African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5233

Table of Content: 1 April, 2015; 9(13)

April 2015

Enterococcus faecalis, a nightmare to endodontist: A systematic review

The main goal in endodontics is the prevention and treatment of diseases of the dental pulp and periapical tissues and it can be best achieved if preventive measures and treatment procedures are based on a thorough and detailed understanding of the etiology and pathogenesis of endodontic diseases. There are some cases in which the treatment has followed the highest technical standards and yet failure results. Scientific...

Author(s): Gijo John, K. Pavan Kumar, S. Sujatha Gopal, Surya Kumari and Bala Kasi Reddy

April 2015

Prevalence and antibiotic resistance pattern of blood culture isolates from human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV) patients on highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) in Nigeria

Bloodstream infections remain public health problem and have resulted to morbidity and mortality in HIV/AIDS patients. This study was therefore aimed at determining the prevalence of bacteremia in HIV infected patients on highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) attending Federal Medical Centre, Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti State. A total of 105 blood samples were cultured using brain heart infusion and subcultured on bismuth...

Author(s): Oluyege A. O., Ojo-Bola O. and Olagbemi A. A.

April 2015

Differentiation of Stemphylium solani isolates using random amplified polymorphic DNA markers

Stemphylium solani isolates infect two varieties of eggplant, Solanum aethiopicum and Solanum melongena grown in Senegal (West Africa) and are morphologically quite similar. Using the random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) procedure with arbitrary 10-mer primers, we were able to differentiate these S. solani isolates into two groups directly related to their plant host origin. A RAPD product of approximately 480 bases...

Author(s): Maymouna Sy-Ndir, Komi Bruno Assigbetse, Michel Nicole, Tahir Abdoulaye Diop and Amadou Tidiane Ba

April 2015

Optimization of flavor ester synthesis catalysed by Aspergillus niger lipase

The performance of Aspergillus niger lipase in catalyzing of butyl butyrate synthesis was studied as a function of reaction parameters temperature (°C), substrate molar ratio and added water (% (v/v)). A face-centered design (FCD) and response surface methodology (RSM) were applied in order to optimize the esterification yield (Y). The optimal conditions for butyl butyrate synthesis were found at 40°C, substrate...

Author(s): Lizzy Ayra Alcântara Veríssimo, Wanêscy Caroliny Leite Soares, Paula Chéquer Gouveia Mol, Valéria Paula Rodrigues Minim, Maria do Carmo Hespanhol da Silva and Luis Antonio Minim

April 2015

Comparative study of ready-to-eat foods from road-side and eateries in Benin City, Nigeria

The microbiological qualities of ready to eat foods sold in road-side and eateries were studied using the standard microbiological methods. The mean viable bacterial counts in food samples obtained from eateries ranged from 2.4 x103±0.23 to 4.8 x104±0.23 cfu/g, while the mean viable bacterial counts in food samples obtained from road side canteen ranged from 9.0 x104±0.43 to 2.20 x 105±0.40...

Author(s): Akinnibosun, F. I. and Ojo, K. N.

April 2015

Characterization of Pleurotus sp. of mushroom based on phenotypic, biochemical and yield parameter

The present investigations were carried out to study the cultural characteristics, morphological characteristics and protein percent of 10 different species of genus Pleurotus namely Pleurotus sajor caju, Pleurotus flabellatus, Pleurotus platypus, Pleurotus fossulatus, Pleurotus florida, Pleurotus citrinopileatus, Pleurotus sapidus, Pleurotus djamor, Pleurotus ostreatus and Hypsizygus ulmarius. Results obtained show...

Author(s): R. P. Mishra, Mohammad Shahid, Sonika Pandey, Manjul Pandey, Deepshikha and Mandvi Singh

April 2015

Isolation of Escherichia coli from cattle and lechwe antelopes at the livestock/wildlife interface area of the Kafue flats in Zambia

This study was conducted at the livestock/wildlife interface areas of national parks and traditional cattle grazing areas. The main aim of the study was to establish the occurrence of Escherichia coli serogroups isolated from Kafue lechwe antelopes (Kobus leche kafuensis) and pastoral cattle. A total of 593 faecal samples from lechwe (232) and pastoral cattle (361) were conveniently picked from the grazing pastures in...

Author(s): Charles Mubita, Bernard Mudenda Hang’ombe, John Bwalya Muma, Musso Munyeme, Evans Mulenga, Manda Chitambo, Hideto Fukushi, Jun Yasuda, Hiroshi Isogai and Emiko Isogai

April 2015

Molecular characterization of group A rotaviruses circulating in Senegal over a 7-year period (2005-2011)

Group A rotaviruses are characterized by large genomic diversity that is typically studied by genotyping of the VP7 glycoprotein, which defines G-type, and the protease-sensitive VP4, which defines P-type. The aim of this study was to examine the genotypes of group A rotavirus strains circulating in Senegal over a 7-year period between 2005 and 2011. ELISA positive stool specimens were analyzed by PAGE and were...

Author(s): Diop, A., Dia, M. L., Sonko, M. A., Diop, D., Kâ, R., Sow, A. I., Bâ, M. and Cissé, M. F.

April 2015

Genotyping and antifungal susceptibility of Candida albicans strains from patients with vulvovaginal and cutaneous candidiasis in Palestine

The aims of this study was the genotyping of Candida albicans strains isolated from patients with invasive cutaneous  and vulvovaginal  infections and  to investigate the fluconazole, flurocytosine (5-FC), and amphotericin B susceptibility of the strains genotypes. For this purpose, 151 C. albicans isolates [from 68 candidiasis (VVC) and 83 cutaneous (CC) infections] were genotyped by using specific PCR...

Author(s): Mohammed S. Ali-Shtayeh, Rana M. Jamous, Nihad H. A. Alothman, Moatasem H. Abu Baker, Salam Y. Abu Zaitoun, Omar Y. Mallah and Rania M. Jamous,

April 2015

Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by rapid molecular methods augments acid fast bacilli (AFB) smear microscopy in a non-culture tuberculosis laboratory

Laboratory diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) has evolved into simplified molecular procedures that are adaptable in routine settings. We compared the diagnostic performance of smear microscopy by Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) for detection of acid fast bacilli (AFB) with two different rapid Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) specific molecular methods; Xpert MTB/RIF (Xpert) and Geno Type MTBDRplus (MTBDR), using a total of 194...

Author(s): Agatha Ani, Yetunde Isah, Rosemary Pwol, Chindak Lekuk, Tolutope Ashi-Sulaiman, Mark Akindgh Maxwell Akanbi, Patrick Akande and Oche Agbaji,