The genus Bartonella is comprised of 20 species and subspecies, in which 10 species are responsible for human infections. The identification of the causative agent of cat-scratch disease, bacillary angiomatosis, urban trench fever, and Carrion's disease has raised the emerging medical importance of Bartonella spp. This article provides an overview of bartonellosis with emphasis on its prevalence in China.
Key words: Bartonella, cat-scratch disease, wild animal, prevalence.
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