African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5233

Full Length Research Paper

Aetiology and frequency of cervico-vaginal infections among Mexican women

Fabiola Hernández-Martínez, Juan A Hernández-García, Marcos D Martínez-Peña, Brenda L Muñíz-Becerril, Cecilia Hernández-Cortez, Graciela Castro-Escarpulli and M. G Aguilera-Arreola*
Laboratorio de Bacteriología médica, departamento de Microbiología, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, Instituto Politécnico Nacional (IPN). Ciudad de México, D.F. México.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 24 September 2012
  •  Published: 01 January 2013


There are major concerns worldwide regarding sexually transmitted infections (STI), bacterial vaginosis (BV), and candidiasis as a major cause of morbidity as they result in significant health and economic consequences, particularly in developing countries. This study was intended to obtain information about the prevalence of these pathologies in women considered to be at low risk using both traditional and in-house NAAT methods. Cervical and vaginal samples were collected all volunteers signed an informed consent form and completed a survey. BV, trichomoniasis, candidiasis, genital mycoplasmas colonization and Chlamydia trachomatis or Neisseria gonorrhoeae cervicitis were diagnosed. Candidiasis and abnormal vaginal flora associated with BV were very frequent. The high colonization with micoplasmas was detected. C. trachomatis cervicitis was found in 10.67% from which a third of the cases were of asymptomatic woman. No cases of gonorrhoea or trichomoniasis were diagnosed. In house NAAT’s used seems to viable tools for the cheap and reliable test for the diagnosis of gonorrhoea and chlamydial infections. Increased awareness of the importance of protected sexual intercourse is imperative to prevent the transmission of sexually transmitted. Further studies for a comprehensive understanding of the rates of these infections in Mexican women are necessary and should be an impulse for make community-based assessment of STI and RTI.


Key words: Bacterial vaginosis, candidosis, STI, cervicitis, gonorrhoea.