African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5210

Full Length Research Paper

Bacteriological studies on pulmonary lesions of camel (Camelus dromedarius) slaughtered at Addis Ababa abattoir, Ethiopia

Nesibu Awol1, Gelagay Ayelet2, Shiferaw Jenberie2*, Esayas Gelaye2, Tesfaye Sisay1and Haileleul Nigussie1
  1Faculty of Veterinary medicine, A.A.U, P. O. Box: 34, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia. 2National Veterinary Institute, P. O. Box: 19, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 01 March 2011
  •  Published: 04 March 2011



This study was carried out with the aim of identifying bacterial species involved in lung lesions of camels slaughtered between October 2009 and April 2010 at Addis Ababa abattoir enterprise, Ethiopia. All camels were originated from Borana and Kereyu pastoral areas. A total of 387 lungs were inspected during the study period, of which 300 (77.5%) possessed gross pulmonary lesions. Of which 72 lungs with lesions were processed for bacteriology and bacterial growth was observed from 50 of the pneumonic lung samples. A total of 54 bacterial species were isolated and identified. These included coagulase negative staphylococci (21.1%), Streptococcus species (19.3%), Escherichia coli(17.5%), Francisella tularensis (5.3%), Flavobacterium species (5.3%), Rhodococcus equi (5.3%), Bordetella bronchoseptica (3.5%), Aeromonas hydrophila (3.5%), Neisseriaspecies (3.5%), Streptococcus agalactia (1.8%), Staphylococcus aureus (1.8%),Pasteurella trehalosi (1.8%), Pasteurella anatipestifer (1.8%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa(1.8%), Micrococcus species (1.8%) and Mycobacterium species (5.3%). These pathogens could induce respiratory diseases under stressful conditions or predispose camels to other opportunistic infections.


Key words: Bacteria, camel, pulmonary lesion, Ethiopia.