African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 1082

Full Length Research Paper

Modeling and simulation of reactors in plug flow reactor (PFR) and Packed Bed Reactor (PBR) series for the conversion of methanol into hydrocarbons

Pamphile Biabongo N.
  • Pamphile Biabongo N.
  • Process Engineering and Thermodynamics Laboratory, University of Kinshasa (UNIKIN), Democratic Republic of the Congo.
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Ndjibu N. Jonathan
  • Ndjibu N. Jonathan
  • Process Engineering and Thermodynamics Laboratory, University of Kinshasa (UNIKIN), Democratic Republic of the Congo.
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Vanshok Ekoko
  • Vanshok Ekoko
  • Process Engineering and Thermodynamics Laboratory, University of Kinshasa (UNIKIN), Democratic Republic of the Congo.
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Gédéon Ekulu N.
  • Gédéon Ekulu N.
  • Process Engineering and Thermodynamics Laboratory, University of Kinshasa (UNIKIN), Democratic Republic of the Congo.
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  •  Received: 14 January 2022
  •  Accepted: 01 April 2022
  •  Published: 31 August 2022

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to size the PFR reactor and to deduce the likely useful mass of the catalyst in the PBR for the production of hydrocarbons such as propane, butane and pentane from methanol via dimethyl ether (DME). The use of these reactors would require kinetic analysis, material balance, energy balance and then sizing. The interest in the chemical catalytic conversion of synthesis gas to gasoline suggests that the fuels industry may have come full circle from the time that synthesis gas from either natural gas or coal gasification were economic alternatives to crude oil. In this instance, cellulosic waste is the alternative raw materials that can be provided from DRCs logging waste and from agricultural activities. In the case of Muanda in the DRC, as in neighboring countries, the exploitation of black gold does not seem to have played any positive role in terms of development.

 

Key words: Packed bed reactor, plug flow reactor, modeling, simulation.