Of the 72 endophytic bacteria isolated from healthy tomato stems and leaves from field-grown plants, the strain W4 gave strongly inhibitory effect on Botrytis cinerea Pers, with the inhibition rate 78% in dual culture assay and 100% using fermentation filtrate diluted 20 times. Based on morphological, physiological and biochemical properties, 16S rDNA gene sequences and Biolog system analysis, the isolate W4 was identified and named asBrevibacillus brevis W4. The activity determination demonstrated that the antagonistic effect of W4 fermentation filtrate on B. cinerea was fairly stable to temperature, pH, ultraviolet light. Only heated at 90°C for 30 min or at 100°C or above for 10 min, the inhibitory effect was significantly reduced. The inhibitory rate remained above 90% at pH 2-11 and above 95% under ultraviolet light radiation for 5-240 min. These stability characteristics of antagonistic activity were conducive to future applications in the field.
Key words: Botrytis cinerea, Brevibacillus brevis W4, endophytic bacteria, antagonistic activity.
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