African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5209

Full Length Research Paper

Nasal carriage and methicillin resistance of Staphylococcus aureus in patients and hospital staff in a tertiary referral center setting

S. Citak1*, F. N. Bayazit2 and F. Aksoy3
1Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Gazi, 06500 Teknikokullar, Ankara, Turkey. 2Department of Infectious Diseases, Fatih University, Ankara, Turkey. 3Hospital of Occupational Disease, Ankara, Turkey.  
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 30 May 2011
  •  Published: 04 July 2011

Abstract

The prevalence of nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) were studied from June 2006 – 2007 among in-patients and hospital staff in a tertiary referral center setting in Ankara, Turkey. Methicillin resistance was evaluated by Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method. Of 438 people, 106 (24.2%) were nasal carriers of S. aureus. The prevalence of nasal carriers for S. aureus were not significantly different between the hospital staff, in-patients and out-patients (p>0.05). The overall prevalence of MRSA was 23.6%. The prevalence of MRSA carrier hospital staffs and in-patients was not significantly different (p>0.05). However, the prevalence of MRSA was higher in the medical staffs and in-patients compared to out-patients (p<0.01). The prevalence of nasal carriers is higher in the hospital staff and in-patients compared to out-patients. Therefore, even a tertiary referral hospital can be the source of methicillin resistance as well as transmission of the resistance.

 

Key words: Nasal carrier, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in-patients and hospital staff.