African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5233

Table of Content: 11 February, 2015; 9(6)

February 2015

Kinetics and demographic studies of tuberculosis among patients attending National Tuberculosis and Leprosy Control Programme, Owo Centre, Ondo State, Nigeria

The question of whether we are winning the age-long war against Mycobacterium tuberculosis disease still remains. Thus, a retrospective study was carried-out to determine the occurrence of new cases of infection and the kinetic factors that may precipitate the infection in the society. Retrospective review of program data was done using a pro formal to retrieve data of patients’ that attended National Tuberculosis...

Author(s): Ojiezeh Tony Ifeanyi, Ogundipe Omowumi Odunayo and Adefesoye Victor Akinpelumi

February 2015

Efficacy of antisepsis measures during manual milking on the prevalence of bacterial Mastitis at the Sahelian experimental station of Toukounous, Niger

Hygiene conditions during milking are essential in dairy cattle to ensure the highest level of milk production. The aim of this work was to assess the efficacy of hygiene measures during the manual milking process with no pre- or post-milking antisepsis measure at the Sahelian experimental station of Toukounous (Niger), on the prevalence of California Mastitis Test (CMT)-positive cows, on the identity of bacterial...

Author(s): Abdoulkarim Issa Ibrahim, Rianatou Bada-Alambédji, Jean-Noël Duprez, Nassim Moula, Marjorie Bardiau and Jacques G. Mainil

February 2015

Urinary tract infection amongst pregnant women in Amassoma, Southern Nigeria

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most frequently seen medical complications in pregnancy. UTI in pregnancy poses risk of complications such as premature birth, low birth weight, still birth and pyelonephritis. A prospective study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of urinary tract infection among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in Amassoma and to identify the bacteria involved. A total of...

Author(s): Lawani Ebidor U., Alade Tolulope and Oyelaran Deborah

February 2015

In vitro antagonism of soil and chickpea nodule isolates against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris in chickpea

Fusarium oxysporum f. sp ciceris (Foc) causes Fusarium wilt disease of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) resulting in severe losses in the irrigated belt of Punjab. The most effective and practical method is the use of fungicides or resistant cultivars to control Fusarium wilt in chickpea. Rhizobia application could be used as an alternative way to control Fusarium wilt of chickpea. Rhizobium spp. are effective biological...

Author(s): Gaganpreet Kaur, Poonam Sharma and Asmita Sirari

February 2015

Production of lytic enzymes by Trichoderma strains during in vitro antagonism with Sclerotium rolfsii, the causal agent of stem rot of groundnut

Six Trichoderma strains (collected from IARI, New Delhi and MTCC, Chandigarh) were tested for their ability to inhibit soil-borne pathogen of groundnut mainly Sclerotium rolfsii (causing stem rot on groundnut). In vitro percent growth inhibition of S. rolfsii by various Trichoderma strains were recorded at 5th day after inoculation (DAI). Results obtained from the antagonism study indicated that Trichoderma viride...

Author(s): H. J. Parmar, N. P. Bodar, H. N. Lakhani, S .V. Patel, V. V. Umrania and M. M. Hassan,

February 2015

Evaluation of culture media for selective enumeration of Bifidobacterium spp. in combination with different strains of Streptococcus thermophilus isolated from commercial yogurt starter cultures

Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus are involved in the manufacture of yogurt, and Bifidobacterium spp. can be supplemented if probiotic properties are expected. In such products, enumeration of each bacterial component is a hard task since they have similar nutritional requirements. For this reason, there is still no official and reliable methodology for this purpose. The...

Author(s): Luciana Rodrigues Faleiro,  Beatriz Silva Pereira, Inayara Cristina Lacerda, Jacques Robert Nicoli, Tássia Costa Souza, Álvaro Cantini Nunes, Luige Biciati Alvim, Marcelo Resende de Souza and Evelyn de Souza Oliveira

February 2015

Rapid and sensitive detection of iridovirus by loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP)

Red seabream iridovirus (RSIV), a member of the Iridoviridae family, is the causative pathogen of some of the most explosive epidemics of emerging viral diseases in many Asian countries, leading to huge economic losses in aquaculture. Rapid molecular detection for surveillance or diagnosis has been a critical component in reducing the prevalence of RSIV infection. In the present study, a novel and highly specific...

Author(s): Jinik Hwang, Sung-Suk Suh, Mirye Park, Sang-Ho Cho, Sukchan Lee and Taek-Kyun Lee

February 2015

Comparison of growth of viable oral bacteria and Streptococcus mutans in biofilm models using three different culture media

Traditional culture-based media can have different ability to recover mutans streptococci from pure culture and oral bacteria from saliva samples after biofilm formation. For this purpose, the aim of this study was to compare three different culture media: Brain heart infusion (BHI), ultrapurified tryptone-yeast extract broth (UTYEB) and defined medium mucin (DMM), in two biofilm models: microcosm and monoculture, over...

Author(s): Sonia L. Peralta, Sávio B. de Leles,  André L. Dutra, Alexandra R. Cocco, Manuel T. B. Radaelli and Rafael Guerra Lund

February 2015

Antischistosomal impact of Albendazole and Nitazode on Schistosoma mansoni larval stages

Albendazole and Nitazode were tested as molluscicidal agents against Biomphalaria alexandrina snails. The effect of Albendazole and Nitazode on snails infected with Schistosoma mansoni miracidia and hermaphrodite glands of Biomphalaria alexandrina snails were also carried out. In addition, the parasitological parameters, the dynamics of serum-specific immunoglobulins and splenic cytokines associated with changes in...

Author(s): Gehan L. El-Enain, Sharaf, H.M and Abd El-Atti M. S