The 11 dsRNA fragmental genome of grass carp reovirus (GCRV) is enclosed in five inner core proteins and two outer capsid proteins. The Glutathione S-transferase (GST) fusion protein expression vector pGEX-4T-3 was employed to clone and expression of GCRV outer capsid gene vp7, which was amplified by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT - PCR) from infected Grass carp. The recombinant GST-fusion protein rVP7 was induced by 1 mM IPTG in Dh5αand confirmed by SDS-PAGE and Western blot assays using both anti-GST-tag and anti-VP7 monoclonal antisera. An expected 52-kDarVP7 was highly expressed, and was mainly exhibited in the formation of the inclusion body. After purification, rVP7 was intraperitoneally injected to the experimental mice to produce anti-rVP7 polyclonal serum. In vitro microneutralization assay indicated that polyclonal antibody against rVP7 could neutralize GCRV, and suggested that rVP7 had the potential to be used as subunit vaccine against GCRV infection. The present study paved the way for further characterization of the immunogenicity of viral outer capsid protein VP7 in grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idellus and could be based to develop antibody or antigen detection assays for GCRV pathogen.
Key words: Grass carp reovirus, VP7 protein, prokaryotic expression, western blot, microneutralization.
Copyright © 2023 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0