African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5211

Full Length Research Paper

An unexpected low Hepatitis B seroprevalence in pregnant women from the rural Southeastern Turkey

Ali Yavuzcan1*, Akif Altınbas2 and Sibel Altınbas3
  1Department of Obstetric and Gynecology, Hakkari State Hospital, Hakkari, Turkey. 2Department of Internal Medicine, Hakkari State Hospital, Hakkari, Turkey. 3Department of Obstetric and Gynecology, Dr. Zekai Tahir Burak Women Health Teaching and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.  
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 16 September 2011
  •  Published: 23 October 2011



The purpose of this study was to investigate the sero-prevalence of Hepatıtıs B virus (HBV) infection among pregnant women in city of Hakkari that lies in the Southeastern border of Turkey in which the socioeconomic status of people is too low. Hepatitis Bseroprevalence antigen (HBs Ag) positivity, anti HBs positivity and demographic datas of the women (ages, born places etc.) were determined from the records of Hakkari State Hospital. HBs Ag positivity was detected in 7 of 473 (1.47%) pregnant women. There were no significant difference between the age groups and prevalence of HBs Ag positivity (p = 0.994 and p < 0.05). Antibodies against HBs Ag (anti HBs) were  performed in 443 pregnant women. Only 59 of them (11,4%) were positive. The prevalence of HBs Ag positivity in Hakkari was found lower than expected. The Southeastern part of Turkey should not been accepted as an intermediate endemic area for HBV. On the other hand; according to us, the active screening of  pregnant women in a proper population is one of the most important strategies for defeating the addition of new infectious members. 


Key words: Hakkari, Hepatitis B antigen positivity, pregnant women.