African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5210

Full Length Research Paper

Hematology and serum biochemistry values in adult racoon dogs and foxes in Changli farms of Hebei Province, China

Ping Rui1, Zeng-jun Ma1*, Xiang-zhai Zhang1, Pei-guo Li1, Guang-ping Gao1, Zong-ze Yang1, and Jin-hui Zhang2
  1College of Animal Science and Technology, Hebei Normal University of Science and Technology, Qinhuangdao, Hebei 066004, China. 2Changli People’s Hospital, Changli, Hebei 066600, China.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 07 October 2011
  •  Published: 16 November 2011



This study examined 41 hematology and serum biochemistry status of adult raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides, n = 20) and silver foxes (Vulpes fulva, n = 20), living in the farms of Hebei Province. These values were compared between sexes of each kind animal and between raccoon dogs and foxes. The results showed that genders and species influenced the hematology and serum biochemistry values. Specifically, female foxes had higher (P < 0.05) eosinopil counts and chloride content, and lower (P < 0.05) glucose content than males. Female raccoon dogs had lower (P < 0.05) glutamyltransferase activity and higher (P < 0.05) contents of creatinine and triglyceride (TG) than males. For leukocyte counts, mean cell volume (MCV) and mean cell haemoglobin (MCH) values were significantly higher (P < 0.01) in raccoon dogs when compared with the foxes. However, erythrocyte count of foxes was significantly higher (P < 0.01) than that of raccoon dogs. The activities of amylase, creatine kinase, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), glutamyltransferase (GGT), and the contents of total protein, globulin, uric acid, triglyceride, potassium, and sodium were significantly higher in raccoon dogs than those in foxes (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). While, the activities of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase and the contents of glucose, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, magnesium and total cholesterol were significantly higher in foxes than that in raccoon dogs.        


Key words: Blood serum biochemistry, silver fox (Vulpes fulva), hematology, raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides).