African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5233

Full Length Research Paper

Seroprevalance of Coxiellosis in cows, sheep, goats and humans in Diyarbakir region of Turkey

Neval Berrin Arserim1, Simten YeÅŸilmen1, Osman YaÅŸar TEL2, Tuncer Özekinci3, Oktay Keskin2, Hüseyin Pulat4 and Aydin Vural5
1Dicle University, Faculty of Veterinary, Department of Microbiology, Diyarbakir, Turkey. 2Harran University, Faculty of Veterinary, Department of Microbiology, Sanliurfa, Turkey. 3Dicle University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Microbiology, Diyarbakir, Turkey. 4Dicle University, Faculty of Veterinary, Department of Virolology, Diyarbakir, Turkey. 5Dicle University, Faculty of Veterinary, Department of Food Hygiene and Technology,Diyarbakir, Turkey.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 30 July 2011
  •  Published: 04 August 2011

Abstract

This study aims at determining the seroprevalance of Coxiella burnetii in cows, sheep, goats and staff, working in the stock breeding sector in Diyarbakir region. Therefore, C. burnetii antibodies were investigated in sera samples of 612 sheep, 700 goats, 584 cows and 90 staff by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). In the study, seropositivity was obtained as 25.4, 38.6, 20.0 and 6.6% in sheep, goats, cows and stockbreeding staff, respectively. Consequently, C. burnetii seropositivity, whether in people or in animals, had a ratio that should not be ignored in Diyarbakir region. Abort cases in ruminant should be assessed from the viewpoint of Coxiellosis. Also, people, especially those who are in risk group, should be made to be conscious of Coxiellosis infection, and measures for preventing this illness should be taken.

 

Key words: Cow, Coxiella burnetii, goat, human, seroprevalance, sheep.