kenya due to its increasing incidence and severity. For decades, the disease was confined within and to the west of the Great Rift Valley, but recently it has spread to reach other coffee growing areas. In order to minimize the chemical input in its management, which apart from polluting the environment...

Author(s): Ithiru J. M., Gichuru E. K., Gitonga P. N., Cheserek J. J. and Gichimu B. M.

June 2013

Emamectin Benzoate 5 SG: A safer insecticide to coccinellids predators in cotton ecosystem

Two field experiments were conducted one at Vellan Koil in winter season cotton cultivar - MCU 5 during January to April 2008 and the other at Erangkattur on Cultivar -Surabhi during May to September 2008. Both the field experiments were conducted in erode districts of Tamil Nadu to evaluate the safety of new formulation emamectin benzoate 5 SG at different doses (emamectin benzoate 5 SG at 7, 11 and 15 g a.i....

Author(s): K. Govindan, K. Gunasekaran and S. Kuttalam

June 2013

Seed treatment influence with Carboxin + Thiram to initial development of crambe (Crambe abyssinica Hoechst) in two crop years

Crambe abyssinica Hoechst, from Brassicaceae family, is a promising plant for the biofuel production field. However for being a worldwide successful culture, it is necessary to be able to yield optimize, so it is interesting to be guaranteed of a good quality seeds and technologies use such as seed treatment, to achieved a good crop establishment in the early phase plant development. The objective of...

Author(s): Danielle Mattei, Tiago Roque Benetoli da Silva, Tais Dadazio and Carolina Amaral Tavares da Silva

June 2013

Effects of Guar meal, Guar gum and saponin rich Guar meal extract on productive performance of starter broiler chicks

The study was set up to evaluate whether Saponin rich guar meal extract (GS) or residual Guar gum (GG) is the main anti-nutritional compound contributing to Guar meal (GM) relatively poor feeding value for poultry. Two hundred forty 1-days-old chicks were randomly distributed among 4 treatments with 4 replicates of 15 chicks each from 1 to 21 days. Chicks were fed one of four treatments: Control broiler diet, control...

Author(s): S. M. Hassan

June 2013

Effect of tillage and nutrient management practices on weed dynamics and yield of fingermillet (Eleusine coracana L.) under rainfed pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.) fingermillet system in Alfisols of Southern India

Field experiments were conducted during the Kharif seasons of 2010 and 2011 at GKVK, UAS, Bangalore, Karnataka, India to study the influence of three tillage practices viz., conventional tillage (3 ploughings + 3 inter cultivations), reduced tillage (2 ploughings + 2 inter cultivations) and minimum tillage (1 ploughing + 1 inter cultivation) and three nutrient management practices viz., 100% N...

Author(s): Vijaymahantesh, Nanjappa H. V. and Ramachandrappa B. K.

June 2013

Fuel-wood energy properties of Prosopis juliflora and Prosopis pallida grown in Baringo District, Kenya

Kenya depends on fuel-wood for cooking and heating in most households. Over 80% of both rural and urban households in the country use fuel wood for cooking. These Prosopis plant species provide excellent fuel wood. These plants were introduced in the arid and semi-arid areas of Kenya in the early 1970s as a source of woodfuel and also for the rehabilitation of degraded lands. Prosopis is a prolific seeder and...

Author(s): Nellie M. Oduor and Joseph K. Githiomi

June 2013

Acacia tortilis (Forsk) Hayne subsp raddiana (Savi) in a North African pseudo-savanna: Morphological variability and seed characteristics

Acacia tortilis (Forsk) Hayne subsp. raddiana (Savi) Brenan (Family Fabaceae; subfamily Mimosoideae) is a pioneer tree of dry areas and it is a drought-resistant species. In spite of its several uses, there are no published studies which deal with relation between its adaptive features and fruit production for the Tunisian Arboretum. For this reason, a study was carried out in Bouhedma National Park...

Author(s): Jaouadi Wahbi, Mechergui Kaouther, Hamrouni Lamia, Hanana Mohsen and Khouja Mohamed Larbi

June 2013

Factors affecting milk market outlet choices in Wolaita zone, Ethiopia

The study was undertaken with the objective of assessing factors affecting milk market outlet choices inWolaita zone, Ethiopia. Using farm household survey data from 394 households and Multinomial Logit Model, milk market outlet choices were analyzed. Multinomial Logit model results indicate that compared to accessing individual consumer milk market outlet, the likelihood of accessing cooperative milk market outlet...

Author(s): Berhanu Kuma, Derek Baker, Kindie Getnet and Belay Kassa

June 2013

The impact of farmer support programmes on household income and sustainability in smallholder production: A case study of the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu Natal farmers, South Africa

A number of Farmer Support Programmes have been implemented in South Africa to reduce the risk of a lack of capacity and a lack of economic and/or financial experience in smallholder farms. Intervention measures have been instituted to these smallholder farmers to assist them to move out of poverty through agricultural production. Unfortunately, smallholder farmers are further constrained by institutional obstacles...

Author(s): Sikwela M. M. and Mushunje A.

June 2013

Isolation and cloning of ech36 gene from Trichoderma harzanium

A lab experiment was conducted to screen for the presence of ech36 gene in 80 isolates of Trichoderma.Further, using gene specific primers ech36 gene were cloned into pTZ57R/T from Trichoderma harzaniumIABT1042. The clone was confirmed through PCR amplification and restriction analysis. The clone were sequenced and analyzed for homology at nucleotide and protein level to find out conserved domains of...

Author(s): Radheshyam Sharma and Sumangala Bhat

June 2013

Purification and characterisation of a plant peroxidase from rocket (Eruca vesicaria sbsp. Sativa) (Mill.) (syn. E. sativa) and effects of some chemicals on peroxidase activity

Rocket (Eruca vesicaria sbsp. Sativa) (Mill.) (syn. E. sativa) was grown and used widely in Turkey as a garnish in salads. A peroxidase (POD) from leaves of rocket (Eruca vesicaria sbsp. Sativa) was purified using sequential (NH4)2SO4 precipitation, CM-Sephadex and Sephacryl S-200 chromatographies. A peroxidase (POD) was purified 220.3-fold from the Rocket (E....

Author(s): Hayrunnisa Nadaroglu, Neslihan Celebi, Nazan Demir and Yasar Demir

June 2013

Effects of natural building ventilation on live weights performance of does during reproduction

Four identical adjoining buildings, each with eight pens (number of does = 32) of dimensions 1.2 × 0.6 × 1.2 m were constructed with floor area per pen (1.2 × 0.6 m). Three factors were considered in the study; building orientations (Or.45° and Or.90° to wind directions) and ventilation openings (Op.20, Op.40, Op.60 and Op.80% side openings) and seasons (dry and rainy). Ventilation rates inside...

Author(s): Lamidi W. A., Osunade J. A. and Ogunjimi L. A. O.

June 2013

Pollen spectra of honeys produced in Algeria

The objective of this study was to evaluate the quality of 10 honey samples produced in Algeria. The samples were prepared using the methodology described by Louveaux and co-workers. Honeys were considered to be monofloral whenever the dominant pollen was found to be over 45% of total pollen. The results obtained in the present study show the variability of the honey samples. The botanical families Myrtaceae, Rutaceae...

Author(s): Samira Nair, Boumedienne Meddah and Abdelkader Aoues

June 2013

Influence of cultivar and growing season on quality properties of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Quality of nine winter wheat cultivars (Ana Morava, Aleksandra, Toplica, KG-56S, Kruna, Planeta, Takovcanka, Vizija and Studenica) was studied in this paper. Field experiment was conducted in three growing seasons(2005/06, 2006/07 and 2007/08) on the experimental field of Small Grains Research Centre of Kragujevac, Serbia. Zeleny sedimentation value, wet gluten content and rheological properties of flour...

Author(s): Veselinka ZECEVIC, Jelena BOSKOVIC, Desimir KNEZEVIC, Danica MICANOVIC and Slobodan MILENKOVIC

June 2013

Weed management in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) influenced by different soil tillage systems

In this study, weed management in winter wheat influenced by different soil tillage systems was investigated. The experiment was carried out under Mediterranean conditions on a Luvisol, during two growing seasons (1996/1997 and 1999/2000). Two factors (different soil tillage systems and post-emergence weed control) were studied, with two levels each: Two soil tillage systems and two levels of post-emergence weed...

Author(s): José M. G. CALADO, Gottlieb BASCH, José F. C. BARROS, and Mário de CARVALHO,

June 2013

Identification of suitable legumes in cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz)-Legumes intercropping

Field experiment was conducted at Mekiredi (Amaro research site) in southern nation’s nationalities and peoples region of Ethiopia to determine suitable legume(s) in cassava legume intercropping during 2005 to 2008 crop seasons. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design in 3 replications using cassava (cultivar Kelo) and 4 legume varieties including haricot bean (omo95), mung bean...

Author(s): Legese Hidoto and Gobeze Loha

June 2013

Eco-friendly management of root-rot of chilli caused by Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn.

Trichoderma viride and Trichoderma harzianum and farm yard manure were evaluated along with fungicide (carbendazim 50 WP) as a seed, seedbed treatment and soil drench against root-rot in chilli caused byRhizoctonia solani. Under in- vitro conditions the T. viride and T. harzianum significantly inhibited the growth ofR. solani and carbendazim also inhibited the...

Author(s): Shabir-U-Rehman, Rubina Lawrence, Ebenezer J. Kumar, Talat M. A., Shabir Ahmad Ganie, Waseem Ahmad Dar and Javid Ahmad Bhat

June 2013

Influence of soil and foliar application of borax on fractions of boron under tomato cultivation in boron deficient soil of Typic Haplustalf

Boron (B) is a micronutrient which plays an important role in crop production. Tomato is one of the crops which respond well to B application. Blossom end rot of tomato is due to the deficiency symptom of B which affects the economic value of tomato. The present investigation was undertaken with tomato (PKM 1) as the test crop to study the effect of application of boron on boron fractions viz., readily soluble,...

Author(s): S. Sathya, P. P. Mahendran and K. Arulmozhiselvan

June 2013

Evaluation of the perception and awareness of Food Science and Technology amongst high school learners in Limpopo province of South Africa

Important as Food Science and Technology (FST) may be there has been a general down trend in the number of students’ enrolment in educational institutions worldwide. Scarcity of food scientists and technologists in developing countries is a global and emerging critical problem requiring the attention of academia, industry and government in addressing global food security. One of the barriers to achieving ideal FST...

Author(s): Jideani AIO, Takalani T., Silungwe H., Kyei K. A., Beswa D., Kgatla T. E. and Mashau M. E.

June 2013

Examination of some physiological and biochemical changes based on ripening in fruits of different types of apricots

This study was performed to determine some of the physiological and biochemical changes that occurred during ripening period in fruits of different types of apricots. In the fruits of six types of apricots (Hasanbey, Canino, Turfanda Eskimalatya, Hacihaliloglu, Özal, and Levent) collected during green, mature green and ripe periods, amounts of total soluble solids (TSS) (Brix°), titratable acidity,...

Author(s): Zehra Tugba Abacı and Bayram Murat Asma